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Registros recuperados: 38
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Adoption and Impacts of Zero-Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Irrigated Haryana, India AgEcon
Erenstein, Olaf; Malik, R.K.; Singh, Sher.
This study documents the adoption and impacts of zero-tillage (ZT) wheat in the rice-wheat systems of India’s Haryana State primarily drawing on a detailed empirical survey of 400 rice-wheat farmers. Our random stratified sample revealed 34.5% to be ZT wheat adopters and a quarter of the wheat area in the surveyed communities to be under ZT. The study suggests the potential for further diffusion but also flags the issue of disadoption (10%). ZT adopters, non-adopters, and disadopters differ significantly in terms of their resource bases, with adopters typically showing the most favorable values. ZT drastically reduces tractor operations in farmers’ ZT wheat fields from an average of 8 passes to a single pass, implying a saving of 6 tractor hours and 36...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wheat; Rice; Agricultural development; Innovation adoption; Drilling equipment; Farming systems; Zero tillage; Production costs; Credit; Income; India; Crop Production/Industries; E16; F08.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56092
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AGRIBUSINESS TRADE CREDIT -- A PARADOX AgEcon
Gustafson, Cole R..
This article utilizes the Survey of Small Business Finances to compare and contrast trade credit practices of rural small business firms. The results show that these firms borrow money and then re-lend it to others in the form of trade credit. There is a strong direct relationship between various forms of debt held by these firms and their level of accounts receivable (e.g., trade credit extended to customers). The actual level of re-lending varied among firms depending on their adoption level of computers that are used for cash management and credit services. Accounts receivable balances were also dependent on sales levels, costs of doing business, and other income. The most important source of funds for re-lending was obtained from mortgages and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Trade; Credit; Finance; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23513
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Avaliação psicossocial do Programa Nacional de Fortalecimento da Agricultura Familiar (Pronaf) no Estado da Paraíba. Repositório Alice
ROCHA, F. E. de C..
Objetivou-se neste estudo avaliar o Programa Nacional de Fortalecimento da Agricultura Familiar (Pronaf) no Estado da Paraíba, com base na opinião de seus beneficiários (Grupos A - Assentados e B - Agricultores familiares), tomando como referencial teórico os preceitos da Psicologia Social. Nesse contexto, foi hipotetizado um modelo geral e foram estimados dois modelos estruturais para a avaliação do Pronaf A e B, com base em seu funcionamento e em seus objetivos, orientados por três construtos: Implantação do Pronaf, Produto da implantação e Resultado do Pronaf. Para avaliar a intenção de pagamento do crédito, foi empregado o modelo Teórico da Ação Planejada de Ajzen (1991). O delineamento utilizado foi correlacional, com amostragem não-probabilística....
Tipo: Tese/dissertação (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agricultura familiar; Assentamento; Crédito agrícola; Produtor; Psicologia social; Family farms; Rural settlement; Credit; Agricultural population; Social psychology.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/569255
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Can the CAP payments facilitate the growth of individual farms in the New Member States post-EU accession? AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Davidova, Sophia; Douarin, Elodie; Gorton, Matthew.
The impact of the introduction of EU Single Area Payments (SAP) on farm strategy in New Member States is investigated for a sample of Lithuanian farms, utilizing farm accounting and survey data. The application of two investment models demonstrates that the credit market in Lithuania was imperfect prior to accession and that some farms were financially constrained. The introduction of the SAP has a significant, positive influence on farmers’ intentions to expand their farm area compared to a baseline scenario of the continuation of pre-accession policy. The switch in policy has a more pronounced effect on farms that were previously credit constrained. While the SAP has been presented as a policy support that is decoupled from production, its introduction...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Single Area Payments (SAP); Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); Credit; Lithuania; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43611
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Can the CAP payments facilitate the growth of individual farms in the NMS post-EU accession? AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Davidova, Sophia; Douarin, Elodie; Gorton, Matthew.
The impact of the introduction of the EU Single Area Payments (SAP) on farm strategy is investigated for a sample of Lithuanian farms, utilising farm accounting and survey data. The applications of two investment models demonstrate that the credit market in Lithuania was imperfect prior to accession and that some farms were financially constrained. The introduction of the SAP has a significant, positive influence on farmers’ intentions to expand their farm area compared to a baseline scenario of the continuation of pre-accession policy. The switch in policy has a more pronounced effect on farms that were previously credit constrained. While the SAP has been presented as a policy support that is decoupled from production, its introduction will nevertheless...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Single Area Payments (SAP); Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); Credit; Lithuania.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36861
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Considerações sobre crédito agrícola: o caso de Ouricuri, PE. Infoteca-e
SOUZA, R. A. de; VIVALLO PINARE, A. G.; WILLIAMS FUENTES, C. O.; FINSHI, R. P..
O trabalho apresenta os resultados da pesquisa socio-economica em 32 propriedades, de pequenos e medios produtores, na regiao de Ouricuri, no alto sertao de Pernambuco. Estas propriedades foram submetidas a analises economicas e financeiras e chegou-se as seguintes conclusoes: 1. ao considerarmos o consumo familiar como um custo inevitavel, a maioria das propriedades tem taxa interna de retorno negativa; 2. a maioria das propriedades nao tem capacidade de pagamento que possa financiar o consumo familiar; 3. os ingressos extra-agricolas sao importantes; 4. a falta de adequacao da estrutura bancaria ao credito, para os pequenos agricultores, limita os efeitos dos subsidios; 5. antes de se decidir pela mudanca nas taxas de juros o governo deve estudar entre...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Credito; Analise economica; Pequeno produtor; Medio produtor; Mao-de-obra familiar; Pernambuco; Ouricuri; Credit; Family labor; Small farmer; Middle farmer; Economic analysis; Agricultura familiar; Family consumption.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/133493
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Constraints or Cooperation? Determinants of Secondary Forest Cover Under Shifting Cultivation AgEcon
Klemick, Heather.
This study examines the drivers of land use in a shifting cultivation system with forest fallow. Forest fallow provides on-farm soil quality benefits, local hydrological regulation, and global public goods. An optimal control model demonstrates that farmers have an incentive to fallow less than is socially optimal, though market failures limiting crop production can have a countervailing effect by encouraging fallow. An econometric model estimated using data from the Brazilian Amazon suggests that fallowing does not result from internalization of local fallow services but instead is associated with poor market access and labor and liquidity constraints.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Forest; Farms; Fallow; Ecosystem services; Land use; Spatial econometrics; Brazil; Credit; International Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120270
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Cotacoes de mercado e demais indicadores economicos relativos ao algodao: situacao nacional. Infoteca-e
MAIA, A.S.; GUIMARAES, P.M..
Situacao nacional.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Algodao; Precos; Producao; Abastecimento; Comercializacao; Exportacao; Importacao; Politica; Agricola; Credito; Mercado; Classificacao; Gossypium hirsutum; Cotton; Price; Production; Supply; Comercialization; Exportation; Importation; Politics; Agricultural; Credit; Market; Classification; Rural.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/262597
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Determinantes de desmatamento em pólos de produção agropecuária no estado do Acre, Amazônia Brasileira AgEcon
Santos, Jair Carvalho Dos; Braga, Marcelo Jose; Homma, Alfredo Kingo Oyama.
O desenvolvimento da agricultura e da pecuária na Amazônia tem resultado na expansão dos desmatamentos, o que contribui para emissão de gases de efeito estufa na atmosfera e redução da biodiversidade. A evolução dos desmatamentos realizada pelos produtores rurais é condicionada por características das famílais produtoras e pelo ambiente socioeconômico. O objetivo desse estudo foi identificar os condicionantes de desmatamentos nos principais pólos de produção agropecuária familiar no estado do Acre. Foi utilizado o modelo econométrico logit multinomial para essa avaliação. Os resultados obtidos demonstram que maior disponibilidade de mão-de-obra familiar, acesso a crédito, maior patrimônio, maior ocorrência de contratação de trabalho e titulação definitiva...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultura familiar; Logit multinomial; Crédito rural; Direito de propriedade; Consciência ambiental; Household agriculture; Multinomial logistic; Land tenure; Credit; Environmental-consciousness; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114158
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Determinants of Improved Maize Seed and Fertilizer Use in Kenya: Policy Implications AgEcon
Ouma, James Okuro; De Groote, Hugo; Owuor, George.
Maize is a key food crop in Kenya. While maize yields increased from 1.25 t ha-1 in early 1960s to over 2 tonnes in 1982, they fell below 1.5 t ha-1 in 2000. Given the limited land area, there is no doubt that Kenya will have to rely more on modern technologies for increased yields .Use of improved maize varieties and fertilizers will therefore continue to be critical inputs for improving productivity. To improve production, it is important to understand factors determining adoption and intensity of use of modern technologies. A stratified 2-stage sampling design was used to select 1800 households, subsequently interviewed by means of structured questionnaire. Econometric models were used to explore factors influencing adoption and intensity of use of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Maize; Adoption; Improved seed; Fertilizer; Credit; Extension; Kenya; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25433
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Determinants of Repayment Performance in Credit Groups: The Role of Program Design, Intra-group Risk Pooling, and Social Cohesion in Madagascar AgEcon
Zeller, Manfred.
Group lending has received much attention in recent years because of its perceived potential in providing financial services to poor households that lack traditional collateral. The analysis in this paper focuses on the effects of program design, community and group characteristics on the repayment performance of groups, using a data set on groups from six different lending programs in Madagascar. The results show that socially cohesive groups pool risks by diversifying the members’ asset portfolio so that their repayment performance is improved even in communities with high-risk exposure.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community Participation; Madagascar; Credit; Financial Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97299
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Development in the Midst of Drought: Evaluating an Agricultural Extension and Credit Program in Nicaragua. AgEcon
Mullally, Conner.
This essay is an evaluation of year one of the Rural Business Development (RBD) program for small rice farmers in León, Nicaragua. The RBD program is administered by the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and is designed to deliver agricultural extension advice and affordable credit in the form of inputs to farm households. This essay estimates the average impact of the program on rice yields and revenues utilizing inverse propensity score weighting combined with linear regression. In conducting statistical inference, it also accounts for the fact that agricultural outcomes are likely correlated over space in a small area such as the one studied here. The results suggest that the program had no impact on average, likely due to the presence of a severe...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Development; Extension; Credit; Spatial; Impact evaluation; International Development.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108723
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Development in the Midst of Drought: Evaluating an Agricultural Extension and Credit Program in Nicaragua. AgEcon
Mullally, Conner.
Abstract: This essay is an evaluation of year one of the Rural Business Development (RBD) program for small rice farmers in León, Nicaragua. The RBD program is administered by the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and is designed to deliver agricultural extension advice and affordable credit in the form of inputs to farm households. This essay estimates the average impact of the program on rice yields and revenues utilizing inverse propensity score weighting combined with linear regression. In conducting statistical inference, it also accounts for the fact that agricultural outcomes are likely correlated over space in a small area such as the one studied here. The results suggest that the program had no impact on average, likely due to the presence of a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Development; Agriculture; Extension; Credit; Spatial; Propensity score; International Development.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108498
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Efeitos da política de concessão de crédito de custeio para produção de sorgo no Brasil, análise de dados. Repositório Alice
DUARTE, J. O.; MONTEIRO, J.A; GARCIA, J. C..
1996
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sorgo; Producao; Credito rural; Sorghum bicolor; Brasil; Prodution; Credit.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/472828
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El perfil del promotor de créditos de FR en el cumplimiento de sus metas en el estado de Chihuahua. Colegio de Postgraduados
Tovar Rangel, Delfino.
La discusión de considerar a un empleado por su perfil proporcionado por su formación académica o considerar por sus capacidades laborales, habilidades, destreza y aptitudes para desarrollar sus funciones de una forma eficaz y eficiente para lograr tener éxito, en este caso, el promotor de financiamiento rural en el estado de Chihuahua para lograr cumplir con sus metas en Financiera Rural hipotéticamente, es necesario que sea agrónomo o de carrera afín. En el presente estudio, en la discusión, análisis, revisión y conclusión de los datos e información recolectada mediante encuestas telefónicas, revisión bibliográfica, consultas en Internet y en la red Institucional. Se emiten los comentarios concluyentes de que, dado que el promotor de crédito rural en...
Palavras-chave: Desarrollo rural; Crédito; Promotor; Perfil; Capacidades; Rural development; Credit; Promoter; Profile; Capabilities; Gestión Financiera para el Desarrollo Rural; Maestría Tecnológica.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2392
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Factores de éxito en el cumplimiento de obligaciones crediticias de pequeños agricultores de la Región de O’Higgins, Chile AgEcon
Reyes, Alvaro; Ibarra, Patricio.
Published by Asociación de Economistas Agrarios de Chile
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Credit; Small-scale farmers; Chile.; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97373
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FARMER BANKRUPTCIES AND FARM EXITS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1899-2002 AgEcon
Stam, Jerome M.; Dixon, Bruce L..
Farmer bankruptcies, bankruptcy rates, and related issues are explored from the beginning of modern bankruptcy legislation over a century ago. Farmer bankruptcies historically have been controversial because they are thought to indicate changes in the economic well-being and structure of the rural economy. Concerns about farmer bankruptcies were heightened twice during the past century. The first was from 1920 through the Great Depression and the second was during the 1980s. Bankruptcy data for Chapters 7, 11, and 13 exist for farmers for the 1899-1980 period, but there are no Chapter 7, 11, or 13 farmer bankruptcy data available beginning in 1980. However, data are available for the 1986-2002 period for Chapter 12, the Family Farmer Bankruptcy Act of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Bankruptcy; Financial stress; Farm sector structure; Farm numbers; Foreclosure; Credit; Debt; Income; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33689
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Financing Smallholder Agricultural Production in Kenya: An Analysis of Effective Demand for Credit AgEcon
Nyikal, Rose Adhiambo.
Financing smallholder farming has been one of the major concerns of Kenya’s development efforts. Many credit programs have evolved over the years but with dismal performance. In a study that sought to find the best way to fund smallholder agriculture, it became necessary to analyze and document smallholders’ effective demand for credit. Of particular interest was the comparison of the existing production plans and production plans under strictly profit maximization. Linear programming model was used to formalize observed plans and determine those under profit maximization. Both the activities and the values of outputs under different objectives were compared. Farm Investment Analysis was undertaken to determine the suitability of funding farm activities...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Credit; Finance; Kenya; Smallholder; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52083
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Going Digital: Computerized Land Registration and Credit Access in India AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Goyal, Aparajita.
Despite strong beliefs that property titling and registration will enhance credit access, empirical evidence in support of such effects remains scant. The gradual roll-out of computerization of land registry systems across Andhra Pradesh’s 387 sub-registry offices (SROs) allows us to combine quarterly administrative data on credit disbursed by all commercial banks for a 11 year period (1997-2007) aggregated to the SRO level with the date of shifting registration from manual to digital. Computerization had no credit effect in rural areas but led to increased credit-supply in urban ones. A marked increase of registered urban mortgages due to computerization supports the robustness of the result. At the same time, estimated impacts from reduction of stamp...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Registration; Credit; Transactions; Computerization; India; International Development; Land Economics/Use; G28; Q24; R51; R52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61257
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Governance Control Mechanisms in Portuguese Agricultural Credit Cooperatives AgEcon
Cabo, Paula; Rebelo, Joao.
Over the last decade Portuguese Agricultural Credit Cooperatives (ACCs) have increasingly face survival challenges related to their difficulty in gathering equity. The main source of ACCs equity is the net benefit; thus, understanding how ACCs governance can work on correcting bad economic performance is of crucial importance to overcome this constraint. The main objective of this paper is to describe the governance control mechanisms in the ACCs. Five governance mechanisms are identified: board and chairman change (internal mechanisms), central ACC intervention by an agent or by management board replacement and merger. Empirical analysis proved that the internal governance mechanisms activity is not related to the ACC performance. Additionally: (a) ACCs...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Credit; Governance; Multinominal logit; Agricultural Finance; D23; L29.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24623
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