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Antagonistic interactions between benzo[a]pyrene and C60 in toxicological response of Marine Mussels ArchiMer
Barranger, Audrey; Langan, Laura M; Sharma, Vikram; Rance, Graham A; Aminot, Yann; Weston, Nicola J; Akcha, Farida; Moore, Michael N; Arlt, Volker M; Kholbystov, Andrei N; Readman, James W; Jha, Awadhesh N..
This study aimed to assess the ecotoxicological effects of the interaction of fullerene (C60) and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) on the marine mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis. The uptake of nC60, B[a]P and mixtures of nC60 and B[a]P into tissues was confirmed by GC-MS, LC-HRMS and ICP-MS. Biomarkers of DNA damage as well as proteomics analysis were applied to unravel the toxic effect of B[a]P and C60. Antagonistic responses were observed at the genotoxic and proteomic level. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were only identified in the B[a]P single exposure and the B[a]P mixture exposure groups containing 1 mg/L of C60, the majority of which were down-regulated (~52%). No DEPs were identified at any of the concentrations of nC60 (p < 0.05, 1% FDR)....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trojan Horse effect; B[a]P; NC60; Co-exposure; Mussels; DNA damage; Proteomics.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60946/64340.pdf
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Antagonistic Interactions between Benzo[a]pyrene and Fullerene (C60) in Toxicological Response of Marine Mussels ArchiMer
Barranger, Audrey; Langan, Laura M.; Sharma, Vikram; Rance, Graham A.; Aminot, Yann; Weston, Nicola J.; Akcha, Farida; Moore, Michael N.; Arlt, Volker M.; Khlobystov, Andrei N.; Readman, James W.; Jha, Awadhesh N..
This study aimed to assess the ecotoxicological effects of the interaction of fullerene (C60) and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) on the marine mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis. The uptake of nC60, B[a]P and mixtures of nC60 and B[a]P into tissues was confirmed by Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (GC–MS), Liquid Chromatography–High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (LC–HRMS) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP–MS). Biomarkers of DNA damage as well as proteomics analysis were applied to unravel the interactive effect of B[a]P and C60. Antagonistic responses were observed at the genotoxic and proteomic level. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were only identified in the B[a]P single exposure and the B[a]P mixture exposure groups containing 1...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trojan horse effect; B[a]P; NC(60); Co-exposure; Mussels; DNA damage; Proteomics.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00506/61780/65779.pdf
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Anthocyanin-rich extract decreases indices of lipid peroxidation and DNA damage in vitamin E-depleted rats IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Ramirez-Tortosa, Carmen; Cabrita, Luís; Andersen, Øyvind M.; Gardner, P.T.; Morrice, P.C.; Wood, S.G.; Duthie, S.J.; Collins, A.R.; Garry, G.G..
Anthocyanins are secondary plant metabolites responsible for the blue, purple, and red color of many plant tissues. The phenolic structure of anthocyanins conveys marked antioxidant activity in model systems via donation of electrons or hydrogen atoms from hydroxyl moieties to free radicals. Dietary intakes of anthocyanins may exceed 200 mg/day, however, little is known about their antioxidant potency in vivo. Consequently, the aim of this study was to establish whether anthocyanins could act as putative antioxidant micronutrients. Rats were maintained on vitamin E-deficient diets for 12 weeks in order to enhance susceptibility to oxidative damage and then repleted with rations containing a highly purified anthocyanin-rich extract at a concentration of 1...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Anthocyanins; Polyphenols; Lipid peroxides; DNA damage; Antioxidants; Free radicals.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/3368
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Anticancer properties and enhancement of therapeutic potential of cisplatin by leaf extract of Zanthoxylum armatum DC Biol. Res.
Singh,Thangjam Davis; Meitei,Heikrujam Thoihen; Sharma,Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar; Robinson,Asem; Singh,Lisam Shanjukumar; Singh,Thiyam Ramsing.
BACKGROUND: Clinical use of chemotherapeutic drug, cisplatin is limited by its toxicity and drug resistance. Therefore, efforts continue for the discovery of novel combination therapies with cisplatin, to increase efficacy and reduce its toxicity. Here, we screened 16 medicinal plant extracts from Northeast part of India and found that leaf extract of Zanthoxylum armatum DC. (ZALE) induced cytotoxicity as well as an effect on the increasing of the efficiency of chemotherapeutic drugs (cisplatin, mitomycin C and camptothecin). This work shows detail molecular mechanism of anti-cancer activity of ZALE and its potential for combined treatment regimens to enhance the apoptotic response of chemotherapeutic drugs. RESULTS: ZALE induced cytotoxicity, nuclear...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Zanthoxylum armatum; Apoptosis; ERK activation; Cisplatin sensitization; DNA damage.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602015000100046
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Antioxidant and free radical scavenging effects in extracts of the medicinal herb Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. ("marcela") BJMBR
Desmarchelier,C.; Coussio,J.; Ciccia,G..
Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. (Compositae) is a medicinal herb used in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Paraguay for its choleretic, antispasmodic and hepatoprotective properties. The presence of the flavonoid quercetin and its derivatives, and of different phenolic acids such as caffeic, chlorogenic and isochlorogenic acids in the aerial parts of this plant has led us to study the antioxidant activity of its extracts using different bioassays. The inhibition of luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence by the aqueous and methanolic extracts was used to show that their total reactive antioxidant potential index (TRAP; in µM Trolox equivalents) was 91.0 ± 15.4 and 128.1 ± 20.1 µM, respectively, while the total antioxidant reactivity index (TAR) was calculated...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Achyrocline satureioides; Antioxidant activity; Luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence; Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances; Hydroperoxide-initiated chemiluminescence; Lipid peroxidation; DNA damage; Reactive oxygen species.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1998000900010
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Assesment of the Genotoxic Effect of the Diazinon on Root Cells of Allium cepa (L.) BABT
Pandir,Dilek.
ABSTRACT Organophosphorous pesticides (OPs) posses a great potential of acute toxicity for exposed animals and men. To evaluate the toxic potential of the organophosphate diazinon on root meristematic cells of Allium cepa L., was created two groups: In group 1 (control group), was not given any chemical. In group 2 (diazinon-treatment group), different doses (10, 40, 80 and 160 ppm) and times periods (24, 48 and 72 h) were administered. After exposure, cell death, effective concentration (EC50), mitotic index, cellular /chromosome aberrations, DNA damage by comet assay and RAPD-PCR were assessed at exposure times. EC50 value of diazinon was detected approximately 80 ppm. Hyperchromasia, later segragation, micronucleus, pulverised nucleus, nuclear...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diazinon; Allium test; DNA damage; Genotoxicty; RAPD-PCR.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132018000100406
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Assessment of the DNA Damage in Human Sperm and Lymphocytes Exposed to the Carcinogen Food Contaminant Furan with Comet Assay BABT
Pandir,Dilek.
ABSTRACTThe aim of this work was to assess the damage of DNA in human blood cell and spermin vitro under the influence of furan. These cells were administered 0-600 μM of furan at 37 and 32oC for 30 and 60 min, respectively. A significant increase in tail DNA%, tail length and moment indicating DNA damage was observed at increasing doses when compared to the controls. The treatment with 300 and 600 μM of furan showed a maximum increase of 86.74 ± 2.43 and 93.29 ± 8.68 compared to the control tail DNA% in lymphocytes. However, only 600 μM of furan showed a maximum increase of 94.71 ± 6.24 compared to the control tail DNA% in sperm. The results suggested that furan caused DNA damage in lymphocytes at increasing doses, but appeared to have not the same effect...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Furan; Tail length; DNA damage; Human blood cells; Comet assay.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132015000500773
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Biochemical and genetic alterations in the freshwater neotropical fish Prochilodus lineatus after acute exposure to Microcystis aeruginosa Neotropical Ichthyology
Garcia,Cylene Zambrozi; Martinez,Claudia B. R..
Microcystins are secondary metabolites produced by different species of cyanobacteria, such as Microcystis aeruginosa (MA). In this study, the biochemical and genetic effects of lyophilized MA were evaluated in the neotropical fish Prochilodus lineatus exposed to 1 or 2 mg L-1 lyophilized MA (treated group) or only water (control group) in static toxicity tests for 24 and 96 h. The gills and liver were used in the analysis of biotransformation enzymes and antioxidant defenses, blood and gill cells in genetic analysis and in brain and muscle it was determined the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). The results showed the biotransformation pathway activation due to the increase in hepatic CYP1A and in branchial and hepatic glutathione S-transferase...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acetylcholinesterase; Antioxidants; Biotransformation; Cyanotoxin; DNA damage.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252012000300015
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Biological effects of contaminants: Assessing DNA damage in marine species through single-cell alkaline gel electrophoresis (comet) assay. ArchiMer
Bean, Tp; Akcha, Farida.
Single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE or comet) assay allows quantification of DNA damage in individual cells and is an ideal tool for use within biological monitoring programmes. Comet assay can be used on a range of cell types including somatic, reproductive (gametes) or circulatory cells in many different species including both marine bivalves and flatfish. The assay can be employed with simple equipment available in most laboratories, is sensitive to environmentally relevant levels of DNA damage (Frenzilli and Lyons, 2009), accurately demonstrates a linear dose response to exposure (Collins et al., 1996), and can be adapted for use on most nucleated cell types. This document concentrates on the simplest and most repeatable method of comet assay in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Comet assay; Single cell gel electrophoresis; DNA damage; Genotoxicity; Biological effects; Bivalves; Flatfish; Integrated monitoring.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00587/69902/67807.pdf
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Biomarkers to evaluate the effects of temperature and methanol on recombinant Pichia pastoris BJM
Zepeda,Andrea B.; Figueroa,Carolina A.; Abdalla,Dulcineia S.P.; Maranhão,Andrea Q.; Ulloa,Patricio H.; Pessoa Jr,Adalberto; Farías,Jorge G..
Pichia pastoris is methylotrophic yeast used as an efficient expression system for heterologous protein production. In order to evaluate the effects of temperature (10 and 30 °C) and methanol (1 and 3% (v/v)) on genetically-modified Pichia pastoris, different biomarkers were evaluated: Heat stress (HSF-1 and Hsp70), oxidative stress (OGG1 and TBARS) and antioxidant (GLR). Three yeast cultures were performed: 3X = 3% methanol-10 °C, 4X = 3% methanol-30 °C, and 5X = 1% methanol-10°C. The expression level of HIF-1α, HSF-1, HSP-70 and HSP-90 biomarkers were measured by Western blot and in situ detection was performed by immunocytochemistry. Ours results show that at 3% methanol -30 °C there is an increase of mitochondrial OGG1 (mtOGG1), Glutathione Reductase...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Oxidative stress; Recombinant yeast; Heat stress protein; DNA damage.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822014000200014
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Cobalt oxide nanoparticles aggravate DNA damage and cell death in eggplant via mitochondrial swelling and NO signaling pathway Biol. Res.
Faisal,Mohammad; Saquib,Quaiser; Alatar,Abdulrahman A.; Al-Khedhairy,Abdulaziz A.; Ahmed,Mukhtar; Ansari,Sabiha M.; Alwathnani,Hend A.; Dwivedi,Sourabh; Musarrat,Javed; Praveen,Shelly.
BACKGROUND: Despite manifold benefits of nanoparticles (NPs), less information on the risks of NPs to human health and environment has been studied. Cobalt oxide nanoparticles (Co3O4-NPs) have been reported to cause toxicity in several organisms. In this study, we have investigated the role of Co3O4-NPs in inducing phytotoxicity, cellular DNA damage and apoptosis in eggplant (Solanum melongena L. cv. Violetta lunga 2). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on Co3O4-NPs showing phytotoxicity in eggplant. RESULTS: The data revealed that eggplant seeds treated with Co3O4-NPs for 2 h at a concentration of 1.0 mg/ml retarded root length by 81.5 % upon 7 days incubation in a moist chamber. Ultrastructural analysis by transmission electron...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cobalt oxide nanoparticles; Nanotoxicity; DNA damage; Apoptosis; Oxidative stress.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602016000100020
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Comparative study of curcumin and curcumin formulated in a solid dispersion: Evaluation of their antigenotoxic effects Genet. Mol. Biol.
Mendonça,Leonardo Meneghin; Machado,Carla da Silva; Teixeira,Cristiane Cardoso Correia; Freitas,Luis Alexandre Pedro de; Bianchi,Maria Lourdes Pires; Antunes,Lusânia Maria Greggi.
Abstract Curcumin (CMN) is the principal active component derived from the rhizome of Curcuma longa (Curcuma longa L.). It is a liposoluble polyphenolic compound that possesses great therapeutic potential. Its clinical application is, however, limited by the low concentrations detected following oral administration. One key strategy for improving the solubility and bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drugs is solid dispersion, though it is not known whether this technique might influence the pharmacological effects of CMN. Thus, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects of CMN formulated in a solid dispersion (CMN SD) compared to unmodified CMN delivered to Wistar rats. Cisplatin (cDDP) was used as the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Curcuma longa; Antigenotoxicity; Micronucleus test; DNA damage; Comet assay.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572015000400490
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Comparison of the in vivo and in vitro genotoxicity of glyphosate isopropylamine salt in three different organisms Genet. Mol. Biol.
Alvarez-Moya,Carlos; Reynoso Silva,Mónica; Valdez Ramírez,Carlos; Gómez Gallardo,David; León Sánchez,Rafael; Canales Aguirre,Alejandro; Feria Velasco,Alfredo.
There is considerable controversy with regard to the genotoxicity of glyphosate, with some reports stating that this compound is non-toxic for fish, birds and mammals. In this work, we used the comet assay to examine the genotoxicity of glyphosate isopropylamine (0.7, 7, 70 and 700 µM) in human lymphocytes, erythrocytes of Oreochromis niloticus and staminal nuclei of Tradescantia (4430) in vitro and in vivo. Cells, nuclei and fish that had and had not been exposed to 5 mM N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) were used as positive and negative controls, respectively. Significant (p < 0.01) genetic damage was observed in vivo and in vitro in all cell types and organisms tested. Human lymphocytes and Tradescantia hairs showed lower genetic damage in vivo compared...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Comet assay; DNA damage; Genotoxicity; Glyphosate.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572014000100016
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Cooperation and interplay between base and nucleotide excision repair pathways: From DNA lesions to proteins Genet. Mol. Biol.
Kumar,Namrata; Moreno,Natália C.; Feltes,Bruno C.; Menck,Carlos FM; Houten,Bennett Van.
Abstract Base and nucleotide excision repair (BER and NER) pathways are normally associated with removal of specific types of DNA damage: small base modifications (such as those induced by DNA oxidation) and bulky DNA lesions (such as those induced by ultraviolet or chemical carcinogens), respectively. However, growing evidence indicates that this scenario is much more complex and these pathways exchange proteins and cooperate with each other in the repair of specific lesions. In this review, we highlight studies discussing the involvement of NER in the repair of DNA damage induced by oxidative stress, and BER participating in the removal of bulky adducts on DNA. Adding to this complexity, UVA light experiments revealed that oxidative stress also causes...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Base excision repair; Nucleotide excision repair; DNA damage; Protein oxidation; UVA light.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572020000200309
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Cytogenetic and cytomolecular delayed damage induced in human fibroblasts by low X-ray doses JBAG
Ponzinibbio,MV; Crudeli,C; Peral García,P; Seoane,A.
During the last decade several reports have provided evidence on the non-targeted effects of ionizing radiation. In this study, we have analyzed the delayed DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation in MRC-5 Human fibroblasts cultured in vitro. MRC-5 cells were irradiated with 10 and 50 milligrays (mGy) and analyzed immediately after exposure, and at passages 6 and 12 post-radiation by means of comet assay, micronucleus analysis and &#947;-H2AX foci formation. Cytogenetic and cytomolecular damage was analysed at every sample point comparing irradiated and control cells. No significant damage differences were found among samples from all passages of treatments. Our results suggest that even at low doses, ionizing radiation could induce delayed damage....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ionizing radiation; Low radiation dose; DNA damage.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1852-62332008000100006
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Daño genético persistente inducido por venenos de topoisomerasa II en fibroblastos humanos normales: generación de inestabilidad cromosómica JBAG
de Campos-Nebel,M; Palmitelli,M; Acevedo,S; González-Cid,M.
Los venenos de topoisomerasa II (Top2) idarubicina (IDA) y etopósido (ETO) son drogas antitumorales que actúan sobre Top2 estabilizando complejos ADN-enzima y generando rupturas de doble cadena (RDC). Estas lesiones en el ADN son peligrosas debido a que llevan a inestabilidad genómica y a promover tumorigénesis. Estas drogas están asociadas al desarrollo de leucemias caracterizadas por translocaciones del gen MLL en los pacientes tratados. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar el daño genético residual inducido por IDA y ETO en fibroblastos humanos normales a diferentes tiempos. Las células se trataron con concentraciones subletales de IDA y ETO durante 2 hs y se evaluaron RDC persistentes en núcleos interfásicos y aberraciones cromosómicas (AC) en metafases a las...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Idarubicina; Etopósido; Daño al ADN; Gen MLL; Células humanas normales; Idarubicin; Etoposide; DNA damage; MLL gene; Normal human cells.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1852-62332016000300003
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Deoxyribonucleic acid damage and repair response in the chemotherapy of lung cancer: cross-sectional study Anais da ABC (AABC)
SCHNEIDER,MARCIA R.; SILVA,ANDRÉA L.G. DA; GOULART,CÁSSIA L.; SCHNEIDERS,PALOMA B.; WEBER,AUGUSTO F.; POSSUELO,LIA G.; VALIM,ANDREIA R.M..
Abstract: This study evaluated 24 patients with lung cancer (CA) and 23 individuals with no smoking history or cancer in the family and without respiratory disease in childhood (CO). Peripheral blood lymphocytes was used to perform alkaline comet assay and to assess DNA damage as well as to evaluate methyl methane sulfonate (MMS) DNA repair after one hour and three hours at 37 ºC. The percentage of residual damage (RD) after three hours of MMS treatment, for each patient was assessed. The majority of patients were in the CA group, male patients, former smokers, with a history of smoking for 15 years and without associated comorbidities. Alkaline and residual damages were higher in the CA group when compared to controls (alkaline damage P = 0.015 and RD P =...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Comet assay; DNA damage; DNA repair; Lung cancer.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652019000500806
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DNA damage and cytotoxicity in pathology laboratory technicians exposed to organic solvents Anais da ABC (AABC)
AQUINO,TATIANE DE; ZENKNER,FERNANDA F.; ELLWANGER,JOEL H.; PRÁ,DANIEL; RIEGER,ALEXANDRE.
The aim of this study was to evaluate potential DNA damage and cytotoxicity in pathology laboratory technicians exposed to organic solvents, mainly xylene. Peripheral blood and buccal cells samples were collected from 18 technicians occupationally exposed to organic solvents and 11 non-exposed individuals. The technicians were sampled at two moments: Monday and Friday. DNA damage and cytotoxicity were evaluated using the Comet Assay and the Buccal Micronucleus Cytome assay. Fifteen subjects (83.5%) of the exposed group to solvents complained about some symptom probably related to contact with vapours of organic solvents. DNA damage in the exposed group to solvents was nearly 2-fold higher on Friday than on Monday, and in both moments the individuals of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: DNA damage; Micronucleus; Toxicology; Occupational health; Organic solvents; Xylene.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000100227
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DNA damage and related modifier genes in Italian Cystic fibrosis patients Biol. Res.
STERPONE,SILVIA; CORNETTA,TOMMASO; ANGIONI,ADRIANO; FISCARELLI,ERSILIA; LUCIDI,VINCENZINA; TESTA,ANTONELLA; COZZI,RENATA.
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive multisystemic disorder showing a highly heterogeneous phenotype, even among siblings carrying identical CFTR mutations. Moreover, oxidative stress is of central importance in the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis. The present study seeks to value the presence of oxidative damage in CF patients and the possible modifier effect of repair and glutathione-S-transferase genes. We analysed the presence of DNA damage in leukocytes of 63 CF patients at an Italian CF centre and 63 controls, through the alkaline Comet assay to detect DNA strand breaks. Furthermore, controls and 93 CF subjects were genotyped for 5 genes by RFLP-PCR (XRCC1,0GG1,GSTP1) and PCR assay (GSTM1, GSTT1). No difference in Comet assay values was...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Comet assay; Cystic fibrosis; DNA damage; Genetic polymorphisms; Modifier genes.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602009000400009
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DNA repair diseases: what do they tell us about cancer and aging? Genet. Mol. Biol.
Menck,Carlos FM; Munford,Veridiana.
The discovery of DNA repair defects in human syndromes, initially in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) but later in many others, led to striking observations on the association of molecular defects and patients' clinical phenotypes. For example, patients with syndromes resulting from defective nucleotide excision repair (NER) or translesion synthesis (TLS) present high levels of skin cancer in areas exposed to sunlight. However, some defects in NER also lead to more severe symptoms, such as developmental and neurological impairment and signs of premature aging. Skin cancer in XP patients is clearly associated with increased mutagenesis and genomic instability, reflecting the defective repair of DNA lesions. By analogy, more severe symptoms observed in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Xeroderma pigmentosum; Ultraviolet; DNA damage; Oxidative stress; DNA repair.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572014000200008
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