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Registros recuperados: 111
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2008 Michigan Dairy Farm Business Analysis Summary AgEcon
Wittenberg, Eric; Wolf, Christopher A..
This report summarizes the financial and production records of 116 dairy farms from throughout Michigan in 2008. To be included, the farms must have produced at least 50 percent of gross cash farm income from milk and dairy animal sales. The records came from Michigan State University’s TelFarm project and the Farm Credit Service system in Michigan. The values were pooled into averages for reporting purposes. The farms are larger than would be the average dairy farm in Michigan. While considerable variation in the data exists, average values are reported in the summary tables and discussion that follows.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dairy; Analysis; Farm Analysis; Costs per Hundredweight; Characteristics of Herd Size; ROE; ROA; OPM; ATR; Cash Flow; Market Value; Cost Value; Farm Income Statement; Inventory Change; Depreciation; Profitability; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56223
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A Partial Equilibrium Model of the Beef and Dairy Sector in Italy Under Imperfect Competition AgEcon
Moro, Daniele; Sckokai, Paolo; Soregaroli, Claudio.
In this paper we present a partial equilibrium model for the bovine sector (beef and dairy) in Italy, which can be used for simulation and forecasting. The structure of the model follows the vertical chain of the beef and dairy sector, allowing trade of both agricultural raw materials and final products. Since the processing and retailing stage is characterised by an imperfectly competitive structure, the model accounts for market power in modelling the price transmission mechanism. This provides further insights on the vertical transmission of shocks, both at the final level (i.e. the BSE crisis) and at the farm level (i.e. agricultural policy reform).
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Simulation models; Policy analysis; Imperfect competition; Beef; Dairy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24787
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Adoption and Profitability of Breeding Technologies on United States Dairy Farms AgEcon
Khanal, Aditya R.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
Adoption decisions and profitability of advanced breeding technologies are analyzed for U.S. dairy farms. The bivariate probit with selection model is used. Results show that specialized, younger, more educated farmers with longer planning horizons are more likely to adopt the technologies, with positive impacts on profitability and negative influences on cost of production.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Breeding technologies; Dairy; Profitability; Bivariate probit; Selection; Artificial insemination; Sexed semen; Embryo transfer; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98574
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Aggregate Milk Supply Response to the Milk Income Loss Contract Program AgEcon
Bryant, Henry L.; Outlaw, Joe L.; Anderson, David P..
This research tests for changes in aggregate milk production due to the operation of the Milk Income Loss Contract (MILC) program since 2002. Aggregate production is decomposed into the size of the dairy herd and milk production per cow. We find no statistically significant response in either variable. This finding implies that the simultaneous operation of income and price support programs in the United States has not, thus far, proven self-defeating.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy; Income support; Policy; Price support; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62292
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Agricultural land management strategies to reduce phosphorus loads in the Gippsland Lakes, Australia AgEcon
Roberts, Anna M.; Pannell, David J.; Doole, Graeme J.; Vigiak, Olga.
A target to reduce phosphorus flows into the Gippsland Lakes in south-eastern Australia by 40 per cent to improve water quality has previously been established by stakeholders. An integrated analysis at the catchment scale is undertaken to assess the agricultural land management changes required to achieve this target, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of these changes. It appears technically feasible to achieve a 40 per cent reduction in P load entering the lakes, but the least-costly way of doing so would require around A$1 billion over 20 years, a dramatic increase in the current levels of funding provided for management. On the other hand, a 20 per cent P reduction could be achieved at much lower cost: around $80 million over 20 years and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Benefit: cost analysis; Dairy; Diffuse source; Trade-offs; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q15; Q25; Q53; Q57.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102454
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AMENITY BENEFITS AND PUBLIC POLICY: AN APPLICATION TO THE CONNECTICUT DAIRY SECTOR AgEcon
Lopez, Rigoberto A.; Altobello, Marilyn A.; Shah, Farhed A..
This article develops a conceptual framework for analyzing the role of state-level policies towards the dairy sector in the presence of farmland amenity benefits, and applies it to Connecticut. Milk supply, demand and amenity benefit functions are estimated, and three exogenously determined milk prices are considered. The empirical findings show, under each price scenario, the extent to which land is underallocated to the dairy sector if amenity benefits are ignored. Analysis of policy options reveals that a partial production cost subsidy represents the least-cost alternative for attaining the socially optimal solution for the region.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Amenity benefits; Policy; Dairy; Land use; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15176
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An Analysis of the Impact of Alternative EU Dairy Policies on the Size Distribution of Dutch Dairy Farms: an Information Based Approach to the Non-Stationary Markov Chain Model AgEcon
Jongeneel, Roelof A..
This paper analyses the impact of the dairy quota scheme on the size distribution of the Dutch dairy industry. A non-stationary Markov model approach is use, where the transition probabilities are explained by a set of exogenous (policy) variables. Using an information theoretical approach, a model is estimated for The Netherlands and used to simulate the impacts of alternative EU dairy policies. Several results emerged: a) There is an autonomous over time decline in farm numbers (implying increase in farm size). b) The dairy quota regime positively influences 'small' and 'medium' farm sizes; c) Abolition of the dairy quota will negatively affect the total number of active farms and favours further increase of farm scale. d) Targeting support according to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm size structure; Dairy; Milk quota; Policy; Maximum entropy; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24892
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Analyzing the Determinants of Technical Efficiency Among Traditional Dairy Farms in Wisconsin: A Quantile Regression Approach AgEcon
Chidmi, Benaissa; Solis, Daniel; Funtanilla, Margil; Cabrera, Victor E..
This study analyzes the determinants of TE among traditional dairy farms in the State of Wisconsin taking into account dairy farms’ heterogeneity. To do so, we first estimate a production frontier and the level of TE using the SPF framework. Then we analyze the determinants of TI using a quantile regression analysis. The results indicate that the determinants of TE affect in very specific ways farmers with different levels of TE. This result confirms our hypothesis on the importance of controlling for farm heterogeneity when analyzing the determinants of TE. This issue is also important from an empirical point of view. Policy makers could improve the effectiveness of their work by targeting specific agricultural services and aid designed for farmers with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Dairy; Quantile regression; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61320
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Assessing Market Functioning: The Case of the Hungarian Milk Chain AgEcon
Hockmann, Heinrich; Voneki, Eva.
The paper discusses the impact of market power in the Hungarian milk chain. In a first step a vector error correction model is estimates to assess whether a domestic market for raw milk exists. Since the answer was positive we proceed by developing a structural market model of the Hungarian market for raw milk that is able to identify a possible affect of market power on resource allocation. A nonlinear 3SLS approach was applied to estimate the supply and the demand for raw milk. The results provide that despite the high concentration of in dairy processing the indications for market poser are rather limited. The “Bertrand like” equilibrium can be attributed to the low degree of capacity utilization in dairy processing and the marketing alternative of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market power; Market integration; Dairy; Hungary.; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7805
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Building producer loyalty in Malaysia's fresh milk supply chain AgEcon
Boniface, Bonaventure; Gyau, Amos; Stringer, Randy; Umberger, Wendy J..
The paper presents results from a survey of 133 dairy producers in Malaysia, and identifies how Malaysian milk buyers can build a loyal customer base with their suppliers as a means to secure uninterrupted milk supplies. A structural equation model was conducted to test the conceptual model using AMOS 17.0 software. The results show that whereas timely and collaborative communication, price satisfaction and cultural fit influence positively suppliers’ contractual and competence trust in their buyers, power dependency negatively influences competence trust. Furthermore, suppliers’ trust in their buyers will eventually lead to loyalty. The principal implication is that milk processors and other buyers need to engage in collaborative communication with the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy; Malaysia; Customer base; Competence trust; Suppliers trust; Collaborative communication; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114423
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Carbon Emissions, Renewable Electricity and Profits: Comparing Alternative Policies to Promote Anaerobic Digesters on Dairies AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; Sneeringer, Stacy E..
Biogas recovery systems that use methane from manure to generate electricity have not been widely adopted in U.S. mainly because the costs of constructing and maintaining these systems have exceeded the value of the benefits provided. Climate change mitigation and renewable energy policies could increase profits for the operators of such systems thereby making digester adoption more widespread. For the U.S. Dairy sector, we examine digester adoption rates, emissions reductions, net returns, electricity generation, and program costs under different policy scenarios. We find that 3% or fewer dairies would need to adopt digesters to meet the policy goals of reducing 25% of greenhouse gas emissions from dairy manure or generating one million megawatt hours...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Anaerobic digester; Methane; Dairy; Renewable electricity; Subsidy; Carbon offsets; Climate change; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; Q5.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103440
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Cass-Clay Creamery: A New Direction for an Old Brand AgEcon
McKee, Gregory J.; Boland, Michael A..
Consolidation and industrialization are increasingly important factors affecting the level of membership in cooperative businesses. This article presents information about the development of the dairy industry in North Dakota and its effect on Cass- Clay Creamery, a farmer-owned dairy cooperative. Students are asked to analyze decisions about branding and being acquired by another larger cooperative.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy; Cooperative; Acquisition; North Dakota; Cass-Clay; AMPI; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46571
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CDM Potential of Dairy Sector in India AgEcon
Sirohi, Smita; Michaelowa, Axel.
Among the co-operative mechanisms established under the Kyoto Protocol, the Clean Development Mechanism is the only one, which has the potential to assist developing countries in achieving sustainable development by promoting environmentally friendly investment from industrialized country governments and businesses. Although, apart from nuclear energy and deforestation avoidance, all other projects are eligible under CDM, so far, the CDM projects have largely been confined to industrial sector and agricultural sector, in general has been left out. To assess the issues and opportunities presented by potential international markets for greenhouse gases offsets through the CDM and facilitate implementation of CDM in India, a National Startegy Study on CDM is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CDM; Agriculture; Dairy; India; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; Q54; Q18; O13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26281
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Characteristics, Costs, and Issues for Organic Dairy Farming AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Greene, Catherine R..
Organic milk production has been one of the fastest growing segments of organic agriculture in the United States in recent years. Despite the growing number of organic dairy operations, the characteristics of organic dairy operations and the relative costs of organic and conventional milk production have been difficult to analyze. This study, using 2005 ARMS data for U.S. dairy operations, which include a targeted sample of organic milk producers, examines the structure, costs, and challenges of organic milk production. The analysis addresses economies of size, regional differences, and pasture use in organic milk production and compares organic and conventional milk production costs. The findings suggest that economic forces have made organic operations...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Dairy; Organic; Milk production; Costs of production; Pasture; Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS); Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55952
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Commodity Policies and Product Differentiation: the California Milk Marketing Order and the Organic Dairy Sector AgEcon
Balagtas, Joseph Valdes; Kreutzer, Kristina N..
This paper evaluates the economic consequences of milk marketing orders for producers and consumers in organic and conventional milk markets. We develop a multi-market equilibrium displacement model that disaggregates the organic and conventional segments of the California milk market in order to evaluate the economic effects of alternative policies. We find that exemption of organics from marketing order regulation would make organic farmers better off at the expense of conventional farmers, but that complete deregulation would make both organic and conventional farms worse off.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: California; Cartel; Dairy; Equilibrium displacement model; Milk marketing orders; Organic; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9964
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Cropland Values in Canada AgEcon
Sussman, Deborah.
This bulletin provides an overview of trends in cropland values in Canada. Cropland values are a major component of farm wealth which, together with income can be used as a measure of the economic well-being of farm households. Cropland values are provided for a 3-year period, 2005-2007, for each province and farm type (beef, hog, poultry and egg, dairy, grain and oilseed, potato, greenhouse, and fruit and vegetable farms).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Canada; Province; Cropland; Value; Beef; Hog; Poultry and egg; Dairy; Grain and oilseed; Potato; Greenhouse; Fruit and vegetable; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53931
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DAIRY '96, PART I: REFERENCE OF 1996 DAIRY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The NAHMS Dairy '96 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's dairy animal population for education and research. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with NAHMS to select a statistically valid sample yielding 2,542 producers. Included in the study were 20 states that represented 83.1 percent of the U.S. milk cows as of January 1, 1996. NASS interviewers collected data for Part I via a questionnaire administered on-farm from January 1 through 26, 1996. Contact for this paper: Steven Ott
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Milk; Feed; Weaning; Culls; Health; Vaccination; Morbidity; Mortality; Births; Housing; Biosecurity; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32758
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DAIRY '96, PART II: CHANGES IN THE U.S. DAIRY INDUSTRY: 1991-1996 AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The NAHMS Dairy '96 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's dairy animal population for education and research. This report contains demographic changes of the U.S. and world dairy industry from a historical perspective from data provided by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Census of Agriculture, and Foreign Agriculture Service. Results of two NAHMS national studies overview changes in the U.S. dairy industry in the 5-year period of 1991 to 1996. The 1991 National Dairy Heifer Evaluation Project included herds of 30 or more milk cows and heifer-rearing operations in 28 states representing 83 percent of U.S. milk cows. NAHMS Dairy '96 described dairy production for operations...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Demographics; Breed; Rolling herd average; Milk; Feed; Weaning; Vaccination; Morbidity; Mortality; Housing; Biosecurity; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32741
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DAIRY '96, PART III: REFERENCE OF 1996 DAIRY HEALTH AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The NAHMS Dairy '96 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's dairy animal population for education and research. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with NAHMS to select a statistically valid sample yielding 2,542 producers. Included in the study were 20 states that represented 83.1 percent of the U.S. milk cows as of January 1, 1996. Veterinary Medical Officers (VMO's) and Animal Health Technicians (AHT's) collected data for Part III from 1,219 operations that had 30 or more milk cows on January 1, 1996, from February 20 through May 24, 1996. Contact for this paper: Steven Ott
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Health; Mastitis; Labor; Antibiotics; Biosecurity; Vaccination; Manure management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32752
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Dairy development in Ethiopia AgEcon
Ahmed, Mohamed A. M.; Ehui, Simeon K.; Assefa, Yemesrach.
Ethiopia holds large potential for dairy development due to its large livestock population, the favorable climate for improved, high-yielding animal breeds, and the relatively disease-free environment for livestock. Given the considerable potential for smallholder income and employment generation from high-value dairy products, development of the dairy sector in Ethiopia can contribute significantly to poverty alleviation and nutrition in the country. Like other sectors of the economy, the dairy sector in Ethiopia has passed through three phases or turning points, following the economic and political policy in the country. In the most recent phase, characterized by the transition towards market-oriented economy, the dairy sector appears to be moving...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ethiopia; Dairy; Livestock; Dairy products industry; Livestock productivity; Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; East Africa; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60321
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