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Registros recuperados: 13
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C18 Sep-Pak extractable dissolved organic copper related to hydrochemistry in the North-West Mediterranean ArchiMer
El Sayed, Mohamed A.; Aminot, Alain.
Extractable organic copper using C18 Sep-Pak cartridges was investigated in seawater after laboratory experiment showed that the (C18 Sep-Pak) cartridges were reliable, in open and coastal waters with normal levels of dissolved organic carbon, for the separation of a specific fraction of organo-copper complexes.Given that the Sep-Pak cartridges retain the hydrophobic fraction of the dissolved organic matter, this extraction technique was applied for studying the characteristics of this particular hydrophobic dissolved organic copper fraction (hDOCu) in the north-western Mediterranean waters. Surface distribution of hDOC is influenced by organic matter input from the river Rhone and its estuary as well as the physical processes affecting the primary...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean sea; Seawater; Dissolved organic matter; Copper compounds.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-1681.pdf
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Dissolved Organic Carbon and Nitrogen in Andisol for Six Crop Rotations with Different Soil Management Intensity Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Undurraga D,Pablo; Zagal V,Erick; Sepúlveda W,Gloria; Valderrama V,Natalia.
Soil organic matter (OM) content is a quality indicator, but is an inadequate indicator in the short-term because these changes take place slowly, so dissolved organic components have emerged as an alternative. In volcanic soil subjected to different crop rotations with distinct land use intensity, dissolved organic C and N (DOC and DON) were determined as well as their relationship with total C and N contents in the soil, considering the effects of crop rotation, fertilization level, and soil depth. In humid samples of Humic Haploxerands collected at four depths up to 40 cm, DOC and DON contents were determined by extraction with K2SO4 and filtered. Results indicated interaction between the studied factors, DOC fluctuated between 67.8 and 151.7 mg kg-1...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Organic matter; Dissolved organic matter; Total C; Total N; Volcanic soil.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392009000300018
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Dissolved organic nitrogen production and export by meridional overturning in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic ArchiMer
Fernández-castro, Bieito; Álvarez, Marta; Nieto-cid, Mar; Zunino, Patricia; Mercier, Herle; Álvarez-salgado, Xosé Antón.
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is produced in the surface and exported towards the deep ocean, adding ∼2 PgC yr−1 to the global carbon export. Due to its central role in the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC), the eastern subpolar North Atlantic (eSPNA) contributes largely to this export. Here we quantify the transport and budget of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in the eSPNA, in a box delimited by the OVIDE 2002 section and the Greenland‐Iceland‐Scotland sills. The MOC exports >15.9 TgN yr−1 of DON downwards and, contrary to the extended view that these are materials of subtropical origin, up to 33% of the vertical flux derives from a net local DON production of 7.1 ± 2.6 TgN yr−1. The low C:N molar ratio of DOM production (7.4 ± 4.1) and the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dissolved organic matter; Nitrogen cycle; Meridional overturning circulation; Subpolar North Atlantic; Metabolic balance.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00485/59622/62649.pdf
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Distribution et caractérisation par fluorescence de la matière organique dissoute dans les eaux de la Manche centrale ArchiMer
Ismaili, Mm; Belin, Colette; Lamotte, M; Texier, H.
Intensity and spectral characteristics of the fluorescence of water samples collected along the transect Cherbourg-Isle of Wight during four cruises for excitations at 370, 313 and 270 nm have been investigated within the framework of the FluxManche II program. Seasonal and spatial differences appeared to reflect on the one hand, variations in terrestrial inputs, and on the other hand, waters masses structuring. The observed linear variation of the fluorescence intensity with salinity indicates a gradual dilution of the continental humic material in going from the coasts to the central part of the English Channel. The largest signal was observed for the English coastal waters in agreement with important terrestrial inputs from the Solent river. While the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spectrofluorimétrie; Matière organique dissoute; Manche; Traceur de masse d'eau; Nutriment; Spectrofluorimetry; Dissolved organic matter; English Channel; Tracer of water mass; Nutrient.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43649/43243.pdf
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Distribution of phthalates in Marseille Bay (NW Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Paluselli, Andrea; Fauvelle, Vincent; Schmidt, Natascha; Galgani, Francois; Net, Sopheak; Sempere, Richard.
Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) are a group of emerging organic contaminants that have become a serious issue because of their ubiquitous presence and hazardous impact on the marine environment worldwide. Seawater samples were collected monthly from December 2013 to November 2014 in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea (Marseille Bay). The samples were analyzed for dissolved organic carbon (DOC) as well as the molecular distribution of dissolved PAEs by using solid phase extraction followed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analyses. The results demonstrated the occurrence of six PAEs, including dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BzBP) and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phthalates; DEHP; DMP; Seawater; Dissolved organic matter; Endocrine disruptors.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00413/52482/53358.pdf
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Evolution de la complexation des metaux (Ca, Mg, Cd, Pb et Cu) dans l''estuaire de la Seine ArchiMer
Fischer, J; Wartel, M.
Interaction between metallic ions and dissolved organic matter can take major part in the biogeochemical cycle of metals in the aquatic environment. The authors point out copper behavior by the study of complexing capacity of surface and bottom waters. A systematic analysis of major elements in natural waters has allowed for a proposal of geographical distribution of metals.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: River plumes; Dissolved organic matter; Chemical reactions; Salinity; Biogeochemical cycle; Metals; Ion association; Water properties.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1299.pdf
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Mineral and organic soluble forms of zinc, iron and copper: Distribution in the Seine Estuary. ArchiMer
Gandon, R; Guegueniat, P; Fischer, J; Wartel, M.
One characteristic of the Seine Estuary system is the process of sediment resuspension by the specific hydrodynamics of this environment. It's the main factor of trace metals transport. Autotrophic activities also have an effect on the estuary, by pH variation. The behavior of soluble and organic copper, iron, have been studied in relation to salinity in and out of the estuary. The results are compared with those of other estuaries.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrodynamics; Physicochemical properties; Water properties; Dissolved organic matter; Biogeochemical cycle; Resuspension; Metals; Suspended particulate matter.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1300.pdf
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Occurrence of phthalate acid esters (PAEs) in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea and the Rhone River ArchiMer
Paluselli, Andrea; Aminot, Yann; Galgani, Francois; Net, Sopheak; Sempere, Richard.
Phthalate acid esters (PAEs) which are mainly anthropogenic molecules with endocrine disrupting effects in animals and humans, have been detected in terrestrial and aquatic environments. However, little is known about their distribution in the Mediterranean Sea, mainly because of analytical difficulties and the high possibility of ambient sample contamination. Here, we report the optimization of an existing protocol for the determination of PAEs in seawater and freshwater samples, as well as the first estimation of the source and distribution of phthalates acid esters (PAEs) in coastal waters from the NW Mediterranean Sea. By passing 1 L of sample through glass cartridges packed with 200 mg of Oasis HLB and eluted with 6 mL of ethyl acetate, the recoveries...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phthalates; DEHP; DMP; Dissolved organic matter; Endocrine disruptors.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00389/50012/50601.pdf
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Pouvoir complexant des eaux de l'estuaire de la Seine ArchiMer
Fischer, J; Wartel, M; Guegueniat, P; Gandon, R.
Copper has been studied, by the authors, owing to its ability to complex with various organic ligands of natural waters. Metals extraction and liberation can be explained, in part, by this complexing capacity.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Estuaries; Suspended particulate matter; Dissolved organic matter; Copper; River discharge; Ion association; Metals; Biogeochemical cycle; Water properties.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1298.pdf
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Practical use of anaerobically digested dairy slurry as a soil resource OAK
Tani, Masayuki; Sakamoto, Naoya; Kishimoto, Tadashi; Umetsu, Kazutaka; Nishizaki, Kunio; 谷, 昌幸; 坂本, 直也; 岸本, 正; 梅津, 一孝; 西崎, 邦夫.
2004年8月5日とかちプラザで開催、日本ユネスコ国内委員会主催の帯広農村開発教育国際セミナー(OASERD)国際連合ユネスコアジア太平洋地域教育開発計画事業(APEID)シンポジウム「地球にやさしい農業をめざして : 家畜ふん尿,資源としての有効利用」講演資料
Palavras-chave: Degested daily slurry; Dissolved organic matter; Field application; Industrial waste; Recycled dry chemical extinguishing agents.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/1900
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Relations between bacterial extracellular enzyme activities and heterotrophic substrate uptake in a brackishwater environment. ArchiMer
Hoppe, H.
Extracellular enzymes mediate the decomposition of polymeric organic compounds in natural waters. In many cases these enzymes comprise a component linked to the bacterial fraction of the aquatic community and react in close association with these cells. An annual survey of microbial activities in a brackish water fjord exhibited an excellent correlation between V sub(m) of proteases (ability to split the substrate analogue methylumbelliferyl-leucine) and V sub(m) as well as T sub(R) for leucine uptake by microorganisms. Hydrolysis rates (H sub(R)) for the decomposition of naturally occurring competitive substrate analogues of the model substrates (methylumbelliferyl-(MUF)-leucine, MUF- alpha -D-glucose, MUF-N-acetyl-glucosamine, MUF-phosphate) drastically...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeochemistry; Fjords; Bacteria; Brackishwater environment; Seasonal variations; Dissolved organic matter; Interspecific relationships; Hydrolysis; Enzymes.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-952.pdf
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Release of dissolved amino acids by flagellates and ciliates grazing on bacteria ArchiMer
Ferrier-pages, C; Karner, M; Rassoulzadegan, F.
Release of amino acids was examined in the laboratory in the form of dissolved primary amine (DPA) by two marine planktonic protozoa (the oligotrichous ciliate, Strombidium sulcatum and the aplastidic flagellate Pseudobodo sp.) grazing on bacteria. DPA release rates were high (19-25 x 10(-6) and 1.8-2.3 x 10(-6) mu mol DPA cell(-1) h(-1) for flagellates and ciliates, respectively) during the exponential phase, when the ingestion rates were maximum. Release rates were lower during the other growth phases. The release of DPA accounted for 10 % (flagellates) and 16 % (ciliates) of the total nitrogen ingested. Our data suggest that the release of DPA by protozoa could play an important role in supporting bacterial and consequently autotrophic pico- and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acides aminés; Protozoaires; Taux d'excrétion; Matière organique dissoute; Amino acids; Protozoa; Excretion rates; Dissolved organic matter.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00326/43670/43200.pdf
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泥炭土における土壌溶液採取方法の検討 OAK
谷, 昌幸; 佐藤, 貴之; 近藤, 錬三; Tani, Masayuki; Sato, Takayuki; Kondo, Renzo.
泥炭からの土壌溶液の採取方法が土壌溶液の組成・特徴に及ぼす影響を4つの方法で比較検討した.対象とした泥炭地は,泥炭の分解度と理化学性が異なる霧多布泥炭地と湧洞沼泥炭地の2地点で,各地点において2×2mの方形区内の4カ所から泥炭および土壌溶液を採取した.減圧ポーラスカップ法(PC法),遠心分離法(CF法),振とう水抽出法(WE法),および泥炭地で一般的に用いられている泥炭を採掘した坑に湧出する水を採取する方法(PW法)の4つの溶液採取方法を用いた.1)各地点4カ所の泥炭の全炭素・窒素含量,繊維含量,腐植化度などの分解度指標および理化学性の変動係数は,おおむね20%以下であった.2)土壌溶液の水質および無機イオン濃度は4つの方法で大きく異なった.PC法,CF法,WE法で採取した土壌溶液は,泥炭の分解程度の違いによって水質が大きく変化することが示された.また,溶存有機物の光学的な特性も採水方法の違いにより異なった.3)PW法により採取した溶液のEC,溶存有機炭素濃度などの水質の変動係数は,両地点とも約20%以下であり,最もばらつきが少なかった.4)PC法,CF法およびWE法により採取した溶液の水質の変動係数は,泥炭の理化学性の変動係数を大きく上回る項目が多かった.また,これら3つの方法により採取した溶液の水質および無機イオン濃度は,泥炭に含まれる植物繊維の影響を強く受けていると考えられた. The soil solutions in surface peat soils were collected by using four methods : the peatland water method (PW), by which the seepage water in a pit of peatland was...
Palavras-chave: 採取方法; 泥炭; 土壌溶液; 無機イオン組成; 溶存有機物; Dissolved organic matter; Inorganic ion composition; Peat; Sampling methods; Soil solution.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2967
Registros recuperados: 13
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