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A 2004 Social Accounting Matrix for Israel: Documentation of an Economy-Wide Database with a Focus on Agriculture, the Labour Market, and Income Distribution AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A.; Flaig, Dorothee; Luckmann, Jonas; Grethe, Harald.
This document describes the Israeli Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year 2004, developed by the Agricultural and Food Policy Group at the University of Hohenheim. The SAM is a part of a larger research project which aims to analyse several economic, trade, and labour policies in the context of economic integration of agriculture between Israel and the West Bank. Data are obtained from various sources in Israel. Sources include the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS), the Central Bank of Israel (CBI), and the Israeli Tax Authority (ITA). Data from sources outside of Israel are used to fill-in some gaps in the domestic reports. External sources include the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: SAM; IO Table; CGE; Database; Israel.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; C6; C8; D1; D3; D5; D6; E2; E6; F1; F2; H2.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/110156
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Employment and Growth Effects of Tax Reforms AgEcon
Michaelis, Jochen; Birk, Angela.
This paper explores how revenue-neutral tax reforms impact employment and economic growth in a model of endogenous growth and search frictions on the labor market. We analyze how savings and the incentive to create new jobs are affected by tax swaps between wage income taxes, payroll taxes, capital income taxes and taxes levied on capital costs. In our framework, the payroll tax is found to be neutral. If this tax is used to finance a cut in the capital income tax, we will observe an increase in both growth and, via the capitalization effect, employment. Most other tax reforms, however, imply a trade-off between employment and growth.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Search unemployment; Growth; Tax reform; Public Economics; E6; H2; J6; O4.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26275
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Employment and Growth Effects of Tax Reforms in a Growth-Matching Model AgEcon
Birk, Angela; Michaelis, Jochen.
This paper explores how revenue-neutral tax reforms impact employment and economic growth in models of exogenous and endogenous growth and search frictions on the labor market. We show that (i) a cut in the payroll tax financed by an increase in the wage tax lowers both equilibrium employment and the equilibrium growth rate, that (ii) a higher energy tax combined with a cut in wage taxes boosts employment but has an ambiguous effect on growth, and that (iii) a higher energy tax combined with a cut in payroll taxes enhances employment but mitigates economic growth.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Search unemployment; Growth; Tax reform; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; E6; H2; J6; O4.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26324
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Fiscal stimulations for improving the business environment in Republic of Macedonia AgEcon
Gaber, Stevan.
In conditions when the national economy is hit hard with catastrophic economic consequences from financial crises, mutual coordinative approach between fiscal authorities and independent monetary institution, entrusted for macroeconomic stability, is particularly essential. This paper focuses on the situation, when there is not, at least temporary, constructive dialog between the two most important institutions in the country, and consequences are paid by enterprises and citizens.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Budget deficit financing; Restrictive monetary policy; Policy coordination; Bank reserve rate requirement.; International Development; Public Economics; E6.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94575
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Industrial Coal Demand in China: A Provincial Analysis AgEcon
Cattaneo, Cristina; Manera, Matteo; Scarpa, Elisa.
In recent years, concerns regarding the environmental implications of the rising coal demand have induced considerable efforts to generate long-term forecasts of China’s energy requirements. Nevertheless, none of the previous empirical studies on energy demand for China has tackled the issue of modelling coal demand in China at provincial level. The aim of this paper is to fill this gap. In particular, we model and forecast the Chinese demand for coal using time series data disaggregated by provinces. Moreover, not only does our analysis account for heterogeneity among provinces, but also, given the nature of the data, it captures the presence of spatial autocorrelation among provinces using a spatial econometric model. A fixed effects spatial lag model...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Energy demand; Coal demand; China; Spatial econometrics; Panel data; Forecasting; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C23; E6; Q31; Q41.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44425
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Mentorship Alliance between South African Farmers: Implication for Sustainable Agriculture Sector Reform AgEcon
Femi, Olubode-Awosola; van Schalkwyk, Herman D..
South Africa's agricultural sector is characterized by a skewed participation of the population. There are vastly white commercial farmers and black subsistence farmers. This is attributed to the past government's intervention in the economy, which lead to exclusion of and discrimination against the blacks regarding access to land. The new government is committed to redressing this imbalance through agricultural reform and development strategies namely land, agrarian, trade and market reforms. One of the government's primary policy thrusts is to provide access to agricultural land for people not adequately represented in the agricultural sector. However, the government lacks sufficient resources to provide land and support services to the farmers been...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: E6; O1; Q15; P0; L12; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25725
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Systematic Policy Decisions on Direct Income Payments in Agricultural Policies AgEcon
Fellmann, Thomas; Mollers, Judith.
Direct income payments (DIP) are in the centre of the discussion in the ongoing political debate whether agricultural policy objectives can be pursued in an economically more efficient and less distorting way. This paper discusses under which circumstances DIP are an appropriate and efficient measure to address the objectives of agricultural policies. It identifies and examines the characteristics that DIP should have in the context of different objectives. If governments want to meet their policy objectives by the use of DIP efficiently, a precise definition of the objective is crucial. An optimal policy design achieves a specific objective while keeping the impact on economic distortions low and ensuring efficiency in the allocation of resources. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct income payments; Agricultural policy; Policy objectives; Decision tree; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; E6; H5.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25684
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Volatile world market prices for dairy products - how do they affect domestic price formation: The German cheese market AgEcon
Weber, Sascha A.; Salamon, Petra; Hansen, Heiko.
Since the stepwise reduction of intervention prices combined with watered down conditions and suspended export refunds, respectively, the EU dairy industry faces new challenges regarding wild price fluctuations originally caused in third countries. In the past, the EU domestic market was insulated as far as possible from world markets. However, today global prices could affect prices even at the level of consumers, but more directly at the level milk producers. Volatility noticeable increased with the price peak in 2007, followed by the drop in 2008, and a new price boost in 2010. Additionally, reduced security in marketing of butter and skimmed milk powder led to higher processing share of cheese which is not only exported but also increasingly consumed...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Price transmission; Cointegration; Granger-causality; Dairy; Risk and Uncertainty; C1; E3; E6; F3; Q1.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122542
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