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Registros recuperados: 34
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Acquisition de données complémentaires aux dénombrements, avec les techniques de cytométrie en flux, fluorescence totale ou spectrale. Etat d’avancement et premiers résultats. Action Indice Composition. Livrable n° A III. Rapport final, 23 septembre 2014 ArchiMer
Artigas, Luis Felipe; Didry, Morgane; Barthelemy, Vanille; Bonato, Simon; Broutin, Mathias; Lizon, Fabrice; Lefebvre, Alain.
The European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD) refers to phytoplankton as one of the biological quality elements that should be regularly monitored and evaluated thanks to three ecological indices: biomass, abundance and composition. The first two have already been defined, but the third one has not yet been proposed in the English Channel-Atlantic zone. The construction of a composition indice must consider the diversity of all the phytoplankton. As the microscopic counts concern only the micro-phytoplankton, it is necessary to use additional information which concerns the nano- and pico-phytoplankton, of great importance when estimating the phytoplankton diversity. These components of the phytoplankton can be measured by different complementary...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Manche Orientale; Groupes phytoplanctoniques; Cytométrie en Flux de type Scanning; Fluorimétrie spectrale; Analyses pigmentaires; Eastern English Channel; Phytoplankton groups; Scanning Flow Cytometry; Spectral fluorescence; Pigments analysis.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00361/47259/47224.pdf
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Black scorpionfish Scorpaena porcus (Scorpaenidae): a first record in the eastern English Channel ArchiMer
Mahe, Kelig; Goascoz, Nicolas; Dufour, Jean-louis; Iglesias, Samuel; Tetard, Alain.
This is the first record of the black scorpionfish Scorpaena porcus being found in the eastern English Channel. A specimen was caught on 15 October 2012 off the port of Courseulles-sur-mer. It measured 31.6 cm and weighted 800 g. From a study of its sagittal otolith, this specimen appeared to be 9 years old.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scorpaena porcus; First record; Eastern English Channel; Atlantic Ocean; Otolith.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00173/28418/26748.pdf
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Conservation of marine habitats under multiple human uses. Methods, objectives and constraints to optimize a Marine Protected Areas network in the eastern English Channel ArchiMer
Delavenne, Juliette.
The eastern English Channel is a significant economic area that supports a number of human-based activities, such as tourism and recreational activities, international ports and shipping, and the extraction of both living and mineral resources. In addition, the region supports a number of important marine biological features and large habitat diversity. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are increasingly used as a management tool to foster a sustainable exploitation of marine resources in an ecosystem based management framework. All European countries have a legal obligation to develop MPA networks in their national waters. However, there has to date been only limited attempts to coordinate the design and positioning of such networks at an international level...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Manche orientale; Aires Marines Protégées; Planification spatiale; Biodiversité; Marxan; Typologie d’habitat; Cibles de conservation; Usages anthropiques; Eastern English Channel; MPA; Spatial planning; Biodiversity; Marxan; Habitat typology; Conservation targets; Human uses.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00135/24651/22684.pdf
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Defining a pelagic typology of the eastern English Channel ArchiMer
Delavenne, Juliette; Marchal, Paul; Vaz, Sandrine.
Classifying marine habitats is a growing research field and is of increasing interest to spatial planners and managers. Most studies have predominantly focused on the seabed to determine benthic habitat types, and only limited attention has been paid to the water column. Classification projects aim at identifying candidate management units for the application of various regional or national regulations such as the European Water Framework Directive. Here, we propose a seasonal classification of the water column in the eastern English Channel, which we validated with biological data. For the three tested compartments, phytoplankton, zooplankton and pelagic fishes, the validation results were satisfactory, with recall values (i.e. percentage of observations...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eastern English Channel; Pelagic typology; Clustering analysis; Seasonality.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00125/23655/22689.pdf
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Eastern English Channel fish assemblages: measuring the structuring effect of habitats on distinct sub-communities ArchiMer
Vaz, Sandrine; Carpentier, Andre; Coppin, Franck.
Multivariate and spatial analyses are used to identify and locate fish, cephalopod, and macrocrustacean species assemblages in the eastern English Channel from 1988 to 2004. Four sub-communities with varying diversity levels were identified in relation to depth, salinity, temperature, seabed shear stress, sediment type, and benthic community nature. From 1997 to 2004, some 25% of overall community structure variance could be related to the available environmental descriptors and 20% to persistent factors such as depth, seabed shear stress, sediment, and macro-invertebrate community type. Although there may be significant interannual shifts in overall community structure and composition, the sub-communities identified persisted over time, reflecting the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Structuring environment; Spatial patterns; Fish community; Eastern English Channel; Diversity.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2829.pdf
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Ecosystem trends: evidence for agreement between fishers' perceptions and scientific information ArchiMer
Rochet, Marie-joelle; Prigent, M; Bertrand, Jacques; Carpentier, Andre; Coppin, Franck; Delpech, Jean-paul; Fontenelle, G; Foucher, Eric; Mahe, Kelig; Rostiaux, Emilie; Trenkel, Verena.
The results of a survey on fishers' perceptions of recent changes in the eastern English Channel ecosystem carried out in 2006 were compared with fishery and bottom-trawl survey data. A hypothesis-testing framework was used, testing the null hypothesis that fishers' statements were true, which permitted evaluation of both agreement and disagreement. Overall good agreement between fishers' statements and scientific data was found, and both sources suggested that the fish community in the Channel is undergoing large changes, among which are decreases in some commercially important species; in addition, a number of human pressures impact the ecosystem. Fishers had an accurate perception of changes and their time-frames, but not necessarily of their causes....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stakeholder interview; Hypothesis testing; Fisher knowledge; Ecosystem approach to fisheries management; Eastern English Channel.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4474.pdf
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Exploring habitat credits to manage the benthic impact in a mixed fishery ArchiMer
Batsleer, J.; Marchal, Paul; Vaz, Sandrine; Vermard, Youen; Rijnsdorp, A. D.; Poos, J. J..
The performance of a combined catch quota and habitat credit system was explored to manage the sustainable exploitation of a mix of demersal fish species and reduce the benthic impacts of bottom trawl fisheries using a dynamic state variable model approach. The model was parameterised for the Eastern English Channel demersal mixed fishery using otter trawls or dredges. Target species differed in their association with habitat types. Restricting catch quota for plaice and cod had a limited effect on benthic impact, except when reduced to very low values, forcing the vessels to stay in port. Quota management had a minimal influence on fishing behaviour and hence resulted in a minimal reduction of benthic impact. Habitat credits may reduce the benthic impacts...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fleet dynamics; Dynamic state variable modelling; TAC; Total allowable catch; Mixed fisheries; Eastern English Channel; Plaice; Cod.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00418/52997/53997.pdf
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First and repeated records of the tropical-temperate crab Asthenognathus atlanticus Monod, 1932 (Decapoda: Brachyura) in the eastern part of the Bay of Seine (eastern English Channel, France) ArchiMer
Jourde, Jerome; Alizier, Sandrine; Dancie, Chloe; Dauvin, Jean-claude; Desroy, Nicolas; Dubut, Severine; Gentil, Franck; Grall, Jacques; Hanin, Camille; Lanshere, Julien; Thiebaut, Eric.
Asthenognathus atlanticus Monod, 1932, has been reported for the first time from the eastern part of the Bay of Seine (eastern English Channel). A total of 30 specimens were collected between the years 2008 and 2011, along the Normandy coast from Ouistreham to Antifer, mainly on mud and muddy sand habitats, between 10 and 25 m depth. The distribution range of A. atlanticus has been previously known to cover eastern Atlantic coasts from Angola to the western English Channel, where it reached its northern limits. It is also present in the western part of the Mediterranean Sea. The changes in the sediment composition of the eastern Bay of Seine have probably led to the development of a potentially favorable habitat for this species. However, the data...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crustacea Decapoda; Asthenognathus atlanticus; Bay of Seine; Geographical extension; Eastern English Channel.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00131/24178/22365.pdf
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First record of Dadylopterus volitans (Dactylopteridae) in the Eastern English Channel ArchiMer
Mahe, Kelig; Foucher, Eric; Elleboode, Romain; Iglesias, Samuel; Tetard, Alain.
The family Dactylopteridae comprises seven valid species mostly distributed in tropical and subtropical seas (Eschmeyer and Fong, 2013). The flying gurnard Dactylopterus volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) is present in the Eastern Atlantic, apparently from the North Sea to Angola, including the entire Mediterranean Sea and the Azores, and in the Western Atlantic, from Canada to Argentina (Froese and Pauly, 2013). It is the only species of the family Dactylopteridae present in the European Atlantic (from 36 degrees N to 66 degrees N) (Roux, 1986; Quero et al., 2003). The point map of D. volitans given in FishBase (Froese and Pauly, 2013) showed a single record in the Bay of Biscay and a single record point in the Southern North Sea, although the latter seems to be...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dactylopteridae; Dactylopterus volitans; Atlantic Ocean; Eastern English Channel; First record.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00176/28747/27244.pdf
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First record of Epinephelus marginatus (Serranidae: Epinephelinae) in the eastern English Channel ArchiMer
Mahe, Kelig; Cochard, Marie-laure; Quero, Jean-claude; Sevin, Karine; Bailly, Nicolas; Tetard, Alain.
Premier signalement de Epinephelus marginatus (Serranidae: Epinephelinae) en Manche orientale. Le premier signalement du mérou noir Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834) en Manche orientale est rapporté. Un spécimen a été capturé le 10 juin 2011 en baie de Seine. Il mesurait 66 cm et pesait 5,5 kg. D'après l'étude des écailles, il s'agissait d'une femelle adulte âgée de 12 ans qui n'avait pas effectué sa croissance dans la Manche, ce qui confirme le fait d'une observation occasionnelle et non le signe d'une extension d'aire de répartition avec une population établie.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Serranidae; Epinephelus marginatus; Atlantic Ocean; Eastern English Channel; First record.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00113/22395/20097.pdf
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From Data to End-to-End Models: 15 Years of Research to Describe the Dynamics of Exploited Marine Ecosystems in the Eastern Channel ArchiMer
Marchal, Paul; Gasche, Loic; Girardin, Raphael; Le Pape, Olivier; Huret, Martin; Mahevas, Stephanie; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Vaz, Sandrine.
Considerable research has been conducted in the past 15 years around the Eastern English Channel ecosystem. Data collected since the 1970s on the biotic and abiotic compartments have been collated and mapped out in the mid-2000. This spatially explicit information formed a sound basis to improve knowledge on, and model, the functioning and dynamics of key ecosystem compartments, with a focus on flatfish species and fisheries and their interactions with other sectors of activity (aggregate extractions, maritime traffic). The more recent ongoing works are dedicated to the integration of those processes into several complementary end-to-end ecosystem models.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eastern English Channel; Flatfish; Spatial analyses; Ecosystem modelling.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00293/40420/38946.pdf
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Habitats et communautés benthiques du bassin oriental de la Manche : état des lieux au début du XXIe siècle ArchiMer
Foveau, Aurelie.
This study is devoted in providing an updated knowledge on the macrobenthic community structure and biodiversity in the eastern English Channel in the early 2000s. Results obtained were compared with results obtained by L. Cabioch and colleagues for the period of 1971-1976. The distribution of macrobenthic communities is highly governed by the sedimentary cover. The Folk classification was used for sedimentology and mapping of bottom type characterization for the two study periods. A relative stability of the sedimentary cover was observed wherein 69% of the study area showed slight or no change in sedimentary cover. This is mainly due to the hydrodynamics in the area which is the dominant structuring factor in the eastern English Channel. Variations were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bassin oriental de la Manche; Couverture sédimentaire; Communautés benthiques; Diversité; Modélisation d’habitats; Comparaison; Eastern English Channel; Sedimentary cover; Benthic communities; Diversity; Habitat modeling; Comparison.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19474/17089.pdf
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How do demersal fishing fleets interact with aggregate extraction in a congested sea? ArchiMer
Marchal, Paul; Desprez, Michel; Vermard, Youen; Tidd, Alex.
The effects of the aggregate extraction intensity and the distance to extraction sites on the distribution of fishing effort were investigated for a broad selection of French and English demersal fleets operating in the Eastern English Channel. The most prominent result was that most fleets fishing near to aggregate extraction sites were not deterred by extraction activities. The fishing effort of dredgers and potters could be greater adjacent to marine aggregates sites than elsewhere, and also positively correlated to extraction intensity with a lag of 0–9 months. The distribution of fishing effort of French netters remained consistent over the study period. However, it is of note that the fishing effort of netters has increased substantially in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spatial management; Spatial planning; Demersal fisheries; Aggregate extraction; Eastern English Channel.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00206/31763/30651.pdf
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Identification of the main processes underlying ecosystem functioning in the Eastern English Channel, with a focus on flatfish species, as revealed through the application of the Atlantis end-to-end model ArchiMer
Girardin, Raphael; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; Lehuta, Sigrid; Rolland, Marie; Thebaud, Olivier; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Vermard, Youen; Marchal, Paul.
The ecosystem model Atlantis was used to investigate the key dynamics and processes that structure the Eastern English Channel ecosystem, with a particular focus on two commercial flatfish species, sole (Solea solea) and plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). This complex model was parameterized with data collected from diverse sources (a literature review, survey data, as well as landings and stock assessment information) and tuned so both simulated biomass and catch fit 2002–2011 observations. Here, the outputs are mainly presented for the two focus species and for some other vertebrates found to be important in the trophic network. The calibration process revealed the importance of coastal areas in the Eastern English Channel and of nutrient inputs from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem modelling; Flatfish fisheries; Trophic relationships; Calibration; Atlantis; Eastern English Channel.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00354/46524/46289.pdf
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Impact d’une obligation de débarquement sur les dynamiques couplées écosystème-pêcheurs : approche par modélisation individu-centrée appliquée à la Manche orientale ArchiMer
Bourdaud, Pierre.
The objective of this thesis was to anticipate the effects if the EU Landing Obligation (LO) implemented since the beginning of 2015 in the Eastern English Channel (EEC). To achieve these objectives, it was planned to: i) better understand seasonal spatial distribution of commercial species using on-board commercial vessels observation data, ii) compare them with the fine scale fishing effort distribution of EEC bottom otter trawlers (OTB), and iii) develop an individual-based model of fleet-dynamics, DSVM, to be integrated within the ecosystem model OSMOSE to simulate a LO. The usefulness of on-board observation data was proved for a main part of a species sample, using validation from the literature and a geostatistical indicator. Then the comparison of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Distribution spatiale; Saisonnalité; Données commerciales; Données de campagnes scientifiques; Manche Orientale; Effort de pêche; Assemblages d’espèces cibles; Obligation de débarquement; Modèle individu-centré; Dynamiques des flottilles; Spatial distribution; Seasonality; Commercial data; Survey data; Eastern English Channel; Fishing effort; Target species assemblages; Landing obligation; Individual-based model; Fleet dynamics.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00440/55135/56603.pdf
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Implications of morphological and functional traits for trophic relationships within fish communities and marine trophic network architecture ArchiMer
Cachera, Marie.
A current issue in ecology is to understand the contribution of biodiversity to ecosystem functioning and notably to comprehend how inter- and intra-specific trait variation affects trophic interactions between individuals and species, the trophic organization of communities and trophic network architecture. Particularly, morphology has historically been considered as a main determinant of organisms’ ecology, which led to the field of ecomorphology, and, from a functional perspective, is expected to influence trophic relationships and other ecological functions performed by species. This thesis aimed at studying the trophic organization of a marine fish community and its dependency on morphological and functional trait variation between and within species....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Communauté; Morphologie; Réseau trophique; Niche; Traits fonctionnels; Manche Est; Community; Morphology; Trophic network; Niche; Functional traits; Eastern English Channel.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30603/29069.pdf
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Inferring the annual, seasonal, and spatial distributions of marine species from complementary research and commercial vessels’ catch rates ArchiMer
Bourdaud, Pierre; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Vermard, Youen; Cormon, Xochitl; Marchal, Paul.
The objective of this study is to analyse at fine scale the annual, seasonal and spatial distributions of several species in the Eastern English Channel (EEC). On the one hand, data obtained from scientific surveys are not available all year through, but are considered to provide consistent yearly and spatially resolved abundance indices. On the other hand, on-board commercial data do cover the whole year, but generally provide a biased perception of stock abundance. The combination of scientific and commercial catches per unit of effort (CPUEs), standardized using a delta-generalized linear model, allowed to infer spatial and monthly dynamics of fish distributions in the EEC, which could be compared with previous knowledge on their life cycles....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Commercial data; Eastern English Channel; Seasonality; Spatial distribution; Survey data.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00387/49805/50385.pdf
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Les pêches artisanales de la Manche Orientale. Flottilles et ressources halieutiques ArchiMer
Lemoine, Michel; Giret, Marc.
From Normandy to Belgium bordary, the coastal fishery became during the ten last years a significant social and economic actor, which mostly lives by predominant exploitation of Eastern Channel. Recently discovering a situation of resource overexploitation and a difficult cohabitation between "metiers", these coastal fleets are in the heart of various preoccupations of managment at regional, national and european levels. Since 1985, a coordinated programme (including Boulogne and Ouistreham) allowed to progress in the knowledge of complex fisheries through : improvement of statistics, characterisation of coastal fleets and their activity, asses-ment of the knowledge on the resources.This synthesis describes, for 1987-1988, the quality of the regional...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ressource halieutique; Manche Orientale; Flottille; Pêche artisanale; Eastern English Channel; Fleet; Artisanal fishing.
Ano: 1991 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/rapport-1664.pdf
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Les stocks de poissons démersaux sous quota
 en Manche Est et mer du Nord ArchiMer
Mellon, Capucine.
Cod (Gadus morhua, L.), whiting (Merlangius merlangus, L.), saithe (Pollachius virens, L.), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus, L.), sole (Solea vulgaris, L.) and plaice (Pleuronectes platessa, L.) make up the main demersal stocks under quota which concern the French fishery in North Sea and Eastern English Channel. The diagnosis on the state of stocks are set up at the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). Recommendations which result from the analyses are proposed to the European Union. Most of the stocks are close or outside their safe biological limits. Several reasons account for that such as the high fishing mortality rates and mixed fisheries on species with diverse biological characteristics. Consequently, more and more young...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Demersal stocks; ANE; North Sea; Eastern English Channel; Mixed fishery; Biological characteristics; Landings; Stock assessment.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00447/55905/57907.pdf
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MAREL Carnot data and metadata from Coriolis Data Centre ArchiMer
Lefebvre, Alain.
The MAREL (Mesures Automatisées en Réseau pour l’Environnement Littoral) Carnot system developed and implemented by Ifremer (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the sea) in 2004 is a moored buoy equipped with physico-chemical and biological measuring devices working in continuous and autonomous conditions. The system is located in the Boulogne-sur-Mer harbor (eastern English Channel) influenced both by marine coastal and fresh waters. The measuring station is equipped with high performance systems for seawater analysis and near real time data transmission. These system record with a high frequency resolution (20 minutes), the following parameters: estimated sea level, gust wind speed, wind from direction relative true north, horizontal wind...
Tipo: Dataset Palavras-chave: MAREL Carnot; Buoy; Observing system; High frequency; Eastern English Channel; Estimated sea level; Gust wind speed; Wind from direction relative true north; Horizontal wind speed; Relative humidity; Light irradiance surface PAR; Sea temperature; Practical salinity; Ph; Dissolved oxygen; Fluorescence; Turbidity; Nitrate + nitrite; Phosphate; Silicate.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.17882/39754
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