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Agro-food Quality and Safety Based on Agro-ecological Compensation AgEcon
Li, Qing-jiang; Yao, Wen-ying; Hao, Li.
Reflection of the rise f agro-food production costs is analyzed based on the introduction of the quality safety situation of agricultural products in China . Firstly, rise of production cost caused by the demarcation of prohibited areas; secondly, rise of production cost caused by using environment-friendly agricultural inputs; thirdly, rise of production cost caused by quality control; rise of production cost caused by product certification. The ecological compensation mechanism which is beneficial to agro-food quality safety is set up according to the principle “the one who is benefited compensates”. Firstly, laws and regulations of agricultural production compensation are to be actively perfected. Secondly, experience of developed countries can be...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ecological compensation; Agriculture; Agricultural products; Quality safety,China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102372
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L’émergence du marché de la compensation des zones humides aux États-Unis : impacts sur les modes d’organisation et les caractéristiques des transactions ArchiMer
Scemama, Pierre; Levrel, Harold.
In the United States, the Clean Water Act requires compensatory measures for aquatic ecosystems damaged by development projects. From the 90's to improve the quality of the system, we have seen the emergence of a market system to supervise the transactions related to the implementation of actions for compensation. The theoretical framework of neo-institutional economics states that the choice of the organization of a transaction is based on the minimization of transaction costs. These costs are related to the coordination mechanisms that are specific to each type of organization and which efficiency in terms of transaction costs depends on the characteristics of the transaction: asset specificity, uncertainty and frequency of the transactions. Transactions...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Économie Néo-Institutionnelle; Banques de compensation; Mode d'organisation; Compensation écologique; New Institutional Economics; Organizational structure; Ecological compensation; Mitigation banking.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00186/29717/28152.pdf
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No net loss of biodiversity or paper offsets? A critical review of the French no net loss policy ArchiMer
Quetier, Fabien; Regnery, Baptiste; Levrel, Harold.
French regulations concerning the mitigation of development impacts have been progressively strengthened with offsets now required for impacts on forests, wetlands, and protected species, among others. In 2012, following a national consultative process called Grenelle de l’Environnement, legal requirements in terms of monitoring and effective implementation of measures aimed at avoiding, reducing and offsetting impacts were strengthened. This has created strong “demand” for offsets. The workability of these new requirements has come under scrutiny, not least because of their strong legal and financial implications for developers. In this context, official government guidance on implementing the mitigation hierarchy was published in 2012. Under this...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: No net loss; Biodiversity offsets; Ecological compensation; EU Habitats Directive; European biodiversity strategy; Environmental impact assessment; Ecological equivalencies; France.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27924/27267.pdf
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