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Registros recuperados: 7
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Beyond Forest Cover: Land Use and Biodiversity in Rubber Trail Forests of the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve Ecology and Society
Vadjunec, Jacqueline M.; Department of Geography, Oklahoma State University; jacqueline.vadjunec@okstate.edu; Rocheleau, Dianne; Graduate School of Geography, Clark University; drocheleau@clarku.edu.
Among the strategies to promote sustainable tropical forest development around the world, the Federal Extractive Reserve System of Brazil is widely cited as an exemplary model. It is designed to protect rubber tapper communities, their forests, and their livelihoods while preventing deforestation and conserving biodiversity. In response to changing markets and policies, rubber tappers in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve have recently diversified production to include market agriculture and cattle production, precipitating deforestation in the reserve, with the implication of increased ecological degradation compared to the extraction of nontimber forest products (NTFPs). Our remote sensing and forest inventory analyses yield different insights about the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Ecological monitoring; Extractive reserves; Land use; Livelihood; Tropical deforestation.
Ano: 2009
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Collaborative Engagement of Local and Traditional Knowledge and Science in Marine Environments: A Review Ecology and Society
Thornton, Thomas F; University of Oxford; thomas.thornton@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Scheer, Adela Maciejewski ; McGill University; admasch@gmail.com.
Local and traditional ecological knowledge (LTK) is increasingly recognized as an important component of scientific research, conservation, and resource management. Especially where there are gaps in the scientific literature, LTK can be a critical source of basic environmental data; this situation is particularly apparent in the case of marine ecosystems, about which comparatively less is known than terrestrial ones. We surveyed the global literature relating to the LTK of marine environments and analyzed what knowledge has been collected and with what aims and results. A large proportion of LTK which has been documented by researchers consists of species-specific information that is important for traditional resource use. However, knowledge relating to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive comanagement; Collaborative research; Collaborative resource management; Ecological monitoring; Environmental change; Historical ecology; Local and traditional knowledge (LTK); Marine conservation; Marine ecology; Marine ecosystems.
Ano: 2012
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Communicating Ecological Indicators to Decision Makers and the Public Ecology and Society
Schiller, Andrew; Clark University; aschille@black.clarku.edu; Hunsaker, Carolyn T; Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service; carolyn.hunsaker/psw_fresno@fs.fed.us; Kane, Michael A; University of Tennessee, Knoxville; mkane1@utk.edu; Wolfe, Amy K; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; ami@ornl.gov; Dale, Virginia H; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; vhd@ornl.gov; Suter, Glenn W; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, NCEA; suter.glenn@epamail.epa.gov; Russell, Clifford S; Vanderbilt University; cliff.russell@vanderbilt.edu; Pion, Georgine; Vanderbilt University;; Jensen, Molly H; ;; Konar, Victoria C; ;.
Ecological assessments and monitoring programs often rely on indicators to evaluate environmental conditions. Such indicators are frequently developed by scientists, expressed in technical language, and target aspects of the environment that scientists consider useful. Yet setting environmental policy priorities and making environmental decisions requires both effective communication of environmental information to decision makers and consideration of what members of the public value about ecosystems. However, the complexity of ecological issues, and the ways in which they are often communicated, make it difficult for these parties to fully engage such a dialogue. This paper describes our efforts to develop a process for translating the indicators of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Common language; Communication; Decision making; Ecological indicators; Ecological monitoring; Environmental assessments; Environmental values; Public input.
Ano: 2001
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Integrating Collaboration, Adaptive Management, and Scenario-Planning: Experiences at Las Cienegas National Conservation Area Ecology and Society
Caves, Jeremy K.; Department of Environmental Earth System Science, Stanford University; jcaves@stanford.edu; Bodner, Gitanjali S.; The Nature Conservancy, Tucson, Arizona; gbodner@tnc.org; Simms, Karen; Tucson Field Office, Bureau of Land Management; ksimms@blm.gov; Fisher, Larry A.; School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona; lafisher@email.arizona.edu; Robertson, Tahnee; Southwest Decision Resources; tahnee@swdresources.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biological planning; Bureau of Land Management; Climate adaptation; Collaboration; Desert Southwest; Ecological monitoring; Implementing adaptive management; Nested objectives; Public lands management; Scenario planning.
Ano: 2013
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Integration of Local Ecological Knowledge and Conventional Science: a Study of Seven Community-Based Forestry Organizations in the USA Ecology and Society
Ballard, Heidi L; University of California - Davis; hballard@ucdavis.edu; Fernandez-Gimenez, Maria E; Colorado State University; gimenez@warnercnr.colostate.edu; Sturtevant, Victoria E; Southern Oregon University; sturtevant@sou.edu.
Natural resource management decisions can be based on incomplete knowledge when they lack scientific research, monitoring, and assessment and/or simultaneously fail to draw on local ecological knowledge. Many community-based forestry organizations in the United States attempt to address these knowledge gaps with an integrated ecological stewardship approach that balances ecological, social, and economic goals. This paper examines the use and integration of local knowledge and conventional science in ecological stewardship and monitoring by seven community-based forestry demonstration projects. Through document reviews and interviews with both participants and partners of all of these community-based organizations, we found that all the community-based...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Civic science; Community-based forestry; Community-based natural resource management; Conventional science; Ecological assessment; Ecological monitoring; Local ecological knowledge; Scientific knowledge.
Ano: 2008
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Tendency and distribution indices for ordinal variables applied to Ellenberg indicator values Gayana Botánica
Alvarez,Miguel; Mõseler,Bodo Maria; San Martín,Cristina.
The use of mean value for the analysis of Ellenberg indicator values in plots or plant community types has been criticised by several authors. On the other hand, little attention has been paid to distribution patterns of the respective classes frequencies. Herewith we make a revision of metrics available for the characterization of tendency and distribution patterns of ordinal variables, like in the case of Ellenberg indicator values, and discuss their relation to frequency histogram shapes. We selected three tendencies (mean value, median value and mode) and two distribution metrics (position index and relative dominance). Additionally, we proposed a concentration index, which is analogous to the contagion index commonly used by landscape ecologists....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bio-indicators; Ecological monitoring; Grassland vegetation; Species composition.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-66432013000200006
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Программа экологического мониторинга береговой зоны моря. IBSS Repository
Агаркова-Лях, И. В..
Контрастность суши и моря в береговой зоне и их активное вещественно-энергетическое взаимодействие позволяют рассматривать береговую зону в качестве яркого примера парагенетического ландшафтного комплекса. Парагенетический подход дает возможность оценить экологическое состояние береговой зоны на основе изучения вещественных потоков между ее наземной и аквальной частями. Программа экологического мониторинга береговой зоны содержит обширную информацию, которая объединена в тектоническую, геолого-геоморфологическую, литологическую, метеогидрологическую, гидролитодинамическую, биоценотическую и антропогенную группы. В отличие от традиционных подходов, предложенная программа предусматривает совместную характеристику сопряженных зон суши и моря и взаимосвязей...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Sea coastal zone; Ecological monitoring; Paragenetical landscape complex; Matter exchange between sea and land.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://repository.ibss.org.ua/dspace/handle/99011/881
Registros recuperados: 7
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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