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Registros recuperados: 15
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Agricultural Growth and Structural Changes in the Punjab Economy: An Input-output Analysis AgEcon
Bhalla, G.S.; Chadha, G.K.; Kashyap, S.P.; Sharma, R.K..
This research report is part of IFPRI's continuous efforts to understand the relationship between technological change in agriculture and overall economic growth that expands employment and income opportunities for the poor in developing countries. The research is a collaborative effort with the Centre for the Study of Regional Development at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi. The study documents and analyzes the structural changes that have occurred in the Punjab economy since the green revolution of the mid-1960s. With two input-output tables—one for 1969/70 and the other for 1979/80—the authors have traced the sources of structural changes and examined the changes in the intersectoral linkages and the quantum of indirect and induced income and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; Punjab (India); Economic conditions; Input-output analysis; International Development.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42162
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Agriculture and Economic Growth in Argentina, 1913-84 AgEcon
Mundlak, Yair; Cavallo, Domingo; Domenech, Roberto.
In 1982 Dominga Cavallo and Yair Mundlak received an award for quality of research discovery from the American Agriculture Economics Association for IFPRI Research Report 36, Agriculture and Economic Growth in an Open Economy: The Case of Argentina. The research was sponsored jointly by IFPRI and the Instituto de Estudios Economicos Sobre la Realidad Argentina y Latinoamericana (IEERAL) of the Fundacion Mediteranea, and it in turn built on earlier prize-winning research by Mundlak, presented in Research Report 6, Intersectoral Factor Mobility and Agricultural Growth. The model developed for the study makes it possible to explore the effects of policies directed at agriculture as well as general macro and trade policies, taking into account interaction...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; History; 20th Century; Economic conditions; Econometric models; International Development.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42166
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Climate change risk and response AgEcon
Kahrl, Fredrich; Roland-Holst, David W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Energy; Sustainability; Climate change; Risk; Economic conditions; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46721
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Comparing the evolution of spatial inequality in China and India: a fifty-year perspective AgEcon
Gajwani, Kiran; Kanbur, Ravi; Zhang, Xiaobo.
In the second half of the last century, both India and China have undergone major transitions and have moved to more liberalized economies. This paper relates the observed patterns in regional inequality to major events during this period. Because of China’s institutional barriers to migration, regional inequality is much higher than in India. Also, China’s decentralization and opening up are closely related to the observed regional inequality - particularly the inland-coastal disparity - since the reform period. From the Green Revolution age to the period of economic liberalization in India, the evolution of regional comparative advantage has shifted from the quality of land to the level of human capital as India integrates with the international market....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Liberalization; Liberalized economics; Regional inequality; Migration; Decentralization; Green revolution; Economic conditions; International economic relations; Human capital; Spatial inequality; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55409
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Designing gradual transition to market economies AgEcon
Adelman, Irma; Berck, Peter; Vujovic, Dusan.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic conditions; Income; Marketing; Prices; Socialism.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43669
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Estimativa do custo de producao da carne bovina para a regiao Centro-oeste: setembro de 1986. Infoteca-e
COSTA, F.P.; PACHECO, J.A. de C.; CORREA, E.S.; ARRUDA, Z.J. de..
1986
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Carne; Producao; Custo; Brasil; Preco; Aspecto economico; Sistema; Bovino; Regiao centro-oeste; Indicador; Meat; Production; Cost; Brazil; Price; Economic conditions; System; Cattle; West central region.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/317598
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Food security: a mean variance approach AgEcon
Adelman, Irma; Berck, Peter; Gordon, Kathryn.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic conditions; Food supply; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43305
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Poverty program participation and employment in timber-dependent counties AgEcon
Berck, Peter; Costello, Christopher; Hoffmann, Sandra A.; Fortmann, Louise.
This paper uses cointegrated time-series methods to evaluate the effect of timber employment on participation in a major poverty program-Aid to Families with Dependent Children-Unemployed Parent (AFDC-UP). The study is conducted for major timber-producing counties in California. It is shown that a two-sector structural model can be solved to produce an error-correction model. An error-correction model is estimated with time series on state and county AFDC-UP caseload, state employment, county nontimber employment, and county timber employment. Utilizing tests on the cointegrating space, it is shown that there is no long-run relationship between poverty and timber employment in 10 of the 11 counties studied.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Afdc; Economic conditions; Employment; Poverty; Timber; Time-series analysis; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43913
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Road Development, Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in China AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Chan-Kang, Connie.
In 1978, China initiated its economic and agricultural policy reforms. The ensuing rapid economic growth led to transportation shortages and congestion problems and increased the demand for roads. Since 1985 the government has given high priority to road development, particularly the construction of high-quality roads such as highways and freeways. While the construction of high-quality roads has taken place at a remarkably rapid pace, the construction of lower-quality and mostly rural roads has been slow. This study evaluates the contribution of roads to economic growth and poverty reduction in China. It disaggregates road infrastructure into different classes of roads to account for quality, and then estimates the impact of road investments on overall...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Roads; Economic aspects; China Infrastructure (Economics); Government policy; Rural poor; 1976–2000; China; Economic policy; 2000 conditions; Regional disparities; Economic conditions; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Public Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37892
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Sectoral Growth in Chile: 1962-82 AgEcon
Coeymans, Juan Eduardo; Mundlak, Yair.
To understand the time path of agricultural development, the cause for the variability in sectoral outputs must be examined as part of the general process of economic growth. Such as examination is the focus of this report by Juan Eduardo Coeymans and Yair Mundiak, which appears at a time when there is a great deal of interest in the ability to sustain agricultural as well as general economic growth. This research extends beyond previous studies of agricultural growth at IFPRI by Mudlak and his associates by looking at the economy as consisting of five sectors that vary in their degree of tradablilty as well as in other attributes that caused differential response to the rapidly changing economic conditions in Chile from 1960 on. The study uses an...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Chile; Economic conditions; Econometric models; Agriculture; Economic aspects; 1918; International Development.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37964
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THE DECLINE IN FOOD STAMP PROGRAM PARTICIPATION IN THE 1990'S AgEcon
Wilde, Parke E.; Cook, Peggy; Gundersen, Craig; Nord, Mark; Tiehen, Laura.
The Food Stamp Program saw an unprecedented decline in participation from 27.5 million participants in 1994 to 18.2 million participants in 1999. A strong economy and changes in social welfare programs drove this change. An econometric model with State-level data calculated that 35 percent of the caseload decline from 1994 to 1998 was associated with changing economic conditions and 12 percent with program reform and political variables. Household-level data from the Current Population Survey lead to the conclusion that 28 percent of the total change in participation was associated with a decrease in the number of people with low income (below 130 percent of the poverty line)and 55 percent was due to a decline in the proportion of low-income people who...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Welfare reform; Economic conditions; Caseload dynamics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33793
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The effects of international remittances on poverty, inequalities, and development in rural Egypt AgEcon
Adams, Richard H., Jr..
Many low-income people, especially those from poor rural areas, seek to improve their lives by immigrating in search of work and income, increasingly moving across national borders and further afield. In recent years, the remittances they earn have come to have an important effect on the economies of many developing countries, profoundly affecting poverty, income distribution, and rural economic development in the villages from which the migrated. The results of this study compliment the findings of other IFPRI studies on poverty alleviation, income sources, and rural development. The study uses primary household data from small area of rural Egypt in a innovative way to address such vital questions as who immigrates, how remittances affect poverty and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rural development; Egypt; Finance; Emigrant remittances; Rural poor; Income distribution; Alien labor; Egyptian; Economic conditions; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42132
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The impact of the Mexican crisis on trade, agriculture, and migration AgEcon
Robinson, Sherman; Burfisher, Mary E.; Thierfelder, Karen.
"September 1995." Includes bibliographical references (leaf 17).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Mexico; Balance of trade; Equilibrium (Economics) -- Econometric models; Economic conditions; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97771
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THE STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA: ECONOMIC, DEMOGRAPHIC, PUBLIC SERVICE, AND FISCAL CONDITIONS - A PRESENTATION OF SELECTED INDICATORS AgEcon
Coon, Randal C.; Leistritz, F. Larry.
This report is a general reference about socioeconomic conditions and trends in North Dakota. Trends are described for selected economic, demographic, public service, and fiscal variables. The report includes information about population, income, employment, retail sales, economic base, human and financial resources, local government finance, health and safety, and housing. The data are presented and compared at the county level, at the state planning region level, and by metropolitan status. In addition, population, trade area population, taxable sales and purchases, and pull factors are presented at the municipal level. Graphic displays follow the tabular presentations of the data at the county and state planning region level. All of the data items...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: North Dakota; Socioeconomic trends; Economic conditions; Population patterns; Public service availability; Fiscal conditions.; Public Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23076
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Using SAM's to account for distortions in non-market economies AgEcon
Adelman, Irma; Berck, Peter; Vujovic, Dusan.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic conditions; Economic development; Economics; Equilibrium; Investments; Sam.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43741
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