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Données économiques maritimes françaises 2007 ArchiMer
Kalaydjian, Regis.
Launched ten years ago, the biennial publication of the French Maritime Economical Data (DEMF) analyses French maritime activities in their diversity. It assesses their economical importance based on a number of indicators updated on a regular basis. This synthesis of the DEMF 2007 draws the main aspects of the French maritime activities in the form of sectorial index cards providing production, employment and budget data over recent years. The "merchant" sector includes the exploitation of marine resources, the manufacturing and services. The public sector includes Navy, public action, education, coastal environment protection and marine research.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Outlooks; Employment; Value added; Maritime; Economy; Perspectives; Emploi; Valeur ajoutée; Maritime; Economie.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/rapport-6175.pdf
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Données économiques maritimes françaises 2016 ArchiMer
Kalaydjian, Regis; Girard, Sophie.
The "French Maritime Economic Data" report is periodically published by Ifremer since 1997. It presents an economic assessment of the French maritime activities, their position in the national economy and in the world competition, as well as the significance of non market public services. Maritime activities in the industrial sector are assessed using a standard metrics to facilitate the periodical update of the report: turnover, gross value added, employment, number of enterprises, exports. These indicators are expressed at national level. The public sector is described by annual budgets, number of staff and personnel costs, broken down into the different public policy functions. Regional indicators are provided on activities whenever relevant and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Economie; Concurrence; Croissance; Emploi; Environnement; Europe; France; Industrie; Marin; Maritime; Valeur ajoutée; Secteur public; Services.; Economy; Competition; Employment; Environment; Europe; France; Growth; Industry; Marine; Maritime; Public sector; Value added; Services..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00388/49962/50614.pdf
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Eléments de réflexion pour l'évaluation économique de la filière d'élevage de la coquille Saint Jacques (1992) ArchiMer
Dao, Jean-claude; Fleury, Pierre-gildas; Paquotte, Philippe.
This document is made from reports of a working group joining together JFREMER biologists and economics to shape an economic evaluation of scallop Pecten maximus aquaculture. It lays out the synthesis of al1 available data on french scallop fisheries and market and takes stock of the farming technical results. The study also approaches the difficulties to implement this farming techniques and the problems linked with the development of a new aquacultural activity. This work contributes to determine the right research fields to cany out, to identify the projects which will be submitted to an economic analysis and to define the measures to take in order to allow an efficient technical transfer as well as a good sectorial survey
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coquille Saint-Jacques; Aquaculture; Marché; Economie; Développement.; King scallop; Aquaculture; Marketting; Economics; Development..
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00080/19084/16679.pdf
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Etat et perspectives de la conchyliculture méditérranéenne. Aspects économiques ArchiMer
Paquotte, Philippe.
This presentation of the economic aspects of the Mediterranean shellfish culture is based on the first intermediary report and on different country reports (France, Spain, Italy) from EU's FAR program n°2-456 about "the analysis of the costs and prices for an economic study of shellfish culture management in Europe". The aim of the first part of this study is to identify the production and marketing techniques of the main EEC countries, analyse international trade between them and consider the development perspectives of these productions and trade. (unverified OCR)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Economy; Mediterranean sea; Shellfish culture; SEM; Economie; Méditerranée; Conchyliculture.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/acte-3711.pdf
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Évaluation des conséquences économiques de la gestion des risques sanitaires liés aux proliférations phytoplanctoniques marines ArchiMer
Ami, Dominique; Rochaix, Lise.
General introduction: The setting up of monitoring networks for coastal water quality of the REPHY type by IFREMER was taken from a public health standpoint and fits broadly in with a principle of precaution regarding eating shellfish meant for human consumption. The benefits to be compared with the costs of managing the REPHY network (estimated at FF7.4 million in 1995) are therefore first and foremost the reduction of the risk of poisoning and can be captured by subtracting the sanitation costs that are associated with them. Evaluating these direct benefits is, however, no easy task. The network leads in fact to the reduction of occurrences of poisoning such that the epidemiological data on which such a calculation should be founded diminishes over time....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Algal bloom; Phytoplankton bloom; Mussel culture; Coastal water; Pollution monitoring; Economic impact; Phytoplancton; Conchyliculture; Eau cotiere; Surveillance pollution; Economie.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-1741.pdf
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Impacts des informations produites par l'IFREMER sur la qualité des eaux littorales dans la production et la commercialisation des coquillages ArchiMer
Dubuisson-quellier, Sophie.
La connaissance aussi bien que la gestion des écosystèmes marins suppose de disposer d'un réferentiel d'indicateurs et de mesures capable d'informer sur l'état du milieu. Le zonage, c'est-à-dire le découpage en zones géographiques, participe de la construction de ce réferentiel, notamment lorsqu'il permet ensuite la mise en place de réseaux de mesure pour la surveillance de la qualité du milieu littoral, dans un souci d'observation pour la gestion opérationnelle de ce milieu (politiques d'occupation des espaces, usages différents des espaces côtiers). Le principe du zonage est ancien (Morel, 1996) et peut varier en complexité selon qu'une seule variable descriptive est utilisée, comme dans le cas du zonage thématique basé sur la géographie physique et...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Ostreiculture; Mussel culture; Marennes Oleron Bay; Crassostrea Gigas; Water quality; Aquaculture; Economic impact; Coastal water; Marine pollution; Shellfish culture; SEM; Marennes Oleron bassin; Crassostrea gigas; Economie; Qualite eau; Controle sanitaire; Conchyliculture; Ostreiculture; Developpement aquaculture.
Ano: 2001 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-1740.pdf
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Innovations and technical-economic aspects of structural and non-structural applications of composite materials on large passenger vessels and merchant ships. ArchiMer
Maccari, A; Farolfi, F.
Considerable interest is presently being shown in research, design and practical application of composite materials within Fincantieri Merchant Shipbuilding Division. This paper is intended to discuss the state-of-the-art and the innovations in hull, outfitting and accommodation applications, where traditional steel or light alloy can be successfully replaced by composites. The impact on design and production is outlined, with an overview of the economic effects of these materials on technology, production and safety requirements, which remain an open subject for the future possible developments.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Safety devices; Accommodation; Ship technology; Ship design; Ship hulls; Composite materials; Economie; Sécurité; Cabine; Equipement; Coque; Matériau composite.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/acte-1053.pdf
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La conchyliculture en France : importance économique, aléas et contraintes, axes de recherche privilégiés ArchiMer
Bonnet, Marc; Troadec, Jean-paul.
En France, l'élevage des mollusques est une activité très ancienne dont les premières apparitions empiriques remonteraient au 13ème siècle pour la mytiliculture (origine de la technique du bouchot) et au 17ème siècle pour la culture de l'huître plate (engraissement dans les réservoirs des marais salants de la côte atlantique). Ce n'est cependant qu'à partir du milieu du siècle dernier que cette activité a pris son essor pour suppléer la simple cueillette qui s'exerçait depuis toujours sur les gisements naturels. Cet essor, surtout appréciable à travers l'évolution de l'ostréiculture, semble avoir été au départ consécutif à trois faits essentiels qui se sont déroulés dans les années 1850 à 1870 : - la maîtrise du captage du naissain sur collecteurs, alors...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Conchyliculture; Economie; Production; Contraintes; Aléas; France.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00015/12657/9524.pdf
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La Mer : hommes - richesses - enjeux ArchiMer
Ifremer - Ena, -.
Chapters in Volume 1: - Law of the sea and international straits - Trends in the French merchant fleet - International shipping - Safety and rescue at sea, the case of yachting - Marine research and economic development - The respective roles played at sea by the state and local authorities - Social trends in populations linked to the sea: commercial seafarers - Future perspectives for marine leisure activities - French ports, outlook for the year 2000 Chapters in Volume 2: - European organisation in terms of seafood - The role of the sea in the development of the DOM/TOM (French overseas départements and territories) - France's international policy and naval and maritime resources - Naval strategies of the major powers -...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Geopolitics; Seafood; Technologies; Scientific research; Marine leisure activities; Ports; Merchant fleet; Safety; Shipping; International policy; Europe; Economics; Politics; France; Sea; Ocean Mondial; Essai In Situ; Technologie; Recherche Scientifique; Port; Sauvetage; Plaisance; Securite; Transport Maritime; Commerce Maritime; Flotte; Droit De La Mer; Politique; Economie; Milieu Marin.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/rapport-1027.pdf
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La petite pêche en Aquitaine - le bassin d'Arcachon - Halieutique, socio-économie, usages et réglementations. 1999-2000 ArchiMer
Caill-milly, Nathalie; Leaute, Jean-pierre; Trouillet, Brice; Laborde, Jean-louis; Goumy, Cécilia; Prouzet, Patrick; Grandpierre, Alde; Lissardy, Muriel; Corlay, Jean-pierre.
Introduction : Intra-basin fishing is not grasped as well, partly because of a lack of distinction between pure professional fishing units and conchological units and on the other hand because of the large amount of ships. Poorly adapted codification of the equipment found in the basin is also contributing to this lack of information. Studies on the subject do exist, but the elements necessary to publish notices are not always gathered, this is leading to the proposal of a geographical systemic analysis on the basin. The steps that are being taken are complementing the development of the Geographical Information System already in place in the basin since 1993 through DEL at the Arcachon Ifremer as well as the PECOSUDE European study ¿ caractéristiques des...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Uses; Regulation; Economy; Halieutics; Basin of Arcachon; Fishing; Usages; Réglementation; Economie; Halieutique; Bassin d'Arcachon; Pêche.
Ano: 2001 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-1660.pdf
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Le renouvellement des flottilles en France de 1945 à 1983 : discours, contexte et réalisations ArchiMer
Meuriot, Eric.
This study recounts the policies on fishing fleet renewal in France from 1945 to 1983. The views held by sector professionals and the public authorities on the role of fleet renewal in fisheries economy are put into context in terms of stock abundance, access to fishing grounds, the state of the market, etc. The consequences of the lack of consistent guidelines for distributing the resources between competing fleets, foreign or national, are presented. The limits of the stances held on technical "progress" and "reasonable" management of resources are discussed. Other, complementary lines of research to undertake are proposed as a conclusion. Many tables and figures illustrate the text.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Gestion rationnelle; Progrès techniques; Flottilles; Politique économique; Pêche; Economie.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/rapport-4142.pdf
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Les pêcheries françaises de Méditerranée. Synthèse des connaissances ArchiMer
Campillo, Albert.
This document presents information about the bottom nature and hydrodynamic features of the coast off French Mediterranean sea. The economic importance of fisheries concerning divers areas and different aspects of the fleet dynamics are also tachled. The background of this study is the knowledge of the principal marine species exploited in the area (60 species of fish, 5 of shellfish, 8 of mollusca, one of echinoderma and one of Octocorallia). The species index includes biological information and exploitation date. A reference list is proposed for each species.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: SEM; Aménagement; Exploitation; Distribution; Abondance relative; Biologie; Flottille; Economie; Management; Exploitation; Distribution; Abundance; Biology relative; Fleet; Economy.
Ano: 1993 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00393/50468/51203.pdf
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Perceptions et attentes des professionnels de manche est vis a vis de l'ecosysteme qu'ils exploitent ArchiMer
Prigent, Magali; Fontenelle, Guy.
The development of an ecosystemic approach to fisheries management requires the clear formulation of management objectives that make it possible to develop criteria to evaluate indicators. For an ecosystem, targets and limits are a matter of societal choice. Work to formulate these objectives is necessary. Within this perspective, this report presents a survey of the perceptions of Eastern English Channel fishing professionals on the state of the "marine ecosystem" resource. 29 people were polled during the month of June 2006 about their perceptions of the ecosystem as it was at a baseline time in the past, as it is today, and as it should be in future. Diagrams made it possible to formalise these perceptions. The people who were polled noticed a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eastern English Channel; Fishing professional; Economy; Ecosystemic approach; Marine ecosystem; Fisheries management; Ecosystème marin; Gestion des pêches; Manche Est; Professionnel de la pêche; Economie; Approche écosystémique.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-2056.pdf
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Pisciculture marine. Elements de prospective ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre.
Introduction: To develop its 2005-2009 strategic plan, IFREMER made two prospective analysis studies in 2003: a thematic prospective analysis and a sectorial prospective analysis. The "aquafarming" sectorial prospective analysis, based primarily on an IFREMER idea, particularly brought to light the difference in nature of problems posed by the future evolution of shellfish farming, fish farming and other stockbreeding (pearl farming and shrimp farming). In addition, the prospective analyses made on an international scale by the FAO (2002, 2004) and the IFPRI (2003) emphasise that the development of aqua farming is the required condition for satisfying world demand of consumer aquatic products, given the foreseeable weak growth, indeed, the stagnation of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Economic impact; Marine fish farming; France; Pisces; Technique Aquacole; Economie; Recherche Appliquee; Elevage; Pisciculture.
Ano: 2006 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-1506.pdf
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Qualité des eaux littorales des Pertuis Charentais : Bilan et diagnostic ArchiMer
Rostagno, Bernard; Violleau, Allain; Brun, Céline; Dietrich, Patrice; Fillon, Alain; Goulletquer, Philippe; Guichet, Roger; Kantin, Roger; Legay, Didier; Loubersac, Lionel; Masson, Daniel; Rocher, Gregory; Ryckaert, Mireille; Thomas, Gerard; Fichet, Denis; Guyot, Thierry; Miramand, Pierre; Pigeot, Jacques; Seguignes, Michel.
Cette étude, qui a rassemblé les compétences des instances de l'Etat chargées de la surveillance du milieu littoral (DDE, DDASS, IFREMER, Université de La Rochelle) a permis de dresser, à la veille de l'an 2000, un bilan de la situation environnementale du littoral de la « mer des Pertuis». Ce bilan, diversifié dans sa présentation, passe en revue les points marquants de "l'état de santé" de l'environnement, qu'il s'agisse de pollutions ciblées (chimiques, bactériologiques) ou d'autres nuisances variées. Il met en exergue les points forts et les points faibles en matière d'environnement littoral, et rappelle les efforts mis en oeuvre par les différentes administrations chargées de sa surveillance. Dans un premier temps, plus de 250 références...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Environnement; Qualité eaux; Littoral; Caractéristiques physiques; Economie; Qualité chimique; Qualité bactériologique; Phycotoxines; Biodiversité; Pollution; Recommandations; Pertuis Charentais; Département Charente-Maritime.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00072/18371/15943.pdf
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Revue économique de la conchyliculture ArchiMer
Troadec, Jean-paul.
Defining the economic and social importance of shellfish culture and evaluating its expansion potential through the identification and classification of the major constraints and the research and development orientations that could lead to this expansion. Reports show that the economic importance of shellfish culture varies from one country to the other. These differences come from the variations in the amounts produced but also from the evaluation methods used. One of the controversial points deals with the production charts which often include, without distinction, fished and farmed shellfishes. Shellfish culture is fundamentally an extensive exploitation mode, similar to extensive terrestrial farms. However, interventionism varies from one country to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Contraintes; Production; Economie; Conchyliculture.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-6224.PDF
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Situation de la conchyliculture à Marennes-Oléron et en Charente-Maritime ArchiMer
LABEIM-UREA (Laboratoire de Biologie et d'Ecologie des Invertébrés Marins - Unité de Recherche Ecosystèmes Aquacoles).
La France est le quatrième producteur mondial après les USA, le Japon et la Corée. Elle est de loin le premier producteur Européen d'huîtres avec 140 000 T/an. Le bassin de Marennes- Oléron produit annuellement environ 25 à 30 000 T, mais commercialise 60 à 65 000 T. Cette différence entre production et commercialisation est constituée par les apports d'autres bassins de production, lesquels sont affinés ensuite dans les claires de Marennes- Oléron. En 1993, le Département des Ressources Aquacoles de l'IFREMER a mis en place un réseau national (REMORA) de suivi de croissance et de production de l'huître creuse japonaise Crassostrea gigas qui permet de disposer d'une base objective de comparaison des différents bassins de production. Les deux premières...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Conchyliculture; Production; Marennes-Oléron; Hydrologie; Domaine Public Maritime; Marais; Economie.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00013/12467/9303.pdf
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The seafood markets in the northern mediterranean countries ArchiMer
Paquotte, Philippe; Guillard, Valerie.
A brief survey of the sea-food markets for the northern Mediterranean countries is presented, i.e. for Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Turkey. Then a comparative study between the markets belonging to the European Union is completed. Three of these countries (France, Italy and Spain) are characterised by a huge deficit in their external sea-products trade. Greece is almost balanced, but Portugal has been importing increasingly more over the last few years. About 45% of the imports come from the European Union. After many years of increasing value, we can now see a stabilisation in the fish price. Since 1977, the consumption of fresh products has been receding in favour of frozen and processed products. Cultured salmon and shrimp which...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Economics; Consumption; International trade; Sea products; SEM; Economie; Consommation; Commerce extérieur; Produits de la mer.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1995/acte-4055.pdf
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The shellfish industry in France ArchiMer
Bonnet, Marc; Troadec, Jean-paul.
Bivalve farming is in France a major economical activity, which development was initiated in the mid of last century. It occupies nowadays 24 000 ha of seabottom, leased from the French State, and production figures are above 100 000 tonnes for cupped oyster and 40 000 tonnes for mussel ; these made a gross value of 1 300 millions francs in 1983. Moreover, it shows potential for promising development, by expanding to new areas, especialy in deep sea, or by introducing new species, such as the short neck clam, which production has just reached significant level (300 T in 1984). Long age and success of this cultivation activity come from the important advantages related to the biology and ecology of bivalves: food naturaly available, and of no use by another...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Research priorities; Contraints; Risks; France; Economic importance; Shellfish industry; Recherches prioritaires; Contrainte; Risques; France; Economie; Conchyliculture.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-6223.PDF
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Valorisation des algues et autres végétaux aquatiques ArchiMer
Delepine, René; Gaillard, René; Morand, Philippe.
This volume about "Valorisation des algues et autres végétaux aquatiques" is being published when studies are developping on natural environment protection and economical management for water and aquatic resources. It should help in setting up development strategies for exploitation of seaweeds as well as freshwater plants. This work is helpful to many readers and more particularly to : researchers, industrials, responsibles of research units or technical associations, teachers of various academic levels, all classes of dec is ion-makers, students. It will give them food for thought and bring many references about people already committed in these fields.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Economy; Exploitation; Fresh water plants; Seaweed; Economie; Exploitation; Végétaux d'eau douce; Algue.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/rapport-1666.pdf
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