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A drift study of vertical distribution and mortality of Engraulis anchoita eggs and larvae. OceanDocs
Sánchez, R.P.; de Ciechomski, J.D.; Lasta, C.A.; Guerrero, R.A..
Lagrangian changes in distribution and survival within an anchovy egg and larvae patch were studied by means of multiple opening/closing sampling following a free drifting buoy. The buoy was equipped with a radar reflector and flashing light, and it was connected to a current cross drogue floating at 15 m depth, which corresponded to the main egg and larvae concentration within the patch. The drifter was launched on the Buenos Aires continental shelf, off Necochea during the spring spawning peak of 1983. Three discrete depths (within, below and above the thermocline)were repeatedly sampled close to the drogue with a Motoda sampler. Egg and larval abundances in the vicinity of the drogue were monitored at 3/4 hour intervals for a period of three days. Each...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Fish larvae; Fish eggs; Vertical migrations; Feeding; Environmental effects; Ichthyoplankton surveys; Vertical distribution; Survival; Abundance; Drifting data buoys; Fishery surveys; Feeding; Fish larvae; Survival; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2924; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7538.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1871
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Adaptive features of a bacteriolytic enzyme from the style of the mussel Choromytilus meridionalis in response to environmental fluctuations. ArchiMer
Seiderer, L; Robb, F.
The extracellular digestive apparatus of bivalve molluscs consists of a crystalline style containing diverse degradative enzymes which are released during rotation and dissolution of the style. This paper reviews the occurrence of a temperature-regulated bacteriolytic enzyme in the black mussel Choromytilus meridionalis , which is an inhabitant of coastal reefs on the south and south west coast of South Africa. This agent is unable to lyse Micrococcus luteus or Escherichia coli , both of which are susceptible to lysis by a true lysozyme. It appears to have a restricted spectrum of activity which includes both free-living and kelp-associated gram-negative bacteria. In addition, the level of activity varies dramatically according to the environmental water...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Choromytilus meridionalis; Bivalvia; Digestive system; Bacteria; Upwelling; Environmental effects; Adaptations; Bacteriocides; Marine molluscs; Enzymatic activity.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-991.pdf
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Análisis de la distribución y dinámica poblacional de lenguados de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (Pisces, Bothidae) OceanDocs
Fabré, N.N..
Los lenguados constituyen un importante recurso pesquero en el Mar Argentino. Más que en los volúmenes desembarcados (9 .731 t en 1991), esta importancia se centra en su elevado valor de comercialización debido a la alta calidad de su carne. Atendiendo a los desembarques totales realizados en el Mercado de Concentración Pesquera de Mar del Plata, los lenguados ocupan el octavo lugar. Estos desembarques están compuestos principalmente por especies de porte mediano a grande pertenecientes al género Paralichthys, y por ejemplares de tamaño mediano o pequeño de las especies Xystreuris rasile, y en menor proporción, Paralichthys isosceles. Este recurso es explotado, en el sector bonaerense, por las flotas de rada o ría y costera, mientras que la flota de altura...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Geographical distribution; Population dynamics; Population structure; Growth; Reproduction; Mortality; Environmental effects; Ecosystems; Marine fish.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5158
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Assessing irrigation performance with comparative indicators: The case of the Alto Rio Lerma Irrigation District, Mexico AgEcon
Kloezen, Wim H.; Garces-Restrepo, Carlos.
Describes and evaluates the application of IWMI's minimum set of performance indicators to the Alto Rio Lerma Irrigation District, and compares this with the application of a small set of process performance indicators.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Irrigation scheduling; Water allocation; Water distribution; Case studies; Institutional constraints; Operation; Monitoring; Indicators; Performance indexes; Water rights; Economic aspects; Data collection; Environmental effects; Performance evaluation; Water use efficiency; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44580
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Cadre de processus: OceanDocs
Ce Cadre du Processus (PF) pour le Programme Régional des Pêches pour   L'Afrique de l'Ouest (PRAO) ÉTABLI directives des Nations Unies pour l'Élaboration des FAP nationaux à travers un processus participatif par Lequel Les membres des communautés de pêche locales seront, selon Le Prao, Dans la impliqués   et la mise en oeuvre de la ongestion Conception de la pêcherie locale, tout en   maintenant La durabilité des moyens de subsistance locaux Et ainsi le suivi local   de l'effort de pêche. La délimitation des Territoires pour les Droits d'utilisation des Pêches (DUT) dans les pays participants au PRAO et la mise en oeuvre des restrictions sur   L'utilisation des Ressources Marines constitutifs des impacts sociaux importants Aux termes du OP 4.01, de...
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Fishery disputes; Coastal fisheries; Environmental effects; Financing; Fishery development; Fishery management; Resource management; Fishing effort; Fishermen; Maritime legislation; Financing; Fishery management; Fishermen; Coastal fisheries; Resource management; Fishing effort; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_29785; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24026; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2936; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1696; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6524; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24027.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3675
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Caractérisation de marqueurs génétiques fonctionnels de la nutrition et/ou de l'adaptation (les amylases) chez l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas : intérêts pour la sélection ArchiMer
Prudence, Marie.
Two amylase genes, A and B, from the oyster Crassostrea gigas were characterized. Using PCR-RFLP, 6 and 4 alleles, respectively, were described for the amylase genes A and B. The roles of A and B amylase genes were investigated experimentally. They are expressed during larval and adult stages, and A transcripts are more abundant than B. The A transcript increases significantly with temperature, in high trophic conditions. However, A and B transcript levels do not change when food quantity increases although amylase activity augments. The level of B is correlated with dietary starch quantities, whereas the amount of A appears to remain constant ; simultaneously amylase activity decreases and the KM increases. These results suggest that expression of B is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Enzymatic analyse; Genetic polymorphism; Genes; Nutrition; Growth; Environmental effects; Oysters; Amylases; Amylases; Analyse enzymatique; Polymorphisme génétique; Gènes; Nutrition; Croissance; Effets de l'environnement; Huîtres; Amylases; Amylases.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/these-1700.pdf
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Chitin/toxicant interactions and microbial degradation within estuarine ecosystems. ArchiMer
Portier, R; Meyers, S.
The environmental effect and fate of several agricultural and industrial source toxicants were evaluated in controlled laboratory microcosm systems in the presence of the aminopolysaccharide polymer, chitin. Toxicants examined included methyl parathion, phenol, pentachlorophenol, 2,4 dichlorophenol, 1,2 dichloroethane and Kepone. Microcosm operating parameters, including pH/Eh, salinity, temperature, flow rate and sediment/water interface conditions, were based on comparable in situ measurements. Fate analysis predictions were based on mineralization of the parent toxicant compound as measured by chromatographic analysis or super(14)CO sub(2) expiration. Chitin, amended to continuous flow microcosms, promoted either cometabolic or cooxidative...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Controlled conditions; Chemical pollutants; Industrial wastes; Pesticides; Metabolism; Food webs; Biodegradation; Ecosystems; Microorganisms; Environmental effects; Brackishwater pollution; Estuaries; Toxicants; Chitin.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-1011.pdf
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Cities versus agriculture: Revisiting intersectoral water transfers, potential gains and conflicts AgEcon
Molle, Francois; Berkoff, Jeremy.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water scarcity; Water demand; Water transfer; Water use; Water supply; Water allocation; Environmental effects; Water market; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91817
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Context dependency of trait repeatability and its relevance for management and conservation of fish populations ArchiMer
Killen, S. S.; Adriaenssens, B.; Marras, S.; Claireaux, Guy; Cooke, S. J..
Repeatability of behavioural and physiological traits is increasingly a focus for animal researchers, for which fish have become important models. Almost all of this work has been done in the context of evolutionary ecology, with few explicit attempts to apply repeatability and context dependency of trait variation toward understanding conservation-related issues. Here, we review work examining the degree to which repeatability of traits (such as boldness, swimming performance, metabolic rate and stress responsiveness) is context dependent. We review methods for quantifying repeatability (distinguishing between within-context and across-context repeatability) and confounding factors that may be especially problematic when attempting to measure...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Environmental effects; Intraclass correlation; Personality; Phenotypic plasticity; Reaction norm; Temperature.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00337/44823/44372.pdf
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Degradation of the riparian wetlands in the Lake Victoria basin - Yala swamp case study OceanDocs
Thenya, Thuita; Wassmann, Reiner; Verchot, Louis; Mungai, David.
Land degradation is as a result of broad range of scales and factors, which include biophysical, climatic, demographic and socio-economic. The aim of this paper was to provide an analysis of wetland utilisation, ecosystem degradation and their effect on the Lake Victoria (Kenya) ecosystem. This involved analysis of socioeconomic and remote sensed data. The main sources of wetland degradation in the Lake Victoria basin were identified as (1) farming activities, (2) grazing and macrophyte harvesting and (3) coupled with catchment degradation-deforestation. These factors were closely related to the demographic dynamics and unsustainable land utilisation practices. Socio-economic data provided valuable insight on the pattern of wetland utilisation and possible...
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Riparian environments; Degradation; Wetlands; Inland waters; Catchment area; Remote sensing; Environmental effects; Socioeconomic aspects; Resource development; Sediment transport; Silting; Water pollution; Wetlands; Deforestation; Natural resources; Utilization; Land use; Pollutants.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5313
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Developpement des veligeres de Crassostrea gigas dans le bassin d'Arcachon. Etudes sur les mortalites larvaires. ArchiMer
His, Edouard; Robert, Rene.
Experiments in the hatchery rearing of C. gigas larvae showed that: the antifouling paints represent a real danger for spatting areas; the larvae of Arcachon breeding stocks grown in the seawater taken from the Bay develop normally in the laboratory; and, the growth of the larvae, collected from the Bay of Arcachon and reared in hatchery at 18 degree C, confirms that the last summer temperature regimes could not explain the abnormalities. It also confirms the good quality of the seawater of the bay for C. gigas reproduction.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Bivalvia; Environmental effects; Veligers; Oyster culture.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/publication-1835.pdf
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Efectos de temperatura y salinidad sobre el crecimiento de juveniles de besugo Pagrus pagrus (Linné,1758)(Actinopterygii; Perciformes) en sistemas de recirculación cerrada OceanDocs
Suárez, J..
The growth and survival of juvenile red porgy, Pagrus pagrus, reared in captivity (mean body weigth 81.0 not equal to 37.24g), exposed to two different temperatures (18 degree and 22 degree C)and three salinities (21, 27 and 33 psu)during a 30 day period, were studied. Final survival rate was 100. in all treatments. The highest growth rate was reached at 18 degree C/33 psu with a value of 1.07 /day. There was an inverse trend in the growth rate between the two temperatures. Food consumption increased with the increase of salinity and temperature. The highest food consumption rate was 1.17. (18 degree C/33 psu). The relationships between protein efficiency ration (PER)and salinity were positive at 18 degree C and negative at 22 degree C. The highest values...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Environmental effects; Fish culture; Food consumption; Growth; Juveniles; Recirculating systems; Survival; Marine aquaculture; Fish culture; Food consumption; Growth; Juveniles; Survival; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2918; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3016; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3394; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25393; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7538.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2601
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Effects of environmental conditions on the sessile existence of an estuarine sediment bacterium. ArchiMer
Geesey, G; Salas, S; Mittelman, M.
A submerged glass coverslip technique was developed to determine dissolved organic nutrient uptake by adherent cells of a sediment isolate of Enterobacter cloacae . Cells which colonized the coverslips in swirling culture flasks during anaerobic growth remained firmly attached during manipulations employed to determine uptake of radiolabeled glucose by the adherent population. The attached cells were capable of a more rapid rate of glucose uptake than free cells. Lineweaver-Burk plots demonstrated different glucose uptake kinetics for the 2 cell populations. The data suggest that physiological changes occur in cells soon after they become attached to surfaces. These changes appear to enhance the metabolic activity of the adherent population.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Enterobacter cloacae; Adhesion; Glucose; Environmental effects; Bacteria; Sediments; Estuaries; Sessile species; Culture media; Metabolism; Dissolved oxygen; Microbiological analysis.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-967.pdf
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Effects of land use changes on bird composition along River Njoro: A watershed of Lake Nakuru OceanDocs
Shivoga, W.A.; Ngugi, F.M.; Muchiri, M.S.; Miller, S.N..
The rift valley lakes and their associated watersheds are home for millions of resident and migratory waterfowl. However, they have been recently challenged by land use changes. Lake Nakuru (Kenya) supports diverse biological resources of global, regional and national importance. It is saline and River Njoro is its main source of freshwater. Deforestation, cultivation and urbanization in vital watershed areas have altered the hydrological regime of River Njoro. There is need to preserve and restore aquatic, riparian and terrestrial biological diversity in the watershed to be able to restore and maintain ecological health of Lake Nakuru. The impact of these recent land use changes on birds in the River Njoro Watershed is of concern to conservationists. This...
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Land use; Aquatic birds; Urbanization; Resource conservation; Resource management; Migratory species; Environment management; Protected resources; Watersheds; Lake basins; Inland waters; Environmental effects; Species diversity; Riparian environments; Aquatic birds; Urbanization; Resource conservation; Resource management; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8898; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8088; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6523; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6524.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1499
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Effects of season and year of evaluation in the selection of Brachiaria humidicola hybrids. Repositório Alice
FIGUEIREDO, U. J. de; NUNES, J. A. R.; VALLE, C. B. do; BARRIOS, S. C. L.; ALVES, G. F..
2013
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Genotype by environment interaction; Environmental effects; Nutritive value; Tropical grasses.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/974443
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El Niño y sus implicaciones sobre el medio ambiente OceanDocs
Espinoza, J..
En este contexto, se reconoce que la prevención es prioritaria por los grandes beneficios sociales y económicos que resultan de una buena y oportuna aplicación de dichas medidas, las cuales como instrumento sustancial deben contar con la información adecuada para los organismos responsables en la toma de decisiones.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: El nino phenomena; Environmental effects.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2224
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Environmental Benefits from Reduced Pesticide Use and Returns to Research: An Application to the U.S. Cotton Industry AgEcon
Sande, Doris N.; Mullen, Jeffrey D.; Matekole, Augustus N..
Cotton production is one of the main pesticide use industries in the U.S. This intensive use has resulted in the disruption of naturally occurring biological control factors that regulate other insect pest populations and “the pesticide treadmill”. The result is resistance to insecticides, high control costs and unacceptable levels of chemical insecticides in the environment. Concerns about the environmental and human health effects from pesticide use thus need to be modeled in evaluation studies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Pesticide use; Environmental effects; Supply function; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56549
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Environmental water needs and impacts of irrigated agriculture in river basins: A framework for a new research program AgEcon
Smakhtin, Vladimir U..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Water conservation; Irrigated farming; River basins; Environmental effects; Ecosystems; Water requirements; Water allocation; Catchment areas; Lagoons; Wetlands; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92695
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Establishment, spread and impact of Neochetina spp. weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on Water Hyacinth in Lake Victoria, Kenya OceanDocs
Njoka, S.W.; Ochiel, G.S.; Mailu, A.M.; Gitonga, W..
The Kenya Agricultural Research Institute imported 12,300 curculionid weevils (Neochetina spp.) from diverse sources, for biological control of water hyacinth in Lake Victoria, as part of the World Bank-funded Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project in East Africa. In addition to the rearing and quarantine facility at Muguga, a second rearing facility was established in 1996 at Kibos, near Lake Victoria. The Kibos rearing facility and two community rearing facilities at the lakeshores, have produced approximately 100,000 adult weevils and 42,000 weevil eggs over a three-year period. Since January 1997, some 73,500 Neochetina weevils have been released at 29 sites and an additional 10,000 redistributed at several sites. Visual observations and...
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental conditions; Environmental effects; Environmental protection; Inland waters; Biological control; Environmental conditions; Environmental protection; Inland waters; Water hyacinth; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_32980; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15898; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3876; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15267.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1283
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Estructura poblacional del gatuzo (Mustelus shmitti) en la costa bonaerense y uruguaya asociada a condiciones oceanográficas. OceanDocs
Massa, A.M..
The gatuzo, Mustelus schmitti, lives in the Southamerican Atlantic coastal waters from up to 23°S (Brazil)down to 47°S (Argentine), and is the greatest species of the Bonaerense and North Patagonian shores. This species is the most exploited elasmobranch of this region, within the last six years catch has exceeded 10,000 t per year and it is vulnerable to overexploitation due to reproductive aspects, with a low rate of changes, as well as distribution patterns. In order to relate size distribution and nursery areas, and environmental temperature and salinity variability, were obtained within six INIDEP 'Coastal Project' research cruises from 34° to 42°S from boundaries to 50 mts isobaths, during the spring seasons between 1994 to 1997. Cluster analysis...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Size distribution; Age composition; Sex ratio; Growth curves; Environmental effects; Brackishwater environment; Age composition; Sex ratio; Brackishwater environment; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_29093; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7014; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1050.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3584
Registros recuperados: 55
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