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Registros recuperados: 8
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Individual transferable quota contribution to environmental stewardship: a theory in need of validation Ecology and Society
van Putten, Ingrid; CSIRO Wealth from Oceans National Research Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; Ingrid.vanputten@csiro.au; Boschetti, Fabio; CSIRO Wealth from Oceans National Research Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; fabio.Boschetti@csiro.au; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; CSIRO Wealth from Oceans National Research Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; beth.fulton@csiro.au; Smith, Anthony D. M.; CSIRO Wealth from Oceans National Research Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; tony.d.smith@csiro.au; Thebaud, Olivier; CSIRO Wealth from Oceans National Research Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; olivier.thebaud@csiro.au.
We explored the extent to which (1) individual transferable quotas (ITQs) may lead to changes in environmental stewardship and (2) environmental stewardship may in turn contribute to explain the success or otherwise of ITQs in meeting sustainability objectives. ITQs are an example of incentive-based fisheries management in which fishing rights can be privately owned and traded. ITQs are aimed at resolving the problems created by open-access fisheries. ITQs were proposed to promote economic efficiency, and there is growing empirical evidence that ITQs meet a number of economic and social fisheries management objectives. Even though improved stock status arises as a consequence of the total allowable catch levels implemented together with ITQs, the effect is...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Comanagement; Environmental ethics; Fisheries management; Fishing rights; Stewardship.
Ano: 2014
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Individual transferable quota contribution to environmental stewardship: a theory in need of validation ArchiMer
Van Putten, Ingrid; Boschetti, Fabio; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; Smith, Anthony D.m.; Thebaud, Olivier.
We explored the extent to which (1) individual transferable quotas (ITQs) may lead to changes in environmental stewardship and (2) environmental stewardship may in turn contribute to explain the success or otherwise of ITQs in meeting sustainability objectives. ITQs are an example of incentive-based fisheries management in which fishing rights can be privately owned and traded. ITQs are aimed at resolving the problems created by open-access fisheries. ITQs were proposed to promote economic efficiency, and there is growing empirical evidence that ITQs meet a number of economic and social fisheries management objectives. Even though improved stock status arises as a consequence of the total allowable catch levels implemented together with ITQs, the effect is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Comanagement; Environmental ethics; Fisheries management; Fishing rights; Stewardship.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00250/36165/34720.pdf
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Of Fish and Fishermen: Shifting Societal Baselines to Reduce Environmental Harm in Fisheries Ecology and Society
Lam, Mimi E; University of British Columbia, Fisheries Centre, Policy and Ecosystem Restoration in Fisheries; University of New Mexico, Department of Biology; mimibethlam@gmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Collaborative fisheries governance; Common heritage of mankind principle; Conservation; Disincentives to overcapitalize and overfish; Ecological damage; Environmental ethics; Environmental protection; Fishing harm; Harm principle; Law of nuisance; Marine stewardship; Precautionary principle; Public trust doctrine; Sustainable fisheries.
Ano: 2012
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Omora Ethnobotanical Park and the UNESCO Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve Ecology and Society
Hargrove, Eugene C; University of North Texas; hargrove@unt.edu; Arroyo, Mary T. K.; Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity; southern@uchile.cl; Raven, Peter H; Missouri Botanical Garden; peter.raven@mobot.org; Mooney, Harold; Stanford University; hmooney@stanford.edu.
The biocultural conservation and research initiative of Omora Ethnobotanical Park and the UNESCO Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve was born in a remote part of South America and has rapidly expanded to attain regional, national, and international relevance. The park and the biosphere reserve, led by Ricardo Rozzi and his team, have made significant progress in demonstrating the way academic research supports local cultures, social processes, decision making, and conservation. It is a dynamic hive of investigators, artists, writers, students, volunteers, and friends, all exploring ways to better integrate academia and society. The initiative involves an informal consortium of institutions and organizations; in Chile, these include the University of Magallanes,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Sustainable development; Environmental ethics; Philosophy; Chile; Cape Horn.
Ano: 2008
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Philosophical Issues in Ecology: Recent Trends and Future Directions Ecology and Society
Colyvan, Mark; University of Sydney; mcolyvan@usyd.edu.au; Linquist, Stefan; University of Guelph; linquist@uoguelph.ca; Grey, William; University of Queensland; wgrey@uq.edu.au; Griffiths, Paul E.; University of Sydney; paul@representinggenes.org; Odenbaugh, Jay; Lewis and Clark College; jay@lclark.edu; Possingham, Hugh P; University of Queensland; h.possingham@uq.edu.au.
Philosophy of ecology has been slow to become established as an area of philosophical interest, but it is now receiving considerable attention. This area holds great promise for the advancement of both ecology and the philosophy of science. Insights from the philosophy of science can advance ecology in a number of ways. For example, philosophy can assist with the development of improved models of ecological hypothesis testing and theory choice. Philosophy can also help ecologists understand the role and limitations of mathematical models in ecology. On the other side, philosophy of science will be advanced by having ecological case studies as part of the stock of examples. Ecological case studies can shed light on old philosophical topics as well as raise...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Community ecology; Decision theory; Environmental ethics; Hypothesis testing; Philosophy of ecology; Population models.
Ano: 2009
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Resilience in Pre-contact Pacific Northwest Social Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Trosper, Ronald L; Northern Arizona University; Ronald.Trosper@nau.edu.
If, like other ecosystems, the variable and dynamic ecosystems of the Pacific Northwest exhibited cycles and unpredictable behavior, particularly when humans were present, the indigenous societies of that region had to have been resilient in order to persist for such a long time. They persisted for two millennia prior to contact with people from the “old world.” The Resilience Alliance (2002) proposes that social and ecological resilience requires three abilities: the ability to buffer, the ability to self-organize, and the ability to learn. This paper suggests that the characteristics of the potlatch system among Indians on the Northwest Coast, namely property rights, environmental ethics, rules of earning and holding titles, public...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Northwest Coast; Adaptive management; Buffering disturbance; Environmental ethics; Indigenous societies; Property rights; Reciprocity; Resilience; Self-organization.
Ano: 2003
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Ten Principles for Biocultural Conservation at the Southern Tip of the Americas: the Approach of the Omora Ethnobotanical Park Ecology and Society
Rozzi, Ricardo; Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Chile; Universidad de Magallanes, Chile; Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies, University of North Texas, USA; Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity, Univeristy of Chile, Chile; rozzi@unt.edu; Massardo, Francisca; Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Chile; Universidad de Magallanes, Chile; francisca.massardo@umag.cl; Anderson, Christopher B; Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Chile; Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity, Univeristy of Chile, Chile; Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, USA; cba@uga.edu; Heidinger, Kurt; Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Chile; fundacion@omora.org; Silander, Jr., John A.; Omora Ethnobotanical Park, Chile; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, USA; john.silander_jr@uconn.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biocultural conservation; Biosphere reserve; Cape Horn; Chile; Environmental education; Environmental ethics; Flagship species; Interdisciplinary; Interinstitutional; Sustainability; Traditional ecological knowledge; Yahgan..
Ano: 2006
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Two Cultures: Not Unique to Ecology Ecology and Society
Saner, Marc A; Carleton University, Department of Philosophy; saner@magma.ca.
Using examples from different disciplines, I show that the dualism between "analytical" and "integrative" approaches to scientific investigation is not unique to ecology. I argue that the resolution of (1) the apparent conflict between the two cultures of ecology and (2) the problem of finding a sound direction during the transition of ecology would benefit from a transdisciplinary approach. Candidate disciplines are any science within which complex systems are being investigated, as well as philosophy of science and environmental ethics.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Complex systems; Cybernetics; Dualism; Environmental ethics; Holism; Philosophy of science; Reductionism; Systems approach..
Ano: 1999
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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