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A brief review of nutritional studies for Penaeus monodon ArchiMer
Liao, I; Liu, F.
In order to develop effective formulated for Penaeus monodon , sufficient information is needed on its nutritional requirements. Unfortunately, research on this area has been very limited. This paper outlines the results of such research. Since data on the nutritional requirements of P. japonicus are relatively well established, some of these data are also reviewed in this paper and are used as a basis for assessing the nutritional requirements of P. monodon . Protein, lipid, carbohydrate, mineral and vitamin requirements are evaluated from the parameters of growth survival and feed efficiency. Studies on the effects of enzymes and the development of microparticulate diet for larvae are also summarized.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeus monodon; Pond culture; Shrimp culture; Amino acids; Fatty acids; Marine crustaceans; Diets; Enzymes; Feed efficiency; Survival; Growth; Vitamins; Carbohydrates; Lipids; Proteins.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1471.pdf
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Accelerated ageing test and behaviour investigation of isoenzymes in sesame seeds Agronomy
Nery, Marcela Carlota; Rocha, Adriana de Souza; Pinho, Édila Vilela de Resende Von; Santos, Heloisa Oliveira dos; Fialho, Cintia Maria Teixeira; Nery, Fernanda Carlota.
The seeds of a sesame crop contain approximately 50% oil content, one of the main reasons for their cultivation. However, information regarding methodologies for the assessment of quality seeds of this culture are scarce. Therefore, the objective of this study was to adapt the methods of accelerated ageing tests for sesame seeds and investigate changes in the behaviour of isoenzymes. The physiological characterization of the seeds and electrophoretic analysis of the isoenzymes superoxide dismutase, esterase, catalase, alcohol dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase and isocitrate lyase were also performed. For the accelerated ageing test, the seeds were subjected to the traditional method, with a saturated NaCl solution, at ageing times of 0, 24, 48, 72, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Enzymes; Oilseed; Vigour; Quality; Sesamum indicum.; Produção e tecnologia de sementes.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/39449
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Activation of nitrate reductase of cashew leaf by exogenous nitrite Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Viégas,Ricardo Almeida; Silveira,Joaquim Albenísio Gomes.
Nitrate reductase (NR) plays a central role in plant primary metabolism and exhibits complex regulation mechanisms for its catalytic activity. There is controversy in the literature concerning the possible direct effect of NO2- on the stimulation and/or activation of NR activity. The influence of NO2- was studied on the NR activity in the leaves of 30-day-old cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) seedlings. Addition of NO2- to the reaction mixture containing leaf enzymatic extract resulted in a remarkable increase in NR activity. A trace amount (5 mumol.L-1) of NO2- was required to achieve full NR activity. The in vitro NR-activity showed a steady time-dependent increase when incubated in the presence of only NO3- + NO2-. In contrast, in vitro NR activity was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anacardium occidentale; Enzymes; NADH; Nitrate metabolism; Nitrate reductase.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202002000100005
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Activity of cellulase from Thermoactinomycetes and Bacillus spp. isolated from Brassica waste compost Scientia Agricola
Chang,Chen-Chin; Ng,Chang-Chai; Wang,Chung-Yi; Shyu,Yuan-Tay.
Plant wastes present a high cellulose content, which is an ideal organic material for composting. Five strains of thermophiles from processed Brassica waste were isolated, and the hydrolytic activity on various cellulosic biomass substrata and their temperature profiles were determined. 16S rRNA sequencing identified these strains as Thermoactinomyces and Bacillus spp. Maximal cellulase activity corresponded to 2.3 U mL-1 of enzyme. The application of these strains on Brassica rapa residues demonstrates increased total nitrogen content). TA-3, a Thermoactinomycetes sp. strain, performs best among all inoculants, increasing the nitrogen content from 0.74 to 0.91%, and decreasing the carbon content from 15.4 to 12.2%, showing its high efficiency and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cellulose degrading; Enzymes; Vegetable wastes.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162009000300004
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Alterations in muscular enzymes of horses competing long-distance endurance rides under tropical climate Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Teixeira-Neto,A.R.; Ferraz,G. C.; Moscardini,A. R. C.; Balsamão,G. M.; Souza,J. C. F.; Queiroz-Neto,A..
This study tried to monitor the alterations of muscle enzymes activity - creatinokinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) - in a group of horses that participated of 70 and 100km distance rides in five competitions of an annual endurance championship under tropical climate. Pre ride levels (U/l) were 245.13±9.84 for CK, 496.61±14.76 for LDH, and 328.95±8.65 for AST. When compared to these levels, the results revealed a significant decrease in all enzymes activities in the first moment of the rides. Peak levels, significantly different, were reached, immediately after rides by CK (413.591±50.75); 24 hours post rides by LDH (628.61±33.30); and 48 hours after rides by AST (389.89±16.96). Monitoring of recovery period...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Horse; Endurance; Enzymes; Muscle.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352008000300004
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Anatomy and physiology of digestive tract of crustaceans decapods reared in aquaculture ArchiMer
Ceccaldi, H.
The digestive tract of crustacea is complex. It is composed of a shor t oesophagum, a stomach with two bags, and internal wall with appendags specialized in grinding of feeds. These hard mastication pieces represent the gastric mill. Setae, filters included in the stomach structure allow the separation between food particles and liquid compounds. Those one are coming over through filters and more on to the digestive gland tubules or mid gut gland. In this organ, several types of cells play specialized functions: absorption, enzyme secretion, stocking function. Some cells of a new type, with undefined function, may be neurosecretions function, have been described recently. The end of tubules of digestive gland exhibits cells with embryonic characteristics....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Decapoda; Neurosecretion; Feed; Rearing; Digestive glands; Enzymes; Stomach; Crustacean culture.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1486.pdf
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Animal performance and nutrient digestibility of feedlot steers fed a diet supplemented with a mixture of direct-fed microbials and digestive enzymes R. Bras. Zootec.
Encinas,Christian Michael Alvarez; Villalobos,Guillermo Villalobos; Viveros,Joel Domínguez; Flores,Gabriela Corral; Almora,Enrique Alvarez; Rangel,Francisco Castillo.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a mixture of direct-fed microbials (DFM), yeast, and digestive enzymes on animal performance in feedlot cattle, as well as digestibility when finishing feedlot cattle. Thirty crossbreed (Charolais × Beefmaster) steers averaging 15 months old and 321.83±3.73 kg of initial body weight were used. Animals were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: control (basal diet) and a mixture of DFM, yeast, and digestive enzymes (basal diet + 30 g of the mixture). Each group contained fifteen experimental units. Animals were fed individually twice a day, and dry matter intake (DMI) was recorded daily. Body weights were recorded initially and subsequently at 28-day intervals for a total of 140...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Enzymes; Finishing; Probiotics; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Yeast.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982018000100615
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Annual production of grass silage for biogas: effects of fibrolytic enzyme additives on ensilage efficiency and specific methane yields CIGR Journal
Nolan, Pearl; Doyle, Evelyn; O'Kiley, Padraig.
The aims of this study were to quantify the effects of fibrolytic enzyme additives applied to each of four consecutive cuts of unwilted grass at ensiling on ensilage characteristics and specific CH4 yields (SMY) per unit mass and per unit land area. In light of the importance of the primary growth yield, the effects of the timing of Cut 1 were also investigated. Furthermore, the mass-SMY and area-SMY effect of any effluent produced during ensilage was determined.At each of four cuts that comprised annual growth, samples from four replicate plots of Lolium perenne and of Phleum pratense were untreated (control) or were treated with either of two fibrolytic enzymes (ENZ 1 and ENZ 2) prior to ensiling for 120 days. The mass-SMY of silages and effluents were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Grass yield; Silage; Fibre; Enzymes; Effluent; CH4 yield per unit land area.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/4159
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Antimicrobial and enzymatic activity of anemophilous fungi of a public university in Brazil Anais da ABC (AABC)
SOBRAL,LAUREANA V.; MELO,KELLY N.; SOUZA,CLECIANA M.; SILVA,SÍLVIO F.; SILVA,GILVANIA L.R.; SILVA,ANDRESSA L.F.; WANDERLEY,KATHARINE A.A.; OLIVEIRA,IDJANE S.; CRUZ,ROBERTA.
ABSTRACT To the fungal microbiota the UFPE and biotechnological potential enzymatic and antimicrobial production. Air conditioned environments were sampled using a passive sedimentation technique, the air I ratio and the presence of aflatoxigenic strains evaluated for ANVISA. Icelles were to determine the enzymatic activity of lipase, amylase and protease metabolic liquids to determine antimicrobial activity. Diversity was observed in all CAV environments, CFU/m3 ranged from 14 to 290 and I/E ratio from 0.1 to 1.5. The of the fungal genera were: Aspergillus (50%), Penicillium (21%), Talaromyces (14%), Curvularia and Paecilomyces (7% each). Aspergillus sydowii (Bainier & Sartory) Thom & Church presented enzymatic activity and the Talaromyces...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Air quality; Bacteria; Enzymes; Filamentous fungi; Refrigerated environments.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652017000502327
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Antioxidant compoundsand total antioxidant activity in fruits of acerola from cv. Flor Branca, Florida Sweet and BRS 366 Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Souza,Kellina Oliveira de; Moura,Carlos Farley Herbster; Brito,Edy Sousa de; Miranda,Maria Raquel Alcântara de.
Information on antioxidant properties at different ontological stages may help producers and food technologists to identify which cultivar and/or maturity stage are most adequate for their need, therefore this work aimed to study the changes in the antioxidant metabolism during acerola development. Fruit from cv. Flor Branca, BRS366 and Florida Sweet were harvested at different stages: immature green colored (I), physiologically mature with green color and maximum size (II), breaker (III) and full red ripe (IV). After harvest, fruits were selected, divided into four replications with 500 g each and evaluated regarding their titratable acidity, pH, soluble solids, total soluble sugar, vitamin C, polyphenol, anthocyanin, yellow flavonoid, total antioxidant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Malpighia emarginata; Development; Vitamin C; Enzymes; Polyphenols.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452014000200004
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Antioxidant system response induced by aluminum in two rice cultivars Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
Ribeiro,Cleberson; Cambraia,José; Peixoto,Paulo Henrique Pereira; Fonseca Júnior,Élcio Meira da.
The antioxidant defense system response was evaluated in two rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L.), Fernandes (CNA-1158) and Maravilha (CNA-6843-1), treated with toxic levels of aluminum. After exposure to aluminum we determined plant growth, H2O2 and O2•- contents, lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes activities and ascorbate and dehydroascorbate contents. Al predominantly accumulated in roots of both cultivars but it reduced root and shoot growth only in the Maravilha cultivar. Treatment with aluminum resulted in a reduction of 84 and 60% in the levels of H2O2 in the roots of the cultivars Maravilha and Fernandes, respectively, and of 26% in the levels of O2•- only in the roots of Fernandes cultivar. Increased lipid peroxidation was observed only in the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aluminum; Enzymes; Reactive oxygen species; Oryza sativa; Oxidative stress.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-04202012000200004
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Aplicação e pontos críticos no uso de enzimas para monogástricos. Infoteca-e
KRABBE, E. L..
bitstream/item/93187/1/FINAL7007.pdf
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Nutrição animal; Enzima; Dieta; Animal nutrition; Enzymes; Diet.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/972199
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Assessing joint research impacts Open Agri
M.C.S..
Palavras-chave: Pigeonpeas; Chickpeas; Millets; Sorghum; Hybrids; Germplasm; Genetic soil types; Enzymes; Groundnuts; Double cropping.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/4201
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Associação de carboidrase e fitase em dietas valorizadas para poedeiras semipesadas - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i3.12735 Animal Sciences
Silva, Leandro Moreira; Instituto Federal Minas Gerais - Campus Bambuí; Geraldo, Adriano; Instituto Federal Minas Gerais - Campus Bambuí; Vieira Filho, Javer Alves; Instituto Federal Minas Gerais - Campus Bambuí; Machado, Luiz Carlos; Instituto Federal Minas Gerais - Campus Bambuí; Brito, Jerônimo Ávito Gonçalves de; Universidade Federal do Recôncavo Baiano; Bertechini, Antonio Gilberto; Universidade Fderal de Lavras.
O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o efeito da associação de carboidrases e fitase em dietas de poedeiras. Foram utilizadas 300 poedeiras Isa Brown com 26 semanas, submetidas aos tratamentos: Controle Positivo: sem enzimas e valorização dos nutrientes; T2: valorização em 1,5 e 6% a EMA (kcal kg-1), do milho e o farelo de soja, respectivamente, e redução nos níveis nutricionais conforme a matriz nutricional para a fitase; T3: valorização da EMA do milho e o farelo de soja (idem T2) e redução nos níveis de cálcio e fósforo conforme matriz nutricional da fitase; T4: T2 suplementado com 100 g t-1 de carboidrases e 30 g t-1 de fitase; T5: T3 suplementado com 100 g t-1 de carboidrases e 30 g t-1 de fitase. Foi utilizado delineamento inteiramente casualizado, seis...
Tipo: Pesquisa de campo Palavras-chave: 5.04.03.00-1 desempenho; Qualidade de ovos; Enzimas energia metabolizável; Fósforo disponível; Valorização de dietas performance; Egg quality; Enzymes; Metabolizable energy; Disponible phosphorus; Valorization of diets.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/12735
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Atividade enzimática de um latossolo vermelho de cerrado sob sistemas integrados lavoura-pastagens. Infoteca-e
SILVA, L. G.; MENDES, I. de C.; ROLIM, L. F. S.; SANTOS, A. B.; REIS JÚNIOR, F. B.; VILELA, L..
bitstream/CPAC-2009/26830/1/p2005_38.pdf
Tipo: Fôlder / Folheto / Cartilha (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Microbial flora.; Bioquímica do Solo; Biomassa; Cerrado; Enzima; Microbiologia do Solo; População Microbiana.; Biochemistry; Biomass; Enzymes; Microbiology; Soil..
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/569446
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Bacillus subtilis improves maize tolerance to salinity Ciência Rural
Ferreira,Nathalia Calhabeu; Mazzuchelli,Rita de Cassia Lima; Pacheco,Ana Claudia; Araujo,Fabio Fernando de; Antunes,Jadson Emanuel Lopes; Araujo,Ademir Sergio Ferreira de.
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the biochemical responses of maize, under saline stress, inoculated with Bacillus subtilis. Four levels of salinity were assessed: 0mM, 50mM, 100mM, and 200mM of sodium chloride (NaCl). Saline conditions influenced negatively maize growth. However, the inoculation of B. subtilis improved the plant growth at highest level of NaCl. Chlorophyll content decreased while proline increased in inoculated plants submitted to highest salt levels. Also, B. subtilis increased the relative water content in leaves. B. subtilis improves the plant growth under salinity and ameliorates the biochemical damages in maize.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zea mays; PGPB; Biochemical responses; Enzymes.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782018000800202
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Beta-glucosidase from normal and brittle-stem mutant rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L.) : isolation, purification and characterization International Rice Research Institute
Bongon, Joseph R..
xiii, 88 leaves : ill. Thesis (M.S.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Enzymes; Beta-glucosidase; Varieties; Mutation.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/696
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Biological activity of lectins from grain legumes and garlic against the legume pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera Open Agri
Arora, R.,( Richa Arora ).
Palavras-chave: Garlic; Pigeonpeas; Proteins; Transgenics; Transgenic plants; Chickpeas; Genes; Enzymes; Animal developmental stages; Genetic transformation.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://agropedia.iitk.ac.in/openaccess/?q=node/3230
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Blood biochemical parameters of Brazilian sport horses under training in tropical climate R. Bras. Zootec.
Padilha,Felipe Gomes Ferreira; Dimache,Luana Avila Giorgia; Almeida,Fernando Queiroz de; Ferreira,Ana Maria Reis.
ABSTRACT This study aimed to provide baseline data for the serum biochemical parameters of Brazilian sport horses undergoing physical training for eventing to be used as a practical guide. A total of 139 blood samples were collected by vacuum venipuncture of the jugular vein from healthy horses in training. Tubes without anticoagulant were used for biochemical analysis. Means and standard deviations were determined for aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (306.27±84.66 U/L), creatine kinase (CK) (181.06±80.38 U/L), urea (29.51±5.82 mg/dL), creatinine (1.44±0.20 mg/dL), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) (14.58±6.55 U/L), calcium (13.22±0.59 mg/dL), and albumin (2.86±0.16 g/dL). The specific reference ranges were: AST, 197-454 U/L; CK, 116-290 U/L; urea, 22-42...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Enzymes; Horses; Serum biochemistry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000800678
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Caractérisation morphologique et fonctionnelle des hémocytes chez l'huître plate, Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Xue, Quiggang.
The mechanism that bivalve molluscs react to infectious agents are important research subjects in the fIeld of disease control studies for these animals. While the selection of disease resistant populations have made decisive progression in some species, the mechanism behinds these resistant phenomena is not yet clear so far. However, hemocytes must represent one of the key factors in the reaction process. Based on this hypothesis, the structure and function of European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, hemocytes have been investigated in aid of different techniques in the present study. ln addition, Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, hemocytes have been analysed in certain aspects so as to provide some results for comparison. European flat oyster and Pacific...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalvia; Ostrea edulis; Crassostrea gigas; Mécanismes de défense; Hémocytes; Granulocytes; Hyalinocytes; Séparation; Anticorps monoclonaux; Enzymes; Cytométrie de flux; Bivalvia; Ostrea edulis; Crassostrea gigas; Defence mechanisms; Hemocytes; Granulocytes; Hyalinocytes; Separation; Monoclonal antibodies; Enzymes; Flow cytometry.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00107/21820/19406.pdf
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