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A 2004 Social Accounting Matrix for Israel: Documentation of an Economy-Wide Database with a Focus on Agriculture, the Labour Market, and Income Distribution AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A.; Flaig, Dorothee; Luckmann, Jonas; Grethe, Harald.
This document describes the Israeli Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year 2004, developed by the Agricultural and Food Policy Group at the University of Hohenheim. The SAM is a part of a larger research project which aims to analyse several economic, trade, and labour policies in the context of economic integration of agriculture between Israel and the West Bank. Data are obtained from various sources in Israel. Sources include the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS), the Central Bank of Israel (CBI), and the Israeli Tax Authority (ITA). Data from sources outside of Israel are used to fill-in some gaps in the domestic reports. External sources include the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: SAM; IO Table; CGE; Database; Israel.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; C6; C8; D1; D3; D5; D6; E2; E6; F1; F2; H2.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/110156
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A Note on the Appropriate Measure of Tax Burden on Foreign Direct Investment to the CEECs AgEcon
Bellak, Christian; Leibrecht, Markus; Romisch, Roman.
In this note we show that tax-rate elasticities of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to Central and East European Countries (CEECs) derived from statutory corporate income tax rates (STRs) are likely to be flawed. From a conceptual point of view STRs are problematic as they neither capture tax base effects, nor effects of the home country, the international or the supranational tax laws on the corporate tax burden. Concerning FDI, from an empirical point of view STRs are questionable as their behavior over time and between country-pairs may be very different from that of the conceptually superior bilateral corporate effective average tax rates (BCEATRs). We compare the variability of STRs and BCEATRs of seven major home countries of FDI in eight major CEEC...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Corporate income taxation; Effective tax rate; Foreign Direct Investment; Multinational Enterprises; Financial Economics; F2; H00; H25.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26365
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Agricultural Efficiency Gains and Trade Liberalization in Sudan AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A.; Babiker, Babiker Idris.
The traditional agriculture in Sudan occupies 60% of the total cultivated land and employs 65% of the agricultural population. Nevertheless, it is characterized by its low crop productivity, which is mainly driven by low technical efficiency, while drought and civil conflicts threaten most of its areas countrywide. Therefore, it has contributed only an average of 16% to the total agricultural GDP during the last decade. This paper addresses from an empirical point of view the sectoral and macroeconomic implications of agricultural efficiency improvement in Sudan and assesses the efficiency gains under the assumption of trade liberalization. Efficiency improvement experiments are implemented by augmenting the efficiency parameters of labor, capital, and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural efficiency; Liberalization; Sudan SAM; CGE analysis; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; D2; D5; D6; E1; E2; F1; F2; H2.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112786
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CORRUPTION AND OPENNESS AgEcon
Neeman, Zvika; Paserman, Daniele; Simhon, Avi.
We consider a neoclassical growth model with endogenous corruption. Corruption and wealth, which are co-determined in equilibrium, are shown to be negatively correlated. Richer countries tend to be less corrupt, and corrupt economies tend to be poorer. This observation gives rise to the following puzzle: If poorer countries do indeed experience higher levels of corruption, and if indeed as suggested by a number of empirical studies corruption hampers growth, then how did rich countries, who were poor once, become rich? Our answer is simple. In the past, economies were mostly "closed" in the sense that it was difficult to transfer illicit money outside of the economy. In contrast, today's economies are mostly open. In the relatively closed economies...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Corruption; Growth; Openness; International Development; F2; H0; O1; O4.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14977
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Eficiência da seleção direta, em populações F2 de arroz de sequeiro, para solo de baixa fertilidade. Repositório Alice
MORAIS, O. P. de; CHATEL, M. H. G. L.; GUIMARÃES, E. P.; FAGERIA, N. K..
bitstream/item/215973/1/CNPAF-1987-p65.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Seleção Direta; F2; Arroz; Fertilidade; Oryza Sativa; População; Solo.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/197720
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Environmental Issues in Animal Agriculture AgEcon
Abdalla, Charles W.; Lawton, Jennifer L..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; Q0; F2; Q25; Q30; R52.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94386
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Foreign Takeovers and Wages: Theory and Evidence from Hungary AgEcon
Csengodi, Sandor; Jungnickel, Rolf; Urban, Dieter.
This study discriminates FDI technology spillover from learning effects. Whenever learning takes time, our model predicts that foreign investors deduct the economic value of learning from wages of inexperienced workers and add it to experienced ones to prevent them from moving to local competitors. Hence, the national wage bill is unaffected by foreign takeovers. In contrast to learning, technology spillover effects occur whenever a worker with MNE experience contributes more to local firms' than to MNEs' productivity. In this case, experienced MNE workers are hired by local firms and the host country obtains a welfare gain. We investigate empirically wages, productivity, and worker turnover during the course of foreign takeovers on employee-employer...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: FDI; Foreign takeover; Cross-border M&A; Wage regression; Employee-employer matched data; Propensity score matching; FDI technology spillover; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; F2; J3.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26278
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Globalization and Poverty in Senegal: A Worst Case Scenario? AgEcon
Maertens, Miet; Colen, Liesbeth; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
There is no consensus about how globalization –trade and foreign investments – affects poverty reduction. Using household survey data, this study contributes to the empirical literature on globalization and poverty by analyzing the household-level implications of increased foreign investments and trade in the horticulture sector in Senegal. In many aspects this represents what many would consider a “worst-case scenario”. Stringent rich country standards are imposed on exports and the supply chain is controlled by a single multinational company with extreme levels of supply base consolidation, full vertical integration and complete exclusion of smallholder suppliers. We analyze and quantify income and poverty effects under these “worst-case conditions” and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade; FDI; Poverty; Vertical coordination; Modern supply chains; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; F2; J43; O12; Q12; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51668
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Intellectual Property Rights and South-North Formation of Global Innovation Networks AgEcon
Comune, Maria; Naghavi, Alireza; Prarolo, Giovanni.
Current version uploaded April 2013.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Intellectual property rights; Information Communication Technology (ICT); Innovation; Foreign patenting; R&D linkages; Southern innovation; International Relations/Trade; F2; O1; O3.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115816
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Mapeamento de QTL para características biométricas e percentual de matéria seca da tíbia de aves F2 oriundas do cruzamento entre linhagem de corte e postura. Repositório Alice
FAVERI, J. C.; PINTO, L. F. B.; PEIXOTO, J. de O.; PEDROSA, V. B.; NONES, K.; LEDUR, M. C..
Este estudo teve por objetivo mapear locos de características quantitativas (QTL) associados a características biométricas e matéria seca da tíbia, em aves de uma população F2 desenvolvida pela Embrapa Suínos e Aves, através do cruzamento entre machos de corte e fêmeas de postura. Para tanto, foram mensurados os teores de matéria seca, peso, comprimento e espessura dos ossos da tíbia em 478 animais, aos 42 dias de idade. Para todas as características foram incluídos no modelo os efeitos fixo de sexo e incubação e os efeitos aleatórios aditivo direto e materno. O mapeamento de QTL foi realizado considerando os efeitos aditivo e de dominância, além de serem testados modelos com e sem interação QTL x Sexo. Houve efeito de sexo (P<0,05) sobre todas as...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Avicultura; F2; Genes candidatos; Integridade óssea.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1031704
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Maximum-likelihood models for mapping genetic markers showing segregation distortion : 2. F2 populations IRD
Lorieux, Mathias; Perrier, X.; Goffinet, B.; Lanaud, C.; Gonzales de Leon, C..
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: AMELIORATION DES PLANTES; MAXIMUM DE VRAISEMBLANCE; MODELE MATHEMATIQUE; MARQUAGE; GENE; SEGREGATION; HYBRIDE; MARQUEUR GENETIQUE; F2.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:43203
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Multinational Taxation and International Emissions Trading AgEcon
Fischer, Carolyn.
Many studies have shown that the activities of multinational corporations are quite sensitive to differences in income tax rates across countries. In this paper I explore the interaction between multinational taxation and abatement activities under an international emissions permit trading scheme. Four types of plans are considered: (1) a single domestic permit system with international offsets; (2) separate national permit systems without trade; (3) separate national permit systems with limited offsets; and (4) an international permit trading system. For each plan, I model the incentives for the multinational firm to choose abatement activities at home and abroad and to transfer emissions credits between parent and subsidiary. Limits on trading across...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emission permits; Transfer pricing; Taxation; Multinational corporations; Environmental Economics and Policy; Public Economics; H2; F2; Q2.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10816
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Oil and Agriculture in the Post-Separation Sudan AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A..
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which was signed by the government of Sudan and the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) ended more than 20 years of civil war. According to the CPA, the Sudan’s government has 50% of the oil exploited from the wells existing in the south in addition to the oil produced from the northern wells. The latter represents about 30% of the total oil production in Sudan. In January 2011, the people in southern Sudan have voted for separation from the Sudan and in July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan was officially announced as Africa’s newest state. Now the CPA period is over and the south possesses its entire production of oil, but need to use the export infrastructure that exists in the north to export it. For...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Oil; Agriculture; Sudan; South Sudan; Separation; CGE modelling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; C6; D5; D6; F1; F2; H5; N5.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122341
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Profit Sharing under the Threat of Nationalization AgEcon
Di Corato, Luca.
A multinational corporation engages in foreign direct investment for the extraction of a natural resource in a developing country. The corporation bears the initial investment and earns as a return a share of the profits. The host country provides access and guarantees conditions of operation. Since the investment is totally sunk, the corporation must account in its plan not only for uncertainty in market conditions but also for the threat of nationalization. In a real options framework, where the government holds an American call option on nationalization, we show under which conditions a Nash bargaining leads to a profit distribution maximizing the joint venture surplus. We find that the threat of nationalization does not affect the investment threshold...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Real Options; Nash Bargaining; Expropriation; Natural Resources; Foreign Direct Investment; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C7; D8; K3; F2; O1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58292
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Profit Sharing under the Threat of Nationalization AgEcon
Di Corato, Luca.
A government bargains a mutually convenient agreement with a multinational corporation to extract a natural resource. The corporation bears the initial investment and earns as a return a share on the profits. The host country provides access and guarantee conditions of operation. Being the investment totally sunk, the corporation must account in its plan not only for uncertainty on market conditions but also for the threat of nationalization. In a real options framework where the government holds an American call option on nationalization we show under which conditions a Nash bargaining is feasible and leads to attain a cooperative agreement maximizing the joint venture surplus. We find that the threat of nationalization does not affect the investment time...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Real Options; Nash Bargaining; Expropriation; Natural Resources; Foreign Direct Investment; Financial Economics; C7; D8; K3; F2; O1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59378
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Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping for growth traits on bovine chromosome 14 Genet. Mol. Biol.
Miyata,Marcelo; Gasparin,Gustavo; Coutinho,Luiz Lehmann; Martinez,Mario Luiz; Machado,Marco Antonio; Silva,Marcos Vinicius G. Barbosa da; Campos,Ana Lucia; Sonstegard,Tad S.; Rosário,Millor Fernandes do; Regitano,Luciana Correia de Almeida.
Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping in livestock allows the identification of genes that determine the genetic variation affecting traits of economic interest. We analyzed the birth weight and weight at 60 days QTL segregating on bovine chromosome BTA14 in a F2 resource population using genotypes produced from seven microsatellite markers. Phenotypes were derived from 346 F2 progeny produced from crossing Bos indicus Gyr x Holstein Bos taurus F1 parents. Interval analysis to detect QTL for birth weight revealed the presence of a QTL (p < 0.05) at 1 centimorgan (cM) from the centromere with an additive effect of 1.210 ± 0.438 kg. Interval analysis for weight at 60 days revealed the presence of a QTL (p < 0.05) at 0 cM from the centromere with an...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: TA14; Cattle; F2; Growth traits; Molecular markers; QTL.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572007000300011
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The Geography and Channels of Diffusion at the World's Technology Frontier AgEcon
Keller, Wolfgang.
Convergence in per capita income turns on whether technological knowledge spillovers are global or local. Global spillovers favor convergence, while a geographically limited scope of knowledge diffusion can lead to regional clusters of countries with persistently different levels of income per capita. This paper estimates the importance of geographic distance for technology diffusion, how this changed over time, and whether international trade, foreign direct investment, and communication flows serve as important channels of diffusion. The analysis is based on examining the productivity effects of R&D expenditures in the world's seven major industrialized countries between 1970 and 1995. First, I find that the scope of technology diffusion is severely...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Convergence; Divergence; Economic Geography; Total Factor Productivity; Technology Diffusion; International Trade; Foreign Direct Investment; Communication; Spillovers; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; 03; F2.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26140
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