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Registros recuperados: 26
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A Dynamic Approach to the FDI-Environment Nexus: The Case of China and India AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The cointegration analysis and a vector error-correction (VEC) model are applied to examine the short- and long-run relationships among foreign direct investment (FDI), economic growth, and the environment in China and India. The results show that FDI inflow plays a pivotal role in determining the short- and long-run movement of economic growth through capital accumulation and technical spillovers in the two countries. However, FDI inflow in both countries is found to have a detrimental effect on environmental quality in both the short- and long-run, supporting pollution haven hypothesis. Finally, it is found that, in the short-run, there exists a unidirectional causality from FDI inflow to economic growth and the environment in China and India - a change...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Cointegration analysis; Environment; FDI; India; Vector error-correction; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6508
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A General Equilibrium Analysis of the Impact of Inward FDI on Ghana: The Role of Complementary Policies AgEcon
Arbenser, Lawrence.
The need for external capital (FDI) inflow to finance the current account deficit of developing countries cannot be over-emphasized. Foreign direct investment takes predominance over other types of capital inflow into developing countries. How would an increase in FDI and a reduction in import tariff levels in isolation affect household welfare and other macroeconomic indicators? How would the concurrent application of the two enhance the expected impact? This paper explores the above questions by using a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model for Ghana, implemented in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) to carry out specific counterfactual simulations. This paper concludes that the primary benefit of an increase in FDI inflow for a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: FDI; Import tariff; CGE; Ghana; GAMS; Household welfare trade deficit; Exchange rate; Import; Export; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18829
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African hunt for investment: any chance for success? AgEcon
Dyakov, Ignaty.
During recent two decades the world has witnessed a drastic increase in global FDI inflows. Gradually more and more investment has been directed to the developing countries in the attempt to diversify portfolios and use finance in the most efficient way. Not all developing regions of the world perfectly succeeded in attracting FDI. Large by labor force and territory, abundant in natural resources Sub-Saharan Africa could perform much better in this aspect. This paper once again reviews the opportunities for FDI in Africa and suggests possible ways for authorities of African states to overcome the existing situation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: FDI; Africa; Determinants; Policy recommendations; Financial Economics; International Development; F21; O55.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94546
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Agglomeration Effects and Japanese Food Industry Investment in China: Evidence from the Cities AgEcon
Jin, Shaosheng; Tokunaga, Suminori; Akune, Yuko; Kageyama, Masahiro.
This paper uses the data from Chugoku Shinshutsu Kigyou Ichiran 2003-2004 (A View of Japanese Enterprises Investments in China 2003-2004) to study 1ocation choice of Japanese food industry investment in 231 Chinese cities from 1992 to 2001, paying a particular attention to agglomeration effects. A negative binominal model indicates that labor cost (WAGE) is the most important factor that deters Japanese food industry investment. Market size (GDP), raw material (MATER), port (PORT) and policy incentives (POLICY), however, have positive effects in Japanese food industry investment location choice in China. As for the three-tier agglomeration effects' test, the agglomeration effects of Japanese manufactures agglomeration (AG2) and Japanese food manufactures...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food industry; Agglomeration; Japan; China; FDI; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; F21; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25307
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ALBERTA’S EXPORT EXPERIENCE UNDER FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS: 1988 - 2007 AgEcon
Mirus, Rolf; Tanerguclu, Hande.
The international involvement of Alberta-based businesses covers trade in goods, trade in services, and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), both inward and outward. Increasingly FDI is linked to trade in goods and services. Indeed, the export of services like consulting or construction engineering tends to involve the setting up of supporting facilities abroad (outward FDI), and exports of goods frequently necessitate the provision of maintenance services in their wake, either across the border or through an office abroad. Data on outward FDI by Alberta-based firms are not available, nor are data on exports of services by province of origin. Therefore an analysis of what has been happening to Alberta’s international commercial relations is of necessity...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Alberta; NAFTA; FTA; Free trade agreement; Free trade; Imports; Exports; Mexico; United States; Israel; Chile; Costa Rica; Energy sector; FDI; Investment; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60431
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Democracy and FDI AgEcon
Busse, Matthias.
Many believe that multinational enterprises insensitively ignore political rights and civil liberties in the countries of their investments. Frequently, non-governmental organisations accuse multinationals of fostering repressive regimes in developing countries and consider foreign direct investment (FDI) as a tool of exploitation. This paper tries to examine empirically the complex relationship between democracy and FDI in a systematic way, using cross-sectional and panel data analysis. The results indicate that - on average - investments by multinationals are significantly higher in democratic countries, thereby refuting the hypothesis that political repression fosters FDI. Yet this positive link does not hold for the 1970s, when a considerable share of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: FDI; Democracy; Political Rights; Civil Liberties; Political Economy; C31; C 33; F21; F23.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26260
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Economic and Business Relations Between Australia and China: An Overview and an Assessment AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
This article highlights trends in the comparative value of Australia’s merchandise trade with China and considers the relative importance of Australia for China’s international merchandise trade and vice versa. The composition of the merchandise trade between Australia and China is also examined. Trade in services between Australia and China is of increasing importance and its composition and balance is discussed. As a result of global economic reforms, international mobility of capital has increased. China has become the world’s major destination for foreign direct investment (FDI) and is now itself an important source of FDI. However, Australia is not a major investor in China nor a major outlet for China’s FDI. Reasons for this, and for the other...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia's trade with China; FDI; Australia; China; Australia-China Free Trade Agreement; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90543
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Economic Globalisation: The Process and its Potential, Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
After economic globalisation is defined, the factors that have favoured it in recent times are outlined and the process is placed in a historical context. Measures of the recent expansion in economic globalisation are given, such as trends in the proportion of global GDP traded internationally, and the relative size of global FDI. China’s comparative economic openness compared to the rest of the world is discussed. Potential positive and negative economic and social impacts of globalisation are explored, taking into account important economic theories. Particular attention is given to globalisation and the evolutionary dynamics of economic growth by considering the economic ‘catching up’ phase of countries, such as China, and by placing this in a general...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Globalisation; GDP; FDI; China; Social impacts of globalisation; Economic growth; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90539
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Export Structure, FDI and Child Labour AgEcon
Busse, Matthias; Braun, Sebastian.
The paper addresses the linkage between certain aspects of the increasing economic integration of world markets and the level of child labour. We empirically examine, first, the often-cited conventional wisdom that multinational enterprises invest in countries where the extent of child labour is relatively high and, second, the concern that countries may gain an unfair comparative advantage in trade by using child labour. The results indicate that multinationals are highly sensitive with respect to the location of their transplants and prefer countries with lower levels of child labour. The opposite outcome applies to child labour and comparative advantage in labour-intensive goods, where we find a statistically significant positive relationship. Based on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Child Labour; Economic Integration; Trade; FDI; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; C31; F15; J82.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26174
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Foreign direct investment: lessons from panel data Inra
Blanchard, P.; Gaigne, C.; Mathieu, C..
Foreign direct investment (FDI) has spawned a significant amount of academic research and the literature continues to grow at an impressive rate. The empirical literature has expanded at a rapid pace in many different directions. However, regardless of the question studied, the nature of the problem itself generally requires using panel data estimation methods because flows (or stocks) of FDI between pairs of countries (or between country-industry pairs) are analyzed for one or several time periods. The purpose of this paper is to provide a selective survey of the empirical literature on the determinants of FDI based on panel data.
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: FDI; PANEL DATA; EXPORT; TRADE POLICY; EXCHANGE RATE.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20083d2ccff8&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2009/01/
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Foreign direct investment : lessons from panel data Inra
Blanchard, P.; Gaigne, C.; Mathieu, C.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
Foreign direct investment (FDI) has spawned a significant amount of academic research and the literature continues to grow at an impressive rate. The empirical literature has expanded at a rapid pace in many different directions. However, regardless of the question studied, the nature of the problem itself generally requires using panel data estimation methods because flows (or stocks) of FDI between pairs of countries (or between country-industry pairs) are analyzed for one or several time periods. The purpose of this paper is to provide a selective survey of the empirical literature on the determinants of FDI based on panel data.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: FDI; PANEL DATA; EXPORT; TRADE POLICY; EXCHANGE RATE.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2011db0593e4&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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Foreign Takeovers and Wages: Theory and Evidence from Hungary AgEcon
Csengodi, Sandor; Jungnickel, Rolf; Urban, Dieter.
This study discriminates FDI technology spillover from learning effects. Whenever learning takes time, our model predicts that foreign investors deduct the economic value of learning from wages of inexperienced workers and add it to experienced ones to prevent them from moving to local competitors. Hence, the national wage bill is unaffected by foreign takeovers. In contrast to learning, technology spillover effects occur whenever a worker with MNE experience contributes more to local firms' than to MNEs' productivity. In this case, experienced MNE workers are hired by local firms and the host country obtains a welfare gain. We investigate empirically wages, productivity, and worker turnover during the course of foreign takeovers on employee-employer...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: FDI; Foreign takeover; Cross-border M&A; Wage regression; Employee-employer matched data; Propensity score matching; FDI technology spillover; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; F2; J3.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26278
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Gender Discrimination and the International Division of Labour AgEcon
Busse, Matthias; Spielmann, Christian.
The paper empirically explores the international economic effects of gender discrimination, namely the linkages of gender inequality with comparative advantage (trade) and foreign direct investment flows. It discusses different forms and the extent of gender discrimination across countries and presents the results of empirical tests of those linkages. The results indicate that gender inequality is positively associated with comparative advantage in unskilled-labour-intensive goods, that is, commodities where the impact of gender bias is likely to be felt most strongly. In contrast, foreign direct investment is negatively linked with gender inequality. These results even hold for relatively poor developing countries.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender Discrimination; Trade; Comparative Advantage; FDI; Labor and Human Capital; F23; J71; J82; F11.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26151
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Globalization and Poverty in Senegal: A Worst Case Scenario? AgEcon
Maertens, Miet; Colen, Liesbeth; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
There is no consensus about how globalization –trade and foreign investments – affects poverty reduction. Using household survey data, this study contributes to the empirical literature on globalization and poverty by analyzing the household-level implications of increased foreign investments and trade in the horticulture sector in Senegal. In many aspects this represents what many would consider a “worst-case scenario”. Stringent rich country standards are imposed on exports and the supply chain is controlled by a single multinational company with extreme levels of supply base consolidation, full vertical integration and complete exclusion of smallholder suppliers. We analyze and quantify income and poverty effects under these “worst-case conditions” and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade; FDI; Poverty; Vertical coordination; Modern supply chains; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; F2; J43; O12; Q12; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51668
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Impact of Foreign Intellectual Property Rights Protection on U.S. Exports and FDI AgEcon
Gu, Weishi.
This version of the paper is subject to changes.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Export; FDI; Technology transfer; Intellectual property rights; GMM; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C33; F21; F23; F14; O34; K33.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49414
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Interesting Experiences in Wheat and Milk Channels in a Country Under the EU Accession AgEcon
Gavrilescu, Dinu; Serbanescu, Camelia; Grodea, Mariana; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana.
The wheat chain went through a significant restructuring in terms of ownership and operation. Among the agri-food processing sub-sectors, milling and bakery saw the largest development, in terms of employment, turnover and investment, both FDI and domestic capital. The milk sector saw even more fundamental changes during the transition period. It has been the only agricultural product that recorded continuous increase in both yield and total output during the past decade. The restructuring of the downstream sector was among the most difficult in the country's agri-food sector Considered as well as staple food, together with wheat, milk has been submitted to heavy intervention policies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Romania; Wheat channel; Milk channel; FDI; International Relations/Trade; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24483
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Political Risk, Institutions and Foreign Direct Investment AgEcon
Busse, Matthias; Hefeker, Carsten.
The paper explores the linkages between political risk, institutions and foreign direct investment inflows. Using different econometric techniques for a data sample of 83 developing countries and the period 1984 to 2003, we identify those indicators that matter most for the activities of multinational corporations. Overall, 12 different indicators for political risk and institutions are employed in the empirical analysis. The results show that government stability, the absence of internal conflict and ethnic tensions, basic democratic rights and ensuring law and order are highly significant determinants of foreign investment inflows.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Risk; Institutions; FDI; Multinational Corporations; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; C31; C 33; F21; F23.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26388
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ROMANIA AND BULGARIA ON THE WAY OF INTEGRATION – INVESTMENTS ASPECTS AgEcon
Voicilas, Dan Marius.
The present study as well as the studies produced by UNCTAD, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe1 and other institutions, reveal certain characteristics of the FDI flows in the transition countries from Central and South-Eastern Europe, applicable for Romania and Bulgaria, too: - These flows grow faster than the world average. - The FDI per capita is low compared to the values in Western Europe (2000-3000 USD) and USA (about 1800 USD). - There is a linear correlation between GDP per capita in the transition countries and the FDI level. - The main sectors initially targeted by foreign investors were the industrial sector (40-60%) and the trade sector (12-25%). - About 25% of FDI in the transition countries come from Hungary, Poland, Czech...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: FDI; GDP; Transition countries; Investment Matrix; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58915
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The Causality of Foreign Direct Investment and Its Effects on Economic Growth: Re-estimated by a Directed Graph Approach AgEcon
Li, Yarui; Woodard, Joshua D.; Leatham, David J..
This paper uses the directed acyclic graph approach to analyze the causal patterns among foreign direct investment and other economic, social, and political variables, including GDP per capita as a proxy for economic growth. We find that economic growth causes FDI inflows for developing countries, while FDI induces economic growth for developed countries. Also, stock market is found to be an intermediary that amplifies the influence on FDI from many causal variables of FDI.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: FDI; Economic growth; DAG; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98791
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The effects of globalization on child labor in developing countries AgEcon
Dagdemir, Ozcan; Acaroglu, Hakan.
This paper inquires the effects of globalization on child labor in developing countries via cross-country analysis by decomposing globalization to its components; foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade. The findings reveal that the relationship between the child labor supply and gross domestic product per capita (PCGDP) can be expressed as a U shape. The study indicates that the child labor increases in the developing countries whose PCGDP levels are above $7500 since the net effect of globalization is positive for the positive substitution effect is bigger than the negative income effect. Data have been collected from UNICEF and World Bank.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Child labor; Globalization; Trade; FDI; Developing countries.; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; C31; F14; F15; F16; J49.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95959
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