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Registros recuperados: 12
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Ablação ocular no camarão Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae): efeitos sobre a reprodução, pigmentação epidérmica e atividade alimentar Zoologia
Santos,Marcel José Martins dos; Pinheiro,Marcelo Antônio Amaro.
This study analyze the consequences of unilateral and bilateral ablation based on ovigerous percentage, consecutive spawns, and secondary effects of the surgical process in the females of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879). Two experiments were carried out with four and seven months old females in intermolt stage. Each experiment was comprised of control, unilateral and bilateral ablation. Eyestalk ablation was done with a bistoury with a topic hot cauterization followed by application of antibiotic pomades. The animals were maintained at constant temperature (28 ± 1,05ºC) and photoperiod of 12L: 12D within fibercement boxes with sandy bottom and biological filter. Females were observed once a day during fourteen weeks, registering gonadal condition,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Crustacea; Eyestalk ablation; Reproduction; Pigmentation; Feeding activity; Prawn.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752000000300012
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Ambient flow velocity and resulting clearance rates of the terebellid polychaete Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766) ArchiMer
Denis, L; Desroy, Nicolas; Ropert, Michel.
A laboratory flume study was conducted to determine the effect of flow velocity on clearance rates of the Polychaeta Terebellidea Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1966). Using sets of 75 individuals collected along the east coast of the English Channel, we measured clearance rates at five flow velocities of approximate to 4, 9, 15, 22 and 27 cm s(-1) with a culture of the diatom Chaetoceros calcitrans as food source. During each control (without polychaetes) or clearance (with Lanice conchilega) experiment, in vivo fluorescence was continuously monitored. Further HPLC analysis confirmed the sediment resuspension for the highest flow velocities tested, indicating the need for 'corrections' from control experiments. The global pattern resulted in a dome-shaped...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recirculating flume; Feeding activity; Terebellidea; Polychaetes; Clearance rate; Lanice conchilega.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3418.pdf
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Análise qualitativa da alimentação e o coeficiente intestinal de Metynnis cf. roosevelti Eigenmann (Characidae, Myleinae), da Lagoa Redonda, Nízia Floresta, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Zoologia
Gurgel,Hélio de Castro Bezerra; Almeida,Raimunda Gonçalves de; Barbieri,Geraldo.
This species showed feeding activily ali year long. Although zooplancton, protozooplancton and other organisms have been found in the stomaches, this species can be considered, broadly speaking, herbivorous since a great amount of seaweed was found in its diet. Fulness of the stomachs was not associated with sex difference. Full stomachs were found throughout the period. Variations according to the estimated periods were not found.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Metynnis; Intestinal coefficient; Feeding activity.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81751994000200018
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Atividade alimentar de espécies de peixe do rio Tibagi, relacionada com o desenvolvimento de gordura e das gônadas Zoologia
Bennemann,Sirlei Terezinha; Orsi,Mário Luís; Shibatta,Oscar Akio.
The fish assemblage in a stretch of Tibagi river was studied during the period of one year, throught monthly sampling. It was observed that four fish species (Schizodon intermedius Garavello & Britski, 1990, Acestrorhynchus lacustris Reinhardt, 1874, Pimelodus maculatus Lacépède, 1803 and Steindachnerina insculpta Fernandez-Yepez, 1948) were very frequent and they represent all the main trophic groups. In order to characterize feeding activity, fat storage and reproduction the means degree of repletion, fat and maturation, obtained for each species in each month were compared among the four fish species. Steindachnerina insculpta, a detritivovous species was the one with the highest feeding activity while A. lacustris, a piscivorous fish, showed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fish; Feeding activity; Gonadal development; Tibagi river; Paraná.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81751996000200018
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Diet of Iheringichthys labrosus (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae) in the Ibicuí River, Southern Brazil Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Fagundes,Camila K.; Behr,Everton R.; Kotzian,Carla B..
The diet of the benthic-feeding fish Iheringichthys labrosus (Lütken, 1874) was analyzed. Samples were taken bimonthly from December 1999 to January 2002, in three sites of the Ibicuí River, a tributary of Uruguay River basin (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil). In each sampling point the specimens were collected in lentic and lotic environments. Gillnets and trammel nets were examined every 6 hours (6h, 12h, 18h and 24h). Diet description was based on the frequency of occurrence and the volume of each food item to obtain the Alimentary Index (IAi). The average stomach fullness was adopted to detect variations in the feeding activity according to the season, the circadian rhythm and the environment. Chironomids were the most important food item, followed by...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Feeding activity; Chironomidae; Rio Grande do Sul.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212008000100008
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Effects of river damming in Neotropical piscivorous and omnivorous fish: feeding, body condition and abundances Neotropical Ichthyology
Pereira,Larissa Strictar; Agostinho,Angelo Antonio; Delariva,Rosilene Luciana.
ABSTRACT The increase in abundance of small-sized fishes is common after a reservoir is formed. There is an increase in the consumption of fish, from typically piscivorous fish to opportunistic species that take advantage of abundant resources. This study aims to evaluate the effects of diet changes induced by damming on the feeding activity and condition factor of typically piscivorous (Hoplias aff. malabaricus and Oligosarcus longirostris ) and opportunistic (Astyanax lacustris (ex Astyanax altiparanae ) and Pimelodus britskii ). Sampling was conducted before and after the impoundment in the Iguaçu River in the region of Salto Caxias, Paraná State, Brazil. Stomach contents were analysed by the volumetric method. Feeding activity and body condition were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Condition factor; Feeding activity; Opportunist diet; Piscivory; Reservoir.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252016000100221
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Experimental assessment of temperature increase and presence of predator carcass changing the response of invertebrate shredders Biota Neotropica
Navarro,Fernanda Keley Silva Pereira; Rezende,Renan de Souza; Gonçalves Júnior,José Francisco.
The role of the invertebrate shredders in leaf decomposition process in tropical lotic ecosystems has been explored only recently. In addition to the influence of the quality of litter and the temperature, the risk of predation generally results in changes on the survival and behavior of invertebrate shredders. The aim of this study was to observe the responses of the invertebrate shredders to different species of leaf litters (Experiment 1: Talauma ovata and Inga laurina ; Experiment 2: Talauma ovata, Inga laurina and Richeria grandis ) under gradual temperature rise (24 °C, 26 °C, 28 °C, 30 °C, 32 °C), in the presence (Experiment 2) and absence (Experiment1) of fish (Astyanax sp.) carcasses, as well as to observe the possible consequences of the leaf...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Feeding activity; Global warming; Decomposition.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1676-06032013000400028
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Feed demand behavior in sea bass juveniles: Effects on individual specific growth rate variation and health (inter-individual and inter-group variation) ArchiMer
Millot, Sandie; Begout, Marie-laure; Person, Jeannine; Breuil, Gilles; Di Poi, C; Fievet, Julie; Pineau, Philippe; Roue, M; Severe, Armelle.
Feeding motivation is one major indicator of fish welfare and an investigation on the link between feed demand, growth and physiological variables in sea bass juveniles was developed. A computerized on-demand feeding system coupled with a PIT tag monitoring device was used to continuously record for 219 days the triggering activity of 150 individuals (initial average body weight 131.6 +/- 1.80 g and coefficient of variation 16.8%). Each group was held in 400 1 tanks at 22.2 +/- 1.5 degrees C and light regime was 16:8 LD. In all the tanks, 89% of the fish actuated the trigger, but only two or three fish accounted for 45% of the total triggering activity. These few high-triggering individuals had a transient higher growth i.e. at the time an individual was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Welfare; Social interaction; Growth; Feeding activity.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3738.pdf
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Feeding of Pellona flavipinnis (Clupeiformes, Pristigasteridae)in a Central Amazonian floodplain Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Moreira-Hara,Sandra S.; Zuanon,Jansen A. S.; Amadio,Sidineia A..
The feeding habits of Pellona flavipinnis (Valenciennes, 1836) at Catalão, a floodplain area on the Brazilian Central Amazon was studied. Data was obtained during three hydrological cycles, between September 1999 and September 2003. Diet composition, daily and seasonal variation in the feeding activity and the relationship between predator's size and its prey were analyzed. Almost 80% of the food consumed has autochthonous origin and diet was composed basically by insects and fish. Juvenile fish predominated in the stomach contents of all size classes but there was no significant relationship between predator's size and its prey. Pellona flavipinnis may be considered a carnivorous species which feeds mainly on juvenile (young-of-the-year) specimens of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazon basin; Hydrological cycle; Diet; Carnivory; Feeding activity.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212009000200006
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Feeding response of the polychaete Sabellaria alveolata (Sabellariidae) to changes in seston concentration ArchiMer
Dubois, Stanislas; Barille, Laurent; Cognie, Bruno.
Sabellaria alveolata is a tube-building gregarious polychaete that constructs large biogenic reefs. In macrotidal shellfish ecosystems, this species competes for food with cultivated suspension-feeders. The suspension-feeding activity and clearance rate of S. alveolata were investigated in response to changes in seston concentration. A flow-through system was designed to study 225 cm(2) reef blocks with more than 500 individuals. The experimental conditions were characterized by increasing concentrations of suspended particulate matter ranging from 6.5 to 153.8 mg L-1, while the organic content of the diet (microalgae Skeletonema costatum) decreased inversely from 49 to 9%, to mimic the dilution of organic matter by inorganic particles, characteristic of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Mont Saint Michel; Tubiculous polychaete; Trophic capacity; Suspension feeders; Reefs; Feeding activity.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6778.pdf
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Fine-scale recognition and use of mesoscale fronts by foraging Cape gannets in the Benguela upwelling region ArchiMer
Sabarros, Philippe S.; Gremillet, David; Demarcq, Herve; Moseley, Christina; Pichegru, Lorien; Mullers, Ralf H. E.; Stenseth, Nils C.; Machu, Eric.
Oceanic structures such as mesoscale fronts may become hotspots of biological activity through concentration and enrichment processes. These fronts generally attract fish and may therefore be targeted by marine top-predators. In the southern Benguela upwelling system, such fronts might be used as environmental cues by foraging seabirds. In this study we analyzed high-frequency foraging tracks (GPS, 1 s sampling) of Cape gannets Morus capensis from two colonies located on the west and east coast of South Africa in relation to mesoscale fronts detected on daily high-resolution chlorophyll-a maps (MODIS, 1 km). We tested the association of (i) searching behavior and (ii) diving activity of foraging birds with mesoscale fronts. We found that Cape gannets shift...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seabird; Environmental cue; Behavioral shift; Area-restricted search; Feeding activity; Fractal landscape; Oceanographic fronts; Morus capensis; Southern Benguela; South Africa.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00236/34756/34575.pdf
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Paralytic shellfish poison accumulation yields and feeding time activity in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and king scallop (Pecten maximus) ArchiMer
Bougrier, Serge; Lassus, Patrick; Bardouil, Michele; Masselin, Pierre; Truquet, Philippe.
Pacific oysters and king scallops placed individually in a recirculating flume were fed for 2 weeks with a constant concentration (120 cell ml(-1)) of a toxic strain of Alexandrium minutum. Fluorescence at the outlet of each experimental unit was measured continuously, and biodeposits were recovered twice daily to evaluate feeding time activity (FTA) and rates of organic filtration (OFR), ingestion (OIR) and organic absorption (OAR). Ion-pairing high performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC) was performed concurrently to quantify paralytic phycotoxins both (i) individually in shellfish at the end of the contamination period and (ii) in A. minutum cultures to estimate cellular toxin concentration. These data allowed comparison of the actual tissue toxin...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Crassostrea gigas; Feeding activity; Paralytic shellfish poisoning.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-576.pdf
Registros recuperados: 12
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