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100% local and organic: closing the protein gap for poultry in the ICOPP Project Organic Eprints
Nelder, Rebecca; Smith, Jo; Clements, Ruth; Pearce, Bruce.
A key challenge in improving the sustainability of organic poultry production is meeting the required levels of nutrients from locally sourced organic feeds. 100% organic diets for monogastrics will become compulsory in the EU from 1st January 2015. The ICOPP project brings together knowledge, from 10 EU countries, of local feeds for monogastrics and their wider impact on growth, health and welfare and the environment to identify feeding strategies which comply with organic principles. This poster will report on feeding trials carried out with broilers in the UK by FAI and ORC to investigate the impact of algae, peas and lupins on broiler performance and welfare.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Poultry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21763/1/Nelder%202OAHC%20proceedings_2012.pdf
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100% Organic Feed for Pigs – Results of Feed Trials in the UK Organic Eprints
Smith, Jo; Gerrard, Catherine L.; Nelder, Rebecca; Clements, Ruth; Pearce, Bruce; Zaralis, Konstantinos.
Current regulations for organic pig and poultry production systems permit feed ingredients of non-organic origin, primarily due to concerns that a 100 % organic diet would be unable to meet the demand for the essential amino acids lysine and methionine. 100 % organic diets for monogastrics will become compulsory in the EU from 1st January 2015, and so there is an urgent need to develop economically profitable feeding strategies based on organic feed across Europe. Feeding trials carried out with Gloucester old spot pigs in the UK found that there was no significant difference in the weight gains across the diets until the last week of the trial when there a significant difference in weight increase for the male pigs on the bean diet. This suggests that a...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23498/1/23498_MM.pdf
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100% Organic Feed for Poultry – Results of Feed Trials in the UK Organic Eprints
Gerrard, Catherine L.; Smith, Jo; Nelder, Rebecca; Clements, Ruth; Pearce, Bruce; Bright, Ashleigh.
Current regulations for organic monogastric production systems permit feed ingredients of non-organic origin, primarily due to concerns about meeting the demand for the essential amino acids methionine and lysine. However, 100 % organic diets will become compulsory in the EU from 1st January 2015, so there is a need to develop feeds which will supply the required level of nutrients and support high animal health and welfare. This paper reports on feeding trials carried out with broilers in the UK to investigate the impact of three 100 % organic diets: a control diet with globally sourced ingredients, a diet based on locally sourced (i.e. within Europe) organic ingredients, and a diet based on locally sourced organic ingredients and algae. The results of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23497/1/23497%20Gerrard%20Smith%20ICOPP%20poultry%20in%20final_MM.pdf
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100 % organic ration works for organic table birds Organic Eprints
Woodward, Lawrence; O'Brien, Josie.
Poultry researcher Josie O’Brien and Lawrence Woodward present some results from a series of EFRC trials that are questioning the need for the conventional feed derogation in organic poultry production. Currently the use of up to twenty percent of non-organic components is allowed in the feed ration of organically certified table birds. Although this derogation is supposed to be removed in August 2005, there is mounting pressure to allow it to continue in some form. The derogation was introduced due to concerns that without it the bird’s nutritional needs could not be met by certified organic sources alone and therefore their health, welfare and growth would be compromised. The primary concern relates to amino acid levels and in particular methionine....
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Poultry; Health and welfare; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4185/1/4185.pdf
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100%-Biofütterung mit Rapskuchen und heimischen Körnerleguminosen bei der Fütterung von Legehennen verschiedener Herkünfte Organic Eprints
Rahmann, Gerold; Holle, Romana; Andresen, B; Andresen, C.J..
Rations of 100% organic and local origin were tested. Up to 18% of thermally proc-essed rape cake was fed in different rations to two groups of laying hens. Faba beans, Vicia sativa and blue lupines were used as protein supplements to create a feeding ration. High vicine and covicine contents, especially in Vicia sativa, led to a refusal of some food rations. No ration has been found suitable for daily use. Chicken fed with a rape cake ration laid eggs with a positive fatty acid pattern, which is favourable for human diets.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Poultry; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/9242/1/9242_Rahmann_Vortrag.pdf
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2 dages slutfodring med korn reducerer ikke skatol hos hangrise Organic Eprints
Møller, Sønke; Marbibo, Hanne.
Hangrise fodret med en pelleteret kornblanding bestående af 48 procent byg og 48 procent hvede samt fedt og vitaminer/mineraler fra to dage før slagtning, reducerede ikke det gennemsnitlige skatoltal i nakkespæk sammenlignet med grise fodret med en standard slagtesvineblanding frem til slagtning. Slagtevægten blev i gennemsnit reduceret med 2,3 kg.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28617/7/28617.pdf
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2004 update of overview supply and demand of organic concentrated feed in the EU Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Lowman, Steve.
Summary of key trends and changes in 2004 The total organic flock in the EU 25 appears to have increased by between 6 and 9 per cent, depending on stock category. Greatest increases occurred for sheep in France, Italy, Spain and the UK. In the other livestock categories, increases in some countries were balanced by decline in others, leading to overall small increases (see Table 3 update1). The production area of organic cereals increased between 2003 and 2004 by approximately 6 %. Significant reduction (9%) in the cereals area seems to have occurred in Italy, Spain and Hungary, whereas the area increased in Austria, Greece and Portugal (see Table 4 update). The area for pulses appears to have declined by a further 14% in the EU 25. Reductions...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/10980/1/wp42_2004_supply__and_demand_update.pdf
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4. Österreichische Fachtagung für Biologische Landwirtschaft - "Low-Input" Vollweidehaltung von Milchkühen in Österreich Organic Eprints
Tipo: Proceedings Palavras-chave: Pasture and forage crops; Dairy cattle; Health and welfare; Feeding and growth; Farm economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/15583/1/Bericht08.pdf
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5. Bioforschungstag: Aktuelles zum Biorind Organic Eprints
Das Dokument enthält alle Vorträge und Poster, die am 5. Schweizer Bioforschungstag 2010 in Posieux, Schweiz präsentiert wurden: Forschungsresultate zum Futterbau, zur Rindviehzucht, zur Tiergesundheit und zur Produktqualität. Deutsche und französische Version verfügbar.
Tipo: Proceedings Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Beef cattle; Feeding and growth; Breeding and genetics; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17270/1/Bioforschungstag_2010_fr.pdf
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A cow type for concentrate-free feeding systems - What characteristics does it display? Organic Eprints
Holinger, Mirjam.
Feeding of concentrates to ruminants in organic farming in Switzerland is questionable due to several aspects: (i) suitability for ruminants, (ii) land use change caused by soy cultivation, (ii) organic principles of closed circuits, and (iv) ethical considerations when ruminants directly compete with human nutrition. In the past decades breeding strategies in the dairy sector focused primarily on milk production which led to increased energy requirements. A reduction of concentrates in the ration may thus lead to a more negative energy balance and may be detrimental for health and fertility. Published genotype x feeding system interactions suggest that different breeds, strains or genotypes react differently to different levels of feeding. The aim of...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Feeding and growth; Breeding and genetics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/25083/1/Masterarbeit_MirjamHolinger.pdf
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A discussion of norms for S supply in organic farming based on content in forage and ruminant performance in Norway Organic Eprints
Hansen, Sissel; Bakken, Anne Kjersti.
The content of sulphur (S) in grassland on 27 Norwegian organic farms with dairy or sheep production was investigated in 2001 and 2002. The forage content of S was below the norms (2 g S kg DM-1) for both plants and animals in a large proportion of the samples. The average S content in forage at dairy farms was 1.4 g S kg DM-1 and at sheep farms 1.5 g. Even on grasslands with low plant S content (<1 g S kg DM-1), S-fertilization did not increase yields and increased the plants’ S content only very slightly. No indications of S deficiency were observed on the dairy farms. For one sheep farm with a forage S content of 1.1 ± 0.1g S kg DM-1, brittle and short winter wool was reported.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Nutrient turnover; Pasture and forage crops; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11946/1/11946.pdf
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A field trial on the effects of pure sodium propionate and a combination with herbal extracts on short term development of subclinical ketosis Organic Eprints
Dorn, Katharina; Leiber, Florian; Sundrum, Albert; Holinger, Mirjam; Mayer, Philipp; Walkenhorst, Michael.
While glucogenic substances in ketosis prevention are commonly used, there is a lack of clinical studies about the effectiveness of ketosis therapy in particular by means of sodium propionate and herbal extracts. Fresh cows between 5 and 50 days in milk of 25 Swiss and German dairy farms were tested weekly for ketone bodies in blood. From 283 cows, 121 (42.8%) exceeded the threshold of 1.0 mmol/l blood-β-hydroxybutyrate (BBHB). Thereof 84 cows were randomly assigned to three treatments on each farm. Treatment SP-H was composed of sodium propionate (120 g per application) and an aqueous extract of seven herbs (13.5 g drug equivalent per application), treatment SP comprised pure sodium propionate (120 g per application) and treatment PL was a placebo. All...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/34520/1/dorn-etal-2016-LivestockScience-Vol187-p87%E2%80%9395.pdf
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A quantitative method for detection of probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici in the intestine of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry fed diets supplemented with Bactocell Organic Eprints
Svendsen, Gry Hougaard.
The aquaculture industry is growing rapidly putting more attention towards fish welfare. The importance of nutrition in maintaining the health of the fish has led to a growing interest towards dietary supplements such as probiotics. In this study a real-time qPCR was used for detection of Pediococcus acidilactici MA 18/5M (Bactocell) from the intestine of rainbow trout fed supplemented diets.
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22271/6/22271.pdf
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A study on four feeding strategies of 100% organic origin for piglets concerning performance, health status, losses and economy in organic agriculture Organic Eprints
Weißmann, Friedrich; Bussemas, Ralf; Falk, Anna.
Organic agriculture is defined as a low-external-input-system but piglets’ necessity for high quality diets seems to contradict low-external-input feeding strategies. Hence, a total of 361 piglets was tested from day 14 – 63 post natum concerning performance, health status, losses and diet costs by means of four feeding strategies of 100% organic origin: (i) high-external-input diet, (ii) medium-external-input diet, (iii) lowexternal-input diet, each with grass-clover-silage as roughage source, and (iv) above mentioned low-external-input diet with straw replacing grass-clover-silage. The highexternal-input-diet achieved the significantly highest live weight gain; all other strategies were similar at a lower level. There were no differences in health...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Feeding and growth; Pigs.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/24630/1/weissmann_feeding-strategies_paper_1.pdf
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A sustainability assessment of organic and conventional beef cattle farms in agroforestry systems: the case of the dehesa rangelands Organic Eprints
Escribano, A.J.; Gaspar, P.; Mesias, F.J.; Pulido, A.F.; Escribano, M..
Pasture-based livestock systems are a key element for the maintenance of the dehesa ecosystem. However, adaptative changes (mainly intensification) are reducing their sustainability. As a consequence, sustainable livestock systems must be found and implemented. Due to this, this work assesses the sustainability of 63 beef cattle farms (including organic and conventional ones) with two aims: (i) to identify the most sustainable systems and; (ii) to establish management measures in order to increase farms sustainability. For this purpose, a methodological adaptation of the MESMIS Framework was applied. A cluster analysis allowed us to identify three farms typologies. Typology 1 (organic farms) had the highest scores for the sustainability index (66.75%) and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Systems research and participatory research; Beef cattle; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/29126/1/%28343-367%29%20ITEA%20110-4.pdf
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Ackerbohnen als Futterkomponente des ökologischen Landbaus für Masthühner-Elterntiere und verschiedene Mastbroilerherkünfte Organic Eprints
Abel, Hansjörg; Gerken, Martina.
Es wurden die Wirkungen ackerbohnenreicher Fütterung bei Hubbard ISA 57 Mastelterntieren und ihren Nachkommen sowie bei Mastbroilern der Herkünfte ISA 657, ISA 957 und ISA Red JA auf die Legeleistung, Bruteiqualität, Mast- und Schlachtleistung, die Futterverwertung sowie auf morphophysiologische und histomorphometrische Kenngrößen der Dünndarmmucosa, der Leber und des Pankreas unter den Bedingungen des Ökologischen Landbaus untersucht. Bei Mastelterntieren führten Vicin-/convicinreiche Ackerbohnen (15% im Futter) gegenüber vicin-/convicinarmen Ackerbohnen oder ackerbohnenfreier Kontrollfütterung zu verminderten Eigewichten, Bruteiqualitäten und Schlupfgewichten. Niedrigere Schlupfgewichte hatten zum Mastbeginn niedrigere Zunahmen der Küken zur Folge, die...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poultry; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/8941/1/8941%2D02OE622%2Duni%2Dgoettingen%2Dabel%2D2004%2Dackerbohne.pdf
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Ackerbohnen als Futterkomponente des ökologischen Landbaus für Masthühner-Elterntiere und verschiedene Mastbroilerherkünfte Organic Eprints
Ziel der Untersuchungen ist die Eignung der Ackerbohnen mit reduziertem Pyrimidinglycosidgehalten als Futterkomponente für Broilerelterntiere und Broiler. Geprüft werden soll der Einfluss der Ackerbohnen auf die Legeleistung, die Eiqualität, die Befruchtungsrate, die Schlupfrate sowie die Mast- und Schlachtleistungen von Broilern. Untersucht wird, ob sich die Eltern- tierfütterung mit unterschiedlich vicinhaltigen Ackerbohnen auf die Mast- und Schlachtleistung der Nachkommen auswirkt und ob es einen Einfluss der ackerbohnenreichen Fütterung auf histologische Organ- und Gewebeparameter gibt. Gehalten werden die Tiere in Bodenhaltung mit Auslauf bis zur 42. Lebenswoche. Die Einteilung der 6 Versuchsgruppen erfolgt zu je 40 Hennen und 5 Hähnen und die Tiere...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Poultry; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2019
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Activities with male pigs - Power point presentation Organic Eprints
Maribo, Hanne.
Presents different activities in Denmark with male pigs.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24973/7/24973.pdf
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Administration of Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.) to goats and its potential to control gastro-intestinal parasites Organic Eprints
Heckendorn, F.; Giebler-Schubert, F.; Walkenhorst, M.; Fertig, O.; Hamburger, M.; Potterat, O.; Valle-Zárate, A..
Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) substantially impact on goat health. Because of the widespread development of GIN, resistant to allopathic drugs, further research into alternative parasite control methods is required [1]. Silver fir, Abies alba MILL (SF), is traditionally used by Swiss farmers in order to control GIN infections of goats but also to improve animal welfare. A survey among goat farmers revealed that goat farmers use SF in winter during a period of approximately five months. The SF-ration per animal and day differ between approximately 8.2 g dry matter (DM) to 600 g DM [2]. As there is scientific evidence neither for an anthelmintic potential nor for the feed intake and milk performance of SF, we conducted a study with 30 goats. For a 20...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Sheep and goats; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/23306/1/Silver_Fir_Planta_Medica_2013_79_1239.pdf
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Affouragement 2010 Directives de Bio Suisse Organic Eprints
Früh, Barbara; Chevillat, Véronique.
Bio Suisse met tout en œuvre pour une application crédible de son slogan "Bourgeon dessus? Bio dedans!". Ceci implique notamment un affouragement respectant les besoins spécifiques des animaux et provenant le plus possible de l'agriculture biologique. L'objectif affouragement 100 % biologique est atteint pour les ruminants depuis fin mars 2009. Pour les non-ruminants, la part de fourrages non biologiques diminue de 10 à 5 % début 2010. Cette fiche technique présente les directives valables dès le 1er janvier 2010.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Regulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18049/1/fr%C3%BCh%2Dchevillat%2D2010%2Daffouragement.pdf
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