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Registros recuperados: 38
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A spatial analysis of participation in RDP measures: a case study in Emilia Romagna Region AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
A large body of literature has highlighted and analysed the issues which affect the quality and the reliability of evaluation results of the RDPs measure. In addition to weaknesses in the specification of objectives, measurement of the additionality, several authors have pointed-out a lack in evaluation of the cross-effects across space of the measure. The objective of this contribution is to develop a spatial analysis of the participation rate in the measure 121, highlighting, as a determinant, the effect of the set of priorities established by the local administration. The analysis is realised by two steps: the first is the realisation of an Exploratory Spatial Description Analysis (ESDA) of the participation rate in the Emilia Romagna Municipalities and...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development measure; Farm modernisation; Spatial econometrics; Participation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy; Q10 - General.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124103
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A Strategic Approach to Agricultural Research Program Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Crawford, Eric W.; Howard, Julie A.; Oehmke, James F.; Shaffer, James D.; Staatz, John M..
Recent studies have shown that agricultural research can have high payoffs in Africa, but impact depends on how well technology fits with evolving needs and capacity in the agricultural sector and the rest of the economy. Structural adjustment policies (e.g., market liberalization, currency devaluation) and political change are transforming user demands for new technology and the economic environment in which technology must perform. The challenge is how to design agricultural research as a strategic input to promote broad-based economic growth, structural transformation, and food security in the increasingly market-driven, but fragile, economies of Africa.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Agricultural Research; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Downloads May 2008-July 2009: 44; Q18.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54702
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Agricultural Production Incentives: Fertilizer Markets and Insights from Kenya AgEcon
Wanzala, Maria N.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Staatz, John M.; Mugera, Amin W.; Kirimi, Justus; Owuor, Joseph.
The paper has several specific objectives. First, it identifies how fertilizer marketing costs and the types of fertilizers used have changed over the course of the liberalization process in Kenya. A second objective is to examine the fertilizer subsector in Kenya with a view to identifying organizational and institutional changes that could improve its performance. Various types of fertilizer supply chains serving farmers in western Kenya are identified, examine the cost structure of these supply chains, identify potential sources of cost reduction in these supply chains, and last, estimate the impact of illustrative scenarios for reducing fertilizer marketing costs on the profitability of maize production in western Kenya.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Kenya; Fertilizer; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55150
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An Analysis of the Recent Evolution of Mali’s Maize Subsector AgEcon
Diallo, Amadou Sekou.
In most developing countries, historically, the main strategy for improving the food sector has focused on increasing farm-level production. But in recent years, with the emphasis on value chain analysis, there has been much more focus on subsector studies, demand-driven approaches, and improving vertical coordination to assure product quality to final consumption markets. Millet, sorghum, and later rice were the traditional leading three cereal crops produced and consumed in Mali. Maize has trailed them for more than two decades, but from mid 1990s on, it has been produced and consumed in much larger quantities. Given the potentials of maize, developing and better organizing its subsector has the potential to not only increase revenues for maize farmers,...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Maize; Value chain; Mali; Cereals; Food security; Agricultural marketing; Livestock feed; Industrial organization; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Marketing; L11-Production; Pricing; And Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms; N57-Africa; Oceania; O17-Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements; O33-Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes; Q12-Micro Analysis of Farm Firms; Farm Households; And Farm Input Markets; Q13-Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness; Q18-Agricultural Policy; Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101316
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Assessing the Feasibility of Implementing the Farmer Input Support Programme (FISP) Through an Electronic Voucher System in Zambia AgEcon
Sitko, Nicholas J.; Bwalya, Richard; Kamwanga, Jolly; Wamulume, Mukata.
A number of problems plague the current Farmer Input Support Programme (FISP), including: late delivery of inputs; distribution of standardized inputs that may not be appropriate for all agro-ecological zones or soil types; crowding out of private sector; poor targeting, and; high cost to the government treasury.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Poverty; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Marketing.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123210
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Can the FISP More Effectively Achieve Food Production and Poverty Reduction Goals? AgEcon
Burke, William J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Sitko, Nicholas J..
Despite being framed as a key component of the nation’s poverty reduction strategy, evidence suggests that inputs distributed under Zambia’s Farmer Input Support Programme (FISP) tend to be targeted to the least poor rural households.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Poverty; Food Security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123208
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Competitiveness of Kenyan and Ugandan Maize Production: Challenges for the Future AgEcon
Nyoro, James K.; Kirimi, Lilian; Jayne, Thomas S..
The purpose of this study is to assess the costs of maize production in Kenya and Uganda, starting from the fact that there is no single “cost of production” for maize. Cost of production varies according to region, the type of technology package employed, farmers’ management practices, and the weather. In light of this, the study disaggregates cost of production into seven region/technology categories, five in Kenya and two in eastern Uganda, in order to compare the relative competitiveness of maize among these regions and technology packages. Variations in cost of production within each region/technology category reflect differences in farmer management practices and micro-variability in soils and rainfall.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Kenya; Uganda; Maize Production; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55158
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Developing Income Proxy Models for USAID Mission in Kenya: A Technical Report AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Mathenge, Mary K..
This paper details the specific procedures utilized to develop the income proxy method for the USIAD/Kenya mission, reports on the performance of the method, and brings together in one place each part of the package needed to implement the method. The next section provides general background on income proxy methods; section III reports briefly on the Tegemeo/MSU Tampa full income survey that formed the basis for development of the proxy method; section IV provides details on model development, including definition of income components, the types of proxy variables tested, and the performance of the models; section V assesses model performance, and section VI touches on how the models can be used.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Income Proxy Model; Kenya; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55154
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Developing Income Proxy Models for Use by Title II-funded NGOs in Kenya: A Technical Report for NGOs and USAID/Kenya AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Mathenge, Mary K..
This paper details the specific procedures utilized to develop the income proxy method for Kenya NGOs, reports on the performance of the method, and brings together in one place each part of the package needed to implement the method. The next section provides general background on income proxy methods; section III reports on the full income survey that formed the basis for development of the proxy method; section IV provides details on model development, including definition of income components, the types of proxy variables tested, and the performance of the models, while section V briefly explains how the models are to be used. Finally, section VI provides an overview of the rural economy in the study zone based on the detailed income data set collected...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Income Proxy Model; Kenya; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55153
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Do Farmers Really Benefit from High Food Prices? Balancing Rural Interest in Kenya's Maize Pricing and Marketing Policy AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Yamano, Takashi; Nyoro, James K.; Awuor, Tom.
This paper uses information from rural household surveys in 24 districts in Kenya to inform current debate on maize pricing policy. Specifically, it sheds light on how rural farm households are being affected by governmental efforts to support maize price levels. Using information on landed import costs of white maize from South Africa with and without the import tariff, it simulates the effects of eliminating the tariff on rural smallholder farmers, large-scale farmers, and urban consumers. It then examines the implications of these findings for the design of strategies to promote agricultural productivity and rural income growth.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Kenya; Maize; Marketing; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55149
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Effects of Government Maize Marketing and Trade Policies on Maize Market Prices in Kenya AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Meyers, Robert J.; Nyoro, James K..
The objectives of this paper are to determine the effects of NCPB maize trading activity and the maize import tariff on wholesale maize market price levels and volatility. The analysis uses monthly maize price and trade data covering the period January 1990 to September 2004. Results are based on a vector autoregression (VAR) approach that allows estimation of a counterfactual set of maize prices that would have occurred over the 1990-2004 period had the NCPB not existed and trade restrictions been removed. Assessed are the separate impacts of policy on wholesale prices in Kitale, a major surplus-producing area, and Nairobi, the major urban demand center in the country.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Maize Marketing Trade Policies; Kenya; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55162
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Evolution of Kenya's Maize Marketing Systems in the Post-liberalization Era AgEcon
Nyoro, James K.; Kiiru, M.W.; Jayne, Thomas S..
The objectives of this paper are to: (1) identify the pattern of private sector investment in the maize marketing system since the reforms were initiated and evaluate the extent of private sector response to the reforms; (2) assess how maize prices and marketing margins have changed in response to the market reforms; (3) identify market-oriented mechanisms that have evolved in the current environment to reduce vulnerability of farmers, traders and consumers to price and expenditure instability; and (4) identify strategies that the government and private sector could implement to effectively promote the development of the evolving market oriented food systems.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Kenya; Maize; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55148
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Factors Driving the Growth in Fertilizer Consumption in Kenya, 1990-2005: Sustaining the Momentum in Kenya and Lessons for Broader Replicability in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Ariga, Joshua; Jayne, Thomas S.; Nyoro, James K..
The objective of this study is to identify the factors responsible for the impressive growth in fertilizer use in Kenya since market liberalization in the early 1990s. Over the past 10 years, fertilizer consumption has risen by 35%. So far, it is unknown whether smallholder farmers are responsible for this growth or whether it is being driven mainly by the large-scale and/or estate sectors. Moreover, it is important for policy makers to know whether the increased fertilizer consumption is being devoted to smallholder food crops or whether industrial crops such as tea and sugarcane are responsible for this growth. This study addresses these questions using nationwide survey data on smallholder fertilizer use patterns between 1996 and 2004. The study also...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Fertilizer Consumption; Kenya; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55167
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Feast and Famine: Financial Services for Rural Kenya AgEcon
Argwings-Kodhek, Gem; Kwamboka, Mary; Karin, Francis.
The paper gives a brief description of the history and main institutional forms in the agricultural and rural financial services sector–commercial banks, the micro-finance industry, savings and credit cooperative societies, village banks, building societies and the Agricultural Finance Corporation. It ends by raising some of the issues that need to be addressed as we begin to deal with the institutional and regulatory framework for the subsector including the cost of funds and the array of existing policy and legislative proposals on the table. The main argument of the paper is that we need to step back and undertake a comprehensive assessment of the sector before government passes new laws, or spends public money in unproductive ways. The paper proposes...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Financial Services; Kenya; Micro-finance; Agricultural Finance; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55160
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Food Aid, External Trade and Domestic Markets: Implications for Food Security in Darfur AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Subran, Ludovic.
In the last decade, internal conflict has greatly hindered market transactions across regions of Sudan, especially transactions between Darfur and the Rest of Sudan. Food aid has helped to offset not only the absence of commercial inflows of grain, but also reductions in Darfur’s cereal production. This paper explores the determinants of cereal prices in Sudan utilizing a simple partial equilibrium framework for wheat and sorghum, the country’s two main food staples. We also present econometric evidence on the lack of integration of sorghum markets between Darfur and central Sudan, along with quantitative estimates of the impacts of food aid on market prices in the region. The paper concludes with a discussion of national food policy and the paradox of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Trade; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51453
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Food production, distribution and culture: public views, interests and concerns AgEcon
Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar.
A basic right of both a consumer and a citizen is the right to be heard, and their voiced concerns have to be taken into account when developing policies and obtaining trust for government actions. Therefore this study focuses on consumers’ interests, opinions and expectations which are identified and categorised according to subject area, degree of involvement and political agenda of a consumer. The paper draws on the responses of individual members of the public in the National Food Policy discussion initiated by the Scottish Government in 2008. Altogether 246 responses were subjected to quantitative analysis of texts, supported by text mining. A variety of interests and opinions underpinning the political agendas of individuals responding to the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Scotland; Text analysis; Consumer research; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109391
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Food production, distribution and culture: public views, interests and concerns AgEcon
Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar.
A basic right of both a consumer and a citizen is the right to be heard, and their voiced concerns have to be taken into account when developing policies and obtaining trust for government actions. Therefore this study focuses on consumers’ interests, opinions and expectations which are identified and categorised according to subject area, degree of involvement and political agenda of a consumer. The paper draws on the responses of individual members of the public in the National Food Policy discussion initiated by the Scottish Government in 2008. Altogether 246 responses were subjected to quantitative analysis of texts, supported by text mining. A variety of interests and opinions underpinning the political agendas of individuals responding to the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Scotland; Text analysis. Consumer research; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51061
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Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Trade in Urban Kenya: Implications For Policy and Investment Priorities AgEcon
Ayieko, Miltone W.; Tschirley, David L.; Mathenge, Mary K..
This study looks at the urban consumption patterns of fresh fruits and vegetables and the major supply chain systems used in the distribution of fresh produce. The study integrates issues of supply chain organization and performance into the analysis of consumer demand for fresh produce. In particular, the study looks at how system organization and performance affects the ability of the system to satisfy consumer demand for fresh produce. The study pursues these main objectives, namely, to estimate the household consumption of fruits and vegetables per adult equivalent; to examine the shopping patterns of fresh produce consumers as compared to other food purchases; and to examine the various supply chain systems for fresh produce.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Fresh Fruits and Vegetable Consumption; Consumer Demand; Kenya; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55164
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Getting More “Bang for the Buck”: Diversifying Subsidies Beyond Fertilizer and Policy Beyond Subsidies AgEcon
Burke, William J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Black, J. Roy.
Input subsidies are the single greatest expenditure under poverty reduction programs in Zambia. Yet maize yields continue to fall well short of international standards. One major reason appears to be the yield limiting effects of acidity, which is highly common on Zambian soils. We suggest a diversification of the input subsidy scheme beyond fertilizer to include inputs that reduce acidity and raise the yield response to fertilizer application. We further discuss specific recommendations for diversifying productivity investments to put more emphasis on extension and agronomic research.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Marketing; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Marketing.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123209
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Global Food Prices: Implications for Food Security in Malaysia AgEcon
Mohamed Arshad, Fatimah; Hameed, Amna Awad Abdel.
This paper examines the factors that led to the recent price hikes in food commodities and the implications to food security in Malaysia. Unlike the previous price crises, the price upsurge in 2008 resulted from the convergence of fundamental and technical factors and the increase of energy prices. The high price of crude oil has increased the demand for biofuel such as biodiesel, which utilises palm oil as the main feedstock. If this development continues, it may affect Malaysia’s capacity to produce more food as arable land will be dedicated to oil palm plantations. Hence, the landscape for food security concern has changed as energy and food demand are competing for the same pool of resources, in particular land and water. Further, low investments in...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food security; Malaysia; Food crisis.; Food Security and Poverty; Q18 Agricultural Policy; Food Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119073
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