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2006 Global Hunger Index: A Basis for Cross-Country Comparisons AgEcon
Wiesmann, Doris M..
Indices can be powerful tools for international monitoring and advocacy, and if used in international rankings, can help foster a sense of healthy competition among countries. With this in mind, IFPRI's Global Hunger Index (GHI) was designed to help mobilize political will and promote good policies by ranking countries and illustrating trends. It captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children, and child mortality, which is to a large extent attributable to undernutrition. Accordingly, the index includes the following three equally weighted indicators: the proportion of people who are food energy deficient as estimated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43380
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2008 Farm Act Makes It Easier for Food Assistance Households To Save AgEcon
Andrews, Margaret S..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122817
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2009 Global Hunger Index; The Challenge of Hunger: Focus on Financial Crisis and Gender Inequality AgEcon
von Grebmer, Klaus; Nestorova, Bella; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Fertziger, Rebecca; Fritschel, Heidi; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Yohannes, Yisehac.
Published by Welt Hunger Hilfe; International Food Policy Research Institute and Concern Worldwide
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56194
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2020 GLOBAL FOOD OUTLOOK: TRENDS, ALTERNATIVES, AND CHOICES AgEcon
Rosegrant, Mark W.; Paisner, Michael S.; Meijer, Siet; Witcover, Julie.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15916
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25 Years of Food Policy Research: Reflections by Per Pinstrup-Anderson AgEcon
Pinstrup-Andersen, Per.
On the occasion of IFPRI's 25th anniversary, the author has selected a few subjects where the Institute has made an important and recognized contribution to food policy research, either by itself or, more frequently, with others. In each case the topic has broad application and the research includes innovative conclusions or methodology. This has necessarily meant looking more to the past than the present, although in many cases the work is continuing and promises a good deal more, in addition to what has already been achieved. He addresses IFPRI's accomplishments and the influence it has had on the development community’s views on policy issues and the nature of development in general. These areas are discussed: Global Food Trends, Food Subsidies, Markets...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: International Food Policy Research Institute -- History; Environmental policies; Globalization Food security; Subsidies; Trade; Food policies; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42888
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2nd Forum on Irrigation and water for sustainable development: 15 –16 December, 2008 Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia AgEcon
Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Erkossa, Teklu; Balcha, Yodit.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Irrigation management; Irrigation water; Irrigated farming; Irrigation systems; Supplemental irrigation; Land management; Land use; Investment; Case studies; Government policy; Rural poverty; Groundwater; Small scale systems; Socioeconomic development; Economic aspects; Economic growth; Income; Water management; Water resources development; Water harvesting; Water supply; Public policy; Agricultural production; Developing countries; Public-private cooperation; History; Case studies; River basins; Crop production; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118411
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A BERNOULLIAN'S GUIDE TO THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF POVERTY AgEcon
Godden, David P..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9146
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A Blueprint for Reform of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture AgEcon
Zahrnt, Valentin.
As the Doha negotiations are at a dead end, this paper takes a step back to address the future direction of WTO disciplines in agriculture. It puts members’ negotiating positions and the draft modalities with their ever growing list of exceptions aside to focus on three fundamental questions. First, which agricultural policy instruments should be permitted or prohibited by WTO disciplines so as to best account for the manifold effects of agriculture on societies’ welfare? Second, how should inefficient agricultural policies be treated as long as their removal is politically infeasible? And third, how can the WTO facilitate agricultural policy reform beyond establishing maximum thresholds for distorting policies? The paper argues for moving from the current...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47798
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A Case Study of Regulation in Zambia’s Cotton Sector. AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Kabwe, Stephen.
Cotton is an unquestioned success of Zambia’s turn towards a market economy. After privatization in late 1994, seed cotton production rose from 32,000 metric tons (mt) to about 180,000 mt a decade later (three-year averages centered on 1994 and 2005). The number of farmers involved in the sector grew similarly, yields trended upwards (though slowly), and the country dramatically improved the quality of its lint, becoming the outstanding performer in Sub-Saharan Africa in this regard by the mid-2000s. Yet the sector has experienced two serious crashes since reform, both involving rampant credit default by farmers supported with seasonal input credit by ginning companies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Cotton; Africa; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q10; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62145
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A CHOICE-EXPERIMENT BASED ANALYSIS OF PROTECTION MOTIVATION THEORY: HEALTH RELATED BEHAVIOR OF CONSUMERS WITH CELIAC DISEASE AgEcon
Zhang, Jing; Steiner, Bodo E..
The underlying components of protection motivation theory (PMT; Rogers 1983) are explored through choice experiment-based analysis within a random utility framework, to account for some of the motivational, cognitive, and affective processes that likely affect celiacs’ propensity to use a novel health-risk reducing product. Those four groups of variables that are aimed to capture threat appraisal and coping appraisal processes as part of the standard PMT (Rogers 1975, 1983; Floyd et al. 2000) are found to contribute significantly to explaining the adaptive response of celiacs. Self-assessed vulnerability and perceived product efficacy form a most significant part of respondents’ threat appraisal process. Standard socio-demographic and lifestyle...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Celiac disease; Protection motivation theory; Choice experiments; Confidence; Risk perceptions; Vulnerability; Efficacy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; D03; D12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116454
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A COMPARATIVE THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE FOOD STAMP PROGRAM AS OPPOSED TO CASH TRANSFERS ON THE DEMAND FOR FOOD AgEcon
Phillips, Kathryn S.; Price, David W..
Comparative analysis of food demand expansion of a cash program, as compared to the food stamp program, is important for measuring trade-offs between goals of raising farm income and increasing food expenditures of the poor. A theoretical basis for assessing food demand impacts under each program is presented. Two effects are analyzed: 1) The effect on food demand of the individual household and 2) The effect of food demand at the aggregate level. Both indifference curve analysis and psychological need level theory are used.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32419
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A COMPARISON OF FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS IN MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Gundersen, Craig; Yanez, Mara; Valdes, Constanza; Kuhn, Betsey A..
The social safety nets in Mexico and the United States rely heavily on food assistance programs to ensure food security and access to safe and nutritious foods. To achieve these general goals, both countries' programs are exclusively paid for out of internal funds and both target low-income households and/or individuals. Despite those similarities, economic, cultural, and demographic differences between the countries lead to differences in their abilities to ensure food security and access to safe and nutritious foods. Mexico uses geographic and household targeting to distribute benefits while the United States uses only household targeting. U.S. food assistance programs tend to be countercyclical (as the economy expands, food assistance expenditures...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food assistance programs; Social safety net; Targeting methods; Macroeconomy; Poverty; Progresa; DICONSA; FIDELIST; LICONSA; DIF; Food Stamp Program; WIC; The National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33859
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A Comparison of Household Food Security in Canada and the United States AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Hopwood, Heather.
Food security—consistent access to enough food for an active, healthy life—is essential for health and good nutrition. The extent to which a nation’s population achieves food security is an indication of its material and social well-being. Differences in the prevalence of household level food insecurity between Canada and the United States are described at the national level and for selected economic and demographic subpopulations. Associations of food security with economic and demographic characteristics are examined in multivariate analyses that hold other characteristics constant. Comparable measures of household food security were calculated from the nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 (2004) and the U.S. Current...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56488
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A COMPARISON OF HOUSEHOLD FOOD-SECURITY STATUS AND DIETARY INTAKE OF FOOD BOX RECIPIENTS IN MIDDLE TENNESSEE AgEcon
Godwin, Sandria L.; Tegegne, Fisseha; Speller-Henderson, Leslie.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27958
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A Dietary Assessment of the U.S. Food Supply: Comparing Per Capita Food Consumption with Food Guide Pyramid Serving Recommendations AgEcon
Kantor, Linda Scott.
Most American diets do not meet Federal Food Guide Pyramid dietary recommendations. On average, people consume too many servings of added fats and sugars and too few servings of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, lean meats, and foods made from whole grains compared with a reference set of Food Guide Pyramid serving recommendations appropriate to the age and gender composition of the U.S. population. In addition, while the healthfulness of diets has improved over time, the pace of improvement has been uneven. For example, while Americans consumed record amounts of fruits and vegetables in 1996, consumption of caloric sweeteners also reached a 27-year high. This report is the first dietary assessment to use ERSís time-series food supply data to compare...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food; Food consumption; CSFII; Food Guide Pyramid; Dietary Guidelines for Americans; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34079
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A Discriminant Analysis of Factors Associated with The Adoption Of Certified Organic Farming By Smallholder Farmers in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa AgEcon
Kisaka-Lwayo, Maggie.
Discriminant analysis was used to identify the characteristics that distinguish between fully-certified organic, partially-certified organic and non-organic farmers in Umbumbulu district, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa (SA) during October- November 2004. 200 farmers interviewed were drawn by purposively selecting the 151 members of the Ezemvelo Farmers’ Organisation (EFO), and by random sampling 49 non-organic farmers in wards neighbouring EFO. Results from the two estimated discriminant functions suggested that farmers with higher household sizes, incomes, input costs per hectare and number of chickens owned, locations further from innovators and less risk aversion were more likely to be certified as organic. Household location should be considered in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Organic; Discriminant Analysis; South Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52155
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A Evoluçao da Economía Rural no Periodo Pos-Guerra: Liçoes duma Missao de Sondeio no Distrito de Monapo na Provincia de Nampula AgEcon
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Directorate of Economics, Republic of Mozambique
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Mozambique; Rapid appraisal; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56016
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A Farm Gate-to-Consumer Value Chain Analysis of Kenya’s Maize Marketing System AgEcon
Kirimi, Lilian; Sitko, Nicholas J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Karin, Francis; Muyanga, Milu; Sheahan, Megan; Flock, James; Bor, Gilbert.
Based on the findings of this study, the following actions are proposed for consideration by the Government of Kenya: 1. Raise public investment in maize seed breeding and agronomic research to make it possible for improvements in smallholder crop productivity. Based on research evaluating the returns to alternative investments in agriculture, public expenditures in maize seed breeding and agronomy may constitute the single most important investment to promote broad-based productivity growth and poverty reduction in Kenya. 2. Explore options for improving public and private extension programs to enable farmers to adopt improved farm technologies generated from point 1. 3. Examine options for bringing more land in Kenya under potential cultivation by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Kenya; Maize; Marketing; Food security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101172
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A Game Theoretic Approach to Analyse Cooperation between Rural Households in Northern Nigeria AgEcon
Gerichhausen, M.; Berkhout, Ezra D.; Hamers, H.J.M; Manyong, Victor M..
To improve the livelihood of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) much attention has been paid to the development of new agricultural technologies. We hypothesize that farmers can also improve their livelihood through cooperation. Partial cooperation, in which knowledge is shared or bargaining power improved, is relatively common in SSA, while cooperation where all resources are fully shared, which we address, has rarely been investigated. An important pre-requisite to establish such cooperation, is the need for a fair division rule for the gains of the cooperation. This paper combines linear programming and cooperative game theory to model the effects of cooperation of (individual) households on income and farm plans. Linear programming establishes...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperations; Linear Programming; Nigeria; Livelihood; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52146
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A gender performance indicator for irrigation: Concepts, tools and applications AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara.
Although gender issues are today a priority on the agendas of irrigation policy makers, interventionists, farm leaders and researchers, there is still a considerable gap between positive intentions and concrete action. An important but hitherto ignored reason for this is the lack of adequate generic concepts and tools that are policy-relevant and can accommodate the vast variation in irrigation contexts worldwide. The Gender Performance Indicator for Irrigation (GPII) aims to fill this gap. In any particular scheme, this tool diagnoses the gendered organization of farming and gender-based inclusion or exclusion in irrigation institutions. It informs irrigation agencies what they themselves can do for effective change-if necessary. The tool also identifies...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Gender; Women; Irrigation management; Water management; Policy; Decision making; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Irrigated farming; Farming systems; Case studies; Water users' associations; Leadership; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44562
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