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Registros recuperados: 14
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Confirming the Price Effects of Private Labels Development AgEcon
Bontemps, Christophe; Orozco, Valerie; Requillart, Vincent.
We study the price response of national brands to the development of private labels. We use monthly data from a consumer survey reporting their purchases for 218 food products. We show that when private labels have a significant effect on national brands prices (144 cases over 218), that is positive (89%). We also show that the increase in the prices of national brand products is explained by a strategy of product differentiation. Finally, price reaction of national brands differs with the type of private labels they are facing. This paper confirms, on a larger number of products, previous empirical results.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Private labels; Pricing; Empirical models; Food products; L81; Q13; D40; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24735
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COUPONING AS A HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL STRATEGY: THEORY AND EFFECTS AgEcon
Connor, John M..
This paper surveys developments in analytical models and empirical findings concerning the strategic use of manufacturers' coupons for U.S. grocery products. Traditional theories examine the horizontal effects of coupons as a strategy to charge various classes of consumers different prices. Recent developments focus on the use of coupons in manufacturer-retailer vertical competition. The paper provides data on trends in couponing: numbers, face values, redemption rates, total promotional costs, and international usage. The paper further analyses the effective price discounts provided by coupons across brands and segments of ready-to-eat cereals during 1992-1995.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Coupons; Sales strategies; Vertical competition; Food products; Ready-to-eat cereals.; Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14344
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Does traceability play a role in retailer’s strategies for private labels? AgEcon
Banterle, Alessandro; Souza Monteiro, Diogo M.; Stranieri, Stefanella.
Traceability is helping retailers manage food safety risks and support product differentiation. This paper aims to investigate how traceability may be used to screen supplier for private labels dedicated provider pools. Retailers in the UK and Italy have several private label product lines and increasingly select dedicated suppliers. The choice of providers is a typical agency problem as retailers contract the production for their private labels, having incomplete information on types and effort of their suppliers. Different contracts must be designed for suppliers of private labels depending on position of the product line and its food safety risk. A case study, based on the second largest Italian retailer reveals that traceability and quality assurance...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Traceability; Dedicated providers; Food products; Retailing; Vertical coordination; Marketing; Q13; Q18; L81; L66; L15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50933
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Improving the Nutrient Content of Food through Genetic Modification: Evidence from Experimental Auctions on Consumer Acceptance AgEcon
Colson, Gregory; Huffman, Wallace E.; Rousu, Matthew C..
This paper assesses consumers’ acceptance of nutritionally enhanced vegetables using a series of auction experiments administered to a random sample of adult consumers. Evidence suggests that consumers are willing to pay significantly more for fresh produce with labels signaling enhanced levels of antioxidants and vitamin C achieved by moving genes from within the species, as opposed to across species. However, this premium is significantly affected by diverse information treatments injected into the experiments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Bayesian analysis; Experimental auction; Food products; Genetic modification; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117201
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Insectos plaga de alimentos deteriorables de origen vegetal en tiendas de autoservicio en Tabasco, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Córdova Ballona, Leonides.
Con la finalidad de determinar las especies de insectos que se asocian con productos alimenticios deteriorables de origen vegetal para consumo humano, exhibidos en anaquel en tiendas de autoservicio del estado de Tabasco, México, se realizaron muestreos en 12 tiendas de autoservicio con temperatura no controlada ubicadas en seis localidades de la entidad. Se obtuvieron 58 muestras de productos provenientes de 14 especies vegetales que presentaron insectos, de las que se separaron 3529 ejemplares. El material biológico se identificó taxonómicamente consultado el trabajo de Gorham (1991) y Athié y de Paula (2002). Se obtuvieron 24 especies de los siguientes órdenes: Coleoptera (15), Hymenoptera (4), Lepidoptera (2), Blattodea (1), Psocoptera (1) y Hemiptera...
Palavras-chave: Insecta; Productos alimenticios; Food products; Almacenamiento; Maestría; Producción Agroalimentaria en el Trópico.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/258
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NUTRITIONALLY-IMPROVED FOODS IN SUPERMARKETS: 1989-93 AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth; Allshouse, Jane E..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nutrition; Food products; New product introductions; Scanner data; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25962
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OPTIMAL QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEMS FOR AGRICULTURAL OUTPUTS AgEcon
Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Carbone, Roxana.
New quality assurance systems (QASs) are being put in place to facilitate the flow of information about agricultural and food products. But what constitutes a proper mix of public and private efforts in setting up QASs is an unsettled question. A better understanding of private sector incentives for setting up such systems will help clarify what role the public sector might have in establishing standards. We contribute to this understanding by modeling the optimal degree of "stringency" or assurance in a processor's quality control system over procurement of agricultural output when there exists uncertainty about quality. Our model addresses two questions: (1) Should a buyer of agricultural outputs implement a QAS as a way to gain and provide information...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food products; Price premium; Product differentiation; Quality assurance; Production Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18450
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Organic certification systems and international trading of agricultural products in gravity models AgEcon
Cantore, Nicola; Canavari, Maurizio; Pignatti, Erika.
Recent literature about gravity models points out the importance of institutional frictions in the international market of agricultural products beyond the traditional economics variables as transport costs reducing the mass of trade in bilateral relationships. In particular, previous contributions stress that harmonization of food standards could decrease transaction costs in trading relationships by stimulating international market. In a previous work we hypothesized that the acknowledgment of equivalence in organic standards may represent a reliable signal of affinity in bilateral relationships which may be useful to identify areas in which transaction costs for both conventional and organic standards are lower. This article represents a step forward,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity models; Organic standards; Transaction costs; International market; Agricultural trade; Food products; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q11; Q13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6159
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QUANTIFYING REGULATORY BARRIERS TO ASIAN-U.S. FOOD TRADE AgEcon
Caswell, Julie A.; Wang, Joanne.
Data on U.S. Food and Drug Administration import detentions and alerts are used to quantify regulatory barriers experienced by Asian food products entering the United States. These data offer the only comprehensive means of assessing regulatory barriers without relying on expert opinion, although they fall short of placing a dollar value on the volume of trade affected. The data show that meeting food regulations is a significant barrier to Asian food products entering the United States, especially for products originating in developing and newly industrialized countries.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Asia; Food products; Regulatory standards; Trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14696
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Staggering and Synchronisation of Prices in a Low Inflation Environment: Evidence from German Food Stores AgEcon
Loy, Jens-Peter; Weiss, Christoph R..
Only a few studies have analysed staggering and synchronisation in pricing behaviour of multi-product firms. These studies used low-frequency data in an environment of high rates of inflation. This paper investigates staggering and synchronisation of weekly prices for ten food products in 131 grocery stores in Germany over the period from May 1995 to December 2000 (296 weeks). Different forms of staggering and synchronisation (across-store synchronisation, within type-of-store synchronisation, within retailer synchronisation or across-product synchronisation) have been analysed. None of these forms of synchronisation is supported empirically however. In contrast, perfect staggering can only be rejected in very few cases.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pricing behaviour; Food products; German retailers; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24823
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The Effects of Trivial Attributes on Choice of Food Products AgEcon
Miljkovic, Dragan; Gong, Jian; Lehrke, Linda.
Trivial or irrelevant attributes are defined as attributes that do not create a meaningful difference in a brand’s performance. The objective of this paper is to determine if and how trivial attributes affect consumers in their choice of variety/brands of food products including frozen green beans, orange juice, canola oil, and frosted strawberry toaster pastries. Sixty subjects participated in the experiment. Subjects understood that trivial attributes are less important than substantive attributes. Substantive (important) quality attributes and economic variables affecting choice were all perceived equal across brands by the subjects in the experiment. Two critical driving forces in determining the presence and direction of the effect of a trivial...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer choice; Food products; Product attributes; Promotional attributes; Choice set size; Trivial attributes; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55557
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The Taste for Variety: A Hedonic Analysis AgEcon
Drescher, Larissa S.; Thiele, Silke; Weiss, Christoph R..
Based on the model of consumers' variety-seeking behavior introduced by Anderson et al. (1992), this paper derives a hedonic price function for a households' consumption bundle. The price a consumer pays for her consumption bundle reflects the values of the underlying attributes of goods purchased but also accounts for any preference for variety that she might have. The empirical analysis is conducted for 3,240 German households and their expenditure on 182 different soft drinks over a six-month period. We find that consumers have a preference for variety in food consumption, ceteris paribus. Furthermore, the per-unit price is found to be significantly larger for higher income households, as well as households where the principal wage earner has a high...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Taste for variety; Food products; Hedonic analysis; Germany; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; C21; D12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25251
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Traceability: European consumers' perceptions regarding its definition, expectations and differences by product types and importance of label schemes AgEcon
Chryssochoidis, George M.; Kehagia, Olga C.; Chrysochou, Polymeros E..
Given the heterogeneity of European consumers it is not unsurprising that they have different perceptions and expectations regarding (but also understanding thereof) 'traceability'. A large number of individuals may not even have a memory anchor for the concept. Consumers may also perceive traceability differently among different product types. The present study is based upon focus groups analysis of 12 countries across Europe. It presents an explanation of traceability's understanding by European consumers. It also presents consumer's expectations towards traceability and its differences according to different product types.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Focus groups; Traceability; Cross-national; Perceptions; Food products; Labels; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10088
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Using the market opportunities in the food economy’s foreign trade – measurement of success based on the potential balance AgEcon
Wagner, Hartmut.
This work was aimed at analysing the effects of the sudden food price explosion followed by price crash which occurred recently on the foreign trade of the food economy. Comparison of the balances of the different countries was difficult due to the differences in the absolute dimensions; therefore a new method was introduced. Firstly, with the help of the “food economic foreign trade profile” extent to which the different product categories (divided by main product groups or by degree of processing) contribute to the foreign trade balance of the given country’s food economy was examined. In the second step, with the help of “profile indexing”, the extent to which the country in question was able to turn to profit the market opportunities offered by the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crisis; Food products; Foreign trade; Price explosion; Cereals; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93120
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