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Alternatives to taxonomic-based approaches to assess changes in transitional water communities ArchiMer
Mouillot, D; Spatharis, S; Reizopoulou, S; Laugier, Thierry; Sabetta, L; Basset, A; Chi, T.
1. Transitional waters, described as critical transition zones because of their position at terrestrial, freshwater and marine interfaces, provide essential goods and services to the biosphere including human populations. These ecotones face increasing human influence mainly due to population density increase in coastal areas. 2. Transitional water bodies have, to date, received little attention in the development of ecological status indicators, this is a critical deficiency when trying to meet the Water Framework Directive objective of all significant water bodies achieving good ecological status by the year 2015. 3. In order to assess changes in transitional water communities many taxonomic-based indicators have already been proposed but there are a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biotic descriptors; Productivity; Functional diversity; Functional traits; Body size; Water Framework Directive WFD.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1849.pdf
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An attribute-diversity approach to functional diversity, functional beta diversity, and related (dis)similarity measures ArchiMer
Chao, Anne; Chiu, Chun-huo; Villéger, Sébastien; Sun, I-fang; Thorn, Simon; Lin, Yi-ching; Chiang, Jyh-min; Sherwin, William B..
Based on the framework of attribute diversity (a generalization of Hill numbers of order q), we develop a class of functional diversity measures sensitive not only to species abundances but also to trait‐based species‐pairwise functional distances. The new method refines and improves on the conventional species‐equivalent approach in three areas: (1) the conventional method often gives similar values (close to unity) to assemblages with contrasting levels of functional diversity; (2) when a distance metric is unbounded, the conventional functional diversity depends on the presence/absence of other assemblages in the study; (3) in partitioning functional gamma diversity into alpha and beta components, the conventional gamma is sometimes less than alpha. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Attribute diversity; Diversity decomposition; Functional (dis)similarity; Functional beta diversity; Functional diversity; Hill numbers; Quadratic entropy; Species diversity; Species traits; Trait diversity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60082/63408.pdf
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An intimate link between antimicrobial peptide sequence diversity and binding to essential components of bacterial membranes ArchiMer
Schmitt, Paulina; Rosa, Rafael D.; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine.
Antimicrobial peptides and proteins (AMPs) are widespread in the living kingdom. They are key effectors of defense reactions and mediators of competitions between organisms. They are often cationic and amphiphilic, which favors their interactions with the anionic membranes of microorganisms. Several AMP families do not directly alter membrane integrity but rather target conserved components of the bacterial membranes in a process that provides them with potent and specific antimicrobial activities. Thus, lipopolysaccharides (LPS), lipoteichoic acids (LTA) or the peptidoglycan precursor Lipid II are targeted by a broad series of AMPs. Studying the functional diversity of immune effectors tells us about the essential residues involved in AMP mechanism of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Functional diversity; Defensin; Anti-lipopolysaccharide factor; Mechanism of action; Resistance.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00286/39710/38165.pdf
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Bacterial communities in mining soils and surrounding areas under regeneration process in a former ore mine BJM
Fernandes,Camila Cesário; Kishi,Luciano Takeshi; Lopes,Erica Mendes; Omori,Wellington Pine; Souza,Jackson Antonio Marcondes de; Alves,Lucia Maria Carareto; Lemos,Eliana Gertrudes de Macedo.
Abstract Human activities on the Earth's surface change the landscape of natural ecosystems. Mining practices are one of the most severe human activities, drastically altering the chemical, physical and biological properties of the soil environment. Bacterial communities in soil play an important role in the maintenance of ecological relationships. This work shows bacterial diversity, metabolic repertoire and physiological behavior in five ecosystems samples with different levels of impact. These ecosystems belong to a historical area in Iron Quadrangle, Minas Gerais, Brazil, which suffered mining activities until its total depletion without recovery since today. The results revealed Proteobacteria as the most predominant phylum followed by Acidobacteria,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Iron mine; Bacterial diversity; Functional diversity; Brazilian soils.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822018000300489
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Building functional groups of marine benthic macroinvertebrates on the basis of general community assembly mechanisms ArchiMer
Alexandridis, Nikolaos; Bacher, Cedric; Desroy, Nicolas; Jean, Fred.
The accurate reproduction of the spatial and temporal dynamics of marine benthic biodiversity requires the development of mechanistic models, based on the processes that shape macroinvertebrate communities. The modelled entities should, accordingly, be able to adequately represent the many functional roles that are performed by benthic organisms. With this goal in mind, we applied the emergent group hypothesis (EGH), which assumes functional equivalence within and functional divergence between groups of species. The first step of the grouping involved the selection of 14 biological traits that describe the role of benthic macroinvertebrates in 7 important community assembly mechanisms. A matrix of trait values for the 240 species that occurred in the Rance...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Assembly mechanisms; Benthic communities; Biological traits; Emergent groups; Functional diversity; Functional redundancy.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00369/47975/48000.pdf
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Chronic Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Contamination Is a Marginal Driver for Community Diversity and Prokaryotic Predicted Functioning in Coastal Sediments ArchiMer
Jeanbille, Mathilde; Gury, Jérôme; Duran, Robert; Tronczynski, Jacek; Ghiglione, Jean-françois; Agogué, Hélène; Saïd, Olfa Ben; Taïb, Najwa; Debroas, Didier; Garnier, Cédric; Auguet, Jean-christophe.
Benthic microorganisms are key players in the recycling of organic matter and recalcitrant compounds such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal sediments. Despite their ecological importance, the response of microbial communities to chronic PAH pollution, one of the major threats to coastal ecosystems, has received very little attention. In one of the largest surveys performed so far on coastal sediments, the diversity and composition of microbial communities inhabiting both chronically contaminated and non-contaminated coastal sediments were investigated using high-throughput sequencing on the 18S and 16S rRNA genes. Prokaryotic alpha-diversity showed significant association with salinity, temperature, and organic carbon content. The effect of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microbial communities; PAH; Chronic contamination; Coastal sediment; Functional diversity.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45854/45522.pdf
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Climate change may have minor impact on zooplankton functional diversity in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Benedetti, Fabio; Ayata, Sakina-dorothee; Irisson, Jean-olivier; Adloff, Fanny; Guilhaumon, Francois.
Aim To assess the impact of climate change on the functional diversity of marine zooplankton communities. Location The Mediterranean Sea. Methods We used the functional traits and geographic distributions of 106 copepod species to estimate the zooplankton functional diversity of Mediterranean surface assemblages for the 1965-1994 and 2069-2098 periods. Multiple environmental niche models were trained at the global scale to project the species habitat suitability in the Mediterranean Sea and assess their sensitivity to climate change predicted by several scenarios. Simultaneously, the species traits were used to compute a functional dendrogram from which we identified seven functional groups and estimated functional diversity through Faith's index. We...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Functional diversity; Mediterranean Sea; Niche modelling; Null model; Zooplankton.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00490/60118/63460.pdf
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Comunidade de morcegos em paisagem natural e alterada no Pantanal da Nhecolândia. Repositório Alice
SILVEIRA, M.; TOMAS, W. M.; BORDIGNON, M. O..
Na tentativa de compreender os possíveis efeitos da substituição da vegetação nativa por pastagens exóticas no Pantanal, comparamos a riqueza de espécies e a composição da comunidade de espécies morcegos de uma área pastagem cultivada e de uma área com paisagem relativamente preservada (Fazenda Nhumirim). The attempt to understand the possible effects of the replacement of the native vegetation by cultivated, exotic pastures in the Pantanal, we compared the bat species richness and community composition from an area of cultivated pasture with that of a relatively conserved landscape (Nhumirim ranch).
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Brachiaria; Chiroptera; Diversidade funcional; Morcegos; Impacto antrópico; Phyllostomidae; Functional diversity; Bats; Environmental impact.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/868292
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Diversité structurelle et fonctionnelle des peuplements sablo-vaseux de Bretagne sud : Impact de l'expansion d'Haploops nirae ArchiMer
Rigolet, Carine.
This thesis aims here, based on the case of the Bay of Concarneau, to understand the impact of the development of dense populations of the tubiculous amphipod Haploops nirae on the structural and functional diversity of sandy-mud communities of South Brittany. The study of Haploops communities was developed on various levels of organization of life, from the specific role of Haploops nirae to functional role of Haploops community in the ecosystem passing through the description of the community composition and its role on the biodiversity. Our results suggest firstly that the functional role of Haploops nirae alone (filtration pressure, secondary production) is potentially important. Moreover, the physical changes induced by Haploops were found to have...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ampeliscidae; Réseau trophique; Diversité fonctionnelle; Macrofaune benthique; Diversité; Bretagne Sud; Espèce ingénieure; Ampeliscidae; Benthic macrofauna diversity; Food web; Functional diversity; Engineer species; South Brittany.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00134/24549/22582.pdf
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Dominance of individual plant species is more important than diversity in explaining plant biomass in the forest understorey ArchiMer
Wasof, Safaa; Lenoir, Jonathan; Hattab, Tarek; Jamoneau, Aurelien; Gallet-moron, Emilie; Ampoorter, Evy; Saguez, Robert; Bennsadek, Lamine; Bertrand, Romain; Valdes, Alicia; Verheyen, Kris; Decocq, Guillaume.
Questions How does plant community diversity influence variation in plant biomass? There are two competing hypotheses: the ‘biomass‐ratio hypothesis’, where biomass is influenced by the abundance and traits of the most dominant species, and the ‘diversity hypothesis’, where the diversity of organisms influences biomass through mechanisms such as niche complementarity. However, no studies have tested which one of these two hypotheses better explains the variation in plant biomass in the forest understorey. Location Temperate deciduous forests in Northern France. Methods For the forest understorey, we assessed species diversity and biomass as well as soil and light conditions in 133 forest plots of 100m² each. Using mixed‐effect models and after controlling...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Biomass; Biomass ratio hypothesis; Forest understorey; Functional diversity; Ivy; Phylogeny; Production.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00433/54441/55799.pdf
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Effets ingénieurs auto- et allogénique de l’espèce invasive Crepidula fornicata (Linnaeus, 1758) sur la diversité structurelle et fonctionnelle des habitats benthiques colonisés de la rade de Brest ArchiMer
Vallee, Vincent.
The non-native slipper limpet Crepidula fornicata (Linnaeus, 1758) has proliferated in the Bay of Brest during the 90s. This suspension-feeding gastropod has become a dominant species both in terms of density (> 2000 ind.m-2) and biomass (127 000 t fresh weight in 2000). C. fornicata is also an ecosystem engineer that modifies its habitat by the presence of its own shell (autogenic engineering) and by biodeposition of faeces and pseudo-faeces (allogenic engineering). Here, we tested the effects of C. fornicata on the colonized communities’ structural and functional diversity by distinguishing his auto- and allogenic engineering effects. One way these changes were studied along a gradient characterized by the total weight of slipper limpet (dead and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crepidula fornicata; Espèce ingénieur; Diversité structurelle; Diversité fonctionnelle; Analyse des traits biologiques; Rade de Brest; Crepidula fornicata; Ecosystem engineer; Structural diversity; Functional diversity; Biological traits analysis; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00368/47920/47949.pdf
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Evaluation of soil-microbial communities by their CLPP: Standardization of a laboratory technique to replace commercial available microplates Ecología austral
Di Salvo,Luciana P.; García De Salamone,Inés E..
Variation of soil-microbial communities are good bioindicators of human impacts in soils, such as different soils management or contamination. Considering that traditional methods of isolation and taxonomic analysis do not consider the functionality of the microbial community, Community-Level Physiological Profiles (CLPP) emerged as a complementary methodology to study microbial communities. Several studies have shown that Biolog® EcoPlates® are very useful for determining physiological differences between communities from different samples. However, commercial microplates have some disadvantages which led us to the idea of replacing them by microplates prepared in the laboratory (Laboratory's). Here, we compared both types of microplates using soil...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Carbon-source utilization; Community-level physiological profiles; Functional diversity; Metabolic profiles.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1667-782X2012000200006
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Fish complementarity is associated to forests in Amazonian streams Neotropical Ichthyology
Bordignon,Carolina Rodrigues; Casatti,Lilian; Pérez-Mayorga,María Angélica; Teresa,Fabrício Barreto; Brejão,Gabriel Lourenço.
The functional structure of communities is commonly measured by the variability in functional traits, which may demonstrate complementarity or redundancy patterns. In this study, we tested the influence of environmental variables on the functional structure of fish assemblages in Amazonian streams within a deforestation gradient. We calculated six ecomorphological traits related to habitat use from each fish species, and used them to calculate the net relatedness index (NRI) and the nearest taxon index (NTI). The set of species that used the habitat differently (complementary or overdispersed assemblages) occurred in sites with a greater proportion of forests. The set of species that used the habitat in a similar way (redundant or clustered assemblages)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazon Forest; Conservation; Ecomorphology; Functional diversity; Habitat use.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252015000300579
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FishMed: traits, phylogeny, current and projected species distribution of Mediterranean fishes, and environmental data ArchiMer
Albouy, Camille; Lasram, Frida Ben Rais; Velez, Laure; Guilhaumon, François; Meynard, Christine N.; Boyer, Séverine; Benestan, Laura; Mouquet, Nicolas; Douzery, Emmanuel; Aznar, Roland; Troussellier, Marc; Somot, Samuel; Leprieur, Fabien; Le Loc'H, François; Mouillot, David.
The FishMed database provides traits, phylogeny, current and projected species distribution of Mediterranean fishes, and associated sea surface temperature (SST) from the regional oceanic model NEMOMED8. Data for the current geographical distributions of 635 Mediterranean fish species were compiled from a published expert knowledge atlas of fishes of the northern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM) edited between 1984 and 1986 and from an updated exotic fish species list. Two future sets of projected species distributions were obtained for the middle and end of the 21st century by using an ensemble forecasting approach for 288 coastal Mediterranean fish species based on SST according to the IPPC/SRES A2 scenario implemented with the Mediterranean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Coastal fishes; Functional diversity; Mediterranean fish species; Mediterranean Sea; NEMOMED8; Phylogenetic diversity; Species distribution models; Taxonomic diversity.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00371/48216/48341.pdf
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Functional differences between fish communities on artificial and natural reefs: a case study along the French Catalan coast ArchiMer
Koeck, Barbara; Tessier, Anne; Brind'Amour, Anik; Pastor, Jeremy; Bijaoui, Benjamin; Dalias, Nicolas; Astruch, Patrick; Saragoni, Gilles; Lenfant, Philippe.
In the context of growing anthropogenic disturbances that deeply alter marine coastal ecosystems, various management tools are used to protect biodiversity, such as fishing gear limitations, fishing quotas, protected areas or the creation of artificial reefs (ARs). In contrast to the other management tools, ARs require a modification of natural habitats. We used underwater visual censuses to investigate the effect of habitat modification on the structure of fish communities by comparing a natural reef (NR) to ARs with different habitat complexity. Different fish assemblage descriptors were used to assess species- and functional- and community-level aspects of the assemblages. ARs were rapidly colonized by adult fishes and presented community compositions...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological niche; Fish community; Fisheries management; Functional diversity; Gulf of Lion; Habitat complexity; Mediterranean Sea; Underwater visual census.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30029/28514.pdf
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Functional differentiation between fish assemblages from forested and deforested streams Neotropical Ichthyology
Teresa,Fabrício Barreto; Casatti,Lilian; Cianciaruso,Marcus Vinicius.
We tested the hypothesis that streams in deforested areas shelter different fish communities to nearby forested areas, and that these disparities are due to environmental parameters that limit or benefit different species according to their functional traits. We compared the community composition of three south east Brazilian streams flanked by riparian forest with three nearby streams in deforested areas. The following functional traits were considered: diet, habitat use, water flow preference, size, and hypoxia tolerance. Differentiation between forested and deforested streams corresponded with the different contributions of three functional groups. Species reported in the literature to be hypoxia tolerant, and exhibiting a variable combination of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Community ecology; Deforestation; Functional diversity; Traits.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252015000200361
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Functional gains of including non-commercial epibenthic taxa in coastal beam trawl surveys: A note ArchiMer
Brind'Amour, Anik; Rouyer, Armelle; Martin, Jocelyne.
The development of ecosystem-based indicators requires the broadening of a view of the community, from fish species to all the species (macrobenthic and fish) correctly captured by a given sampling gear. Many scientific surveys already have such integrated databases. The present note aims to demonstrate that existing databases, herein from dedicated coastal nursery surveys, are actually underexploited. Such databases contain information on non-commercial taxa, which could greatly improve our knowledge on the organisation and functioning of coastal ecosystems. Using two datasets, a "complete" dataset composed of commercial and not-commercial epibenthic trawled species (fish and invertebrate) and a "subset" dataset characterized by commercial and routinely...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nursery grounds; Functional diversity; Fish community; Coastal surveys; Beam trawl; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6507.pdf
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Functional groups in areas with fire history in a savanna area in Brazilian Federal District PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Rios, Mary Naves da Silva; Sousa-Silva, José Carlos.
This study aimed to evaluate the formation of functional groups, in 1994 and 2012, in two areas of savanna with different fire history in Planaltina, Federal District, Brazil. In the Area 1 biennial burnings were applied in August 1988, 1990 and 1992; there was fire protection until July 1994 in the Area 2, the control area. Accidental fire occurred in both areas in August 1994, but from September 1994 to 2012 they were protected. These analysis included individuals with abundance ≥ 5 using the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA). The groups were defined according to the following attributes: dispersal and pollination syndromes, leaf phenology, life form, type of bark and ability to sprouting after fire. Both areas presented...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Functional diversity; Sprouting; Forest rehabilitation Ciências agrárias; Recursos Florestais; Botânica; Ecologia Diversidade funcional; Rebrota; Reabilitação florestal.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/1386
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Functional patterns of tree communities in natural Araucaria forests and old monoculture conifer plantations Acta Botanica
Malysz,Marcelo; Müller,Sandra Cristina; Milesi,Silvia Vendruscolo; Santos,Anita Stival dos; Overbeck,Gerhard Ernst.
ABSTRACT A functional perspective of tree communities is helpful for understanding forest dynamics, especially vegetation recovery after other land uses. Knowledge about ecological filters and survival strategies of trees are also important for the restoration of degraded areas. This study aimed to evaluate the functional composition and structure of adult and regenerative components of natural Araucaria forests, Araucaria plantations and plantations of exotic Pinus in subtropical southern Brazil. Differences in functional diversity and functional richness, and in community weighted mean trait values, including leaf traits and reproductive traits, were analyzed. RLQ analysis was used to assess the association between community structure, plant traits and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Araucaria angustifolia; Atlantic Forest; Forest dynamics; Functional diversity; Functional patterns; Pinus sp.; Succession; Tree plantations.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019000400777
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Grupos funcionais em áreas com histórico de queimadas em Cerrado sentido restrito no Distrito Federal. Repositório Alice
RIOS, M. N. da S.; SOUZA-SILVA, J. C..
O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a formação de grupos funcionais em duas áreas de Cerrado sentido restrito com diferentes históricos de fogo, em Planaltina, DF, em 1994 e em 2012. Na Área 1, foram aplicadas queimadas bienais, em agosto de 1988, 1990 e 1992; na Área 2, houve proteção do fogo até julho de 1994. Em agosto de 1994 um fogo acidental atingiu as duas áreas, mas de setembro de 1994 até 2012 estas áreas foram protegidas. Nas análises, foram incluídos os indivíduos com abundância ≥ 5 utilizando-se o método de agrupamento de ligação média não ponderada (UPGMA). Os grupos foram definidos de acordo com os atributos: síndromes de dispersão e de polinização, fenologia foliar, forma de vida, tipo de casca e capacidade de rebrotar após...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Diversidade funcional; Reabilitação florestal; Forest rehabilitation; Rebrota; Sprouting; Functional diversity; Forest restoration.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1078598
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