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An Overview of the Canadian Agriculture and Agri-Food System AgEcon
This 2008 report provides an economic overview of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system. It is meant to be a multi-purpose reference document to provide: an introduction to the agriculture and agri-food system; a snapshot of structural changes that are occurring throughout the system in response to various factors; and background data and information to inform public discussions on challenges and opportunities facing the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system. The 2008 report begins with a special feature describing recent developments in global commodity markets when prices rose dramatically over the past year. It continues by reviewing each segment of the system, going upstream from consumers to food distribution, food, beverage and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Agri-food; Gross Domestic Product; GDP; Employment; Exports; Imports; Innovation; Inflation; Farm typology; Farm income; Government support; Program payments; Profitability; Processing; Concentration; Water; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46805
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An Overview of the Canadian Agriculture and Agri-Food System 2009 AgEcon
This 2009 report provides an economic overview of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system. It is meant to be a multi-purpose reference document to provide: an introduction to the agriculture and agri-food system; a snapshot of structural changes that are occurring throughout the system in response to various factors; and background data and information to inform public discussions on challenges and opportunities facing the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system. Charts and tables with brief accompanying texts are used to summarize information and to provide base performance indicators. The 2009 report begins with a special feature which describes indicators to benchmark competitiveness of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector at the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agri-food; Competitiveness; Consumers; GDP; Employment; Exports; Imports; Innovation; Inflation; Farm typology; Income; Government support; Program payments; Profitability; Processing; Concentration; Water; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59885
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An Overview of the Canadian Agriculture and Agri-Food System 2011 AgEcon
This 2011 report provides an economic overview of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system. It is meant to be a multi-purpose reference document to provide: an introduction to the agriculture and agri-food system; a snapshot of structural changes that are occurring throughout the system in response to various factors; and background data and information to inform public discussions on challenges and opportunities facing the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system. Charts and tables with brief accompanying texts are used to summarize information and to provide base performance indicators. The 2011 report begins with a special feature that provides a description of young farmers in Canada including their numbers by farm size, province and farm...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Agri-food; R&D; Consumers; GDP; Employment; Exports; Imports; Innovation; Young farmers; Farm typology; Income; Government support; Trade; Productivity; Food processing; Food manufacturing; Environment; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103047
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Análise da participação da agropecuária no PIB dos EUA de 1960 a 2001 AgEcon
Brugnaro, Ricardo; Bacha, Carlos Jose Caetano.
This paper analyses the evolution of agriculture’s participation in the US gross domestic product (GDP) from 1960 to 2001. An econometric model is run in order to identify the main variables that determine this participation. From 1960 to 2001, there is a downward trend of agriculture’s participation in the US GDP with a break from 1971 to 1973, in other words, agriculture’s participation in the US GDP decreased from 1960 to 1970, increased from 1971 to 1973 and decreased again from 1973 to 2001. The 1971-1973´s break in the downward trend of agriculture’s participation is econometrically proved. Dataset organized in graphs show grain and meat production steadily enlarged from 1970 to 2001, what is closely related to the productivity increase and federal...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GDP; Agriculture importance; Econometric model; The USA; Agribusiness; Q10; A10.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61243
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Analysis and Forecast of Shaanxi GDP Based on the ARIMA Model AgEcon
Ning, Wei; Kuan-jiang, Bian; Zhi-fa, Yuan.
Based on the 2008 Shaanxi Statistical Yearbook and the relevant data of Shaanxi GDP in the years 1952-2007, SPSS statistical software and time series analysis are used to establish ARIMA (1.2,1) time series model, according to the four steps, recognition rules and stationary test of time series under AIC criterion. ACF graph and PACF graph are used to conduct the applicability test on model. Then, the actual value and predicted value in the years 2002-2007 are compared in order to forecast the GDP of Shaanxi Province in the next 6 years based on this model. Result shows that the relative error of actual value and predicted value is within the range of 5%, and the forecasting effect of this model is relatively good. It is forecasted that the GDP of Shaanxi...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GDP; ARIMA model; ACF graph; PACF graph; Time series analysis; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93238
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Az agrárkutatás-fejlesztés GDP-re gyakorolt hatása az EU országaiban AgEcon
Szucs, Istvan; Mohamed, Zsuzsanna; Takacs, Szabolcs.
A függvényszámításaink alapján a következő összegző jellegű megállapításokat tesszük: • A C-D típusú függvények jól alkalmazhatók az általunk vizsgált termelési tényezők hatásának megközelítő mérésére. • 2000-ben a mezőgazdasági eszközállomány, 2007-ben pedig a mezőgazdasági munkaerő játszott nagyobb szerepet az agrár GDP előállításában. Ebben főleg annak hatása érződik, hogy közben jelentősen javult az élőmunka technikai fejlettsége, a munkaerőben nagyobb tudásanyag halmozódott fel, a termelési tényezők között felértéke¬lődött a szerepe. • Az agrár K+F szerepe a GDP képződésében 2000-ben 11%, 2007-ben 14% körüli, tehát a fejlesztési törekvések lényegesek az agrárgazdaság fejlődése szempontjából. A módosított termelési függvények segítségével kimutattuk...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Kutatás + fejlesztés; Agrárgazdaság; GDP; Hatások; Research and development; Agro-economy; GDP; Impacts; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99114
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Changing Factor Income Shares in Agri-Food Industries AgEcon
Konduru, Srinivasa; Bjornson, Bruce.
A concern in the political economy is how national income is shared between labor and capital. This study evaluates long-term changes in factor income shares in three agri-food industries, their attribution to the level of factor usage or to factor compensation rates, and relation to changes in capital intensity and factor productivity. We find long-term stability in the profit and labor shares of farm income, decline, in the profit share of agricultural serviced industry income, and increase in the profit share of food manufacturing income due to fewer productivity improvements being passed on to wage increases.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Factor shares; Food; GDP; National income; D33; E25; L66.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43474
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Choice of Index Determines the Relationship between Corruption and Environmental Sustainability Ecology and Society
Ewers, Robert M; Institute of Zoology; robert.ewers@ioz.ac.uk; Smith, Robert J; Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology; r.j.smith@kent.ac.uk.
The Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) was recently used to investigate links between sustainability and corruption. Here, we show that the ESI contradicts another widely used index of environmental sustainability, the Ecological Footprint (EF), with the result that the most sustainable nations under the ESI are the least sustainable under the EF. Consequently, opposite conclusions can be drawn from investigations into the causes of environmental sustainability, depending on which index is used.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Response Palavras-chave: Corruption perception index; Ecological footprint; Environmental sustainability index; ESI; GDP; Gross domestic product.
Ano: 2007
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Development impact of higher education in Africa: The case of Uganda AgEcon
Obowna, Marios; Ssewanyana, Sarah N..
Using macro data from a series of household surveys, the paper demonstrates that to some extent there is positive correlation between per capita GDP growth and student enrollment in public universities in Uganda. It also finds that the higher education graduates employed in those sectors which have recorded higher growth rates. The higher education graduates do contribute to the economy indirectly through tax revenues which are in turn used to support social programs among others that benefit the society at large. the paper also demonstrates that the share of taxes from higher education graduates has been increasing over time...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Education; Universities; GDP; Ssewanyana; EPRC; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94208
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Dimensão econômica do complexo lácteo gaúcho AgEcon
Finamore, Eduardo Belisario; Montoya, Marco Antonio.
This article looks for measuring and characterizing the milk’s agribusiness of Rio Grande do Sul economy. The methodology used indicators of sectorial performance and indexes of autonomy of purchases and sales to define the measure of the milk’s agribusiness. The data were extracted of the matrix input-output available by the Economy and Statistics Foundation (FEE) of the Rio Grande do Sul for the year 1998. It was verified that the state milk’s agribusiness answers, to basic price, for 6,77% of state’s agribusiness; it is strongly linked to the urban section in a direct way and it uses 118.603 workers, which employees 5,07% and 2,42% of the workers of the state’s agribusiness and state’s economy, respectively. Thus, it was concluded that the state milk’s...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Milk’s agribusiness; Input-output; GDP; Employee; Wage; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56738
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Dimensinamento do agronegócio no estado de Minas Gerais AgEcon
Diawara, Mamadou; Gomes, Marilia Fernandes Maciel; Lirio, Viviani Silva; Tosta, Marielce de Cassia Ribeiro.
This study aimed to analyze the economic structure of Minas Gerais State, Brazil, to measure the agribusiness sector of the state in the years of 1980 and 1996 and to evaluate the agribusiness share on total GDP formation, based on inter-regional input-output matrices. The principal results obtained were: a) a significant change in the agribusiness structure occurred from 1980 to 1996; b) the share of aggregate I in total agribusiness increased expressively, rising from 12.31% in 1980 to 20.24% in 1996; c) relative stability were observed in the evolution of aggregate III from 1980 to 1996, rising from 36.40% to 36,51%; d) the aggregate II share declined from 51.29% in 1980 to 43.25% in 1996. The study also shows that aggregate II remains the most...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GDP; Agribusiness; Minas Gerais; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56739
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Economic Globalisation: The Process and its Potential, Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
After economic globalisation is defined, the factors that have favoured it in recent times are outlined and the process is placed in a historical context. Measures of the recent expansion in economic globalisation are given, such as trends in the proportion of global GDP traded internationally, and the relative size of global FDI. China’s comparative economic openness compared to the rest of the world is discussed. Potential positive and negative economic and social impacts of globalisation are explored, taking into account important economic theories. Particular attention is given to globalisation and the evolutionary dynamics of economic growth by considering the economic ‘catching up’ phase of countries, such as China, and by placing this in a general...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Globalisation; GDP; FDI; China; Social impacts of globalisation; Economic growth; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90539
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El desarrollo no es solo crecimiento del PIB (Debate) Buscador Latinoamericano
Stiglitz, Joseph.
Este artículo reproduce una de las conferencias de Joseph Stiglitz que dio en la Corporación Financiera Nacional en su última visita al Ecuador. En ella hace un vinculo entre sus investigaciones teóricas y los problemas del desarrollo.
Tipo: Artículo Palavras-chave: DESARROLLO; PRODUCTO INTERNO BRUTO; PIB; ECONOMÍA; GDP; GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT; ECONOMY; DEVELOPMENT.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10469/2109
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Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence from COMESA Countries AgEcon
Chali, Nondo; Mulugeta, Kahsai.
This study applies panel data techniques to investigate the long-run relationship between energy consumption and GDP for a panel of 19 African countries (COMESA) based on annual data for the period 1980-2005. In the first step, we examine the degree of integration between GDP and energy consumption by employing three panel unit root tests and find that the variables are integrated of order one. In the second step, we investigate the long-run relationship between energy consumption and GDP. Results overwhelming show that GDP and energy consumption move together in the long-run. In the third step, we estimate the long-run relationship and test for causality using panel-based error correction models. The results indicate that long-run and short-run causality...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Energy consumption; GDP; Panel Causality tests; International Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; O13; O55.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46450
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FOOD INFLATION IN MALAWI: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ECONOMY AgEcon
Ularo, Khonje Makaiko Gonapanyanja.
Despite consecutive years of good harvest, Malawi has experienced continuous price escalation of staple food commodities unsolved over the time. The real price of maize in Malawi has increased by 141 percent between 1998 and 2008, and has been rising along with the food prices of many other commodities over this period. This study therefore investigates the determinants of food inflation rate in Malawi and its effect on the economy. Monthly and annual data were collected from National Statistical Office and Reserve Bank of Malawi from 1978 to 2008. Data were analyzed by estimating an error correction model (ECM). The results show that fertilizer prices, crop diversification index, maize prices, diesel prices, real exchange rates and real interest rates...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Food inflation; ECM; Crop diversification; GDP; Economy; Malawi; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117802
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Grey Correlation between Agricultural Input Factors and Regional GDP Growth in Anhui Province AgEcon
Men, Ke-pei; Zhao, Kai.
In order to analyze the relation between agricultural input factors and economic growth in Anhui Province, the evaluation index system of agricultural input is built from the perspectives of subject, object and tools based on grey system theory. The government investment in agricultural science and technology is selected as the index of labor subject, that is labor-related index(X1), the total sown area of crops is selected as the index of labor object(X2), the investment in rural water and electricity construction is chosen as the index of tools(X3), and the GDP of Anhui Province is denoted by X0. According to the relevant data, the improved model of grey correlation analysis is adopted to calculate the correlation among the investment in agricultural...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Anhui Province; Agricultural input factors; Grey correlation; GDP; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93664
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La deuda pública y el PIB, de las entidades federativas de México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Domínguez Olán, Said Esteban.
Treinta y un Entidades Federativas de México se encuentran endeudadas con empréstitos de carácter público, en un rango que va desde 404.8 millones de pesos el más bajo, (Campeche), hasta 52,162.4 millones de pesos el más alto (Distrito Federal); el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la influencia de la deuda pública de los Estados y el Distrito Federal de México, sobre los indicadores macroeconómicos, consumo privado, formación bruta de capital (Activos Fijos) y el Producto Interno Bruto de las mismas entidades. Con un modelo de datos panel se obtiene que la tasa de crecimiento del PIB y de las otras variables de estudio por entidad federativa, es afectada negativamente por el aumento de deuda pública de la entidad, pero no de manera significativa...
Palavras-chave: Consumo privado; Formación bruta de capital; Producto interno bruto; Modelos de datos panel; Indicadores macroeconómicos; Crecimiento; Private consumption; Gross capital formation; GDP; Public debt; Panel data models; Macroeconomic indicators; Growth; Economía; Maestría; Empréstitos de carácter público.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2118
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Malaria and National Income: Examining a Two Way Causal Relationship AgEcon
Datta, Saurabh; Reimer, Jeffrey J..
Simple plots of data show that malaria has a negative correlation with national income per capita, whether looking across countries at a point in time, or looking at a single country over time. Some countries have been able to move from an equilibrium characterized by low income and high malaria, to a new equilibrium with higher income and lower rates of malaria. This study develops and estimates a simultaneous equations model to explain these changes. We distinguish three potential causal chains: (a) the ability for decreases in malaria to increase income, (b) the ability for increases in income to reduce malaria (reverse causality), and (c) external factors that may lead to both higher income and lower malaria (incidental association). We find that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Antipoverty; GDP; Health; Economic growth; Malaria; Simultaneous equations; Health Economics and Policy; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; I1; I3; O1; O2.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61179
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Non-Linear Dynamics and Predictable Forecast Errors: An Application to the OECD Forecasts for Germany AgEcon
Antzoulatos, Angelos A.; Wilfling, Bernd.
Recent theoretical advances in consumption theory suggest that there may exist predictable consumption surges which, if not taken sufficiently into account in forecasting, may lead to predictable forecast errors. We use this insight to identify economic variables that might help improve the OECD's forecasts for Germany's consumption and GDP growth.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumption; GDP; Macroeconomic forecasts; Non-linear dynamics.; Consumer/Household Economics; C53; E21; E37.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26169
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ROMANIA AND BULGARIA ON THE WAY OF INTEGRATION – INVESTMENTS ASPECTS AgEcon
Voicilas, Dan Marius.
The present study as well as the studies produced by UNCTAD, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe1 and other institutions, reveal certain characteristics of the FDI flows in the transition countries from Central and South-Eastern Europe, applicable for Romania and Bulgaria, too: - These flows grow faster than the world average. - The FDI per capita is low compared to the values in Western Europe (2000-3000 USD) and USA (about 1800 USD). - There is a linear correlation between GDP per capita in the transition countries and the FDI level. - The main sectors initially targeted by foreign investors were the industrial sector (40-60%) and the trade sector (12-25%). - About 25% of FDI in the transition countries come from Hungary, Poland, Czech...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: FDI; GDP; Transition countries; Investment Matrix; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58915
Registros recuperados: 26
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