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Molecular basis of evolutionary events that shaped the Hardness (Ha) locus in diploid and polyploid wheat species (Triticum and Aegilops) Inra
Chantret, N.; Salse, J.; Sabot, F.; Rahman, S.; Bellec, A.; Laubin, B.; Dubois, I.; Dossat, C.; Sourdille, P.; Joudrier, P.; Gautier, M.F.; Cattolico, L.; Beckert, M.; Aubourg, S.; Wessenbach, J.; Caboche, M.; Bernard, M.; Leroy, P.; Chalhoub, B..
The Hardness (Ha) locus controls grain hardness in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum) and its relatives (Triticum and Aegilops species) and represents a classical example of a trait whose variation arose from gene loss after polyploidization. In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of the evolutionary events observed at this locus by comparing corresponding sequences of diploid, tertraploid, and hexaploid wheat species (Triticum and Aegilops). Genomic rearrangements, such as transposable element insertions, genomic deletions, duplications, and inversions, were shown to constitute the major differences when the same genomes (i.e., the A, B, or D genomes) were compared between species of different ploidy levels. The comparative analysis allowed...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GRAIN HARDNESS; GENOME EVOLUTION; DNA RECOMBINATION; WHEAT SPECIES.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20088be18103&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2009/03/
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Systematic determination of the mosaic structure of bacterial genomes: species backbone versus strain-specific loops Inra
Chiapello, H.; Bourgait, I.; Sourivong, F.; Heuclin, G.; Gendrault-Jacquemard, A.; Petit, M.A.; El Karoui, M..
Background :Public databases now contain multitude of complete bacterial genomes, including several genomes of the same species. The available data offers new opportunities to address questions about bacterial genome evolution, a task that requires reliable fine comparison data of closely related genomes. Recent analyses have shown, using pairwise whole genome alignments, that it is possible to segment bacterial genomes into a common conserved backbone and strain-specific sequences called loops.Results :Here, we generalize this approach and propose a strategy that allows systematic and non-biased genome segmentation based on multiple genome alignments. Segmentation analyses, as applied to 13 different bacterial species, confirmed the feasibility of our...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GENOME BACTERIEN; EVOLUTION DU GENOME; COMPARAISON DE GENOME ENTIER BACTERIAL GENOME; GENOME EVOLUTION.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007f72738ba&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2007/08/
Registros recuperados: 2
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