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Registros recuperados: 8
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Depressive symptoms and C-reactive protein in a Brazilian urban community BJMBR
Dressler,W.W.; Balieiro,M.C.; Ribeiro,R.P.; Dos-Santos,J.E..
Psychological depression is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. C-reactive protein has been implicated as a mediator of the effect of psychological depression. Several studies have found that individuals, especially men, who report higher levels of psychological depression also have higher levels of C-reactive protein. The current study was undertaken to replicate these results in a Brazilian population, in which there is a much wider range of variation in both background characteristics (such as socioeconomic status) and coronary artery disease risk factors. A sample of 271 individuals was interviewed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Fasting blood samples were obtained and evaluated for C-reactive protein...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: C-reactive protein; Depressive symptoms; Brazil; Gender differences.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006000800003
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Effects of tryptophan depletion on anxiety induced by simulated public speaking BJMBR
Monteiro-dos-Santos,P.C.; Graeff,F.G.; dos-Santos,J.E.; Ribeiro,R.P.P.; Guimarães,F.S.; Zuardi,A.W..
Several lines of evidence point to the participation of serotonin (5HT) in anxiety. Its specific role, however, remains obscure. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of reducing 5HT-neurotransmission through an acute tryptophan depletion on anxiety induced by a simulated public speaking (SPS) test. Two groups of 14-15 subjects were submitted to a 24-h diet with a low or normal content of tryptophan and received an amino acid mixture without (TRY-) or with (TRY+) tryptophan under double-blind conditions. Five hours later they were submitted to the SPS test. The state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) and the visual analogue mood scale (VAMS) were used to measure subjective anxiety. Both scales showed that SPS induced a significant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Serotonin; Anxiety; Tryptophan depletion; Public speaking; Healthy volunteers; Gender differences.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2000000500013
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Gender-related differences in the effects of nitric oxide donors on neuroleptic-induced catalepsy in mice BJMBR
Pires,J.G.P.; Costa,P.G.; Saraiva,F.P.; Bonikovski,V.; Futuro Neto,H.A..
It has been suggested that nigrostriatal dopaminergic transmission is modulated by nitric oxide (NO). Since there is evidence that gonadal hormones can affect extrapyramidal motor behavior in mammals, we investigated the effects of isosorbide dinitrate (ISD), linsidomine (SIN-1) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), three pharmacologically different NO donors, on neuroleptic-induced catalepsy in 60- to 80-day-old male and female albino mice. Catalepsy was induced with haloperidol (1 mg/kg, ip) and measured at 30-min intervals by means of a bar test. Drugs (or appropriate vehicle) were injected ip 30 min before haloperidol, with each animal being used only once. ISD (5, 20 and 50 mg/kg) caused a dose-dependent inhibition of catalepsy in male mice...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Neuroleptic-induced catalepsy; Nitric oxide donors; Gender differences; Linsidomine; SNAP; Isosorbide dinitrate.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003000200012
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Gender-related pathways for behavior problems in the offspring of alcoholic fathers BJMBR
Furtado,E.F.; Laucht,M.; Schmidt,M.H..
The objective of the present study was to examine gender differences in the influence of paternal alcoholism on children's social-emotional development and to determine whether paternal alcoholism is associated with a greater number of externalizing symptoms in the male offspring. From the Mannheim Study of Risk Children, an ongoing longitudinal study of a high-risk population, the developmental data of 219 children [193 (95 boys and 98 girls) of non-alcoholic fathers, non-COAs, and 26 (14 boys, 12 girls) of alcoholic fathers, COAs] were analyzed from birth to the age of 11 years. Paternal alcoholism was defined according to the ICD-10 categories of alcohol dependence and harmful use. Socio-demographic data, cognitive development, number and severity of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Longitudinal study; Paternal alcohol disorder; Child development; Psychiatric disorder; Gender differences; Externalizing disorders.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006000500013
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Género y recursos forestales en una comunidad rural del estado de México Colegio de Postgraduados
Rodríguez Muñoz, Gregoria.
El conocimiento, acceso y uso de los recursos forestales (RF) es de interés en la academia, conferencias internacionales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y la política, en estos recintos se comparten y divergen posturas: unos sostienen que los conocimientos de los RF y otros deben ser considerados para la conservación de la biodiversidad, otros subrayan su importancia al relacionarlos con la cultura de los grupos indígenas y su conservación. Sin embargo poco se ha dicho y hecho respecto de las relaciones de género, las cuales establecen diferencias y desigualdades entre hombres y mujeres con respecto a diferentes recursos, situación que lleva a que cualquier tipo de política que se tome estará limitada al ignorar la realidad de lo cotidiano donde se...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Conocimiento; Uso; Acceso; Recursos forestales; Relaciones de género; Doctorado; Desarrollo Rural; Knowledge; Use; Access; Forestry resources; Gender differences; Gender relations.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1617
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Individual and context factors determine gender-specific behaviour: the case of school milk in Germany AgEcon
Salamon, Petra; Weible, Daniela; Buergelt, Doreen; Christoph, Inken B.; Peter, Guenter.
A German federal research was established to analyse determinants on school milk demand. Among those, individual factors, like children’s eating habits, attitudes, preferences and socio-economic variables were considered but also contextual factors like attitudes and habits of class teachers and school variables were regarded; and more, price effects on demand were derived via a price experiment. As girls order significantly less school milk than boys this paper aims to analysis gender-specific decisions. In the analysis, a database is used in which individual order information are merged with survey results concerning pupils, parents, class teachers, school principals and school milk managers of the sampled schools. A multilevel analysis is applied,...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Gender differences; Multilevel analysis; School milk; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123532
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Molecular sexing and intersexual differences in the morphometry of the Hangnest Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus (Passeriformes: Rhynchocyclidae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Medeiros,Reinaldo T.; Chaves,Flávia G.; Vecchi,Maurício B.; Nogueira,Denise M.; Alves,Maria Alice S..
ABSTRACT Variation in the morphometry of individuals in a population may result from natural or sexual selection. In the present study we investigated morphometric differences between males and females of a bird species endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Hemitriccus nidipendulus (Wied, 1831), with no apparent sexual dimorphism. All individuals (n = 56) were sexed by PCR amplification of the intronic fragments of the CHDZ/CHDW alleles obtained from blood samples, and 12 morphometric measurements were recorded. The molecular configuration was similar to that described for other species of Passeriformes, with males presenting a single band of approximately 360 base pairs (bp), and females with two bands of 360 and 400 bp....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Forest; Gender differences; Molecular sexing; Restinga; Sexual monomorphism.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702019000100329
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Winners and Losers Post Democracy in Nigeria: A Look at Economic and Labor Market Outcomes AgEcon
Uwaifo, Ruth.
Replaced with revised version of paper on July 5, 2007.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Democracy; Disparities; Gender differences; Returns to education; Institutional change; International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9966
Registros recuperados: 8
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