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Registros recuperados: 146
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A gender performance indicator for irrigation: Concepts, tools and applications AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara.
Although gender issues are today a priority on the agendas of irrigation policy makers, interventionists, farm leaders and researchers, there is still a considerable gap between positive intentions and concrete action. An important but hitherto ignored reason for this is the lack of adequate generic concepts and tools that are policy-relevant and can accommodate the vast variation in irrigation contexts worldwide. The Gender Performance Indicator for Irrigation (GPII) aims to fill this gap. In any particular scheme, this tool diagnoses the gendered organization of farming and gender-based inclusion or exclusion in irrigation institutions. It informs irrigation agencies what they themselves can do for effective change-if necessary. The tool also identifies...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Gender; Women; Irrigation management; Water management; Policy; Decision making; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Irrigated farming; Farming systems; Case studies; Water users' associations; Leadership; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44562
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A “masculinização” da produção de leite AgEcon
Magalhaes, Reginaldo Sales.
The strengthening of social organizations that made it possible for dairy production to become a market-driven activity has brought about deep changes in the sexual division of labour. The sociological analysis of the changes in family-farming intra-household roles shows that cultural traditions, gender-related power gaps, and social contexts that further deepen differences in market access between men and women are the social and cultural foundations of a hierarchy structured according to sex and generation, where women, especially the youngest, occupy greatly disadvantageous positions. With the strengthening of cooperatives, dairy production began to occupy a rather important role in providing resources to the household, yet the control over the activity...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Gender; Markets; Economic sociology.; Agribusiness; Z1; Z13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60822
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A plot of one's own: gender relations and irrigated land allocation policies in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Zwarteveen, Margreet Z..
Discusses the potential opportunities and pitfalls of introducing market forces into the process of water allocation. Proposes several preconditions for beneficial privatization of water allocation and argues for a more sophisticated form of analysis than that generally allowed by proponents of basic needs or of free market approaches.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Women in development; Gender; Land use; Land management; Policy; Female labor; Households; Irrigated farming; Social impact; West Africa; Burkina Faso; Dakiri; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61114
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A well of one's own: gender analysis of an irrigation program in Bangladesh AgEcon
Jordans, Eva H.; Zwarteveen, Margreet Z..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Groundwater irrigation; Gender; Women in development; Poverty; Households; Agricultural production; Privatization; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113611
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Agricultural and Rural Labour Markets in the EU Candidate Countries of Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan.
Factor Markets Coordination: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, Belgium
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labour market; Agricultural and rural labour structures; Education; Gender; Unemployment and living conditions in rural areas; Candidate countries; European Union.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117487
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An Examination of Gender Wage Differences Among Graduates of the Agribusiness Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California AgEcon
Wolf, Marianne McGarry; Qenani-Petrela, Eivis.
Utilizing an original and extended data set containing information on annual wages, demographic and personal characteristics, we examine gender differences in the wages of the graduates of the agribusiness department. The regression analysis suggests that after controlling for the main characteristics that affect earnings, significant differences in wages of men and women still remain present. This study provides new empirical evidence on the gender wage gap in the labor market for the agricultural graduates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Wages; Gender; Decomposition; Labor market; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20412
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An Extension of the Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Technique to Logit and Probit Models AgEcon
Fairlie, Robert W..
The Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition technique is widely used to identify and quantify the separate contributions of group differences in measurable characteristics, such as education, experience, marital status, and geographical differences to racial and gender gaps in outcomes. The technique cannot be used directly, however, if the outcome is binary and the coefficients are from a logit or probit model. I describe a relatively simple method of performing a decomposition that uses estimates from a logit or probit model. Expanding on the original application of the technique in Fairlie (1999), I provide a more thorough discussion of how to apply the technique, an analysis of the sensitivity of the decomposition estimates to different parameters, and the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Logit; Probit; Decomposition; Race; Gender; Discrimination; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C8; J7.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28425
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Are there customary rights to plants? An inquiry among the Baganda (Uganda), with special attention to gender AgEcon
Howard, Patricia L.; Nabanoga, Gorettie.
Debates around Common Property Resources and Intellectual Property Rights fail to consider traditional and indigenous rights regimes that regulate plant resource exploitation, establish bundles of powers and obligations for heterogeneous groups of users, and create differential entitlements to benefits that are related to social structures. Such rights regimes are important to maintaining biodiversity and to human welfare; failing to recognize them presents dangers. The case study investigates the gendered nature of informal rights to selected tree and plant species that are distinct from, but related to, customary rights to land and trees, and are embedded in cosmology and social norms.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Common Property Resources; Intellectual Property Rights; Plant resources; Gender; Africa; Uganda; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50033
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ARE WEALTH TRANSFERS BIASED AGAINST GIRLS? GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LAND INHERITANCE AND SCHOOLING INVESTMENT IN GHANA'S WESTERN REGION AgEcon
Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Payongayong, Ellen M.; Otsuka, Keijiro.
This study attempts to analyze changing patterns of land transfers and schooling investments by gender over three generations in customary land areas of Ghana's Western Region. Although traditional matrilineal inheritance rules deny landownership rights to women, women have increasingly acquired land through gifts and other means, thereby reducing the gender gap in landownership. The gender gap in schooling has also declined significantly, though it persists. We attribute such changes to the increase in women's bargaining power due to an agricultural technology that increased the demand for women's labor, contributing to the reduction of "social" discrimination as well as weak "parental" discrimination.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Property rights; Land inheritance; Agricultural growth; West Africa; Africa south of Sahara; Wealth transfers; Gender; Ghana; Education; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60311
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Assessing the outcomes of IWMI’s research and interventions on irrigation management transfer AgEcon
Giordano, Meredith A.; Samad, Madar; Namara, Regassa E..
The purpose of this paper is to summarize IIMI/IWMI's past research and interventions related to irrigation management transfer and to document, to the extent possible, the academic, policy, and technical outcomes of these efforts. The application of a range of direct and indirect measurement techniques suggests an overall positive contribution from IWMI to IMT theory and application.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Participatory management; Privatization; Water users associations; Farmers associations; Gender; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44524
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Associations between Poverty and Socio-economic Variables in a Typical Tswana Rural Village: New Insights AgEcon
Moepeng, Pelotshweu T.; Tisdell, Clement A..
This paper reports on and analyzes primary survey data obtained from a survey of household heads on the rural village of Nshakazhogwe, a typical rural village in northeast Botswana. It examines the associations between the incidence of poverty of household heads in this village and the values of several socio-economic variables. The socio-economic variables considered are the age of the household head, the level of their educational attainment, their gender, the number of sources from which they obtain their income, whether or not they have some wage employment, whether they receive income transfers privately or from the government, whether they conduct a home business and whether or not they obtain income from sales of livestock, crops or natural...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Botswana; Poverty; Incidence of Poverty; Household heads; Gender; Education; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123546
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Better Rich, or Better There? : Grandparent Wealth, Coresidence, and Intrahousehold Allocation AgEcon
Quisumbing, Agnes R..
This paper uses three-generation retrospective data from the rural Philippines to examine the role of the extended family, proxied by alternative measures of grandparent coresidence, on investments in children. An extension of the wealth model of intergenerational transfers shows that extended family resources may affect transfers to children if parents are credit constrained. Family-level unobservables are important in determining the allocation of education and land between sons and daughters. Both parent and grandparent pre-marriage wealth affect children’s completed schooling levels. Grandparent wealth, however, does not seem to affect the distribution of education between sons and daughters, although it affects the allocation of land. Grandparent...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource Allocation; Gender issues; Education; Gender; Property rights; Household Resource Allocation; Education; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97298
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Body Morphometry and Development of the Digestive System of Grey Partridge (Perdix Perdix) Depending on Age and Gender Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Kokoszyński,D; Biegniewska,M; Wilkanowska,A; Saleh,M; Bernacki,Z; Stęczny,K; Kmiecik,M.
ABSTRACT The experiment used 100 grey partridges (Perdix perdix L.), which were reared first in confinement and later in aviaries. Partridges were lighter and had greater body dimensions at 36 weeks compared to 12 weeks except for trunk length. Older birds showed greater values (p>0.05) of compactness and lower values of massiveness and long-leggedness. Significant differences were found for keel length in females. At 36 weeks, male and female partridges had significantly greater total intestinal length, males had significantly longer small intestine and rectum, and females were characterized by significantly longer caeca and greater (p<0.05) intestine to body length ratio. Older birds had significantly greater gizzard weight and percentage and heart...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Body dimensions; Gender; Grey partridge; Growth; Intestine.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2017000400695
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Brazilian consumers' perception of tenderness of beef steaks classified by shear force and taste Scientia Agricola
Delgado,Eduardo Francisquine; Aguiar,Ana Paula; Ortega,Edwin Moisés Marcos; Spoto,Marta Helena Fillet; Castillo,Carmen Josefina Contreras.
The knowledge of consumer perception of meat tenderness and taste is essential to forecast a Brazilian quality value-based beef market. This study aimed to verify perception of tender (WBSF < 4.1 kg) from tough (> 4.8 kg) strip loin steak or uncharacteristic (calcium-treated/Ca-IM) and normal (non-calcium/NO-Ca) meat taste by consumers according to gender, age, education and income levels. Steaks were previously classified by shear force measurements as tender or tough. Each consumer was served a paired sample of one tender and of one tough steak, which were either Ca-IM or NO-Ca treated before tenderness classification. Three hundred and eight consumers answered a nine-point intensity (tenderness) and hedonic (taste) scales evaluation questionnaire....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Gender; Age; Education; Income; Calcium.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162006000300004
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Breathing disorders in congestive heart failure: gender, etiology and mortality BJMBR
Silva,R.S.; Figueiredo,A.C.; Mady,C.; Lorenzi-Filho,G..
We investigated the relationship between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) while awake as well as mortality. Eighty-nine consecutive outpatients (29 females) with congestive heart failure (CHF; left ventricular ejection fraction, LVEF <45%) were prospectively evaluated. The presence of SDB and of CSR while awake before sleep onset was investigated by polysomnography. SDB prevalence was 81 and 56%, using apnea-hypopnea index cutoffs >5 and >15, respectively. CHF etiologies were similar according to the prevalence of SDB and sleep pattern. Males and females were similar in age, body mass index, and LVEF. Males presented more SDB (P = 0.01), higher apnea-hypopnea index (P = 0.04), more light sleep (stages 1 and 2; P...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sleep apnea; Cheyne-Stokes respiration; Congestive heart failure; Gender; Chagas' disease.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008000300007
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Capacidades para el desarrollo rural de grupos de mujeres de cuatro comunidades en la Sierra Nevada de Puebla. Colegio de Postgraduados
Ramírez Castel, Verónica.
Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo el estudio de los tipos de capacidades de las mujeres rurales participantes en la Asociación para el Desarrollo “Enlace Sierra Nevada, A. C.”, sus efectos en los ámbitos personal, familiar y comunitario y los aspectos que favorecen y limitan este desarrollo de capacidades. El método general de investigación fue el descriptivo explicativo en el que se usaron métodos particulares como las entrevistas a profundidad a las mujeres participantes en los proyectos de producción biointensiva de hortalizas, la producción y aprovechamiento de plantas medicinales y turismo rural; entrevistas a promotoras y directivos de la Asociación; así como también, observación directa. Se concluye que a partir de desarrollar de forma integral...
Palavras-chave: Capacidades; Capacitación; Desarrollo de capacidades; Género; Mujeres rurales; Capacities; Training; Capacity development; Gender; Rural women; Desarrollo Rural; Doctorado.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2142
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Carcass composition of Venda indigenous scavenging chickens under village management JARTS
Raphulu, Thomas; Jansen van Rensburg, Christine; Coertze, Roelof Johannes.
Four Venda indigenous scavenging (VIS) chickens (one young male and one young female of 10-16 weeks of age, a mature cockerel and a mature hen) were randomly purchased from each of six adjacent rural villages during three different seasons (autumn, winter and spring) to determine the meat yield and carcass chemical composition. A total of 72 chickens were slaughtered and feathers, head, neck, viscera, feet and lungs were removed. The live body weight, dressed carcass weight and also the mass of the breast without wings, thighs and drumsticks were recorded with bones and skin. The muscle tissues of the breast and both legs without tendons and fat were sampled for chemical analysis and were analysed for dry matter, ether extract, crude protein and ash. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry Season; Gender; Meat yield; Chemical composition.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2014082545948
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Chronotype ontogeny related to gender BJMBR
Duarte,L.L.; Menna-Barreto,L.; Miguel,M.A.L.; Louzada,F.; Araújo,J.; Alam,M.; Areas,R.; Pedrazzoli,M..
Chronotype is an established concept designed to identify distinct phase relationships between the expression of circadian rhythms and external synchronizers in humans. Although it has been widely accepted that chronotype is subjected to ontogenetic modulation, there is no consensus on the interaction between age and gender. This study aimed to determine the relationship between age- and gender-related changes in the morningness-eveningness character in a large sample of people. A total of 14,650 volunteers were asked to complete the Brazilian version of the Horne and Östberg chronotype questionnaire. The data demonstrated that, on average, women were more morning-oriented than men until the age of 30 and there were no significant differences between men...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chronotype; Gender; Ontogeny; Circadian rhythms; Sleep timing.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2014000400316
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Collective Action in Plant Genetic Resources Management: Gendered Rules of Reputation, Trust and Reciprocity in Kerala, India AgEcon
Padmanabhan, Martina Aruna.
Collective action aims at the joint management of common pool resources. Agrobiodiversity at the community level is conceptualized as a collective resource requiring the management of varieties, species and their interrelations within a farming-system. In the rice dominated agriculture in the uplands of Kerala, India, few community groups continue maintaining and thus conserving their high diversity in landraces. Faced with the challenges of devastating prices for rice, their traditional system of collective action to exchange seed material and knowledge is endangered. A new institutional mechanism to manage biodiversity is the People’s Biodiversity Register, a mandatory documentation procedure to enable cost and benefit sharing under the Convention on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender; India; Agrobiodiversity; Institutions; Trust; Reciprocity; Reputation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42508
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Comparative Economic and Gender, Labor Analysis of Conservation Agriculture Practices in Tribal Villages in India AgEcon
Lai, Cynthia; Chan, Catherine; Halbrendt, Jacqueline; Shariq, Linsey; Roul, Pravat; Idol, Travis; Ray, Chittanrajan; Evensen, Carl.
The International Food and Agribusiness Management Review is published quarterly by IFAMA. www.ifama.org
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: India; Conservation agriculture; Gender; Labor; Maize; Cowpea; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Q.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120859
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