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Registros recuperados: 65
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Agricultural Abandonment, Suburban Growth, and Forest Expansion in Puerto Rico between 1991 and 2000 Ecology and Society
Gould, William A; International Institute of Tropical Forestry - USDA Forest Service; wgould@fs.fed.us; Aide, T. Mitchell; University of Puerto Rico; tmaide@yahoo.com.
The response of local economies to the globalization process can have a large effect on population and land-use dynamics. In countries with a high population density and relatively high levels of education, the globalization process has resulted in a shift in the local economy from agriculture to manufacturing, technology, and service sectors. This shift in the economy has impacted land-use dynamics by decreasing agricultural lands, increasing urban growth, and in some cases, increasing forest cover. This process of economic and forest transition has been well documented in Puerto Rico for the period 1950 to 1990, but some authors predicted that poor planning and continued urban growth would eliminate the gains in forest cover. To investigate the impacts...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Agriculture decline; Forest expansion; Forest transition; Globalization; Land use-cover change; Suburban population growth; Puerto Rico.
Ano: 2008
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Agricultural Globalization in Reverse: The Impact of the Food Crisis in West Africa AgEcon
Staatz, John M.; Dembele, Niama Nango; Kelly, Valerie A.; Adjao, Ramziath.
Background paper for the Geneva Trade and Development Forum Crans-Montana, Switzerland September 17-20, 2008
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Africa; Globalization; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Q11.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55466
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Agriculture in the Age of Globalization AgEcon
Romano, Donato.
This paper aims at analyzing the asymmetries in the process of globalization and its differentiated outcomes on (i) developed and less developed countries, and (ii) on LDC agriculture. The consequences of these asymmetries are reflected in the dramatic changes in world agricultural trade – an unprecedented growth of agricultural trade in real terms and a dramatic change in its composition which is increasingly moving away from bulk commodities towards high-value, processed consumer-ready agricultural goods. The impacts of these changes on LDC agriculture have been quite differentiated, with most countries experiencing a worsening of their agricultural trade balance. This change of the LDC trade position is counterintuitive if we still think of agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Globalization; Agriculture; LDCs; International Relations/Trade; O13; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25253
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ASSESSING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF JAMAICAN ACKEE IN LIGHT OF THE CHALLENGES FACED BY SUGAR AND BANANAS AgEcon
Hyatt, Karl.
Economic theory posits that the removal of impediments to trade should redound to improvement in the overall well-being of all nations. Unfortunately, for many developing countries, this has not been the case; upon significantly reducing their tariffs, they are yet to see any tangible benefits. On the contrary, they have experienced a decline in market share and in some instances significant erosion of trade preferences that they had previously enjoyed with their trading partners. The preferential market access, from which Jamaica and other ACP (African Caribbean and Pacific) states benefit, through exports of sugar and bananas to the EU (European Union), has been eroded as a result of recent rulings by the WTO. These rulings have already affected the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAES; SPS measures; Globalization; Competitiveness; Jamaica; Ackee; WTO; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36947
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Assessing the resilience of a real-world social-ecological system: lessons from a multidisciplinary evaluation of a South African pastoral system Ecology and Society
Kuhn, Arnim; Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn; arnim.kuhn@ilr.uni-bonn.de; Naumann, Christiane; Department of Cultural and Social Anthropology, University of Cologne; christiane.naumann@uni-koeln.de; Rasch, Sebastian; Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn; sebastian.rasch@ilr.uni-bonn.de; Sandhage-Hofmann, Alexandra; Soil Science and Soil Ecology Group, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn; sandhage@uni-bonn.de; Amelung, Wulf; Soil Science and Soil Ecology Group, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn; wulf.amelung@uni-bonn.de; Jordaan, Jorrie; Department of Plant Production, Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, University of Limpopo; jorrie.jj@gmail.com; Du Preez, Chris C.; Department of Soil, Crop and Climate Sciences, University of the Free State; dpreezcc@ufs.ac.za; Bollig, Michael; Department of Cultural and Social Anthropology, University of Cologne; M.Bollig@verw.uni-koeln.de.
In the past decades, social-ecological systems (SESs) worldwide have undergone dramatic transformations with often detrimental consequences for livelihoods. Although resilience thinking offers promising conceptual frameworks to understand SES transformations, empirical resilience assessments of real-world SESs are still rare because SES complexity requires integrating knowledge, theories, and approaches from different disciplines. Taking up this challenge, we empirically assess the resilience of a South African pastoral SES to drought using various methods from natural and social sciences. In the ecological subsystem, we analyze rangelands’ ability to buffer drought effects on forage provision, using soil and vegetation indicators. In the social...
Tipo: NON-REFEREED Palavras-chave: Drought; Empirical resilience assessment; Globalization; Institutions; Monetary resources; Pastoralism; Rangelands; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2016
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Blurring the picture: introductions, invasions, extinctions – biogeography in a global world Naturalis
Nijman, V.; Vonk, R..
Global biogeography and phylogeography have gained importance as research topics in zoology, as attested by the steady increase in the number of journals devoted to this topic and the number of papers published. Yet, in a globalising world, with species reintroductions, invasions of alien species, and large-scale extinctions, unravelling the true biogeographic relationships between areas and species may become increasingly difficult. We present an introduction to the symposium ‘Biogeography: explaining and predicting species distributions in space and time’ held in Amsterdam in 2007, and the resulting papers as published in this special issue, including papers on crustaceans, birds and mammals.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Extinction; Globalization; Invasions; Reintroductions; Zoogeography; 42.65.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/280455
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Can Resilience be Reconciled with Globalization and the Increasingly Complex Conditions of Resource Degradation in Asian Coastal Regions? Ecology and Society
Armitage, Derek; Wilfrid Laurier University; darmitag@wlu.ca; Johnson, Derek; Centre for Maritime Research; dsjohnson@marecentre.nl.
This paper explores the relationship between resilience and globalization. We are concerned, most importantly, with whether resilience is a suitable conceptual framework for natural resource management in the context of the rapid changes and disruptions that globalization causes in social-ecological systems. Although theoretical in scope, we ground this analysis using our experiences in two Asian coastal areas: Junagadh District in Gujarat State, India and Banawa Selatan, in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. We present the histories of resource exploitation in the two areas, and we attempt to combine a resilience perspective with close attention to the impact of globalization. Our efforts serve as a basis from which to examine the conceptual and practical...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Globalization; Resilience; Complexity; India; Indonesia; Resource management; Coastal management; Social-ecological system; Sustainability.
Ano: 2006
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Changes in the wine chain - Managerial challenges and threats for German wine co-ops AgEcon
Hanf, Jon Henrich; Schweickert, Erik.
Wine production in Germany has a tradition of more than 200 years in each of the 13 German quality wine-growing regions. Even today mall grape growers dominate the industry. As a result, most of the viticulturists are members of cooperatives. Our observation that grape growers still turn to wine co-ops, and hence, the increase in co-op members and vineyards, might indicate that the wine co-ops are successful. Thus, the aim of our paper is two-fold. First, we analyze the structure of this complex sector and the managerial construct strategic member groups. Second, we empirically test whether the formation of strategic groups is a driver of cooperative success.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wine market; Germany; Co-operatives; Globalization; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37315
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Conflict, Food Insecurity, and Globalization AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J..
We explore how globalization, broadly conceived to include international human-rights norms, humanitarianism, and alternative trade, might influence peaceful and food-secure outlooks and outcomes. The paper draws on our previous work on conflict as a cause and effect of hunger and also looks at agricultural exports as war commodities. We review studies on the relationships between (1) conflict and food insecurity, (2) conflict and globalization, and (3) globalization and food insecurity. Next, we analyze country-level, historical contexts where export crops, such as coffee and cotton, have been implicated in triggering and perpetuating conflict. These cases suggest that it is not export cropping per se, but production and trade structures and food and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Conflict; War; Globalization; Export cropping; Coffee; Cotton; Sugar; Human-rights; Right-to-food; Fair trade; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55898
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Decálogo del ambientalismo estéril Ecología austral
Fernández,Roberto J..
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Buenas prácticas; Capital social; Catastrofismo; Cientificismo; Corrupción; Ecologismo; Globalización; Multidisciplinariedad; Tecnocracia; Tragedia de los comunes; Best practices; Corruption; Crying wolf; Globalization; Multidisciplinarity; Policy; Scientism; Technocracy; Tragedy of the commons; Social capital.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1667-782X2014000300012
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Does biogeography have a future in a globalized world with globalized faunas? Naturalis
Schram, F.R..
The study of biogeography was once a pillar of evolution science. Both Darwin and especially Wallace found great inspiration from the consideration of animal distributions. However, what is to happen to this discipline in a time of global trade, mass movement of people and goods, and the resulting globalization of the planet’s biota? Can we still hope to delve into the fine points of past geography as it affected animal and plant evolution? Maybe we can, but only with careful study of life forms that suffer minimal affects – at present – from globalization, viz., marginal faunas of quite inaccessible environments. Two examples taken from syncarid crustaceans illustrate this point. Bathynellacea provide insight into ancient patterns of distribution and...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Anaspidacea; Bathynellacea; Globalization; Historical biogeography; Vicariance; 42.74.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/280481
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Economic Benefits and Drawbacks of Cities and their Growth AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
This article provides an overview of beneficial sharing mechanisms that stimulate the growth of cities and negative sharing mechanisms and spillovers which retard their growth. The economic benefits and drawbacks of a city location are considered for businesses, employees and consumers. It is suggested that the economic benefits of agglomeration arise not so much from the type of economic goods available in a city location (such as common property or local public goods) but from the enhanced operation of processes of economic exchange made possible by the growth of cities. Two theoretical implications of the growth of cities are considered: (1) the possibility that the growth of a city results in growing inequality of income and wealth within the city and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agglomeration economies; China; City-sizes; Common property; Economic growth; Globalization; Income distribution; Open-access resources; Quasi-public goods; Spillovers.; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90615
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Economic Benefits and Drawbacks of Cities and their Growth Implications AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Recent trends in the growth of cities particularly in developing countries (and especially in India and China) are identified. Beneficial and negative sharing mechanisms influencing the growth of cities are examined. Economic benefits of agglomeration arise not so much from the type of economic goods available in a city location (such as common property or local public goods) but from the enhanced operation of processes of economic exchange. Two theoretical implications of the growth of cities are considered, namely: (1) city growth results in growing inequality of income and wealth within the city and (2) a city will expand beyond its optimal size. Nevertheless, the growth of cities is linked with increased levels of per capita income nationally....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agglomeration economies; China; City-sizes; Common property; Economic growth; Globalization; Income distribution; India; Open-access resources; Quasi-public goods; Spillovers; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90626
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Economic Growth under Globalization: Evidence from Panel Data Analysis AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Koo, Won W..
It has been controversial among economists about the impacts of globalization on growth, and the debate over the issue has intensified in recent years. In this study, we employ reliable panel data and an empirical growth model derived from production theory to investigate the effects of globalization on economic growth. The estimation results strongly suggest that economic globalization has a significant positive effect on economic growth for all countries. However, China and India would gain the most, followed by developed countries, and other developing countries would gain the least. Other important determinants of economic growth include capital, human capital, and technology.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Globalization; Economic growth; Measure of Economic Globalization; International Development; F15; F43.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9750
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Effects of Economic Globalisation on Employment Trend and Wages in Developing Countries: Lessons from Nigeria Experiences AgEcon
Elijah, Obayelu Abiodun.
Since 1986, Nigeria has gradually been integrating with the global economy. This paper examines the effect of globalization on employment and wages in Nigeria. The effects of globalization have been difficult to isolate and evaluate theoretically and empirically due to it multi-faceted nature, but this study attempt to analyse the effects on employment and employees’ wages by looking at what happened before, during and after globalization in Nigeria. Information and data were mainly gathered through secondary sources, The results of the analysis shows that globalisation of the Nigeria economy through various economic reforms, deregulation and privatisation has led to downsizing of employment in civil service thereby compounding the widespread job...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Globalization; Labour market; Employment; Wages; Developing countries and Nigeria; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7433
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Entrepreneurial Supply Chains and Strategic Collaboration: The Case of Bagòss Cheese in Bagolino, Italy AgEcon
Amanor-Boadu, Vincent; Marletta, Piercarlo; Biere, Arlo W..
Many small towns and communities are struggling to sustain their competitiveness in the face of increasing globalization. Yet, through entrepreneurial supply chains, some communities are organizing themselves to forge local solutions to their global challenges. The essence of entrepreneurial supply chains is its ability to facilitate alignment of all participants in the chain, eliminating moral hazard and opportunism risks. It is argued that this governance system and an ability to protect the common assets from infringement by outsiders are necessary for the success of these solutions. The research uses Bagòss cheese, produced in the small Italian village of Bagolino, to illustrate the characteristics of entrepreneurial supply chains and test the effect...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Entrepreneurial supply chain; Bagòss cheese; Globalization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q10; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53796
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Ethical challenges of the globalization process AgEcon
Balj, Branko; Maric, Radenko.
Whereas roots of globalization are far reaching, it is primarily a modern age phenomenon. Modern business operation and the world economy are characterized by domination of multinational corporations, strong presence of the government in economy and the long-term tendency towards globalization in manufacturing, trading and consumption in the world. Containing both risks and opportunities, globalization is a problem of manifold nature. For some it means regression and falling into “neocolonialism”, the others glorify it. It is logical to ask the following questions: What are the consequences of globalization for governments, nations, companies and individuals? What are the business, social and ethical issues it causes? In one word, is it possible to be...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Globalization; Ethics; Strategy of business ethic; Corporative responsibility; Behavior.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; A13; F23; M14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94562
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Examining Students’ Perceptions of Globalization and Study Abroad Programs at HBCUs AgEcon
Walker, Stevon; Bukenya, James O.; Thomas, Terrence.
The objective in this paper is to explore students’ perceptions of globalization and study abroad programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). Recent statistics reveal that in spite of the current growth in the number of US students receiving academic credit for their overseas academic experience, less than one percent of undergraduate minority students participate in a study abroad program during their degree program. The analysis is based on survey questionnaires administered to 263 undergraduate minority students at Alabama A&M University. The questionnaire contained questions related to respondents’ demographic characteristics and likert-scale questions pertaining to students’ perceptions of globalization and studying abroad...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Globalization; Study Abroad Programs; Logistic Regression; Factor Analysis; Survey Data; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56481
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Exclusivity of Agrifood Supply Chains: Seven Fundamental Economic Characteristics AgEcon
Sporleder, Thomas L.; Boland, Michael A..
The IFAMR is published by the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association. IFAMA. www.ifama.org
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agrifood supply chains; Exclusive economic characteristics; Risk; Market power; Globalization; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Risk and Uncertainty; Q130.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119969
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Existe un conflicto entre la globalizacion del turismo y los recursos naturales? AgEcon
Font, Antoni Riers; Parrilla, Javier Capo; Tous, Teresa Palmer.
La globalización, así como el turismo internacional, son dos de los fenómenos económicos más analizados en los últimos años, tanto por su creciente importancia como por sus visibles efectos sobre la economía. La notable expansión del turismo tiene como origen, en gran parte, las mismas causas que explican la globalización económica, de ahí que, a menudo, se hable de‘globalización turística’. Uno de los argumentos más utilizados por los detractores de la globalización es su elevado impacto en términos ambientales. En este sentido, resulta obligado reflexionar sobre la existencia de un potencial conflicto entre el, cada vez mayor, desarrollo turístico y la conservación de los recursos naturales. Una cuestión ésta que adquiere especial importancia en el caso...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Globalization; Tourism; Environmental Impacts; Management Tools of Natural Resources; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; F18; H23; L83; Q34.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7994
Registros recuperados: 65
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

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