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Anaerobic co-digestion of crude glycerin and starch industry effluent REA
Larsen,Andrea C.; Gomes,Benedito M.; Gomes,Simone D.; Zenatti,Dilcemara C.; Torres,Douglas G. B..
The Brazil's Biodiesel Production and Use Program introduces biodiesel in the Brazilian energy matrix, bringing along the perspective of a growth of the glycerin offer, co-product generated in the proportion of 10 kg for each 100 L of biodiesel. The aim of this study was to evaluate the addition of crude glycerin in the anaerobic digestion of cassava starch industry effluent (cassava wastewater), in a horizontal semi-continuous flow reactor of one phase in laboratory scale. It was used a reactor with a 8.77 L of useful volume, a medium support for corrugated conduit of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), temperature of 261 ºC, fed with cassava wastewater and glycerin, with hydraulic detention times of 4 and 5 days and increasing volumetric organic load of 3.05;...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cassava wastewater; Biodiesel; Biogas; Glycerol.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162013000200013
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Bioconversion of glycerol for bioethanol production using isolated Escherichia coli SS1 BJM
Suhaimi,Sheril Norliana; Phang,Lai-Yee; Maeda,Toshinari; Abd-Aziz,Suraini; Wakisaka,Minato; Shirai,Yoshihito; Hassan,Mohd Ali.
Bioconverting glycerol into various valuable products is one of glycerol's promising applications due to its high availability at low cost and the existence of many glycerol-utilizing microorganisms. Bioethanol and biohydrogen, which are types of renewable fuels, are two examples of bioconverted products. The objectives of this study were to evaluate ethanol production from different media by local microorganism isolates and compare the ethanol fermentation profile of the selected strains to use of glucose or glycerol as sole carbon sources. The ethanol fermentations by six isolates were evaluated after a preliminary screening process. Strain named SS1 produced the highest ethanol yield of 1.0 mol: 1.0 mol glycerol and was identified as Escherichia coli...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Glycerol; Anaerobic fermentation; Bioethanol; Escherichia coli SS1.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822012000200011
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Biosurfactants production by yeasts using soybean oil and glycerol as low cost substrate BJM
Accorsini,Fábio Raphael; Mutton,Márcia Justino Rossini; Lemos,Eliana Gertrudes Macedo; Benincasa,Maria.
Biosurfactants are bioactive agents that can be produced by many different microorganisms. Among those, special attention is given to yeasts, since they can produce many types of biosurfactants in large scale, using several kinds of substrates, justifying its use for industrial production of those products. For this production to be economically viable, the use of residual carbon sources is recommended. The present study isolated yeasts from soil contaminated with petroleum oil hydrocarbons and assessed their capacity for producing biosurfactants in low cost substrates. From a microbial consortium enriched, seven yeasts were isolated, all showing potential for producing biosurfactants in soybean oil. The isolate LBPF 3, characterized as Candida antarctica,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Yeast; Biosurfactants; Glycerol; Soybean oil.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822012000100013
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Bovine Oocytes and Early Embryos Express mRNA Encoding Glycerol Kinase but Addition of Glycerol to the Culture Media Interferes with Oocyte Maturation OAK
OKAWARA, Sumika; HAMANO, Seizo; TETSUKA, Masafumi; 手塚, 雅文.
Glycerol plays multi-functional roles in cellular physiology. Other than forming the backbone molecule for glycerophospholipid and triglyceride (TG), glycerol acts as an energy substrate for glycolysis. Spermatozoa are known to utilize glycerol for energy production, but there are no reports of this in oocytes. In this study, the value of glycerol as an energy substrate for bovine oocyte maturation (Exp. 1) and the gene expression of glycerol kinase (GK), an enzyme crucial for cellular glycerol utilization, in bovine oocytes and early embryos (Exp. 2) were examined. In Exp. 1, in vitro maturation (IVM) was conducted using synthetic oviduct fluid supplemented with/without glucose (1.5 mM) and/or glycerol (1.0 mM), and maturation rate, degree of cumulus...
Palavras-chave: Bovine; Embryo; Glycerol; Glycerol kinase (GK); Oocyte maturation.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2829
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Chemical composition of Piatã grass silage (U. brizantha cv. BRS Piatã) with additives. Repositório Alice
SEDANO, A. D. B.; PEREIRA, D. H.; PEDREIRA, B. C. e; PINA, D. S.; XAVIER, I. M.; ANJOS, E. dos; BEZERRA, R. P.; SCHMIDT JUNIOR, R. J..
In the central-west region of Brazil, the seasonal distribution of rainfall generates an imbalance in the production of fodder. Moreover, during the dry period, the nutritive value of the fodder decays, due to the advance in the maturation of the plants. To alleviate this problem, several alternatives have been pointed out and used to supply food deficits in herds where basal feeding is like fodder plants, and the most usual is a conservation of fodder for the manufacture of silage. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the addition of additives on a chemical composition of the silage of Urochloa brizantha cv. BRS Piatã. The piatã grass used to make the silage was established in the experimental area of Embrapa Agrossilvipastoril in...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Crude glycerein; Soybean molasses; Glycerol; Digestible dry matter; Organic matter.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1086269
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Chemical composition of sugarcane silage with different levels of calcium oxide and crude glycerin. Repositório Alice
XAVIER, I. M.; PEREIRA, D. H.; PINA, D. S.; BOLSON, D. C.; PEDREIRA, B. C. e; GARCIA, L. F.; SEDANO, A. D. B.; SOARES, S. R..
The use of sugarcane silage is a feasible option for shortage of forage in pastures, increasing the losses during the fermentation process. However, the use of additives is required due to the high level of soluble carbohydrates, as well as the large number of yeasts that promote alcoholic fermentation with high CO2 production, increasing losses during the fermentation process. This experiment aimed to evaluate the effects of calcium oxide and crude glycerin on the chemical composition of sugarcane silage.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Silage; Forage; Glycerol.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1040495
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Crude glycerin combined with sugar cane silage in lamb diets. Repositório Alice
OLIVEIRA FILHO, C. A. A. de; AZEVÊDO, J. A. G.; CARVALHO, G. G. P. de; SILVA, C. F. P. G. da; CABRAL, Í. dos S.; PEREIRA, L. G. R.; REIS, L. G. dos; ALMEIDA, F. M. de; SOUZA, L. L..
2015
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alternative food; By-product; Glycerol; Nutritional value; Roughage.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1035502
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Crude glycerin in anaerobic co-digestion of dairy cattle manure increases methane production Scientia Agricola
Simm,Silvana; Orrico,Ana Carolina Amorim; Orrico Junior,Marco Antonio Previdelli; Sunada,Natália da Silva; Schwingel,Alice Watte; Mendonça Costa,Mônica Sarolli Silva de.
ABSTRACT Anaerobic digestion of crude glycerin (CG) along with animal waste has been an excellent option for increasing the production of biogas and methane to achieve efficiency in the treatment of both residues. This study aimed to evaluate improvements in specific productions of biogas and methane, reductions in solid and fibrous components in substrates prepared with dairy cattle manure and CG (containing 14 % glycerol). With these residues, experimental substrates were prepared and placed in 25 batch digesters. Initial content of the TS in the influent was 4 % and CG was added in increasing doses (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 % relative to total solids (TS) of the influent). Results were submitted to ANOVA and orthogonal contrasts to assess the effects of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Glycerol; Biogas; Anaerobic digestion; Solids.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162017000300175
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Crude glycerin in diets for feedlot Nellore cattle R. Bras. Zootec.
van Cleef,Eric Haydt Castello Branco; Ezequiel,Jane Maria Bertocco; D'Aurea,André Pastori; Fávaro,Vanessa Ruiz; Sancanari,Juliana Borsari Dourado.
Two studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of crude glycerin on feed intake, performance, carcass characteristics, and total digestibility of Nellore bulls. In experiment 1, cattle (n = 30) were fed a control diet without crude glycerin and diets containing 7.5, 15, 22.5, and 30% crude glycerin, for 103 d. Animals were harvested and data of carcass characteristics were collected. In experiment 2, a digestibility trial was performed using indigestible acid detergent fiber (iADF) as internal marker, and five rumen-cannulated steers. Both experiments were conducted as a randomized complete block design and data were analyzed using mixed procedures. In experiment 1 no differences were observed among treatments on dry matter intake, and performance...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beef cattle; By-products; Carcass; Digestion; Glycerol.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014000200006
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Crude glycerin in meat goat diets: intake, performance and carcass traits Ciência Rural
Dias,Juliano Cesar; Silveira,André Luís Finkler da; Lançanova,José Antonio Cogo; Hill,João Ari Gualberto; Moletta,José Luiz.
ABSTRACT: This experiment aimed to evaluate the effect of including glycerin in kid goats diet on intake, performance and carcass traits. Twenty intact male kid goats Boer crossbred were used, with body weight of 25.06±4.15kg and 8.00±0.66 months old, allocated in block design, with four treatments and five replicates. The treatments consisted on including dry matter basis (DM) of the diet of four levels of glycerin: zero, five, 10 and 15%, in replacing corn. It was not reported influence (P>0.05) of level of glycerin on intake of forage and feed conversion of animals. The concentrate and total DM intake were affected (P<0.05) for the level of glycerin in DM, with reduction in the animals that received the highest level. It was not reported influence...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Boer; Body weight; Glycerol; Kid goat..
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782016000400719
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Crude glycerin in supplement to primiparous lactating cows grazing on tropical pasture: nutritional and productive characteristics R. Bras. Zootec.
Santana Júnior,Hermógenes Almeida de; Figueiredo,Mauro Pereira; Cardoso,Elizangela Oliveira; Mendes,Fabrício Bacelar Lima; Abreu Filho,George; Pinheiro,Alyson Andrade; Viana,Pablo Teixeira; Roseira,João Paulo Santos.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritional and productive characteristics of primiparous lactating cows grazing on tropical pasture, using different levels of crude glycerin in the supplement. The experiment was conducted at Rancho Santana farm, located in Jequié city, Bahia, Brazil, in the period from December 21, 2010 to March 16, 2011. Ten ¾ Holstein × ¼ Dairy Gyr lactating primiparous cows, with 109±24 days of lactation and a mean age of 30±6 months and mean body weight of 426.2±68.29 kg were distributed into five treatments, using two simultaneous 5 × 5 latin squares. Treatments consisted of inclusion levels (0, 94, 191, 289, 389 g/kg dry matter basis) of crude glycerin in the supplement. Intake, digestibility, milk production and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Co-product; Glycerol; Intake; Supplementation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982013000200006
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Crude glycerin levels in pearl millet-based diets for Nellore young bulls in feedlot R. Bras. Zootec.
Moreira,Werney da Silva; Miotto,Fabrícia Rocha Chaves; Restle,João; Missio,Regis Luis; Neiva,José Neuman Miranda; Moreira,Roger Vieira.
ABSTRACT - The objective of this study was to find the best level of inclusion of crude glycerin (0, 60, 120, and 240 g kg−1 of dry matter of diet) in substitution of pearl millet in a feedlot diet. Twenty-eight Nellore young bulls with mean age of 18 months and average weight of 357±23.56 kg were used. The animals were distributed in a completely randomized design with four treatments and seven replications. The intakes of dry matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, and total digestible nutrients were similar among the dietary levels of crude glycerin. The ether extract intake decreased with increase in the levels of crude glycerol in the diets. Apparent digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, and extract ether was similar among the dietary...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: By-products; Digestibility; Finishing; Glycerol; Intake; Weight gain.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000100032
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Crude glycerine in diets for piglets R. Bras. Zootec.
Carvalho,Paulo Levi de Oliveira; Moreira,Ivan; Martins,Elias Nunes; Piano,Liliane Maria; Toledo,Juliana Beatriz; Costa Filho,Clodoaldo de Lima.
Two experiments were carried out to determine the nutritional value and to evaluate performance of piglets fed two types of crude glycerine (CG), which were made from vegetable oil (CGS) and a mix of animal fat + % soybean oil (CGA). In experiment I, a digestibility assay was conducted using 32 crossbred piglets (19.20±1.52 kg). The experimental unit consisted of one pig, with a total of four experimental units per diet. The glycerine levels used in the digestibility assay were 4, 8, and 12% of the basal diet (corn + soybean based). The digestible (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME) values of glycerine were estimated by regression of DE and ME intake (kcal/kg) vs. glycerine intake (kg). The values (as-fed basis) of DE and ME (kcal/kg) obtained were: CGS =...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Co-product; Digestibility; Glycerol.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000700014
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Determination of apparent metabolizable energy of crude glycerin in broilers chickens Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Gianfelici,MF; Ribeiro,AML; Penz Jr,AM; Kessler,AM; Vieira,MM; Machinsky,T.
The objective of the experiment was to determine the Apparent Metabolizable Energy corrected for nitrogen (AMEn) of a glycerin product derived from biodiesel production for broilers. A number of 35 male Ross 308 broilers, with 35 days of age was fed ad libitum diets containing 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20% glycerin. AMEn was determined using total excreta collection, with four days of adaptation and three days of collection. Increasing glycerin intakes resulted in increased water excretion. Glycerin AMEn varied as a function of dietary inclusion levels, and a cubic equation was identified by regression analysis. Maximum AMEn level- 4890 kcal/kg DM- was obtained with 15% glycerin inclusion. However, this level caused excessive water excretion, making its use...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Glycerol; Metabolism; Water excretion.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2011000400006
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Dietary glycerin does not affect meat quality of Ile de France lambs R. Bras. Zootec.
Borghi,Thiago Henrique; Silva Sobrinho,Américo Garcia da; Zeola,Nivea Maria Brancacci Lopes; Almeida,Fabiana Alves de; Cirne,Luís Gabriel Alves; Lima,Ana Rebeca Castro.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and nutritional characteristics of meat from three muscles of Ile de France lambs fed diets containing different levels of glycerin as an alternative to corn. Thirty non-castrated feedlot Ile de France lambs weighing 15±0.2 kg were housed in individual pens and slaughtered at 32±0.2 kg. Treatments consisted of three diets: sugarcane + 0% glycerin; sugarcane + 10% glycerin; and sugarcane + 20% glycerin; and three muscles were evaluated: triceps brachii, semimembranosus, and longissimus lumborum. No interactions were observed among glycerin levels and muscle types for the quality characteristics evaluated. Muscles were similar in terms of physicochemical and nutritional characteristics,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Co-products; Fatty acids; Glycerol; Muscles; Omega-3.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000900554
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Efeito tóxico da glicerina bidestilada em leitões recém-nascidos: relato de caso. Repositório Alice
MANZKE, N. E.; GOMES, B, K.; MORES, N.; OLIVEIRA FILHO, J. X. de; XAVIER, E. G.; LIMA, G. J. M. M. de.
2013
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sanidade animal; Aleitamento; Glicerina; Animal health; Piglets; Suckling; Glycerol.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/974203
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Effects of cryoprotectant and plunging temperature in liquid nitrogen on the in vitro and in vivo development of murine morulae Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci.
PANTANO,Thaís; MELLO,Marco Roberto Bourg de; GARCIA,José Fernando; HO,Linda Lee; VISINTIN,José Antonio.
The effects of plunging temperature in liquid nitrogen and cryoprotectant dilution methods were evaluated for compacted mouse morulae frozen in 1.5 M ethylene-glycol (E), 1.5M propylene-glycol (P) or 1.4M glycerol (G). Morulae were equilibrated for 10 minutes in cryoprotectant solution and loaded into 0.25 ml straws with cryoprotectant solution in 3 columns (groups E1, P1, G1) or cryoprotectant in the center and PBS in the lateral columns (E2, P2). Straws were cooled at 0.5ºC/min to -25 or -30ºC and plunged into liquid nitrogen. Straws were thawed in water at 22ºC for 20 seconds. Cryoprotectant was diluted in 3 steps for group G1 and in one step for groups E1 and P1 (direct transfer to PBS + 10% FCS) and E2 and P2 (shaken to mix the 3 columns before...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Embryos; Cryopreservation; Glycerol; Ethylene glycol; Propanediols.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-95962000000300012
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Effects of pH and temperature on growth and glycerol production kinetics of two indigenous wine strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from Turkey BJM
Yalcin,Seda Karasu; Ozbas,Z. Yesim.
The study was performed in a batch system in order to determine the effects of pH and temperature on growth and glycerol production kinetics of two indigenous wine yeast strains Saccharomyces cerevisiae Kalecik 1 and Narince 3. The highest values of dry mass and specific growth rate were obtained at pH 4.00 for both of the strains. Maximum specific glycerol production rates were obtained at pH 5.92 and 6.27 for the strains Kalecik 1 and Narince 3, respectively. Kalecik 1 strain produced maximum 8.8 gL-1 of glycerol at pH 6.46. Maximum glycerol concentration obtained by the strain Narince 3 was 9.1 gL-1 at pH 6.48. Both yeasts reached maximum specific growth rate at 30ºC. Optimum temperature range for glycerol production was determined as 25-30ºC for the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Production kinetics; Glycerol; Growth parameters; Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822008000200024
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Effects of the Addition of Pure Glycerin Supplementation in the Drinking Water on the Performance of Broilers Submitted to Heat Stress and Feed Restriction Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Moraes,PO; Ceron,MS; Borille,R; Gianluppi,RDF; Lovato,GD; Cardinal,KM; Ribeiro,AML.
ABSTRACT The experiment was conducted to study the effect of pure glycerin supplementation (GLYC) in the drinking water of broilers subjected to heat stress and feed restriction. Water with 0, 1, or 2% glycerin was provided ad libitum to broilers in six hours of feed restriction. The birds were housed in two environments: thermoneutral (TN) - 25 ° C, and cyclic heat stress (HS) - 12h with 250C, 6h with 320C, 3h of 250 to 320C and 3h of 320 to 250C. The experimental design was randomized in a factorial arrangement of 2 x 3 + 2, with three GLYC levels, two environments and one control group with ad libitum feeding each environment. When submitted to HS, broiler receiving 2% glycerin presented higher weight gain (WG), water consumption (WC), feed intake (FI)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Environmental temperature; Feed restriction; Glycerol; Performance; Water consumption.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2016000300413
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Energy utilization of by-products from the soybean oil industry by broiler chickens: acidulated soapstock, lecithin, glycerol and their mixture Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Peña,JEM; Vieira,SL; Borsatti,L; Pontin,C; Rios,HV.
Acidulated soy soapstock (ASS) and lecithin (LEC) are by-products from processing soy oil (SO) for human consumption, whereas glycerol (GLY) can be obtained through the transesterification of vegetable oils during the production of biodiesel. These are valuable by-products for poultry feeds that have been underutilized in many parts of the world. One study was conducted to estimate the AMEn of ASS, LEC, GLY as well as of their mixture (MIX: 85% ASS, 5% LEC and 10% GLY). Two hundred and sixty Cobb 500 female broilers of 20 days of age were housed in steel wire battery cages in a controlled temperature room for broilers. A completely randomized (energy sources x fat inclusion level) factorial design was applied, with 4 replicates of three birds per...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Acidulated soapstock; Broiler; Glycerol; Lecithin.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2014000400015
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