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A MSFD complementary approach for the assessment of pressures, knowledge and data gaps in Southern European Seas: The PERSEUS experience ArchiMer
Crise, A.; Kaberi, H.; Ruiz, J.; Zatsepin, A.; Arashkevich, E.; Giani, M.; Karageorgis, Aristomenis; Prieto, L.; Pantazi, M.; Gonzalez-fernandez, D.; D'Alcala, M. Ribera; Tornero, V.; Vassilopoulou, V.; Durrieu De Madron, Xavier; Guieu, C.; Puig, P.; Zenetos, A.; Andral, Bruno; Angel, D.; Altukhov, D.; Ayata, S. D.; Aktan, Y.; Balcioglu, E.; Benedetti, F.; Bouchoucha, Marc; Buia, M. -c.; Cadiou, Jean-francois; Canals, M.; Chakroun, M.; Christou, E.; Christidis, M. G.; Civitarese, Giuseppe; Coatu, V.; Corsini-foka, M.; Cozzi, S.; Deidun, A.; Dell'Aquila, A.; Dogrammatzi, A.; Dumitrache, C.; Edelist, D.; Ettahiri, Omar; Fonda-umani, S.; Gana, S.; Galgani, Francois; Gasparini, S.; Giannakourou, A.; Gomoiu, M. -t.; Gubanova, A.; Gucu, Ali-cemal; Gurses, Ozgur; Hanke, G.; Hatzianestis, I.; Herutx, B.; Hone, R.; Huertas, E.; Irisson, J. -o.; Isinibilir, M.; Jimenez, J. A.; Kalogirou, S.; Kapiris, K.; Karamfilov, Ventzi; Kavadas, S.; Keskin, G.; Kideys, Ahmet; Kocak, M.; Kondylatos, G.; Kontogiannis, C.; Kosyan, R.; Koubbi, Philippe; Kuspilic, G.; La Ferla, R.; Langone, L.; Laroche, Sophie; Lazar, Luminita; Lefkaditou, E.; Lemeshko, I. E.; Machias, A.; Malej, A.; Mazzocchi, M. -g.; Medinets, Volodymyr; Mihalopoulos, N.; Miserocchi, S.; Moncheva, Snejana; Mukhanov, V.; Oaie, Gheorghe; Oros, A.; Ozturk, A. A.; Ozturk, B.; Panayotova, M.; Prospathopoulos, A.; Radu, G.; Raykov, V.; Regiero, P.; Reygondeau, G.; Rougeron, Natacha; Salihoglu, B.; Sanchez-vidal, A.; Sannino, G.; Santinelli, C.; Secrieru, D.; Shapiro, G.; Simboura, N.; Shiganova, Tamara; Sprovieri, M.; Stefanova, Kremena; Streftaris, N.; Tirelli, V.; Tom, Moshe; Topaloglu, B.; Topcu, N. E.; Tsagarakis, K.; Tsangaris, C.; Tserpes, G.; Tugrul, S.; Uysal, Z.; Vasile, Daniela; Violaki, K.; Xu, J.; Yuksek, Ahsen; Papathanassiouh, E..
PERSEUS project aims to identify the most relevant pressures exerted on the ecosystems of the Southern European Seas (SES), highlighting knowledge and data gaps that endanger the achievement of SES Good Environmental Status (GES) as mandated by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). A complementary approach has been adopted, by a meta-analysis of existing literature on pressure/impact/knowledge gaps summarized in tables related to the MSFD descriptors, discriminating open waters from coastal areas. A comparative assessment of the Initial Assessments (IAs) for five SES countries has been also independently performed. The comparison between meta-analysis results and IAs shows similarities for coastal areas only. Major knowledge gaps have been...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Southern European Seas; Good Environmental Status; Initial Assessment; PERSEUS project.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38422/36743.pdf
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Challenges of achieving Good Environmental Status in the Northeast Atlantic Ecology and Society
Alexander, Karen A; Scottish Association for Marine Science; Karen.Alexander@sams.ac.uk; Kershaw, Peter; Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science; peter.kershaw@cefas.co.uk; Cooper, Philip; School of Management, University of Bath; p.cooper@bath.ac.uk; Gilbert, Alison J.; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University of Amsterdam; alison.gilbert@vu.nl; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.; School of Marine Science and Engineering, University of Plymouth; jason.hall-spencer@plymouth.ac.uk; Heymans, Johanna J.; Scottish Association for Marine Science; sheila.heymans@sams.ac.uk; Kannen, Andreas; Institute for Coastal Research, Helmholz-Zentrum Geesthacht; Andreas.Kannen@hzg.de; Los, Hans J.; Deltares; Hans.Los@deltares.nl; O'Higgins, Tim; Scottish Association for Marine Science; Tim.O'Higgins@sams.ac.uk; O'Mahony, Cathal; Coastal & Marine Research Centre, University College Cork; c.omahony@ucc.ie; Tett, Paul; Scottish Association for Marine Science; paul.tett@sams.ac.uk; Troost, Tineke A.; Deltares; tineke.troost@deltares.nl; van Beusekom, Justus; Institute for Hydrobiology and Fisheries Science, University of Hamburg; Justus.van.Beusekom@uni-hamburg.de.
The sustainable exploitation of marine ecosystem services is dependent on achieving and maintaining an adequate ecosystem state to prevent undue deterioration. Within the European Union, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires member states to achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS), specified in terms of 11 descriptors. We analyzed the complexity of social-ecological factors to identify common critical issues that are likely to influence the achievement of GEnS in the Northeast Atlantic (NEA) more broadly, using three case studies. A conceptual model developed using a soft systems approach highlights the complexity of social and ecological phenomena that influence, and are likely to continue to influence, the state of ecosystems in the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem-based management; Good Environmental Status; Northeast Atlantic; Soft systems methodology; Trade-offs.
Ano: 2015
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Évaluation du descripteur 5 « Eutrophisation » en France métropolitaine. Rapport scientifique pour l’évaluation 2018 au titre de la DCSMM ArchiMer
Devreker, David; Lefebvre, Alain.
This report is the second assessment of French marine water eutrophication status (descriptor 5) done in the framework of the MSFD. The goal of this report is to determine if French marine water reach the Good Ecological State as defined by the MSFD. It stands next to the initial evaluation made in 2012, from which it is an update. It introduces the second cycle of the Marine Environment Action Program. It shows that French marine waters, behind the 12 nm line, reach the GES as defined by the MSFD. Problems link to eutrophication occurs in marine waters above the 12 nm, where 6.5% of the area do not reach the GES.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DCSMM; Eutrophisation; Évaluation; Bon Etat Ecologique; Seuils; Indicateurs; Nutriments; Chlorophylle-a; Oxygène; Turbidité; Macroalgues; Pressions écologiques; MSFD; Eutrophication; Assessment; Good Environmental Status; Thresholds; Indicators; Nutrients; Chlorophyll-a; Oxygen; Turbidity; Macroalgae; Ecological pressures..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00437/54868/56361.pdf
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Indicators for Sea-floor Integrity under the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive ArchiMer
Rice, Jake; Arvanitidis, Christos; Borja, Angel; Frid, Chris; Hiddink, Jan G.; Krause, Jochen; Lorance, Pascal; Ragnarsson, Stefan Aki; Skold, Mattias; Trabucco, Benedetta; Enserink, Lisette; Norkko, Alf.
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires European states to maintain their marine waters in 'Good Environmental Status'. The MSFD includes 11 descriptors of "Good Environmental Status" (GES), including "Sea-floor Integrity". This descriptor is defined as: "Sea-floor integrity is at a level that ensures that the structure and functions of the ecosystems are safeguarded and benthic ecosystems, in particular, are not adversely affected." This contribution briefly summarizes the main conclusions of an international expert group established to review the scientific basis for making this concept operational. The experts concluded that consideration of 8 attributes of the seabed system would provide adequate information to meet...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea-floor Integrity; Benthic indicators; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Good Environmental Status.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00049/16039/18002.pdf
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Marine spatial planning and Good Environmental Status: a perspective on spatial and temporal dimensions Ecology and Society
Gilbert, Alison J.; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam; alison.gilbert@vu.nl; Alexander, Karen; Scottish Association for Marine Science, Scottish Marine Institute; Karen.Alexander@sams.ac.uk; Brazinskaite, Raminta; UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs ; raminta.brazinskaite@defra.gsi.gov.uk; Fischer, Christian; Institute for Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht; Christian.Fischer@hzg.de; Gee, Kira; Institute for Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht; Department of Geography and Planning, University of Liverpool; k.gee@gmx.de; Jessopp, Mark; Coastal and Marine Research Centre, University College Cork; m.jessopp@ucc.ie; Kershaw, Peter; Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; peter.kershaw@cefas.co.uk; Los, Hans J.; Deltares; Hans.Los@deltares.nl; March Morla, David; Instituto Mediterraneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA CSIC / UIB) ; david@imedea.uib-csic.es; O'Mahony, Cathal; Coastal and Marine Research Centre, University College Cork; c.omahony@ucc.ie; Varjopuro, Riku; Finnish Environment Institute ; riku.varjopuro@ymparisto.fi.
The European Union Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires the Good Environmental Status of marine environments in Europe's regional seas; yet, maritime activities, including sources of marine degradation, are diversifying and intensifying in an increasingly globalized world. Marine spatial planning is emerging as a tool for rationalizing competing uses of the marine environment while guarding its quality. A directive guiding the development of such plans by European Union member states is currently being formulated. There is an undeniable need for marine spatial planning. However, we argue that considerable care must be taken with marine spatial planning, as the spatial and temporal scales of maritime activities and of Good Environmental Status may...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: DPSWR; Good Environmental Status; Marine spatial planning; Maritime spatial planning; Spatial scale temporal scale.
Ano: 2015
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Monitoring the impact of litter in large vertebrates in the Mediterranean Sea within the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD): constraints, specificities and recommendations ArchiMer
Galgani, Francois; Claro, F.; Depledge, M.; Fossi, C..
In its decision (2010/477/EU) relating to the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC), the European Commission identified the following points as focuses for monitoring: (i) 10.1.1: Trends in the amount, source and composition of litter washed ashore and/or deposited on coastlines, (ii) 10.1.2: Trends in the amount and composition of litter in the water column and accumulation on the sea floor, (iii) 10.1.3: Trends in the amount, distribution and composition of micro-particles (mainly microplastics), and (iv) 10.2.1 Trends in the amount and composition of litter ingested by marine animals. Monitoring the impacts of litter will be considered further in 2014. At that time, the strategy will be discussed in the context of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine litter; MSFD; Good Environmental Status; Monitoring; Sea turtles; Marine mammals; Seabirds; Fulmar.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00177/28822/27299.pdf
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Potential economic impacts of achieving good environmental status in Black Sea fisheries Ecology and Society
Goulding, Ian C; Megapesca Lda, Portugal; ian@megapesca.com; Stobberup, Kim A; Megapesca Lda, Portugal; megapesca@mail.telepac.pt.
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) mandates that European Union (EU) member states achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS) based on an ecosystem-based approach to management. For commercial fisheries, the primary target under the MSFD is one of maximum sustainable yield. Of Black Sea riparian nations, only Romania and Bulgaria are EU member states. Focusing at the supranational level, we review institutions and instruments relevant to management of the Black Sea. The economic values of current fish catches are assessed, and the results of a recent analytical assessment of fish stocks are used to estimate potential future values based on maximum sustainable yields. In the Black Sea region, despite long-standing attempts to improve fisheries...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Black Sea; Economic impacts; Good Environmental Status; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Maximum sustainable yield; Small pelagic fish.
Ano: 2014
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