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Registros recuperados: 33
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2nd Forum on Irrigation and water for sustainable development: 15 –16 December, 2008 Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia AgEcon
Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Erkossa, Teklu; Balcha, Yodit.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Irrigation management; Irrigation water; Irrigated farming; Irrigation systems; Supplemental irrigation; Land management; Land use; Investment; Case studies; Government policy; Rural poverty; Groundwater; Small scale systems; Socioeconomic development; Economic aspects; Economic growth; Income; Water management; Water resources development; Water harvesting; Water supply; Public policy; Agricultural production; Developing countries; Public-private cooperation; History; Case studies; River basins; Crop production; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118411
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A Herculean Task? Economics, Politics, and Realigning Government in the Case of U.S. Polar-Orbiting Weather Satellites AgEcon
MacAuley, Molly K..
In 1994 one of the most radical institutional restructurings in the U.S. government's provision of critical weather information took place after eight unsuccessful attempts. A presidential decision directive merged weather data collection by satellites operated by the Department of Defense for military operations and satellites operated by the Department of Commerce for civilian weather forecasting. Such radical restructuring involving government agencies with different objectives, economic constraints, and operating cultures is rare. This paper reviews the decision that led to "convergence," discusses economic arguments advanced for the merger, and finds that the problem of an incomplete contract, from the perspective of contract theory, is the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Weather economics; Space economics; Value of information; Government policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q28; O32; Q00.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10539
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An Economic Assessment of Space Solar Power as a Source of Electricity for Space-Based Activities AgEcon
MacAuley, Molly K.; Davis, James F..
We develop a conceptual model of the economic value of space solar power (SSP) as a source of power to in-space activities, such as spacecraft and space stations. We offer several estimates of the value based on interviews and published data, discuss technological innovations that may compete with or be complementary to SSP, and consider alternative institutional arrangements for government and the private sector to provide SSP.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Innovation; Government policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; O33; O32; L98.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10794
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Au Declarations OceanDocs
Reiterating our commitment to the principles and objectives set out in the Constitutive Act of the African Union and our common conviction that peace, security, democracy, good governance, political and social stability as well as sound economic policies are essential conditions for the sustainable socio-economic development of the African continent;
Tipo: Conference Material Palavras-chave: Government policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/548
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AVALIAÇÃO DO PROCESSO DE IMPLANTAÇÃO DE PROJETOS DEMONSTRATIVOS PARA A RECUPERAÇÃO DE MATAS CILIARES NO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO AgEcon
Chabaribery, Denyse; Monteiro, Ana Victoria; Silva, Jose Roberto; Ramos, Soraia Fatima.
O artigo faz a avaliação da fase inicial de implantação de projetos demonstrativos para recuperação com espécies nativas de áreas degradadas em mata ciliar em três microbacias no Estado de São Paulo. O arcabouço teórico considerou o projeto como um modelo de conservação da biodiversidade, entendendo que deveria ter havido um enfoque transdisciplinar das instituições parceiras. A pesquisa utilizou-se das técnicas de delphi para levantar os depoimentos dos envolvidos no acompanhamento e na execução das áreas experimentais. Em parte a transdisciplinaridade foi conseguida e houve sucesso no plantio das áreas pilotos em três microbacias estudadas. Mas, a avaliação geral foi de que as equipes locais não tiveram o apoio necessário dos componentes de educação...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Políticas públicas; Meio ambiente; Agricultura familiar; Área de preservação permanente; Avaliação de processo; Government policy; Environmental; Family farming; Permanent preservation areas; Evaluation of process; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112699
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Commercialization of Agriculture Under Population Pressure: Effects on Production, Consumption, and Nutrition in Rwanda AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; de Haen, Hartwig; Blanken, Juergen.
Rapid population growth in agroecologies that are already under high population pressure poses a major challenge for development policy. It becomes an even greater challenge in complex agroecologies where little new technology for rapid agricultural expansion is available. The mountain zones of the Zaire-Nile Divide in Central Africa present an example of such a challenging environment where agriculture has encroached onto marginal zones, that is, water catchment areas and the last tropical forests of the area. This study by von Braun, de Haen, and Blanken highlights the potentials of agricultural development for the employment, income, and consumption of the poor, but also stresses that nonagricultural rural growth and employment expansion are key to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture and State; Rwanda; Produce trade; Government policy; Exports; Food supply; Nutrition policy; Population; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42154
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Community empowerment and scaling-up in urban areas: The evolution of push/prospect in Zambia AgEcon
Garrett, James L..
Includes bibliographical references. Urban Challenges to Food and Nutrition Security.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CARE; Poverty alleviation; Community organizations; Urban poor; Peri-urban areas; Urban programming; Empowerment; Community-driven development (CDD); Food aid; Scaling up; Civil society; Government policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60395
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Distribution of Gains from Cattle Development in a Multi-Stage Production System: The Case of the Bali Beef Industry AgEcon
Ambarawati, I Gusti Agung Ayu; Zhao, Xueyan; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R..
Beef production in Bali is dominated by smallholders, just like the majority of Indonesian agriculture. A wide range of policies has been implemented to enhance development of the Bali beef industry. Knowledge about the distribution of the returns from the development of the cattle industry, including marketing, informs decision making. This paper examines the benefits from cattle development in a multi-stage production representation of the Bali beef industry using equilibrium displacement modelling (EDM). Benefits are measured as changes in economic surplus. The distribution of benefits among farmers, processors and retailers is also examined.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Beef production; Government policy; EDM; Economic surplus.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57829
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Drought and Famine Relationships in Sudan: Policy Implications AgEcon
Teklu, Tesfaye; von Braun, Joachim; Zaki, El Sayed.
Sudan experienced severe food shortage and famine during the 1970s and 1980s. For a country known for its vast agricultural resources, this is both unfortunate and ironic. This research report explores the basic factors that contributed to the recurrence of this phenomenon and identifies policies and actions for avoiding famines and achieving sound and sustainable food policies. The study demonstrates the complexity of policy for prevention, which encompasses macroeconomic reform, promotion of agricultural production and technological change, market development, employment promotion, and interventions for health and nutrition. The researchers extensively investigated all theses aspects from primarily field data gathered before and after the 1984-85...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Famine; Sudan; Droughts; Food relief; Government policy; Drought relief; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42119
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Economic Incentives and Comparative Advantage in Indonesian Food Crop Production AgEcon
Gonzales, Leonardo A.; Kasryno, Faisal; Perez, Nicostrato D.; Rosegrant, Mark W..
Recognizing that the green revolution has resulted in considerable success in production of rice and wheat in many Asian countries, which are now self-sufficient or surpluses in these cereals, IFPRI believes that further growth in agriculture will rely on the productivity of these countries to diversify their agricultural production, while improving productivity in cereals through management and human capital-intensive increase in yield levels. Indonesia is an important example of a country where policy successes in rice production combined with other domestic and world developments in the economic environment of agriculture encouraged policymakers to consider agricultural diversification policies. Key developments leading to an increased interest in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture and state; Indonesia; Produce trade; Government policy; Food crops; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37969
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Effects of exchange rate and trade policies on agriculture in Pakistan AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Valdes, Alberto.
This report on Pakistan is one of a series of country studies undertaken by the International Trade and Food Security Program are IFPRI on trade and macroeconomic policies. Other studies in this series include research reports on Colombia, Argentina, Nigeria, Zaire, and the Philippines, and collaborative work with the World Bank on this tonic in several other countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The findings from this research have vividly shown the need to analyze the effects of policy interventions in agriculture in developing countries in an economic-wide framework. There is now an overwhelming body of evidence showing that trade and exchange rate policies have, in most countries, had a far greater impact, generally adverse, on agricultural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Produce trade; Government policy; Pakistan; Agriculture prices; Foreign exchange problem; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42161
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Famine in Ethiopia: Policy Implications of Coping Failure at National and Household Levels AgEcon
Webb, Patrick; von Braun, Joachim; Yohannes, Yisehac.
This study argues that famines are preventable. What was once a universal threat to human life is now primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa. Africa is likely to be the only continent to experience a continued high level of famine mortality during the 1990s, as well as an increase in absolute poverty. Therefore, the current challenge facing policymakers and research organizations such as IFPRI is to reduce the negative effects of famine in Africa and to lay the foundations for its longer- term eradication. This research by Patrick Webb, Joachim von Braum, and Yisehac Yohannes was designed to contribute to a better understanding of the root causes of famine and thereby to identify appropriate policies and projects for famine mitigation. As part of a larger IFPRI...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Famines; Ethiopia; Droughts; Government policy; Food supply; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37973
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Food policy liberalization in Bangladesh: How the Markets and the Government Delivered? AgEcon
Chowdhury, Nuimuddin; Farid, Naser; Roy, Devesh.
Three factors, advent of new technology (HYV), development of infrastructure and market liberalization working in tandem have delivered favorable food security outcomes for Bangladesh. Bangladesh’s food-policy has benefited from a liberalized trade regime and a consistent downsizing of the government, all with favorable effects on poverty and nutrition. Post liberalization, the findings suggest a perceptible increase in the cost-effectiveness of the public food grain distribution system (PFDS). The favorable effects of liberalization are also evident in growths in outputs, market size, the size of private stocks, the emergence of a two peak harvest seasonality, and finally in declining real rice prices. The government has moreover downsized the PFDS,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food policy; Liberalization; Government policy; Markets; Food security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58574
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Government policies on sustainable development in Namibia OceanDocs
Tarr, P.; Blackie, R..
This paper examines the evolution, since 1990, of key government policies on sustainable development in Namibia. Namibia’s approach has been largely homegrown, responding to issues that are of concern to the Namibian public and policy-makers. The most successful policies have been those that have either been based on strong community-level institutions such as conservancies, or on high-quality scientific analysis, such as the management of fisheries and Environmental Assessments (EAs). Both examples have involved strong stakeholder participation in the formulation of policies and legislation. While issues relating to land and local governance of natural resources require cooperation from up to four government ministries to resolve conflicts,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Government policy; Sustainable development; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35332.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/547
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Government Policy and Food Imports: The Case of Wheat in Egypt AgEcon
Scobie, Grant M..
During the next few decades, tremendous demands will be placed on the foreign exchange-earning capacities of developing countries. These countries need to pay for rapidly increasing food imports and, in addition, for the capital goods they need to import to sustain economic growth. Intensives pressure will also be placed on the real incomes of low-income people, particularly if the real price of food rises in response to the rapid growth of demand. That pressure, in turn, will increase the pressure for consumer food subsidies, aided by a growing realization that food subsidies are labor subsidies in the same sense that interest rate subsidies are capital subsidies. In contrast, constraints on foreign exchange availability, saving rates, and the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wheat trade; Government policy; Egypt; Food supplies; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42217
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INSTABILITY AND RISK IN U.S. AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K..
The U.S. government has been extensively involved in providing income support and risk management policies for U.S. farmers over the last 65 years. Risk management policies have included crop insurance, disaster relief, and in recent years, revenue insurance. Recent policy changes signaled an intention on the part of policy makers, at least in principle, to move U.S. agriculture toward the free market. Low commodity prices and localized droughts, however, have brought about renewed calls for direct income assistance. In this paper, we discuss the role of the government in providing policies to address income shortfalls and risk in agriculture. Problems and inconsistencies with policies are identified and discussed. Implications for international markets...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Crop insurance; Government policy; Risk management; Agricultural and Food Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14700
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Institutional, Legal and Economic Instruments in Ghana's Environmental Policy OceanDocs
Boon, E.K.; Hens, L..
This paper reviews the state of the environment in Ghana and explores the potential for the use of institutional, legal and economic instruments in environmental management in the specific context of this developing country. The environmental situation in Ghana is characterised by desertification, land degradation, deforestation, soil erosion, desertification and inadequate water supply in the Northern regions of the country. The population as a whole is growing at a rate of 3% per annum, with even greater urban growth rates, due to rural out-migration. Large parts of the coastal zone in the south are rapidly developing to become one large suburbanised area. Water quality is particularly threatened in the urban and industrialised areas, which are mainly...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental legislation; Government policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/375
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Irrigation and Water for Sustainable Development; Proceedings of the Second Forum December 15-16, 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia AgEcon
Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Erkossa, Teklu; Balcha, Yodit.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Irrigation management; Supplemental irrigation; Land management; Investment; Case studies; Public sector; Private sector; Cooperation; Government policy; Rural poverty; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118400
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Menos desiguales: la distribución del ingreso luego de las reformas estructurales AgEcon
Jaramillo, Miguel; Saavedra, Jaime.
Entre 1997 y 2006 —el periodo posterior a la reforma estructural en Perú— el coeficiente de Gini del ingreso familiar per cápita disminuyó de 0.54 a 0.49. Otros hallazgos claves en el análisis de la evolución reciente de la desigualdad en el Perú son el rol de los ingresos no laborales en la reducción de la desigualdad del ingreso, la identificación de niveles de desigualdad mayores en las zonas urbanas que en las rurales y la disminución más pronunciada de la desigualdad en las zonas urbanas. Entre los factores que explican la desigualdad es reveladora la importancia del área de residencia (urbana/rural) como protagonista de un rol mucho mayor que el sugerido por estimados para periodos anteriores. Así mismo, se evidencia una dinámica de mercado que ha...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Desigualdad economica; Distribucion del ingreso; Politica social; Politica gubernamental; Mercado de trabajo; Economic disparity; Income distribution; Social policy; Government policy; Labour market; Peru; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; D33.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107397
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Policy Analysis for Sustainable Land Management and Food Security in Ethiopia: A Bioeconomic Model with Market Imperfections Food Security in Ethiopia AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Shiferaw, Bekele A.; Pender, John L..
Soil fertility and the lack of fertilizer use in Africa are frequently discussed topics. The problems of land degradation and low agricultural productivity, which result in food insecurity and poverty, are particularly severe in the rural highlands of Ethiopia. In many areas, a downward spiral of land degradation and poverty appears to be occurring. Finding solutions to these problems requires identifying effective entry points for farmers, governments, and civil society organizations, and understanding the potential impacts and tradeoffs that are likely to arise from alternative interventions. This report seeks to improve that understanding, using a bioeconomic model of land management and agricultural production developed for a community that is fairly...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; Ethiopia; Food supply; Sustainable agriculture; Sustainable development; Government policy; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37890
Registros recuperados: 33
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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