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Registros recuperados: 12
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A framework for selecting a suite of indicators for fisheries management ArchiMer
Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle.
We develop a framework for the objective selection of a suite of indicators for use in fisheries management. The framework encompasses eight steps, and provides guidance on pitfalls to be avoided at each step. Step I identifies user groups and their needs, featuring the setting of operational objectives, and Step 2 identifies a corresponding list of candidate indicators. Step 3 assigns weights to nine screening criteria for the candidate indicators: concreteness, theoretical basis, public awareness, cost, measurement, historic data, sensitivity, responsiveness, and specificity. Step 4 scores the indicators against the criteria, and Step 5 summarizes the results. Steps 3-5 offer technical aspects on which guidance is provided, including scoring standards...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scoring; Objectives; Indicators; Guidelines; Framework; Ecosystem; Criteria.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-484.pdf
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Antimicrobial therapy for community-acquired pneumonia in adults BJID
Cunha,Clovis Arns da; Sader,Helio S.; Nicodemo,Antonio C..
This is part of the series of practice guidelines commissioned by the Brazilian Society for Infectious Diseases through its Practice Guidelines Committee. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide assistance to clinicians in the antimicrobial treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in immunocompetent adults. Panel members and consultants are experts in adult infectious diseases. The guidelines are evidence based where possible. The recommendations included in this document were elaborated based on the most frequently isolated pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibilities. The etiology was based mainly on international studies, since there are very few regional data. On the other hand, the antimicrobial susceptibilities of main bacterial...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Community-Acquired Pneumonia; Guidelines; Brazilian Society for Infectious Diseases.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702002000200004
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Bioaccumulation of trace elements in pelagic fish from the Western Indian Ocean ArchiMer
Kojadinovic, Jessica; Potier, Michel; Le Corre, Matthieu; Cosson, Richard P.; Bustamante, Paco.
Trace elements were analyzed in fish of commercial interest to determine their importance in marine systems of the Western Indian Ocean and their bioaccumulation patterns. The results are equivalent or lower than levels reported in ichthyofauna worldwide. Certain values of muscular Cd, Hg, Pb and Zn were, however, above thresholds for human consumption. Levels varied among tissues, species and fish length, but were seldom influenced by the nutritional condition of the fish, its gender and its reproductive status. Correlations between hepatic Hg and Se levels in Swordfish (r(2) = 0.747) and Yellowfin Tunas (r(2) = 0.226), and among metallothionein linking metals imply the existence of detoxification processes in these species. Level differences between fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Guidelines; Detoxification; Contamination; Fish; Metals.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2490.pdf
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Desarrollo de lineamientos para integrar al modelo Sistema de Información Geográfica del Organismo de Cuenca Golfo Norte, las acciones de rehabilitación y modernización de Distritos de Riego. Colegio de Postgraduados
Vargas González, Leví.
En el ámbito del Organismo de Cuenca Golfo Norte de la CONAGUA se localizan 11 de los 85 Distritos de Riego del país, con 265,042 hectáreas dominadas, los cuales han sido transferidos a los usuarios para su operación, conservación y administración. Sin embargo, por diversas causas, las obras no han sido objeto de trabajos oportunos de conservación y, en consecuencia, acumulan una conservación diferida que disminuye la eficiencia en el uso del agua. La organización formal de los usuarios de los Distritos de Riego, en Asociaciones Civiles de Usuarios (ACU) y Sociedades de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL), ha sido aprovechada para la ejecución del Programa S079 Rehabilitación y Modernización de los Distritos de Riego, el cual consideraacciones de rehabilitación...
Palavras-chave: Rehabilitación y modernización; Lineamientos; Rehabilitation and modernization; Guidelines; Hidrociencias; Maestría Tecnológica.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2165
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Faciliter l’adoption d’interventions de securite alimentaire dans le secteur des aliments de rue et dans les champs AgEcon
Karg, Hanna; Drechsel, Pay; Amoah, Philip; Jeitler, Regina.
This chapter discusses the implementation challenges of the WHO Guidelines on safe wastewater use pertaining to the adoption of the so-called ‘post-treatment’ or ‘non-treatment’ options, like safer irrigation practices or appropriate vegetablewashing in kitchens. Due to limited risk awareness and immediate benefits of wastewater irrigation, it is unlikely that a broad adoption of recommended practices will automatically follow revised policies or any educational campaign and training. Most of the recommended practices do not only require behaviourchange but might also increase operational costs. In such a situation, significant efforts are required to explore how conventional and/or social marketing can support the desired behaviour-change towards the...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Food safety; Restaurants; Public health; Social behaviour; Wastewater irrigation; Vegetables; Guidelines; West Africa; Ghana; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124376
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Functional richness: Overview of indices and underlying concepts ArchiMer
Legras, G.; Loiseau, Nicolas; Gaertner, Jean-claude.
Functional richness, currently defined as the amount of niche space occupied by the species within a community, is one of the three major components of functional diversity. Different indices have been developed in order to quantify this component. However, the range of indices available for assessing functional richness, often mathematically complex and based on different rationales, can cause confusion for field ecologists and lead to misinterpretation of the results obtained. In this context, we have provided the first study exclusively focused on the comparison of the definitions, advantages and drawbacks of a large set of functional richness indices. The first part of this work is focused on four indices (FDP&G, FRic, TOP and N-hypervolumes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Functional richness indices; Index properties; Limitations; Guidelines.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00435/54666/59606.pdf
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Guidelines and criteria for definition of priority areas for technology transfer actions of crop-livestock-forest integration in Brazil. Repositório Alice
SKORUPA, L. A.; MANZATTO, C. V.; PEREIRA, S. E. M.; OLIVEIRA, P. de; NOVAES, R. M. L.; PENTEADO, M. I. de O.; MELO, S. A..
2015
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: ILPF; Guidelines.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1036766
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Linking Land Change with Driving Forces and Actors: Four Conceptual Models Ecology and Society
Hersperger, Anna M.; Land Use Dynamics Unit, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL; anna.hersperger@wsl.ch; Gennaio, Maria-Pia; Swiss Federal Research Institute Agroscope ART; maria.gennaio@art.admin.ch; Verburg, Peter H.; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam ; peter.verburg@ivm.vu.nl.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Conceptualization; Guidelines; Land change modeling; Land cover change; Land use; Model selection; Organizational heuristic.
Ano: 2010
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Recomendações técnicas para a agropecuária de Rondônia: manual do produtor. Infoteca-e
HOLANDA FILHO, Z. F. de.
A pesquisa agropecuária e florestal, que constitui o agronegócio da Embrapa Rondônia, detém um papel fundamental no desenvolvimento do Estado, pois ao disponibilizar alternativas tecnológicas viáveis, propicia o desenvolvimento sustentável da sua agropecuária, conciliando produção com preservação ambiental, o que representa um recurso estratégico para o combate à crise social e econômica. Foi visando a garantia de suporte à cultura de 17 produtos regionais, que a Embrapa Rondônia e o Sebrae Rondônia, firmaram parceria que vem ao encontro das necessidades do homem do campo. A partir dessa parceria, o produtor rural terá mais conhecimentos sobre como fazer manejo, plantio, combater pragas e fazer a colheita, garantindo boa qualidade do produto e mercado. A...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Agricultural production economics; Orientações técnicas; Produção Agrícola; Transferência de Tecnologia; Produtor; Agricultural products; Technology transfer; Guidelines.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/699352
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The Role of Ecological Science in Environmental Policy Making: from a Pacification toward a Facilitation Strategy Ecology and Society
Hanssen, Lucien; Deining Societal Communication; deining@wxs.nl; van Katwijk, Marieke M.; Department of Environmental Science, Radboud University; m.vankatwijk@science.ru.nl.
Based on a Dutch case study on shellfish fishery policy making and a literature review, we expand existing guidelines for coastal zone management. We deduce constraints for handling societally contested and scientifically complex environmental issues. Our additions focus on problem structuring and handling of scientific uncertainties. Both are means to increase consensus about beliefs, ambitions, and directions for solutions. Before policy making can take place, complex environmental issues need to become more structured by reducing either scientific uncertainty or societal dissent: the “pacification strategy” and the “facilitation strategy,” respectively. We show that the use of a pacification strategy, in which...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Coastal zone management; Guidelines; Problem structuring; Scientific assessment scientific uncertainty; Societal dissent; Stakeholder engagement.
Ano: 2009
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Vancomycin use in a brazilian teaching hospital: comparison with the Hospital Infection Controlpractices Advisory Committee Guidelines (HICPAC) BJID
Melo,Daniela Oliveira de; Ribeiro,Eliane.
This study describes vancomycin prescribing patterns in an average complexity hospital and compare the guidelines proposed by the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). The study was conducted in a 256-bed secondary-care hospital. Data were collected of all patients given vancomycin from March 2003 to February 2004, using a standardized chart-extraction form designed. Appropriate and inappropriate use was reviewed according to the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) guidelines on prudent vancomycin use. Out of 118 prescriptions, 95 (80.5%) were considered appropriate. Out of these 95 orders, 77 (81.1%) were administered for empiric treatment of suspected Gram-positive infections, 17 (17.9%) were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Vancomycin; Infection; Guidelines; Antimicrobial use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702009000300001
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Vancomycin use in a hospital with high prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: comparison with Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committe Guidelines (HICPAC) BJID
Melo,Daniela Oliveira de; Sasaki,Marli; Grinbaum,Renato Satovschi.
This study evaluates vancomycin prescribing patterns in a tertiary-care hospital, with high prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, comparing with the guidelines proposed by the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. The study was conducted in a 930-bed tertiary-care hospital, during 40 days (March 10 to April 30, 2003). Data were collected of all patients given vancomycin, using a standardized chart-extraction form designed. Inappropriate use was subdivided in five categories: empiric therapy without risk factors; continued empiric use for presumed infections in patients whose cultures were negative for beta-lactam-resistant Gram-positive microorganisms; treatment of infections caused by beta-lactam-sensitive...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Vancomycin; Infection; Guidelines; Antimicrobial use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702007000100014
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