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A CASE STUDY OF EXTENSION'S RESPONSE TO HEALTH CARE REFORM AgEcon
Garkovich, Lorraine.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17137
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A CHOICE-EXPERIMENT BASED ANALYSIS OF PROTECTION MOTIVATION THEORY: HEALTH RELATED BEHAVIOR OF CONSUMERS WITH CELIAC DISEASE AgEcon
Zhang, Jing; Steiner, Bodo E..
The underlying components of protection motivation theory (PMT; Rogers 1983) are explored through choice experiment-based analysis within a random utility framework, to account for some of the motivational, cognitive, and affective processes that likely affect celiacs’ propensity to use a novel health-risk reducing product. Those four groups of variables that are aimed to capture threat appraisal and coping appraisal processes as part of the standard PMT (Rogers 1975, 1983; Floyd et al. 2000) are found to contribute significantly to explaining the adaptive response of celiacs. Self-assessed vulnerability and perceived product efficacy form a most significant part of respondents’ threat appraisal process. Standard socio-demographic and lifestyle...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Celiac disease; Protection motivation theory; Choice experiments; Confidence; Risk perceptions; Vulnerability; Efficacy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; D03; D12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116454
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A Comparison of Actual and Hypothetical Willingness to Pay of Parents and Non-Parents for Protecting Infant Health: The Case of Nitrates in Drinking Water AgEcon
Loomis, John B.; Bell, Paul; Cooney, Helen; Asmus, Cheryl.
We estimate adults’ willingness to pay (WTP) to reduce health risks to their own or other families’ infants to test for altruism. A conjoint analysis of adults paying for bottled water found marginal WTP for reduction in risk of shock, brain damage, and mortality in the cash treatment of $2, $3.70, and $9.43, respectively. In the hypothetical market these amounts were $14, $26, and $66, indicating substantial hypothetical bias, although not unexpected due to the topic of infant health. Statistical tests confirm a high degree of altruism in our WTP results, and altruism held even when real money was involved.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Altruism; Conjoint; Drinking water; Nitrates; Validity; Willingness to pay; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; I10; Q53.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56657
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A Comparison of Actual and Hypothetical Willingness to Pay of Parents and Non-Parents for Protecting Infants' Health: The Case of Nitrates in Drinking Water AgEcon
Loomis, John B.; Asmus, Cheryl; Bell, Paul.
The objective of this research was to estimate adults' willingness to pay to reduce health risks to their or other families's infants, the latter to test for altruism. A choice experiment was conducted by having adults pay for bottled water for infants to reduce infants' exposure to nitrates in drinking water. Since nitrates only affect infants' health, we have isolated the adults' willingness to pay just for infants' health by buying bottled water to avoid infants' nitrate intake. Respondents were separated into two treatments, one with hypothetical choices, and the other where respondents were told that one of their four choices would be binding, and they would actually buy bottled water using money given to them at the beginning of the experiment....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Altruism; Conjoint; Drinking water; Validity; Willingness to pay; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9358
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A Comparison of Household Food Security in Canada and the United States AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Hopwood, Heather.
Food security—consistent access to enough food for an active, healthy life—is essential for health and good nutrition. The extent to which a nation’s population achieves food security is an indication of its material and social well-being. Differences in the prevalence of household level food insecurity between Canada and the United States are described at the national level and for selected economic and demographic subpopulations. Associations of food security with economic and demographic characteristics are examined in multivariate analyses that hold other characteristics constant. Comparable measures of household food security were calculated from the nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 (2004) and the U.S. Current...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56488
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A COMPARISON OF HUMAN ILLNESS COST ESTIMATES FOR E. COLI 0157:H7 DISEASE IN THE UNITED STATES AND SCOTLAND AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Roberts, Tanya; Roberts, Jennifer A.; Upton, Pauline A..
This paper explores methodological and demographical reasons for differences in estimated social costs from foodborne Escherichia coli O157:H7 between the United States and United Kingdom (UK). Depending on the evaluation method, estimated U.S. costs average $10,000-17,000/case while estimated costs for the largest reported UK milk-borne outbreak are $280,000/case.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20792
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A Comparison of Methodologies for Valuing Decreased Health Effects from Wildfire Smoke AgEcon
Richardson, Leslie; Loomis, John B.; Champ, Patricia A..
Wildfire seasons are becoming longer and more intense throughout the world, making it increasingly important to monetize the full damages caused by wildfires when analyzing various fire management policies. We estimate the economic costs of the health effects associated with exposure to wildfire smoke using a simple cost of illness approach and for the first time to our knowledge we estimate willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a decrease in symptom days from wildfire smoke using the contingent valuation method and the averting behavior method. Comparing estimates across all three common approaches for estimating the economic cost of exposure to an air pollutant is an important contribution to the literature. This study uses data from the largest wildfire in Los...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Averting behavior method; Contingent valuation method; Cost of illness; Wildfire smoke; Health; Morbidity; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Q.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61252
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A Constituição do Campesinato na Amazônia e suas Estratégias de Reprodução: o caso da comunidade São Bento no Estado do Acre AgEcon
Andrade, Francisco Gomes; Mattos, Adriano Lincoln Albuquerque; Araujo, Joao Cavalcante.
O propósito deste artigo é refletir sobre o processo de constituição e de construção do estigma cognitivo que tem caracterizado o campesino como um indivíduo “incapaz”. Os argumentos desenvolvidos aqui estão fundamentados primeiro na desarticulação do seringal e, segundo, na reprodução das disposições na “nova” configuração, incorporadas que foram enquanto seringueiro. A análise procura mostrar que a estratégia utilizada por esses campesinos para se articular com a configuração geral não são os mecanismos normais do campo econômico. Essa questão tem sido ignorada pelo Estado com implicações que penalizam os próprios ex-seringueiros e a sociedade. The objective of this paper is to discuss the setting and construction process of cognitive stigma that has...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Campesinato; Estigma; Espaço social; Representações sociais; Rubber tree; Peasant; Cognitive stigma; Unable person; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102469
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A Cross-Country Analysis of Household Responses to Adult Mortality in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications For HIV/AIDS Mitigation And Rural Development Policies. AgEcon
Mather, David; Donovan, Cynthia; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T.; Chapoto, Antony; Mazhangara, Edward; Bailey, Linda; Yoo, Kyeongwon; Yamano, Takashi; Mghenyi, Elliot W..
This paper summarizes and synthesizes across the results of a set of country studies on the effects of prime-age adult mortality on rural households in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia. Each study is based on large representative rural household surveys. These findings have implications for the design of efforts to mitigate some of the most important effects of rural adult mortality, and for key development policies and priorities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Sub-Saharan Africa; Mortality; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; Downloads July 2008 - July 2009: 21; I11.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54571
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A Discriminant Analysis of Factors Associated with The Adoption Of Certified Organic Farming By Smallholder Farmers in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa AgEcon
Kisaka-Lwayo, Maggie.
Discriminant analysis was used to identify the characteristics that distinguish between fully-certified organic, partially-certified organic and non-organic farmers in Umbumbulu district, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa (SA) during October- November 2004. 200 farmers interviewed were drawn by purposively selecting the 151 members of the Ezemvelo Farmers’ Organisation (EFO), and by random sampling 49 non-organic farmers in wards neighbouring EFO. Results from the two estimated discriminant functions suggested that farmers with higher household sizes, incomes, input costs per hectare and number of chickens owned, locations further from innovators and less risk aversion were more likely to be certified as organic. Household location should be considered in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Organic; Discriminant Analysis; South Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52155
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A framework for analyzing socioeconomic, health and environmental impacts of wastewater use in agriculture in developing countries AgEcon
Hussain, Intizar; Raschid, Liqa; Hanjra, Munir A.; Marikar, Fuard; van der Hoek, Wim.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Waste water management; Environmental degradation; Waterborne diseases; Water quality; Irrigation practices; Aquaculture; Economic analysis; Social aspects; Health; Environmental aspects; Agriculture; Developing countries; Policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92775
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A GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS OF THE WELFARE IMPACT OF PROGRESA TRANSFERS AgEcon
Coady, David P.; Harris, Rebecca Lee.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16027
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A HAZAI ÖKOMÉZ PIACI LEHETŐSÉGEI AgEcon
Panyor, Agota.
A kérdőíves felmérésből megállapítható, hogy rendkívüli fontosságú az ökoméz és a hagyományos technológiával készült méz közötti különbség tudatosítása, melyben fontos szerepet játszik a marketingeszközök megfelelő és hatékony alkal-mazása, többek között a különböző kiadványok és reklámok. Fontos cél, hogy a magyar fogyasztó részesítse előnyben a hazai terméket, tudja és érezze át, hogy a magyar élelmiszer vásárlásával segíti a hazai vidéki lakosság megélhetését, az ökoélelmiszer választásával védi a természeti környezetet és a saját egészségét. A 2081/92/EGK rendelet szerinti közösségi oltalom (eredetvédelem) lehetőségét célszerű lenne kihasználni a termelői csoportosulások aktív közreműködésével. Nagy figyelmet indokolt szentelni a fiatal generációk...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Kérdőíves felmérés; Eredetvédelem; Ökotermék védjegy - questionnaire survey; Community protection; National brand-mark for eco-products; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54308
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A Misguided Tobacco Policy? Public Policy and Consumption Substitutability Between Cigarettes and An Important Smokeless Tobacco Alternative AgEcon
Maki, Jennifer.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Snus; Tobacco; Smokeless Tobacco; Agricultural and Food Policy; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103620
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A MODEL FOR THE APPRAISAL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE PROJECTS AgEcon
Soliman, Ibrahim.
Social Appraisal of Agricultural Projects
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct cost; External costs; External benefits; Net present value; Sensitivity analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119883
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A New Institutional Economics Perspective on the Relationship Among Societal Values, Governance Structure and Access to Rural Health Care Services AgEcon
James, Harvey S., Jr..
According to New Institutional Economics, transactional activities, governance structures, institutions and beliefs and values are related hierarchally. Williamson (2000) formalizes this framework to show that each governing level must be aligned with the adjacent level for transaction costs to be minimized. This framework is applied to the question of balancing costs and access in health care. Transaction costs in providing health care services can be minimized if all hierarchal functions are aligned. Examining the highest level associated with beliefs and values reveals that the beliefs of people might not be fully consistent with the institutions and governance structures expected or advocated in the area of health care, particularly in the context of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural health care; Cost; Access; Efficiency; New institutional economics; Rights; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7362
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A Perspective on Valuing Changes in Health Risk AgEcon
Fisher, Ann.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25197
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A Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database for the U.S. AgEcon
Todd, Jessica E.; Mancino, Lisa; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Tripodo, Christina.
This report provides a detailed description of the methodology used to construct ERS’s Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database (Q-FAHPD). As the name suggest, these data provide quarterly observations on the mean price of 52 food categories for specific U.S. markets. We provide a description of the Nielsen Homescan data that was used to create this database, the methodology used to classify foods into food groups, how we determined the appropriate the level of aggregation (sub-regional markets) and our calculation of average prices for each food group. This report also contains an overview and summary of the resulting data.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nielsen Homescan; Food prices; Diet quality; Market prices; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53341
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A Rising Tide of Anti-Animal Consumerism? Issues and Opportunities AgEcon
Rae, Allan N..
The livestock revolution that has occurred over the last few decades has seen a phenomenal increase in demand for livestock products in much of the developing world. This has largely been matched with growth in supplies, driven by government policies, and increased animal numbers and productivity. But this growth has been accompanied by a number of side-effects which in many cases impose negative externalities on society and suggest that current trends in animal product consumption are unsustainable. As a result there is emerging an anti-animal sentiment among some consumer groups. These people are concerned about livestock issues such as human health effects, biodiversity losses, deforestation, emissions to the air and water, diversion of grains from...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock revolution; Diet transformation; Externalities; Opportunities; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96940
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A Study of Self-Reported and Actual BMI AgEcon
Lee, Jonq-Ying.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Self-reported BMI; Actual BMI; Obese; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52987
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