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100% Organic Feed for Pigs – Results of Feed Trials in the UK Organic Eprints
Smith, Jo; Gerrard, Catherine L.; Nelder, Rebecca; Clements, Ruth; Pearce, Bruce; Zaralis, Konstantinos.
Current regulations for organic pig and poultry production systems permit feed ingredients of non-organic origin, primarily due to concerns that a 100 % organic diet would be unable to meet the demand for the essential amino acids lysine and methionine. 100 % organic diets for monogastrics will become compulsory in the EU from 1st January 2015, and so there is an urgent need to develop economically profitable feeding strategies based on organic feed across Europe. Feeding trials carried out with Gloucester old spot pigs in the UK found that there was no significant difference in the weight gains across the diets until the last week of the trial when there a significant difference in weight increase for the male pigs on the bean diet. This suggests that a...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23498/1/23498_MM.pdf
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100% Organic Feed for Poultry – Results of Feed Trials in the UK Organic Eprints
Gerrard, Catherine L.; Smith, Jo; Nelder, Rebecca; Clements, Ruth; Pearce, Bruce; Bright, Ashleigh.
Current regulations for organic monogastric production systems permit feed ingredients of non-organic origin, primarily due to concerns about meeting the demand for the essential amino acids methionine and lysine. However, 100 % organic diets will become compulsory in the EU from 1st January 2015, so there is a need to develop feeds which will supply the required level of nutrients and support high animal health and welfare. This paper reports on feeding trials carried out with broilers in the UK to investigate the impact of three 100 % organic diets: a control diet with globally sourced ingredients, a diet based on locally sourced (i.e. within Europe) organic ingredients, and a diet based on locally sourced organic ingredients and algae. The results of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23497/1/23497%20Gerrard%20Smith%20ICOPP%20poultry%20in%20final_MM.pdf
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100 % organic ration works for organic table birds Organic Eprints
Woodward, Lawrence; O'Brien, Josie.
Poultry researcher Josie O’Brien and Lawrence Woodward present some results from a series of EFRC trials that are questioning the need for the conventional feed derogation in organic poultry production. Currently the use of up to twenty percent of non-organic components is allowed in the feed ration of organically certified table birds. Although this derogation is supposed to be removed in August 2005, there is mounting pressure to allow it to continue in some form. The derogation was introduced due to concerns that without it the bird’s nutritional needs could not be met by certified organic sources alone and therefore their health, welfare and growth would be compromised. The primary concern relates to amino acid levels and in particular methionine....
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Poultry; Health and welfare; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4185/1/4185.pdf
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1st Report of the Working Group on Standard Development Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, Michael; Sundrum, Albert.
The initial meeting of the working group on standard development took place at the 1st SAFO-Workshop, September 2003, in Florence. In accordance with the main topic of the Workshop, the discussion was primarily focused on the relationship between socio-economic aspects of the standards and the issue of animal health and food safety in organic farming. The report cover the additional issues discussed in the 1st Working Group meeting in Florence.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2709/1/walkenhorst%2D2003%2Dreport%2Dstandard%2Ddevelopment.pdf
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2 dages slutfodring med korn reducerer ikke skatol hos hangrise Organic Eprints
Møller, Sønke; Marbibo, Hanne.
Hangrise fodret med en pelleteret kornblanding bestående af 48 procent byg og 48 procent hvede samt fedt og vitaminer/mineraler fra to dage før slagtning, reducerede ikke det gennemsnitlige skatoltal i nakkespæk sammenlignet med grise fodret med en standard slagtesvineblanding frem til slagtning. Slagtevægten blev i gennemsnit reduceret med 2,3 kg.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28617/7/28617.pdf
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4. Österreichische Fachtagung für Biologische Landwirtschaft - "Low-Input" Vollweidehaltung von Milchkühen in Österreich Organic Eprints
Tipo: Proceedings Palavras-chave: Pasture and forage crops; Dairy cattle; Health and welfare; Feeding and growth; Farm economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/15583/1/Bericht08.pdf
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5. Bioforschungstag: Aktuelles zum Biorind Organic Eprints
Das Dokument enthält alle Vorträge und Poster, die am 5. Schweizer Bioforschungstag 2010 in Posieux, Schweiz präsentiert wurden: Forschungsresultate zum Futterbau, zur Rindviehzucht, zur Tiergesundheit und zur Produktqualität. Deutsche und französische Version verfügbar.
Tipo: Proceedings Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Beef cattle; Feeding and growth; Breeding and genetics; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17270/1/Bioforschungstag_2010_fr.pdf
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A comparative study of clinical manifestations, haematological and serological responses after experimental infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in two Norwegian sheep breeds Organic Eprints
Stuen, Snorre; Grøva, Lise; Granquist, Erik G; Sandstedt, Karin; Olesen, Ingrid; Steinshamn, Håvard.
Background: It has been questioned if the old native Norwegian sheep breed, Old Norse Sheep (also called Norwegian Feral Sheep), normally distributed on coastal areas where ticks are abundant, is more protected against tick-borne infections than other Norwegian breeds due to a continuously high selection pressure on pasture. The aim of the present study was to test this hypothesis in an experimental infection study. Methods: Five-months-old lambs of two Norwegian sheep breeds, Norwegian White (NW) sheep and Old Norse (ON) sheep, were experimentally infected with a 16S rRNA genetic variant of Anaplasma phagocytophilum (similar to GenBank accession number M73220). The experiment was repeated for two subsequent years, 2008 and 2009, with the use of 16...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Sheep and goats; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19867/1/PAPER_III.pdf
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A field trial on the effects of pure sodium propionate and a combination with herbal extracts on short term development of subclinical ketosis Organic Eprints
Dorn, Katharina; Leiber, Florian; Sundrum, Albert; Holinger, Mirjam; Mayer, Philipp; Walkenhorst, Michael.
While glucogenic substances in ketosis prevention are commonly used, there is a lack of clinical studies about the effectiveness of ketosis therapy in particular by means of sodium propionate and herbal extracts. Fresh cows between 5 and 50 days in milk of 25 Swiss and German dairy farms were tested weekly for ketone bodies in blood. From 283 cows, 121 (42.8%) exceeded the threshold of 1.0 mmol/l blood-β-hydroxybutyrate (BBHB). Thereof 84 cows were randomly assigned to three treatments on each farm. Treatment SP-H was composed of sodium propionate (120 g per application) and an aqueous extract of seven herbs (13.5 g drug equivalent per application), treatment SP comprised pure sodium propionate (120 g per application) and treatment PL was a placebo. All...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/34520/1/dorn-etal-2016-LivestockScience-Vol187-p87%E2%80%9395.pdf
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A herbal feed additive shows potential to improve metabolic situation in early lactating dairy cows Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, M.; Ivemeyer, S.; Schaette, R.; Mayer, P.; Arndt, G..
The gap between performance and feed intake in early lactating dairy cows often leads to metabolic imbalance which is connected to udder inflammation (UI). A study with 72 dairy cows calving from November 2010 to March 2011 on 10 Swiss and German farms was conducted to test the effect of a herbal feed additive (HFA) containing mainly Urtica dioica L. (herba), Silybum marianum (L.) Gaert. (fructus), Artemisia absinthium L. (herba) and Achillea millefolium L. (herba). Cows were stratified (farm and milk yield) randomised divided into three groups. From 14 days prior predicted calving to the end of the following lactation cows received daily 100 g pellets containing A: 100% HFA, B: 50% HFA and 50% alfalfa and C: 100% alfalfa (placebo). Two or three cows per...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25311/1/walkenhorst-etal-2013-PlantaMedical-79-PL25.pdf
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A Longitudinal Study of Mastitis on an Experimental Farm with Two Herds, One Managed Organically, the other Conventionally Organic Eprints
Thatcher, A; Petrovski, K; Holmes, C; Dowson, K; Kelly, T; McLeod, K.
Mastitis in two herds managed as a comparison between organic and conventional dairy farming systems was monitored for 4 years utilising regular bacterial culture of milk samples, individual and bulk somatic cell counts and observation by farm staff. The objective was to develop strategies for the control of mastitis in organic cows without the use of antibiotics. The herds showed differences in clinical mastitis incidence, subclinical mastitis prevalence and bulk milk somatic cell count. Despite these differences, the level of mastitis in the organic herd remained manageable.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11559/1/Thatcher_11559_ed.doc
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A participatory approach to design monitoring indicators of production diseases in organic dairy farms Organic Eprints
Duval, Julie; Fourichon, Christine; Madouasse, Aurélien; Sjöström, K.; Emanuelson, Ulf; Bareille, Nathalie.
Production diseases have an important negative effect on the health and welfare of dairy cows. Although organic animal production systems aim for high animal health levels, compliance with European organic farming regulations does not guarantee that this is achieved. Herd health and production management (HHPM) programs aim at optimizing herd health by preventing disease and production problems, but as yet they have not been consistently implemented by farmers. We hypothesize that one reason is the mismatch between what scientists propose as indicators for herd health monitoring and what farmers would like to use. Herd health monitoring is a key element in HHPM programs as it permits a regular assessment of the functioning of the different components of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Technology transfer; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/33562/1/Duval16PVM.pdf
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A quantitative method for detection of probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici in the intestine of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry fed diets supplemented with Bactocell Organic Eprints
Svendsen, Gry Hougaard.
The aquaculture industry is growing rapidly putting more attention towards fish welfare. The importance of nutrition in maintaining the health of the fish has led to a growing interest towards dietary supplements such as probiotics. In this study a real-time qPCR was used for detection of Pediococcus acidilactici MA 18/5M (Bactocell) from the intestine of rainbow trout fed supplemented diets.
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22271/6/22271.pdf
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A randomized controlled trial to compare the use of homeopathy and internal Teat Sealers for the prevention of mastitis in organically farmed dairy cows during the dry period and 100 days post-calving. Organic Eprints
Klocke, P.; Ivemeyer, S.; Butler, G.; Maeschli, A.; Heil, F..
Introduction: Routine use of antibiotics to prevent mastitis in dairy cows is prohibited by organic farming regulations. Internal Teat Sealers have been proposed as an alternative. We compared two drying-off (DO) supporting measures (Internal Teat Sealer and Homeopathy) to an untreated control group to assess their protective effects against clinical mastitis and intra-mammary infections during dry period of dairy cows. Methods: A field trial with 102 dairy cows from 13 Swiss organic dairy farms was conducted. Cows were randomly assigned to one of three groups within a herd. In the Internal Teat Sealer group (ITS; 36 cows) cows were treated with the commercial ORBESEAL (Pfizer) in all four quarters immediately after the last milking. In the Homeopathy...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Dairy cattle; Animal husbandry; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17117/1/
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A STUDY OF SUBCLINICAL MASTITIS IN TWO HERDS, ONE MANAGED ORGANICALLY, THE OTHER CONVENTIONALLY, AND THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES Organic Eprints
Thatcher, A.; Petrovski, K.; Shadbolt, N.; Martin, N..
Mastitis in two herds managed as a comparison between organic and conventional dairy farming systems was monitored for 9 years utilising regular bacterial culture of milk samples, individual and bulk somatic cell counts and observation by farm staff. The most important isolates in pure cultures were coagulase-negative staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis, and Bacillus spp. Positive cultures were generally not associated with subclinical mastitis. The objective was to develop strategies for the control of mastitis in organic cows without the use of antibiotics. Within a set of key control measures, two management strategies were trialled, one of which reduced the prevalence of subclinical mastitis to very low levels.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23568/1/23568_MM.pdf
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A study tour of organic poultry production in France - current & future implementation of standards & EU legislation Organic Eprints
Anon,.
Introduction There have recently been major changes in the regulations governing the production of organic poultry products in the EU. Member States have been required to set Standards for production that meet the minimum set in Regulation (EC) 1804/99 if products, including poultry, are to be sold as organic within the EU. This has raised concerns over consistency of implementation in other Member States, and whether, directly or through derogation, this might lead to competitive advantage over the UK. MAFF were aware that France had drafted derogations in accordance with Regulation (EC) 1804/99, and intended to implement some aspects of the Regulation which were claimed to be more stringent than the basic requirements. The aim of this project...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation; Poultry; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/6612/1/OF0303_2551_FRP.pdf
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Acari predatori contro parassiti delle galline Organic Eprints
Maurer, Veronika.
In numerosi pollai con il tempo umido e caldo gli acari rossi si moltiplicano in modo esponenziale. La loro presenza è riconoscibile dai depositi brizzolati vicino alle fessure.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Poultry.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33292/1/Bioattualit%C3%A0_3_2018_V.Maurer.pdf
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Acariens prédateurs contre parasites des volailles Organic Eprints
Maurer, Veronika.
Lorsque le temps est chaud et humide, les acariens des volailles se multiplient de manière explosive dans de nombreux poulaillers et forment, près des fissures, des dépôts ressemblant à du sel et du poivre. Les acariens vont sur les volailles pendant la nuit, leur sucent du sang puis se retirent dans leurs cachettes.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Poultry.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33290/1/Bioactualites_3_2018_V.Maurer.pdf
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Acknowledging the potential role of animal self-medication Organic Eprints
Engel, Cindy Reece.
This report was presented at the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference. Much research on animal health and welfare assumes that animals passively endure the pathogens, diet, and environmental conditions that come their way. Natural selection however has honed behavioural strategies for optimising health. Some of these involve the selection of ‘medicines’ to modulate health. Although it is not yet known to what extent domestic species retain the ability to self-medicate, it is vital that researchers acknowledge the potential role such behaviour might play when designing research protocols
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/8282/1/engel_animal__self%2Dmedication.pdf
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Activities of organic farmers succeeding in reducing lameness in dairy cows Organic Eprints
Leach, Katharine; Barker, Zoe; Maggs, Clare; Sedgwick, Anouska; Whay, Helen; Bell, Nick; Main, David.
Sixty-seven organic producers were among 189 dairy farmers completing the “Healthy Feet Project” in the UK. This aimed to reduce lameness in dairy herds by implementing existing knowledge. Participants received input at two levels: monitoring alone, or monitoring with extra support through a single veterinary advisory visit, annual visits from a trained non-veterinary facilitator and materials and contacts to encourage change. On average lameness on organic farms reduced by 12 percentage points over the three year period. On the farms achieving the greatest reduction,the most common changes were improvements to tracks and cubicle comfort, and more frequent footbathing or foot trimming. Practices to improve foot cleanliness, such as more frequent removal of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21760/1/Leach_lameness_2OAHC_2012.pdf
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