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Registros recuperados: 6
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A 1.2 Ma record of glaciation and fluvial discharge from the West European Atlantic margin ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S.; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Gibbard, P. L.; Eynaud, F.; Giraudeau, J.; Turon, J. L.; Cremer, M.; Cortijo, E.; Martinez, P.; Rossignol, L..
The correlation of continental sedimentary records with the marine isotope stratigraphy is a challenge of central importance in Quaternary stratigraphy, particularly in Western Europe where long records of glaciation on land areas are particularly rare. Here we demonstrate for the first time the interrelationship of events during the last 1.2 Ma in an ocean-sediment core from the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic), SW of the Channel. The identification of discharge variations from tributary river systems to the 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver during glacio-eustatic sea-level lowstands demonstrates the correlation of the marine sediment stratigraphy to the expansion and recession of the European ice-sheets. The amplitude and chronology of European ice-sheet...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Middle pleistocene transition; Ice sheet dynamics; Sea level; Climate change; North Atlantic; English channel; Heinrich events; Fleuve manche; Deep; Origin.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6956.pdf
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A role for icebergs in the 8.2 ka climate event ArchiMer
Wiersma, Ane P.; Jongma, Jochem I..
We investigate the potential role of icebergs in the 8.2 ka climate event, using a coupled climate model equipped with an iceberg component. First, we evaluate the effect of a large iceberg discharge originating from the decaying Laurentide ice sheet on ocean circulation, compared to a release of an identical volume of freshwater alone. Our results show that, on top of the freshwater effect, a large iceberg discharge facilitates sea-ice growth as a result of lower sea-surface temperatures induced by latent heat of melting. This causes an 8% increased sea-ice cover, 5% stronger reduction in North Atlantic Deep Water production and 1A degrees C lower temperature in Greenland. Second, we use the model to investigate the effect of a hypothetical two-stage lake...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 8.2 ka event; Climate modeling; Icebergs; Laurentide ice sheet; Hudson Strait; Holocene; Heinrich events.
Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00496/60749/65152.pdf
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Activity of the turbidite levees of the Celtic-Armorican margin (Bay of Biscay) during the last 30,000 years: Imprints of the last European deglaciation and Heinrich events ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Naughton, F; Cremer, M; Eynaud, F; Dennielou, Bernard.
High-resolution sedimentological and micropaleontological studies of several deep-sea cores retrieved from the levees of the Celtic and Armorican turbidite systems (Bay of Biscay - North Atlantic Ocean) allow the detection of the major oscillations of the British-Irish Ice Sheet (BIIS) and 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver discharges over the last 30,000 years, which were mainly triggered by climate changes. Between 30 and 20 cal ka, the turbiditic activity on the Celtic-Annorican margin was weak, contrasting with previous stratigraphic models which predicted a substantial increase of sediment supply during low sea-level stands. This low turbidite deposit frequency was most likely the result of a weak activity of the 'Fleuve Manche' palaeoriver and/or of a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Turbidites; Heinrich events; LGM; Last deglaciation; Palaeoriver; Fleuve Manche; British irish ice sheet; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3729.pdf
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Ocean Temperature Variability during the Late Pleistocene ArchiMer
Hoffman, Jeremy Scott.
This dissertation explores one overarching question relevant to the paleoclimate of the latest Pleistocene glacial cycle (approximately the last 130,000 years): “How did spatial and temporal evolution of ocean temperature, both at the surface and interior, relate to other parts of the climate system in the late Pleistocene?” Results from three studies are presented that seek to address longstanding questions in paleoceanography and paleoclimatology for the late Pleistocene using a combination of novel and accepted statistical and geochemical analysis techniques and leveraging comparisons with available global climate model data. The last interglaciation (LIG; ~129-116 ka) was the most recent period in Earth’s history with higher-than-present global sea...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Paleoclimate; Interglacial; Heinrich events; Deglacial; Paleoceanography; Climate.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61702/65670.pdf
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Shoreface migrations at the shelf edge and sea-level changes around the Last Glacial Maximum (Gulf of Lions, NW Mediterranean) ArchiMer
Jouet, Gwenael; Berne, Serge; Rabineau, Marina; Bassetti, Maria-angela; Bernier, P.; Dennielou, Bernard; Sierro, F.j.; Flores, J.a.; Taviani, M..
The Bourcart–Hérault canyon interfluve in the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean) was the site of very high sedimentation (up to 2.5 m/kyr) around the Last Glacial Maximum, due to the vicinity of major fluvial systems that fed the shelf edge. Shoreface deposits and offshore muds deposited during each glacial/interglacial 100 kyr-cycle, created a repeated motif with high-angle and low-angle clinoforms on seismic profiles. New detailed morphological, sedimentological and paleo-environmental data, constrained by 14C dating, allow us to propose a scenario for the evolution of this critical area between 46 and 15 cal. kyr BP. The major seismic sequence (S5), formed as a forced regression during the overall sea-level fall between MIS-3 and MIS-2, can be sub-divided...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Heinrich events; Western Mediterranean; High resolution sedimentary record; Relative sea level; Last Glacial Maximum.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2328.pdf
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Timing of massive ‘Fleuve Manche’ discharges over the last 350 kyr: insights into the European ice-sheet oscillations and the European drainage network from MIS 10 to 2 ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S.; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Cremer, M.; Eynaud, Frederique; Van Vliet-lanoe, B.; Penaud, A.; Fontanier, C.; Turon, J. L.; Cortijo, E.; Gibbard, P. L..
Continuous high-resolution mass accumulation rates (MAR) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurements from marine sediment records in the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic) have allowed the determination of the timing and the amplitude of the ‘Fleuve Manche’ (Channel River) discharges during glacial stages MIS 10, MIS 8, MIS 6 and MIS 4–2. These results have yielded detailed insight into the Middle and Late Pleistocene glaciations in Europe and the drainage network of the western and central European rivers over the last 350 kyr. This study provides clear evidence that the ‘Fleuve Manche’ connected the southern North Sea basin with the Bay of Biscay during each glacial period and reveals that ‘Fleuve Manche’ activity during the glaciations MIS 10 and MIS 8 was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northern north sea; Late weichselian glaciation; Western iberian margin; Abrupt climate change; C 14 YR BP; Deep sea; Heinrich events; Norwegian margin; Millennial scale; English channel.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12261/9037.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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