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Registros recuperados: 5
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Entangled fates of holobiont genomes during invasion: nested bacterial and host diversities in Caulerpa taxifolia ArchiMer
Arnaud-haond, Sophie; Aires, Tania; Candeias, R.; Teixeira, S. J. L.; Duarte, C. M.; Valero, M.; Serrao, E. A..
Successful prevention and mitigation of biological invasions requires retracing the initial steps of introduction, as well as understanding key elements enhancing the adaptability of invasive species. We studied the genetic diversity of the green alga Caulerpa taxifolia and its associated bacterial communities in several areas around the world. The striking congruence of α and ß diversity of the algal genome and endophytic communities reveals a tight association, supporting the holobiont concept as best describing the unit of spreading and invasion. Both genomic compartments support the hypotheses of a unique accidental introduction in the Mediterranean and of multiple invasion events in Southern Australia. In addition to helping with tracing the origin of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Caulerpa; Clonal diversity; Endophytic communities; Holobiont; Invasion paradox; Marine invasion.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00369/48058/48145.pdf
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Holobionts and their hologenomes: Evolution with mixed modes of inheritance Genet. Mol. Biol.
Haag,Karen Luisa.
Abstract Symbioses are ubiquitous and have played an influential role in the evolution of life on Earth. Genomic studies are now revealing a huge diversity of associations among hosts and their microbiotas, allowing us to characterize their complex ecological and evolutionary dynamics. The different transmission modes and the asynchronous cell proliferation of the numerous symbionts associated with one host generate a genomic conflict ought to be solved. Two disputing views have been used to model and predict the outcome of such conflicts. The traditional view is based on community ecology, and considers that selection at the level of individuals is sufficient to explain longstanding associations among species. A new perspective considers that the host and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Genomics; Metagenomics; Microbiota; Symbiosis; Holobiont.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572018000200189
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Microbiota Composition and Evenness Predict Survival Rate of Oysters Confronted to Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome ArchiMer
Clerissi, Camille; De Lorgeril, Julien; Petton, Bruno; Lucasson, Aude; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Gueguen, Yannick; Dégremont, Lionel; Mitta, Guillaume; Toulza, Eve.
Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS) affects Crassostrea gigas oysters worldwide and causes important economic losses. Disease dynamic was recently deciphered and revealed a multiple and progressive infection caused by the Ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1 μVar, triggering an immunosuppression followed by microbiota destabilization and bacteraemia by opportunistic bacterial pathogens. However, it remains unknown if microbiota might participate to protect oysters against POMS, and if microbiota characteristics might be predictive of oyster mortalities. To tackle this issue, we transferred full-sib progenies of resistant and susceptible oyster families from hatchery to the field during a period in favor of POMS. After 5 days of transplantation, oysters from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Holobiont; Microbiome; Metabarcoding; Fitness; Bacteria.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00621/73332/72500.pdf
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Protists Within Corals: The Hidden Diversity ArchiMer
Clerissi, Camille; Brunet, Sebastien; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Lepage, Pierre; Guillou, Laure; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Toulza, Eve.
Previous observations suggested that microbial communities contribute to coral health and the ecological resilience of coral reefs. However, most studies of coral microbiology focused on prokaryotes and the endosymbiotic algae Symbiodinium. In contrast, knowledge concerning diversity of other protists is still lacking, possibly due to methodological constraints. As most eukaryotic DNA in coral samples was derived from hosts, protist diversity was missed in metagenome analyses. To tackle this issue, we designed blocking primers for Scleractinia sequences amplified with two primer sets that targeted variable loops of the 18S rRNA gene (18SV1V2 and 18SV4). These blocking primers were used on environmental colonies of Pocillopora damicornis sensu lato from two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Holobiont; Protists; Symbiosis; Metabarcoding; Blocking primer; Scleractinia; Pocillopora damicornis.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00457/56823/58661.pdf
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Seasonal and algal diet-driven patterns of the digestive microbiota of the European abalone Haliotis tuberculata, a generalist marine herbivore ArchiMer
Gobet, Angelique; Mest, Laetitia; Perennou, Morgan; Dittami, Simon M.; Caralp, Claire; Coulombet, Celine; Huchette, Sylvain; Roussel, Sabine; Michel, Gurvan; Leblanc, Catherine.
Background: Holobionts have a digestive microbiota with catabolic abilities allowing the degradation of complex dietary compounds for the host. In terrestrial herbivores, the digestive microbiota is known to degrade complex polysaccharides from land plants while in marine herbivores, the digestive microbiota is poorly characterized. Most of the latter are generalists and consume red, green, and brown macroalgae, three distinct lineages characterized by a specific composition in complex polysaccharides, which represent half of their biomass. Subsequently, each macroalga features a specific epiphytic microbiota, and the digestive microbiota of marine herbivores is expected to vary with a monospecific algal diet. We investigated the effect of four...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microbe-host interactions; Digestive microbiota; Abalone; Macroalgae; Holobiont.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60071/63368.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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