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Functional and numerical responses and reproduction of Campoletis flavicincta parasitizing Spodoptera frugiperda caterpillars - doi: 10.4025/actasciagron.v35i4.15871 Agronomy
Zanuncio, José Cola; Universidade Federal de Viçosa; Matos Neto, Fausto da Costa; Universidade Federal de Viçosa; Tavares, Wagner de Souza; Universidade Federal de Viçosa; Cruz, Ivan; Embrapa Milho e Sorgo; Leite, Germano Leão Demolin; Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Serrão, José Eduardo; Universidade Federal de Viçosa.
The functional and numerical responses, reproductive characteristics, and viability of Campoletis flavicincta (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) as well as the mortality after parasitism of the host Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) were analyzed in the laboratory. Campoletis flavicincta pairs were maintained until female death with 10, 20, 30, 40, or 50 caterpillars day-1 of the host S. frugiperda. A type III functional response curve was fitted to the average number of caterpillars supplied per day during the female wasp lifespan, as the explanatory variable. The handling time was 0.5940 ± 0.0875h, and the instantaneous search 0.0047 ± 0.0020 h-1. The functional response for each of the first five days of the host was a type III. The longevity at...
Palavras-chave: 5.01.02.02-8 fall armyworm; Functional response; Host density; Numerical response; Parasitism; Parasitoid age Entomologia Agrícola.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/15871
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Host Stage Structure and Baculovirus Transmission in Mamestra brassicae L. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae: a Laboratory Examination of Small Scale Epizootics Neotropical Entomology
VASCONCELOS,SIMÃO D.; CORY,JENNIFER S.; SPEIGHT,MARTIN R.; WILLIAMS,TREVOR.
The effects of stage structure and host density on baculovirus horizontal transmission were examined in the laboratory using larvae of the cabbage moth, Mamestra brassicae L. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Insects were reared at three instar combinations and three host densities in closed containers with infected larvae. Insects were observed daily and the number of deaths and time to death were recorded. Levels of virus mortality were marginally higher in the containers where a higher density of hosts was introduced. Larvae appeared to have a greater risk of infection when late instar combinations were used. Final levels of mortality of older larvae were significantly higher than those of younger larvae. Mean times to death of larval populations were longer...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Epizootiology; Nucleopolyhedrovirus; Cabbage moth; Host density; Biological control.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1519-566X2002000300007
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