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Registros recuperados: 42
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A mezőgazdasági épületek és háztartások energiaköltségének csökkentése fontos a versenyképességben és a megélhetésben AgEcon
Herczeg, Rahel Sara; Suveges, Peter.
A globális hőmérséklet-növekedés környezeti változásokhoz, a tengerszint emelkedéséhez, a csapadék mennyiségének és térbeli eloszlásának megváltozásához, szélsőséges időjárási viszonyokhoz vezet. Állat- és növényfajok kipusztulásának sebessége jelentősen nő. Bizonyos betegségek könnyebben elterjedhetnek. E fel¬sorolt hatásokból látható, hogy a mezőgazdaságot közvetlenül érinti a klímaváltozás. Fontos tehát, hogy a mezőgazdasági üzemek maguk is tegyenek a káros hatások enyhítéséért. Lehetséges megoldás a biomassza tüzelése, amely a mezőgazdasági rendeltetésű épületek és háztartások energiaköltségeit jelentősen mérsékli. Tanulmányunk olyan megoldást dolgoz ki, melyben a hő előállításához szükséges energia költsége teljes mértékben megszűnik, ami energiaerdő...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Energia; Költség; Megtakarítás; Mezőgazdasági üzem; Háztartás; Energy; Costs; Savings; Agricultural plants; Households; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92418
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A plot of one's own: gender relations and irrigated land allocation policies in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Zwarteveen, Margreet Z..
Discusses the potential opportunities and pitfalls of introducing market forces into the process of water allocation. Proposes several preconditions for beneficial privatization of water allocation and argues for a more sophisticated form of analysis than that generally allowed by proponents of basic needs or of free market approaches.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Women in development; Gender; Land use; Land management; Policy; Female labor; Households; Irrigated farming; Social impact; West Africa; Burkina Faso; Dakiri; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61114
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A well of one's own: gender analysis of an irrigation program in Bangladesh AgEcon
Jordans, Eva H.; Zwarteveen, Margreet Z..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Groundwater irrigation; Gender; Women in development; Poverty; Households; Agricultural production; Privatization; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113611
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Alternative methods and models for analyzing the impact of mechanization-- a case study of selected rice growing household in North China International Rice Research Institute
Sun, Haoxun.
102 l. : ill. Thesis (M.S.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Banos
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Agricultural machinery and equipment; Mechanization; Economic impact; Models; Households; China.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/978
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Analysis of activities of farm households in a commune in Vietnam using multivariate statistical techniques International Rice Research Institute
Le Thi Chau Dung.
206 leaves : ill. Thesis (M.S.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Farmers; Households; Rural communities; Economic analysis; Multivariate analysis; Statistical analysis; Vietnam.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/737
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Chapter 08: HEALTH RISK CONCERN OF HOUSEHOLDS VS. FOOD PROCESSORS: ESTIMATION OF HEDONIC PRICES IN FATS AND OILS AgEcon
Kim, Dong-Kyoon; Chern, Wen S..
This book was originally published by Westview Press, Boulder CO, 1995.
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: Nutrition; Fats and oils; Hedonic models; Households; Food processors; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25969
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DEMAND FOR FOOD QUANTITY AND QUALITY IN CHINA AgEcon
Gale, H. Frederick, Jr.; Huang, Kuo S..
As their incomes rise, Chinese consumers are changing their diets and demanding greater quality, convenience, and safety in food. Food expenditures grow faster than quantities purchased as income rises, suggesting that consumers with higher incomes purchase more expensive foods. The top-earning Chinese households appear to have reached a point where the income elasticity of demand for quantity of most foods is near zero. China’s food market is becoming segmented. The demand for quality by high-income households has fueled recent growth in modern food retail and sales of premium-priced food and beverage products. Food expenditures and incomes have grown much more slowly for rural and low-income urban households.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: China; Food; Consumption; Demand; Income; Elasticities; Engel curve; Households; Rural; Urban; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7252
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Do equal land and water rights benefit the poor? Targeted irrigation development: The case of the Andhi Khola Irrigation Scheme in Nepal AgEcon
van Etten, Jacobijn; van Koppen, Barbara; Pun, Shuku.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation programs; Water rights; Poverty; Households; Surveys; Water allocation; Water distribution; Water users’ associations; Farmers; Landlessness; Land ownership; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92697
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Estrategias de reproducción social en grupos domésticos periurbanos. Un estudio comparativo en tres localidades poblanas Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Flores, José Alvaro.
La presente investigación centra su análisis de la categoría de estrategias de reproducción social para explicar el origen y el sentido de las prácticas sociales que producen cotidianamente los agentes sociales que habitan el territorio periurbano. Se parte del supuesto de que el proceso de expansión y crecimiento de las ciudades sobre las zonas agrícolas, da lugar a estrategias de reproducción social específicas, derivadas del empalme o superposición de lo urbano, con expresiones determinadas, muy concretas, de lo rural. A través del análisis de las estrategias de reproducción social desplegadas por los grupos domésticos periurbanos de tres localidades poblanas, ubicadas en el municipio de San Pedro Cholula, se examinan las diversas modalidades bajo las...
Palavras-chave: Estrategias de reproducción social; Grupos domésticos; Territorio periurbano; Modo de vida rural; Social reproduction strategys; Households; Periurban area; Rural lifestyle; Doctorado; EDAR; Estrategías para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/135
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Estrategias de reproducción social en grupos domésticos periurbanos. Un estudio comparativo en tres localidades poblanas Colegio de Postgraduados
Hernández Flores, José Alvaro.
La presente investigación centra su análisis de la categoría de estrategias de reproducción social para explicar el origen y el sentido de las prácticas sociales que producen cotidianamente los agentes sociales que habitan el territorio periurbano. Se parte del supuesto de que el proceso de expansión y crecimiento de las ciudades sobre las zonas agrícolas, da lugar a estrategias de reproducción social específicas, derivadas del empalme o superposición de lo urbano, con expresiones determinadas, muy concretas, de lo rural. A través del análisis de las estrategias de reproducción social desplegadas por los grupos domésticos periurbanos de tres localidades poblanas, ubicadas en el municipio de San Pedro Cholula, se examinan las diversas modalidades bajo las...
Palavras-chave: Estrategias de reproducción social; Grupos domésticos; Territorio periurbano; Modo de vida rural; Social reproduction strategys; Households; Periurban area; Rural lifestyle; Doctorado; EDAR; Estrategías para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/135
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Free-riders or victims: Women's nonparticipation in irrigation management in Nepal's Chhattis Mauja Irrigation Scheme. AgEcon
Zwarteveen, Margreet Z.; Neupane, Nita.
Examines multiple factors in women's involvement/non-involvement in irrigation in the Chhattis Mauja irrigation scheme in Nepal. Includes an empirical analysis of the livelihood strategies of farm households, documentation of the level and nature of participation of women and men in the water users' organizations, analysis of women's access to irrigation services, and an examination of the need and desirability of increasing the participation of woman in the scheme organization.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Farmer-managed irrigation systems; Irrigation programs; Privatization; Water users' associations; Irrigated farming; Irrigation canals; Water delivery; Water allocation; Water distribution; Maintenance; Gender; Women in development; Farmers; Female labor; Agricultural manpower; Households; Family labor; Living standards; Social aspects; Agricultural production; Villages; Social organization; Performance evaluation; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52731
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Gender and Poverty: New Evidence from 10 Developing Countries AgEcon
Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Haddad, Lawrence James; Pena, Christine.
This paper presents new evidence on the association between gender and poverty based on an empirical analysis of 11 data sets from 10 developing countries. The paper computes income- and expenditure-based poverty measures and investigates their sensitivity to the use of per capita and per adult equivalent units. It also tests for differences in poverty incidence between individuals in male- and female-headed households using stochastic dominance analysis. Stochastic dominance analysis reveals that differences between male- and female-headed households among the very poor are not sufficiently large that one can conclude that one is unambiguously worse- or better-off, except for a few exceptions. When we use the method of endogenous bounds, persons in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender; Household resource allocation; Households; Poverty; Rural population; Developing Countries; Ghana; Bangladesh; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97310
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Gender issues and women's participation in irrigated agriculture: The case of two private irrigation canals in Carchi, Ecuador AgEcon
Bastidas, Elena P..
Defines the degree of women's involvement in irrigated agriculture and water users associations in two private irrigation canals in Ecuador and identifies factors that limit their involvement. Analyzes the effects of intra-household dynamics and the women's urban/rural backgrounds on participation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Women in development; Gender; Labor; Privatization; Households; Irrigated farming; Irrigation canals; Water users' associations; Participatory management; Water allocation; Case studies; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44576
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Gender roles and multiple uses of water in North Gujarat. AgEcon
Upadhyay, Bhawana.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender; Rural women; Households; Income; Water use; Villages; Farmers; Groundwater; Livestock; Irrigated farming; Policy; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Public Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92409
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Geographic Space, Assets, Livelihoods and Well-Being in Rural Central America: Empirical Evidence from Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua AgEcon
Alwang, Jeffrey Roger; Jansen, Hans G.P.; Siegel, Paul B.; Pichon, Francisco.
This paper uses an asset-base framework to analyze the determinants of rural growth and sustainable poverty reduction for the three poorest countries in Central America: Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua…Using a combination of GIS mapping techniques, quantitative household analysis, and qualitative analyses of assets and livelihoods, the authors generate a description of rural territories that recognizes the differential effects of policies and asset bundles across space and households. They identify the combinations of human, natural and physical, social and location-specific assets that matter most to raise household well-being and take advantage of prospects for poverty-reducing growth.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poverty reduction; Rural livelihoods; Households; Economic aspects; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55408
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Groundwater pollution and emerging environmental challenges of industrial effluent irrigation in Mettupalayam Taluk, Tamil Nadu AgEcon
Mukherjee, Sacchidananda; Nelliyat, Prakash.
Industrial disposal of effluents on land and the subsequent pollution of groundwater and soil of surrounding farmlands – is a relatively new area of research. The environmental and socioeconomic aspects of industrial effluent irrigation have not been studied as extensively as domestic sewage based irrigation practices, at least for a developing country like India. The disposal of effluents on land has become a regular practice for some industries. Industries located in Mettupalayam Taluk, Tamil Nadu, dispose their effluents on land, and the farmers of the adjacent farmlands have complained that their shallow open wells get polluted and also the salt content of the soil has started building up slowly. This study attempts to capture the environmental and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Groundwater; Water pollution; Income; Water quality; Irrigation water; Effluents; Wells; Drinking water; Domestic water; Households; Soil salinity; Crop management; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91902
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Growth and Equity Effects of Agricultural Marketing Efficiency Gains in India AgEcon
Landes, Maurice R.; Burfisher, Mary E..
Agriculture is the largest source of employment in India, and food accounts for about half of consumer expenditures. Moving agricultural products from the farm to consumers more efficiently could result in large gains to producers, consumers, and India’s overall economy. This analysis uses a computable general equilibrium model with agricultural commodity detail and households disaggregated by rural, urban, and income class to study the potential impacts of reforms that achieve efficiency gains in agricultural marketing and reduce agricultural input subsidies and import tariffs. More efficient agricultural marketing generates economywide gains in output and wages, raises agricultural producer prices, reduces consumer food prices, and increases private...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: India; Agriculture; Policy reform; Marketing efficiency; Tariffs; Subsidies; Households; Computable general equilibrium model.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55959
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Household food security and environmental sustainability in upland rice production systems in Maison District, northern uplands of Vietnam International Rice Research Institute
Tran Chi Thien.
xvii, 268 l. : col. ill., col. map. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Households; Food security; Environment; Sustainable agriculture; Highlands; Vietnam; Upland rice.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/414
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Household food waste behavior: avenues for future research. Repositório Alice
ARAUJO, G. P. de.
Drawing from previous studies, this review proposes a research agenda in regard to household food waste, a neglected topic within the field of consumer behavior. This phenomenon has remarkable social and environmental relevance when one considers that it occurs at the end of the food chain, and thus, wastage at this stage implies losses of resources required for food production. This study aims to provide a framework and solutions for conducting future research in this area. Academic opportunities identified suggest that further theorizing is needed related to consumer food waste, in addition to studies aimed at testing the impact of communication initiatives on behavioral change and at providing a standardized methodology to measure consumer food waste.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Food waste; Behavior; Households.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1091606
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Households’ WTP for the Reliability of Gas Supply AgEcon
Chou, Wan-Jung; Bigano, Andrea; Hunt, Alistair; La Branche, Stephane; Markandya, Anil; Pierfederici, Roberta.
The security of natural gas supply is an important issue for all EU countries due to the region’s heavy dependence on imported supply sources and in light of energy demand for gas that is continuously increasing. Discussions have emphasised strategies for securing the supply at the macro level, e.g. diversification in supply sources, increase in storage capacity, etc. By contrast, consumers’ demand for the reliability of gas supply is rarely investigated. Hence this study was conducted to examine the economic implications associated with the security of gas supply directly to domestic consumers. Based on the choice experiment approach, household surveys were conducted in France, Italy and the UK. The results confirmed that the degree of the economic impact...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Energy Security; Gas Supply; Households; Willingness to Pay; Choice Experiment; EU; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C35; C83; C93; D12; Q41.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115740
Registros recuperados: 42
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