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Registros recuperados: 18
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ASPECTOS SOCIOECONÔMICOS DA PESCA NA COMUNIDADE DA PRAINHA DO CANTO VERDE – BEBERIBE-CE AgEcon
Carvalho, Rosemeiry Melo; Bezerra, Leiliana Noronha.
A qualidade de vida e o desenvolvimento humano são questões fundamentais a serem tratadas, não mais apenas como uma abordagem econômica, mas sim, incorporando em seus objetivos e ações, a preocupação com as pessoas e com a utilização dos recursos naturais. Nesse estudo foram analisados os Indicadores de Qualidade de Vida (IQV) e de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) de pescadores da comunidade da Prainha do Canto Verde, localizada a 126 km de Fortaleza, no município de Beberibe, litoral leste do Ceará, construídos a partir de determinantes básicos como: educação, longevidade, renda, higiene e saúde, condições sanitárias e de moradia, formas de vida e lazer, situação ocupacional, relações de consumo para análise da situação socioeconômica. Com base nos resultados...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Qualidade de vida; Desenvolvimento Humano; Beberibe; Ceará; Quality of life; Human development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108850
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Community Development and Local Social Capital AgEcon
Jordan, Jeffrey L.; Anil, Bulent; Munasib, Abdul B.A..
While a substantial amount of research has been devoted to showing what social capital does, research explaining social capital itself lags behind. The literature has a long tradition of examining the effect of social capital on local economic growth and development. In this paper we examine whether local economic development can explain the variation in social capital across various geographical clusters in the state of Georgia. We begin by devising a measurement tool, a Human Development Index (HDI), to measure community development. Our social capital measure includes associational memberships, voluntary activities, and philanthropy obtained from the Georgia Social Capital Survey. The findings show that even after accounting for various demographic and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Economic development; Human development; Social capital; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; R00.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57159
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Construcción de un índice de desarrollo humano para México utilizando el análisis bayesiano de componentes principales. Colegio de Postgraduados
Pacheco Gil, Rosa Angela.
En numerosos problemas se desea explicar las fuentes de variación de los datos y un método utilizado para dicho fin es el análisis de componentes principales (ACP). Se denomina primera componente principal de una distribución -dimensional, a la combinación lineal de componentes que posee máxima varianza; análogamente, la segunda componente principal es la combinación lineal que presenta mayor desviación, una vez descontada la parte de varianza atribuible a la primera componente. El objetivo de este procedimiento es explicar la variación muestral en términos de combinaciones lineales de las variables originales. Uno de los problemas del método de componentes principales es la inferencia estadística sobre. En este trabajo se aplicó un enfoque bayesiano...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Desarrollo humano; Componentes principales bayesianos; MCMC; Human development; Principal components bayesian; Maestría; Estadística.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/132
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Construcción de un índice de desarrollo humano para México utilizando el análisis bayesiano de componentes principales. Colegio de Postgraduados
Pacheco Gil, Rosa Angela.
En numerosos problemas se desea explicar las fuentes de variación de los datos y un método utilizado para dicho fin es el análisis de componentes principales (ACP). Se denomina primera componente principal de una distribución -dimensional, a la combinación lineal de componentes que posee máxima varianza; análogamente, la segunda componente principal es la combinación lineal que presenta mayor desviación, una vez descontada la parte de varianza atribuible a la primera componente. El objetivo de este procedimiento es explicar la variación muestral en términos de combinaciones lineales de las variables originales. Uno de los problemas del método de componentes principales es la inferencia estadística sobre. En este trabajo se aplicó un enfoque bayesiano...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Desarrollo humano; Componentes principales bayesianos; MCMC; Human development; Principal components bayesian; Maestría; Estadística.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/132
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Decentralization in Argentina AgEcon
Habibi, Nadir; Huang, Cindy; Miranda, Diego; Murillo, Victoria; Ranis, Gustav; Sarkar, Mainak; Stewart, Frances.
Human development, reflected in the status of people’s levels of health and education, affects future growth and, in turn, is affected by decentralization. Unlike earlier exclusive emphasis on budgetary issues, this study focuses on the impact of fiscal decentralization on the level of human development. It traces the origin and recent development of revenue-sharing arrangements across Argentina’s provinces over time (1970-94). The study regresses two indicators of health and educational status on two decentralization measures. It highlights the link between decentralization and human development outcomes and suggests that devolutionary decentralization has a positive influence on the effectiveness of public policy directed towards an improvement in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fiscal decentralization; Human development; Argentina; Political Economy; O18.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28455
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Disaster Preparation and Recovery: Lessons from Research on Resilience in Human Development Ecology and Society
Masten, Ann S; University of Minnesota; amasten@umn.edu; Obradović, Jelena; University of British Columbia; jelena.obradovic@ubc.ca.
Four decades of theory and research on resilience in human development have yielded informative lessons for planning disaster response and recovery. In developmental theory, resilience following disaster could take multiple forms, including stress resistance, recovery, and positive transformation. Empirical findings suggest that fundamental adaptive systems play a key role in the resilience of young people facing diverse threats, including attachment, agency, intelligence, behavior regulation systems, and social interactions with family, peers, school, and community systems. Although human resilience research emphasizes the adaptive well-being of particular individuals, there are striking parallels in resilience theory across the developmental and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Resilience; Disaster; Human development; Children; Recovery.
Ano: 2008
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Does Social Capital Mitigate Precariousness? AgEcon
Sabatini, Fabio.
There is a surprising gap in the economic literature on social capital. First, we lack studies addressing the effects of social capital on those facets of development that can contribute in making growth more sustainable in the long run, like, for example, human development and social cohesion. Second, it is still unclear what type of networks may exert a positive effect on the different dimensions of development. In particular, the literature has not yet provided a rigorous assessment of the role of strong family ties, that are generally referred to as a form of bonding social capital causing backwardness. This paper carries out an empirical investigation into the relationship between the three types of social capital so far identified by the literature...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social capital; Human development; Labour market; Precariousness; Italy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Risk and Uncertainty; J24; O15; Z13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6358
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Estimation of Cranial Capacity and Growth Indicators in Elementary School Children International Journal of Morphology
Kalanjati,Viskasari P.
Cranial capacity (CC) can be used to estimate the brain volume and is correlated to the growth and development in children. Anthropometry is a useful method to obtain data of estimated cranial capacity and other growth indicators including body weight (BW) and body height (BH). Neuromuscular reflex test (NMRT) is a method to observe children's neuromuscular function. The aim of this study is to elucidate and to understand correlation between estimated CC, BW, BH, body mass index (BMI) and neuromuscular function in elementary school children in East Java, Indonesia age 7-14 years old. The anthropometric study was carried out in 153 boys and 145 girls from 3 elementary schools in East Java age 7-14 years old to measure BH and BW to calculate the BMI by WHO...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Craniometry; Morphology; Human development.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000100001
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Gender Inequality, Poverty and Human Development in Kenya: Main Indicators, Trends and Limitations AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
Indicators of gender inequality, poverty and human development in Kenya are examined. Significant and rising incidence of absolute poverty occurs in Kenya and women are more likely to be in poverty than men. Female/male ratios in Kenyan decision-making institutions are highly skewed against women and they experience unfavourable enrolment ratios in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions. The share of income earned by women is much lower than men's share. General Kenyan indicators highlight declining GDP per capita, increased poverty rates especially for women, reduced life expectancy, a narrowing of the difference in female/male life expectancy rates, increased child mortality rates and an increase in the female child mortality rates. This...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: AIDS; Africa; Kenya; Gender; Inequality; Human development; Poverty; Consumer/Household Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105587
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Growth and Human Development: Comparative Latin American Experience AgEcon
Ranis, Gustav; Stewart, Frances.
This paper seeks to examine the interdependence between economic growth (EG) and human development (HD). It is concerned with changes in per capita income and its two-way relationship with the basic societal objective of human development. Regressions across various Latin American countries are run for 1960-92. Country performance is separated into virtuous/vicious cycles or HD/EG lopsidedness. The study makes an attempt to correct the commonly held view that ensuring increases in economic growth automatically leads to advances in human development. Human development has to occur prior to or simultaneous with improvements in economic growth, if a country is to reach a virtuous cycle. The Latin American experience indicates that a balanced approach to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Human development; Economic growth; Latin America; Labor and Human Capital; O18.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28376
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Human Development and Economic Growth AgEcon
Ranis, Gustav.
Recent literature has contrasted Human Development, described as the ultimate goal of the development process, with economic growth, described as an imperfect proxy for more general welfare, or as a means toward enhanced human development. This debate has broadened the definitions and goals of development but still needs to define the important interrelations between human development (HD) and economic growth (EG). To the extent that greater freedom and capabilities improve economic performance, human development will have an important effect on growth. Similarly, to the extent that increased incomes will increase the range of choices and capabilities enjoyed by households and governments, economic growth will enhance human development. This paper analyzes...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic growth; Human development; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; O15; O11.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28375
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Human Development: Beyond the HDI AgEcon
Ranis, Gustav; Stewart, Frances; Samman, Emma.
This paper explores ways of enlarging the measurement and understanding of Human Development (HD) beyond the relatively reductionist Human Development Index. From the extensive literature on well-being, we derived eleven categories of HD. Within each category, we then identified a potential set of indicators which were measurable and reflect performance with respect to that category. In order to reduce the number of indicators representing each category, we included only one for any set highly rank order correlated with each other, as well as including indicators not correlated with any other indicator in that category. Our aim was to retain only indicators which are broadly independent of each other. We subsequently investigated the extent of correlation...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Human development; Quality of life; Comparative country performance; Labor and Human Capital; I31; O15; O57.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28389
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Impacto de PRODECOOP R. L., en el Desarrollo Humano de asociados (as) a sus cooperativas de base en la Región I, Las Segovias, Nicaragua, 2009. Colegio de Postgraduados
Valdivia Cáseres, Salatiel.
La Central de Cooperativas de Servicios Múltiples, PRODECOOP R.L. con 16 años de funcionamiento, es una de las cooperativas nicaragüenses con mayor reconocimiento en el ámbito internacional y nacional por su exitoso desempeño en la cadena de valor del café, con énfasis en la calidad del producto suministrado a sus compradores y la calidad de servicios brindados a sus 38 cooperativas de base y 2,300 asociados (as) a éstas. Se le reconoce como una de las cooperativas con mayor nivel de desarrollo, por su capacidad de gestión, coloca su café en nichos de mercado justo a mejor precio, que luego traslada a sus asociados (as), contribuyendo a mejorar su calidad de vida. Pero, ¿cómo se puede representar a PRODECOOP en un modelo de cooperativas replicable por la...
Palavras-chave: Indice Multidimensional de Desarrollo Humano; Asociados (as); Cooperativas; Desarrollo humano; Multidimensional index of human development; Partners (as); Cooperatives; Human development; Replicable model; Maestría Tecnológica; EDAR; Desarrollo Rural Territorial Sustentable CP-UNAN.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/277
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Impacto del acceso a la tierra sobre el desarrollo humano sostenible de las familias campesinas beneficiarias del programa tierra de UCOSD, en el municipio San Dionisio, Departamento de Matagalpa, durante el año 2012. Colegio de Postgraduados
López Pérez, Flor Ivania.
El presente estudio fue realizado con el objetivo de conocer la problemática del acceso a la tierra que enfrentan los campesinos y el impacto que ha tenido el programa tierra de UCOSD sobre el desarrollo humano sostenible de las familias campesinas beneficiarias. Para ello se definió la macro variable acceso a la tierra y los macro efectos desarrollo humano sostenible. Se consideraron 5 variables: políticas de acceso a la tierra en UCOSD, ingresos de las familias beneficiarias, educación, seguridad alimentaria, igualdad y equidad de género y finalmente se plantea la estrategia para mejorar el acceso a la tierra en UCOSD. A partir de los resultados encontrados se puede afirmar que el programa tierra de UCOSD ha contribuido al desarrollo humano sostenible de...
Palavras-chave: Acceso a la tierra; Desarrollo humano; Educación; Equidad e igualdad de género; Ingreso; Políticas; Seguridad alimentaria; Land access; Human development; Education; Gender equity and equality; Income; Policies; Food security; Desarrollo rural territorial sustentable; Maestría Tecnológica.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2270
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Paths to Success: The Relationship Between Human Development and Economic Growth AgEcon
Boozer, Michael A.; Ranis, Gustav; Stewart, Frances; Suri, Tavneet.
This paper explores the two-way relationships between Economic Growth (EG) and Human Development (HD), building on an earlier work by Ranis, Stewart, and Ramirez (2000). Here, we show that HD is not only a product of EG but also an important input to it. The paper develops new empirical strategies to estimate the strength of the two-way chains connecting HD and EG. Building on existing growth literature, we explore the empirical determinants of positive growth trajectories running from HD to EG and find that HD plays an essential role in explaining growth trajectories. Our findings point to the empirical relevance of endogenous growth models in general, and threshold effect models in particular. We also develop a measure of the strength of the EG to HD...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Human development; Economic growth; Threshold models; Labor and Human Capital; O15; O57; C23.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28379
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Procesos participativos en comunidades rurales caso de San Pablo Ixayoc, Texcoco, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Vaca Parra, Mario.
El desarrollo humano individual solo es posible cuando las personas gozan de salud, nutrición, vivienda y condiciones que les permiten participar en grupo, manifestando su libertad de pensar, decidir, crear, actuar y evaluar el logro de sus metas (Niño, 1986). En este trabajo se busca conocer las causas que limitan la participación plena y el desarrollo humano de los ejidatarios de San Pablo Ixayoc Texcoco, Estado de México. Se estudió la participación individual de los ejidatarios en situación de grupo, como el principal factor promotor del desarrollo humano; también la contribución que tienen la información, conceptos, aspiraciones, la posición social que ocupan en grupo, la escolaridad y la experiencia participativa previa sobre la participación. Los...
Palavras-chave: Desarrollo humano; Participación; Grupos; Ejidatarios; Human development; Participation; Groups; Communal farmers; Maestría; Desarrollo Rural.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/483
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Procesos participativos en comunidades rurales caso de San Pablo Ixayoc, Texcoco, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Vaca Parra, Mario.
El desarrollo humano individual solo es posible cuando las personas gozan de salud, nutrición, vivienda y condiciones que les permiten participar en grupo, manifestando su libertad de pensar, decidir, crear, actuar y evaluar el logro de sus metas (Niño, 1986). En este trabajo se busca conocer las causas que limitan la participación plena y el desarrollo humano de los ejidatarios de San Pablo Ixayoc Texcoco, Estado de México. Se estudió la participación individual de los ejidatarios en situación de grupo, como el principal factor promotor del desarrollo humano; también la contribución que tienen la información, conceptos, aspiraciones, la posición social que ocupan en grupo, la escolaridad y la experiencia participativa previa sobre la participación. Los...
Palavras-chave: Desarrollo humano; Participación; Grupos; Ejidatarios; Human development; Participation; Groups; Communal farmers; Maestría; Desarrollo Rural.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/483
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The Asian Financial Crisis: Impact on Human Development AgEcon
Self, Sharmistha; Grabowski, Richard.
The Asian financial crisis surprised the world and resulted in steep economic downturns in parts of East and Southeast Asia. Its apparent quick recovery however would imply that there was negligible impact on human development. This paper challenges this notion. Using cross-country data from various Human Development Reports, this paper examines what factors were responsible for affecting overall human development in the pre-crisis and post-crisis period. The results indicate that structural changes have occurred and significant social problems persist in the post-crisis period in Southeast and East Asia, which are apparent through declining human and gender development for the region.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Financial crisis; Human development; Structural change; Financial Economics; Labor and Human Capital; 010; 015; 053.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50152
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