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A conceptual framework to evaluate human-wildlife interactions within coupled human and natural systems Ecology and Society
Morzillo, Anita T.; University of Connecticut; anita.morzillo@uconn.edu; de Beurs, Kirsten M.; University of Oklahoma; kdebeurs@ou.edu; Martin-Mikle, Chelsea J.; University of Oklahoma; chelseajane.martin@gmail.com.
Landscape characteristics affect human-wildlife interactions. However, there is a need to better understand mechanisms that drive those interactions, particularly feedbacks that exist between wildlife-related impacts, human reaction to and behavior as a result of those impacts, and how land use and landscape characteristics may influence those components within coupled human and natural systems. Current conceptual models of human-wildlife interactions often focus on species population size as the independent variable driving those interactions. Such an approach potentially overlooks important feedbacks among and drivers of human-wildlife interactions that result from mere wildlife presence versus absence. We describe an emerging conceptual framework...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Coupled human and natural systems; Human-wildlife conflict; Human-wildlife interactions; Landscape ecology; Pesticides; Rodenticides; Wildlife management.
Ano: 2014
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国後島の「ストルボフスキー生態観察路」の生物相概説 OAK
福田, 知子; 押田, 龍夫; Nevedomskaya, Irina A.; Bobyr, Igor G.; 八木, 欣平; 河合, 久仁子; 白岩, 孝行; 大泰司, 紀之.
ロシアの国家自然保護区機関の管轄する「国後島自然保護区クリリスキー」によって,保全・研究・環境教育を目的とした「ストルボフスキー生態観察路」が2001年に国後島中部に設置された.現在でも「クリリスキー」が本生態観察路の管理・整備を担当している.本生態観察路の優占樹種はオヒョウUlmus laciniata,ハルニレUlmus davidiana,エゾイタヤAcer pictum,ケヤマハンノキAlnus hirsuta であり,林床ではクマイザサSasa senanensis,オニシモツケFilipendula camtschatica,エゾイラクサUrtica platyphyllaとアキタブキPetasites japonicusが小班状に優占する.昆虫類では多くの甲虫類およびチョウ類種が確認されているが,国後島の他地域と比べた場合,特にチョウ類の種数が多いことが報告されている.鳥類については,本生態観察路を含む国後島中部から46種が確認されている.国後島には26種の陸棲哺乳類が生息するが,2015年8月15日~16日に本観察路で実施した哺乳類調査の結果,シマリスTamias sibiricus 1個体,キツネVulpes vulpesの糞を12個(この内10個にはネズミ類の体毛が多く含まれていた),クロテンMartes zibellinaの糞を1個,さらにヒグマUrsus arctosの糞1個を確認することができた.本観察路の自然は良く保全されており,少なくとも数種の哺乳類種に利用されていることが明らかになったが,同時にヒグマによる人身事故,およびキツネの糞を介したヒトへのエキノコックス症感染の可能性も危惧され,今後島民に対する適切な啓蒙活動が必要であることが示唆された.
Palavras-chave: Environmental education; Human-wildlife conflict; Kunashiri Island.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4509
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