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Registros recuperados: 66
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2016-ban is folytatódnak az ÖMKi ökológiai búzafajta összehasonlító kísérletei, minden eddiginél több fajtával és még több helyszínen Organic Eprints
Földi, Mihály.
Idén több új ökológiai búzafajta (pl. KG Vitéz, MV Bojtár, MV Ménrót, MV Mente) tesztelésére kerül sor hazánkban, a régiek mellett újabb helyszíneken is. Az új fajtákkal együtt a kísérletsorozatba bevont ökológiai búzafajtaszám eléri a százat.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Hungary.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30122/1/os1604.pdf
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A magyar tejvertikum diagnózisa AgEcon
Popp, Jozsef; Potori, Norbert; Papp, Gergely.
Magyarország tejtermelése az EU-csatlakozást követően visszaesett. A többnyire alacsony átvételi árak és a szigorúbb minőségi követelmények miatt az elmúlt években sok tejtermelő kiszorult a piacról. A tej- és tejtermékek külkereskedelmében 2004 óta mind volumenben, mind értékben nettó importőri pozícióba kerültünk. A tejkvóta-rendszer fokozatos kivezetése (a hazai kvóta kihasználtsága alig éri el a 85%-ot) a hazai tejágazatot közvetetten érintheti: a hatékonyabban ter¬melő tagállamok kerülhetnek előnybe a számunkra fontos olaszországi piacon, így értékesítési lehetőségeink szűkülhetnek, a hazai árakra még nagyobb nyomás nehezedhet. Magyarországon a tejfeldolgozás koncentráltsága a vállalatok nagy száma ellenére viszonylag erős. A tejipar kettős prés...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Magyarország; Tejpiac; Tejtermelés; Versenyképesség; Hungary; Dairy market; Milk production; Competitiveness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99077
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A MEZEI NYÚL GAZDÁLKODÁS AKTUÁLIS HELYZETE ÉS SZÜKSÉGES FEJLESZTÉSE AgEcon
Kelemen, Jozsef; Szemethy, Laszlo; Biro, Zsolt.
Hazánk Európai Uniós csatlakozása után várható, hogy a kedvezőtlen adott-ságú mezőgazdaságilag művelt területek jelentős része kikerül a mezőgazdasági művelésből. Ezek a földterületek apróvad-gazdálkodás céljaira rendkívül jól hasznosíthatók. Ezeknek a létrehozásához ki kell dolgozni a megfelelő támogatási rendszert. (Az eddig ismert programok között a vadgazdálkodás csupán csak széljegyzetként szerepelt.) A vadgazdálkodási alap élőhely-fejlesztési támogatásait hosszú távra célszerű megtervezni. A hatékonyság mérése érdekében korszerű létszámbecslést és az ezekből származtatott hasznosítás-tervezést indokolt alkalmazni. A jelenleg folytatott folyamatos hasznosítási gyakorlattal szemben az állo-mány létszámváltozásait követő hasznosítás szükséges. Ehhez meg...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Vadásztársaságok feladat; Mgyarország; Tasks of hunting associations; Hungary; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54861
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A MODEL OF HOUSEHOLD TYPE SPECIFIC FOOD DEMAND BEHAVIOUR IN HUNGARY AgEcon
Brosig, Stephan.
The paper describes a two stage model of Hungarian households'’ food demand. Demand for the food aggregate is represented by a Working-Leser type single equation model while demand for seven distinct food types is modelled in a complete demand system using the LA/AIDS functional form. Estimation is based on household budget survey data for 1996. Demand elasticities are estimated for average households as well as for specific groups defined by sociodemographic characteristics. Fruit and vegetables are found to be the food types with most elastic demand but in general, differences between elasticities for different products as well as between different sociodemographic groups are relatively small.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food demand; Demand modelling; Hungary; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D12; C31; C51.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14864
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Accession of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to the European Union: Impacts on Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fang, Cheng; Kaus, Phillip J..
Using a world agricultural multimarket model, we analyze the consequences of enlargement of the European Union (EU) to include the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland for agricultural markets. We produce a market outlook through the year 2010 for two enlargement scenarios, which are based on different assumptions regarding the restrictions on grain and dairy production in the acceding countries. In both scenarios, accession of the three Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) leads to a permanent but moderate decrease in EU prices for virtually all commodities. For the three acceding CEECs, domestic prices increase dramatically. Their final consumption of agricultural products decreases in most instances, while production rises. Higher domestic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAP; Economic integration; EU enlargement; Agricultural trade; Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18388
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AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES IN A TRANSITIONAL ECONOMY: THE VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY IN HUNGARIAN HOME GARDENS AgEcon
Birol, Ekin; Smale, Melinda; Gyovai, Agnes.
Agricultural biodiversity is an environmental resource. Much of the agricultural biodiversity remaining in situ today is found on the semi-subsistence farms of poorer countries and the small-scale farms or home gardens of more industrialized nations. The traditional small farms of Hungary are labelled "home gardens" as a reflection of their institutional identity during the collectivisation period. Homesteads managed with family labor, they continue to serve essential food security and diet quality functions during economic transition. Home gardens contribute to the preservation of rural settlements and cultural heritage, and they contain relatively high levels of several components of agricultural biodiversity. The role of home gardens in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural biodiversity; In situ conservation; Choice experiment method; Hungary; Home garden; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60331
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ANALYSE THE FINANCING STRUCTURE OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN 2002–2006 AgEcon
Herczeg, Adrienn.
The capital structure of agricultural enterprises notable modified since the change in Hungary’s economic system. The study discusses the capital structure of agricultural enterprises in Hungary and analyses the most significant indicators, that we can use to describe the financing situation of the firms. My empirical analysis is based on data containing 192 agricultural enterprises between 2002 and 2006. I try to assess the reasons of the changes in the structure of resources of enterprises in order to find the determinants effecting the capital structure. Furthermore, I assess the index numbers illustrating the management of the enterprises.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Capital structure; Hungary; Agricultural enterprises; Profitability; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53575
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AZ ÁFA TÖRVÉNY VÁLTOZÁSAINAK GAZDASÁGI HATÁSAI AgEcon
Hagen, Istvan Zsombor.
Magyarország az általános forgalmi adót tekintve (egyes átmeneti mentessé-gektől eltekintve) teljes mértékben az Európai Unió feltételeinek, irányelveinek megfelelően alakította az ÁFA törvényt. A Közösség tagállamaiban a közös ÁFA rendszer révén az adóztatás szerke-zete egységes, azonban az alkalmazott kulcsok továbbra is eltérnek (2. táblázat). Az egyes tagállamokban érvényesülő súlyosabb adóterheket és az ezek által oko-zott verseny torzulásokat ellensúlyozhatja a hatósági tevékenység és/vagy a ked-vezőbb deviza/valutaárfolyam. A távlati célként megjelölt, teljesen egységes adózási környezetet egyelőre nem sikerült megteremteni. Magyarország Európai Unióhoz történő csatlakozásakor az ÁFA kulcsokat megváltoztatta, a kedvezményes 0%-os és 12%-os...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Magyarország; Adózási változások az EU csatlakozás után; Hungary; Changes in taxes after EU accessino; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54858
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Bánffi Soda Limited Partnership AgEcon
Kiserdi-Pallo, Imola; Baker, Gregory A..
Teaching Notes available: ifamr@ifama.org; Author video:http://www.youtube.com/user/ifamr1#p/u/10/XRwmg7ahg0M
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Strategy; Competitor analysis; Soda water; Hungary; Teaching case; Agribusiness; Q10.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96328
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Business and economic aspects of accounting standardization in Hungary AgEcon
Beke, Jeno.
The goal of this study is to describe and summarize how the accounting standards can promote business decisions and influence economic environment. The unified, standardized accounting information system will lead to new types of analysis and data, furthermore with the possible integration of new indicators from the business management of certain countries. The results of applied regression model support that the greater demand for more informative and conservative accounting earnings due to performance evaluations at more widely held by businesses stimulating to adopt international accounting standards. Businesses with lower labour productivity compared to their industry peers have greater incentives to follow accounting standardization.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Business environment; Economic affects; Comparable research; Accounting standards; Hungary; Financial Economics; M16; M41; M48.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95973
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Business concentration in the Hungarian food retail market AgEcon
Juhasz, Aniko; Seres, Antal; Stauder, Marta.
Retail market consolidation and its effects on micro enterprises and corner shops present a long-term challenge to the Hungarian retail grocery market. The authors hope this study will help the concerned parties deal with this challenge. The study is one of the first attempts at a comprehensive analysis, and employs concentration tables and concentration ratios. It is based on a database from all businesses, including partnerships and individual entrepreneurs, and focuses on the quantifiable trends and the magnitude of market concentration regarding retail sales and specific areas affected by the consolidation process. Our research revealed that, by 2004, concentration in the retail food market was at a high level, considerably higher than the overall...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Grocery retail; Concentration; Micro enterprises; Small grocery (corner) shops; Hungary; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46443
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Changes in the Hungarian dairy industry after EU accession AgEcon
Konig, Gabor; Major, Anita.
Since EU accession the Hungarian dairy industry’s domestic market has generally expanded as turnover and consumption have both grown, but this has been increasingly due to cheap imports, while the purchase and sale of domestic products has been decreasing or stagnating (both in the domestic and foreign markets). The growth in imports has cut Hungarian corporations domestic market share to 80%. In Hungary corporate concentration has become even more pronounced with large corporations further strengthening their position and smaller ones further shrinking. Moreover, foreign ownership prevails and has the primary aim of meeting domestic demand. Changes in ownership contribute to the strengthening of vertical integration. Still, in the EU corporate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy industry; Milk; Hungary; EU; Agriculture; Trade; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107654
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COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES IN AGRO-FOOD TRADE OF HUNGARY, CROATIA AND SLOVENIA WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre.
This paper investigates comparative trade advantages in agro-food trade. We analyze comparative advantages of Hungarian, Croatian and Slovenian agro-food trade in the European Union (EU) markets. Both the levels and pattern of the revealed comparative advantage measure are investigated. The empirical research seeks to explain how revealed comparative advantages have developed across countries, main product groups and over time and what are likely their implications for multifunctional rural development in the enlarged EU. We employ a disaggregated trade dataset to identify the revealed comparative advantages to provide broader policy implications. The empirical results confirmed bulk of agro-food and forestry products with revealed comparative advantages...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Comparative advantage; Croatia; Hungary; Slovenia.; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90870
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CONSEQUENCES OF THE TWO RECORD YEARS OF CEREAL INTERVENTION IN HUNGARY AgEcon
Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula.
In this paper, problems connected to the adaptation of EU cereal intervention in Hungary are discussed. Statistical evidence is provided about the two record years of intervention in Hungary proving that farmers did not take part in intervention though the system was sought to be tailored to farmers’ needs. Intervention purchases took place at the wholesale level and traders were the most active participants in both intervention periods. This dynamic intervention activity of traders will significantly alter the Hungarian trade sector by bringing it closer to the physical processes of the cereal chain. As to the size of intervention, the great volume of the purchase of maize has resulted in an exceptionally severe problem considering the large surplus of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU cereal policy; Cereal intervention; Maize intervention; Hungary; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8516
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Contractual Relationships in the Hungarian Milk Sector AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Szabo, Gabor G..
In this paper we present an empirical analysis of farmers’ contracting choice in the Hungarian milk sector using 2005 milk producer survey data, employing transaction cost economics. We focus on analysing some key determinants of farmers’ contracting choices: type of contracts, duration, number of contractors, incentives provided in the contract and business history of farmers and buyers. Some of the main results include the importance and effect of farm size, quantity of milk delivered, planned short and long run or contract related investment on farm, the possibility of farmer to influence prices on the contracting choices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transaction costs; Contracts; Milk products; Hungary; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90794
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COST OF COMPLIANCE WITH THE ACQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE IN THE HUNGARIAN DAIRY SECTOR AgEcon
Kiss, Piroska; Weingarten, Peter.
The implementation and enforcement of the acquis communautaire is a precondition for joining the European Union (EU). However, there is only little information on the compliance costs in the acceding countries. In this paper, the investment needs and annual costs of compliance with the part of the acquis communautaire relevant for the dairy sector is assessed at different stages of the agri-food chain in Hungary. The assessment is mainly based on a classification of farms and processors according to their level of compliance with EU standards concerning milk hygiene in 2000/01 and calculations of necessary investments in buildings, milking and cooling facilities and delivery trucks. The raw milk quality in Hungary has steadily improved since the early...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hungary; Acquis communautaire; Milk hygiene; Dairy sector; Modernisation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14881
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Effects of a EU Investment Subsidization Scheme on the Hungarian Agri-Food Sector AgEcon
Karpati, Laszlo; Csapo, Zsolt; Kozar, Laszlo.
The change of the political Hungarian regime in 1990 affected deeply the economy of the country. This change made effects in each national branch, thus in the agriculture, as well. A lot of new companies dealing with agricultural production and trading has also been established in these years. Since the early '90s a lot of EU support programmes were available targeting these enterprises and providing them to strengthen their competitiveness. One of these programmes was the PHARE IPP Project for the subsidisation of the agricultural investments (between 1996-1998). The University of Debrecen was involved in the implementation, monitoring and assessment process of this project. Based on the results and suggestions of the university, new supporting elements...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU subsidisation; Agriculture; Investment; Effectiveness; Hungary; Food sector; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24804
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EXPLOITATION OF RELATIONS AMONG THE PLAYERS OF THE MUTTON PRODUCT CYCLE AgEcon
Cehla, Bela; Kovacs, Sandor; Nabradi, Andras.
The continuous weakening of Hungarian sheep sector and its low effectiveness in terms of value added have posed crucial problems in recent years. The focal problem has been partially caused by economic and market problems. Among these issues, mostly the poor mutton supply chain gives rise to difficulties; therefore the present study seeks to reveal the factors/input variables which predominantly influence the generation of value added. We have constructed a model for the mutton product cycle to represent the relations of phases but mutton trade is not included. The most significant aim of our investigation was to identify the volume of value added generated during processing in various phases of the product cycle and the change of which inputs affected...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Sheep sector; Hungary; Mutton product cycle; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104652
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FARM RESTRUCTURING AND EFFICIENCY IN TRANSITION: EVIDENCE FROM BULGARIA AND HUNGARY AgEcon
Mathijs, Erik; Vranken, Liesbet.
Based on survey data on Bulgarian and Hungarian crop and dairy farms, a double-peaked distribution of technical efficiency is observed. Several factors explain differences in efficiency. Human capital matters not only through age and education, but also through gender as farms with a higher share of women are more efficient. Contracting with upstream processors increased efficiency through facilitating the adoption of technology and the access to credits. The superiority of family farms over corporate farms is confirmed for crops but not for dairy.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Eastern Europe; Bulgaria; Hungary; Technical efficiency; Land tenure; Governance; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21886
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Genotype and subtype analyses of Cryptosporidium isolates from cattle in Hungary OAK
Plutzer, Judit; Karanis, Panagiotis.
Seventy-nine faecal samples from calves with diarrhoea were collected on 52 farms from different counties in Hungary to investigate the species, genotypes and subtypes of Cryptosporidium in calves. Oocysts from faecal sample collected from each animal were concentrated using sucrose gradient centrifugation and examined by immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Genomic DNA was extracted from microscopically positive samples and nested PCR was performed to amplify the partial SSU rRNA and GP60 genes of Cryptosporidium that were subsequently digested by SspI, VspI and MboII restriction enzymes to determine the Cryptosporidium species and genotype present. Cryptosporidium parvum was detected in 21 samples while the Cryptosporidium deer-like genotype was found in...
Palavras-chave: Cryptosporidium parvum; Cattle; Genotype; Subgenotype; Hungary.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/1056
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