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Registros recuperados: 11
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A Cross-Country Analysis of Household Responses to Adult Mortality in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications For HIV/AIDS Mitigation And Rural Development Policies. AgEcon
Mather, David; Donovan, Cynthia; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T.; Chapoto, Antony; Mazhangara, Edward; Bailey, Linda; Yoo, Kyeongwon; Yamano, Takashi; Mghenyi, Elliot W..
This paper summarizes and synthesizes across the results of a set of country studies on the effects of prime-age adult mortality on rural households in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia. Each study is based on large representative rural household surveys. These findings have implications for the design of efforts to mitigate some of the most important effects of rural adult mortality, and for key development policies and priorities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Sub-Saharan Africa; Mortality; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; Downloads July 2008 - July 2009: 21; I11.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54571
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Acerca de la magnitud de la inequidad en salud en el Perú AgEcon
Valdivia, Martin.
El análisis presentado en este documento muestra que la magnitud de las inequidades en salud y en la utilización de servicios de salud en el Perú es muy grande, aun para un país con el nivel de desarrollo del Perú. En consecuencia, se plantea que dichas inequidades deben ser abordadas de manera urgente por investigadores y diseñadores de política, tomando en cuenta que la literatura internacional establece cada vez con mayor contundencia que el crecimiento económico no es suficiente para lograr tal objetivo. La contribución del análisis empírico incluido en este documento al abordaje de la inequidad en salud y en los servicios relacionados con ella tiene dos componentes fundamentales. En primer lugar, se analiza la robustez de los resultados presentados...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Salud pública; Servicios de salud; Indicadores de salud; Perú; Public health; Health services; Health indicators; Peru; Health Economics and Policy; I11; I18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37756
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El distintivo de calidad como indicador de seguridad alimentaria en carne de vacuno y cordero AgEcon
Sanchez Garcia, Mercedes; Sanjuan, Ana Isabel; Akl, George.
Consumers in developed countries are becoming increasingly aware of food safety, that is to say, the influence of food on human health. The public concern is deeper for those products, such as beef, that have suffered gravely from disease (BSE). In this paper, the factors that influence the decision of purchasing two products, fresh lamb and beef, are investigated. The linkage between quality labels and attributes of food safety is also studied. Finally, the conjoint analysis is used to discern differences in preferences between consumers of labelled meat and non-consumers and to estimate the marginal willingness to pay for the main attributes, in particular, for the quality label. Keywords: Quality label, Food security, Conjoint analysis, Marginal...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Quality label; Food security; Conjoint analysis; Marginal willingness to pay; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q13; I11.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28783
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Health Economics for Low-Income Countries AgEcon
Mwabu, Germano.
Good health is a determinant of economic growth and a component of well-being. This paper discusses and synthesizes economic models of individual and household behavior, showing how they may be used to illuminate health policy making in low-income countries. The models could help address questions such as: How can the health of the poor be improved, and what are the economic consequences of better health? What policies would improve intra-household distribution of health outcomes? An extensive literature on health human capital and household models, and on related field experiments is reviewed in an attempt to answer these questions. It is found that there are large returns to health improvements in low-income countries. Moreover, health improvements in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Health Production; Health Care Markets; Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation; Health Economics; Low-income countries.; Health Economics and Policy; I12; I11; D13; O12.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10118
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Insuring Rural China's Health? An Empirical Analysis of China's New Cooperative Medical System AgEcon
Zhang, Linxiu; Wang, H. Holly; Rozelle, Scott; Yan, Yuanyuan.
Although health is an important factor in economic development, millions of China's rural residents have no medical coverage. Nearly 10 percent of those that were sick in rural China consciously did not seek medical care, mostly because of financial constraints. More than 25% of rural residents are dissatisfied with their village's health system. In response to this deteriorating situation, a new cooperative medical system (NCMS) was initialized in rural China in 2003 by the government. However, after two years of trials, there has been no household-based, economic analysis of the program. This paper provides one of the first. Although where introduced, most rural residents voluntarily participate, there are many problems with the program. First, at least...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Health; Insurance; Targeting; Design Problems; China; Health Economics and Policy; I11; O15; O53.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25586
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Interconnected firms’ relationships as a source of a competitive advantage AgEcon
Rudawska, Iga.
The mainstream economy poses the opinion that a competitive advantage lies in resources, and, consequently - in competences as well - being a share of a single company and remaining under its sole control. Recently, some researchers (e.g. Castaldo, 2007; Lavie, 2006) have revised that approach and tend to emphasise the role of other sources of competitive advantage in business strategy, which embrace new, intangible assets. Such assets are being born and developed only within the inter-firm relationships built in network environment. Thus, the presented paper focuses on relational-based approach towards gaining relational rent. It aims at discussing the sources of an appropriated relational rent and, presenting - after Lavie, a new types of rent extracted...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Enterprise; Relationship management; Competition; Relational rent; Partnership.; International Development; M10; M31; I11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95946
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Is Obesity a Result of Faulty Economic Policies? The Case of the United States and Japan AgEcon
Senauer, Benjamin; Gemma, Masahiko.
More than one billion adults are overweight worldwide, and more than 300 million of them clinically obese, raising the risk of many serious diseases. Only 3.6 percent of Japanese have a body mass index (BMI) over 30, which is the international standard for obesity, whereas 32.0 percent of Americans do. A total of 66.5 percent of Americans have a BMI over 25, making them overweight, but only 24.7 percent of Japanese. This paper examines the reasons Japan has one of the lowest rates of obesity in the world and the United States one of the highest, giving particular attention to underlying economic factors that might be influenced by policy changes. The average person in Japan consumes over 200 fewer calories per day than the average American. Food prices are...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Obesity; Food consumption; Food prices; Physical activity; Walking; Automobile costs; Agricultural and Food Policy; Health Economics and Policy; D12; I11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25497
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On the Efficiency of Public and Private Health Care Systems: An Application to Alternative Health Policies in the United Kingdom AgEcon
Parry, Ian W.H..
Health policy will be a major issue in Britain's next general election. The Labour government is committed to a substantial increase in funds for the National Health Service (NHS) and has eliminated tax relief for private health insurance. The Conservative Opposition party favors subsidizing private health insurance, though it has pledged to match the government's funding increases for the NHS. This paper develops and implements a methodology for estimating the welfare effects of increasing public and private health care in the United Kingdom, when these policies are financed either by distortionary taxes or by user fees for the NHS. User fees are currently minimal, and the national health market "clears" by creating waiting costs. In the private sector we...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: National Health Service; Private health care; Rationing; Subsidies; Welfare effects; Health Economics and Policy; I18; I11; H42.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10822
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On the Uniqueness of Hybrids, Market Exchanges, and Vertical Integration: Evidence from Physician-Hospital Marketing Relationships AgEcon
Barnes, James N.; Fannin, James Matthew; James, Harvey S., Jr.; Klein, Peter G..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Physician arrangements; Vertical integration; Hybrid contracts; Cannonical discriminant analysis; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; I11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56539
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Reducing Obesity: What Americans Can Learn from the Japanese AgEcon
Senauer, Benjamin; Gemma, Masahiko.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; D12; I11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94365
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Using Empirical Information in the Era of HIV/AIDS to Inform Mitigation and Rural Development Strategies: Selected Results from African Country Studies AgEcon
Mather, David; Donovan, Cynthia; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T..
This paper summarizes empirical results from a synthesis of a set of country studies undertaken by Michigan State University and partner institutions in five African countries, each of which is based upon large-scale rural household surveys. The results demonstrate that the post-death land/labor ratios and income of rural households directly affected by prime-age adult mortality are more heterogeneous than implied by some of the literature and discussion among development practitioners.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; HIV/AIDS; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; Downloads July 2008-July 2009: 10; I11.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54569
Registros recuperados: 11
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