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A framework for assessing impacts of community-based enterprises on poverty reduction: a case study in northern Thailand AgEcon
Terrakul, Nuttamon; Villano, Renato A.; Wood, Fiona; Mounter, Stuart W..
Poverty alleviation remains a challenge for Thailand’s socio-economic development. A key strategy of the Thai government to help meet this challenge at the ‘grass roots’ level has been the promotion of Community-Based Enterprises (CBEs). And national statistics and descriptive studies have shown that CBEs have led to both income improvement and employment creation. However, poverty is a multi-dimensional concept and also some groups are more adversely affected (such a women) than others. By investigating poverty from a number of different angles, this research aims to assess whether CBES are a genuine tool for poverty reduction at the individual household level. This paper provides an outline of the framework developed for assessing CBE impact on poverty...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; Community-based enterprise; Poverty reduction; Gender empowerment; Northern Thailand; International Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59165
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A Framework for Assessing of the Impact of Capacity Building AgEcon
Templeton, Deborah J..
Capacity building is widely recognised as an important component of most research-for-development activities. However despite the fact that around $15 billion is spent annually on capacity building activities, there has been limited assessment of the economic returns to that investment. In recent years, the Impact Assessment Program of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research has turned its attention to quantifying the benefits from capacity-building. This paper sets out a framework for assessing of the impact of capacity building and presents four case studies. It does not purport to be a definitive paper by any means. Rather, it is an account of just one organisations experience. It is hoped that as work on this important area...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Capacity building; Impact assessment; Attribution; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51716
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A multi-level cost benefit approach for regulatory decision support in food safety and quality assurance scenarios AgEcon
Fritz, Melanie; Schiefer, Gerhard.
In complex policy decision situations where policy objectives can only be reached through appropriate activities of individual actors with own decision authority and individual objectives, the classical approaches for measuring the effects of regulatory initiatives through cost-benefit or related types of analysis do not provide the appropriate information for decision support. This paper discusses a framework for a multi-level analysis approach that could provide decision support in multi-level policy decision situations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost-benefit analysis; Multi-level analysis; Policy decision support; Impact assessment; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44274
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A proposed impact assessment method for genetically modified plants (AS-GMP Method). Repositório Alice
BRUMATTI, C. R.; JESUS, K. R. E. de.
2012
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; AS-GMP method; Genetically Modified Plants.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/956353
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A social-ecological impact assessment for public lands management: application of a conceptual and methodological framework Ecology and Society
Bentley Brymer, Amanda L; Environmental Science Program, University of Idaho; abentley.brymer@gmail.com; Holbrook, Joseph D.; Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho; jholbrook03@gmail.com; Niemeyer, Ryan J.; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington; rniemeyr@uw.edu; Suazo, Alexis A.; Department of Forest, Rangeland, and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho; suaz0059@vandals.uidaho.edu; Wulfhorst, J. D.; Environmental Science Program, University of Idaho; Water Resources Program, University of Idaho; Department of Agricultural Economics & Rural Sociology, University of Idaho; jd@uidaho.edu; Vierling, Kerri T.; Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho; kerriv@uidaho.edu; Newingham, Beth A.; Great Basin Rangelands Research Unit, USDA-Agricultural Research Service; beth.newingham@ars.usda.gov; Link, Timothy E.; Department of Forest, Rangeland, and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho; Water Resources Program, University of Idaho; tlink@uidaho.edu; Rachlow, Janet L.; Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho; jrachlow@uidaho.edu.
According to the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), federal action to manipulate habitat for species conservation requires an environmental impact statement, which should integrate natural, physical, economic, and social sciences in planning and decision making. Nonetheless, most impact assessments focus disproportionately on physical or ecological impacts rather than integrating ecological and socioeconomic components. We developed a participatory social-ecological impact assessment (SEIA) that addresses the requirements of NEPA and integrates social and ecological concepts for impact assessments. We cooperated with the Bureau of Land Management in Idaho, USA on a project designed to restore habitat for the Greater Sage-Grouse...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Deliberative workshops; Impact assessment; National Environmental Policy Act; NEPA; PPGIS; Public lands; Public participatory GIS; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2016
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An impact evaluation of technology adoption by smallholders in Sichuan, China: the case of sweet potato-pig systems AgEcon
Lapar, Ma. Lucila A.; Ngoc Toan, Nguyen; Zou, Chengyi; Liu, Jinyuan; Li, Xianglin; Randolph, Thomas F..
We employ propensity score matching (PSM) framework to examine the impact of sweet potato-based feed technology adoption on household-based pig production in Sichuan, China. An ex post survey in six villages was conducted in 2009, of which five villages were in project intervention sites (exposed area) and one village in the same township but not exposed to project intervention (non-exposed area). We randomly selected 111 households in the exposed areas from the list of households previously interviewed in a baseline survey and 53 households from non-exposed area. Matching estimators such as nearest neighbor matching (NNM), radius matching (RM) and kernel matching (KM) were used to estimate average treatment effects. Results indicate positive net benefit...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technology adoption; Impact assessment; Crop-livestock systems; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; O22; O33; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100577
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Analysis of environmental impact indicators, best management practices and technology adoption for HLB control: the view of horchard technical managers. Repositório Alice
RODRIGUES, G. S.; STUCHI, E. S.; ALBUQUERQUE, A. F. A. de; BARIZON, R. R. M.; GIRARDI, E. A..
This study refers to the assessment of environmental impacts caused by the incidence of HLB in Brazil, as well as the adoption of Good Management Practices (GMP) and specific actions of disease control, according to the verification of indicators carried out with groups of technical consultants in citrus. The multi-criteria analysis (Ambitec-Agro method) comprises indicators for verification of (i) environmental impacts of HLB on citrus production (38 indicators); (ii) adherence to GMP recommended in the Technical Standards for Integrated Citrus Production (NTEPIC, IN no. 42 of 07/07/2008) (89 indicators); and (iii) the adoption of specific technologies for the disease control, based on scientific literature recommendations and the ?ten commandments to...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; HLB control; BPM; Environment assessment; Best management practices.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1068248
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Assessing the effects of marine protected area (MPA) on a reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean marine reserve: Identifying community-based indicators ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim; Pelletier, Dominique; Jouvenel, J.y; Bachet, F; Galzin, R.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly envisaged as a tool to manage coastal ecosystems and fisheries. Assessment of their performance with respect to management objectives is therefore important. A number of WAS provided conservation benefits for fished species. Observed benefits do not apply to all species at all times, and responses to protection are also highly variable among fish taxa. Among the many empirical studies on marine reserves, only a few designs considered 'before and after data' and spatial variation. In this paper, we are interested in assessing the effect of a no-take reserve on the reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean example. Data were obtained from a three-year survey using underwater visual censuses (UVC),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northwestern Mediterranean; Reef fish assemblage; Multivariate regression trees; Permutational multivariate analysis of variance; Ecological indicator; Marine protected area; Impact assessment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1702.pdf
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Assessing the Impact of Integrated Natural Resource Management: Challenges and Experiences Ecology and Society
White, Douglas C; Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical;.
Assessing the impact of integrated natural resource management (INRM) research poses a challenge to scientists. The complexity of INRM interventions requires a more holistic approach to impact assessment, beyond the plot and farm levels and beyond traditional analysis of economic returns. Impact assessment for INRM combines the traditional "what" and "where" factors of economic and environmental priorities with newer "who" and "how" aspects of social actors and institutions. This paper presents an analytical framework and methodology for assessing the impact of INRM. A key feature of the proposed methodology is that it starts with a detailed planning process that develops a well-defined, shared, and holistic strategy to achieve development impact. This...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Impact assessment; Integrated natural resource management; Monitoring and evaluation; Natural resources; Sustainable rural livelihoods.
Ano: 2001
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Assessing the Impact of International Natural Resource Management Research: The Case of Zero Tillage in India's Rice-Wheat Systems AgEcon
Laxmi, Vijay; Erenstein, Olaf.
A conservative ex-ante assessment of supply-shift gains alone (excluding social and environmental gains), shows that the investment in zero tillage (ZT) R&D by the Rice-Wheat Consortium and CIMMYT was highly beneficial with a benefit-cost ratio of 39, a net present value of US$ 94 million and an internal rate of return 57%. Sensitivity analysis highlights the influential role of the yield gain, the contribution of reduced tillage (i.e. partial adoption) and the assumed time-lag. Significant positive spillovers of sunk ZT R&D costs – both previous and from elsewhere - also contributed to the high returns. The case thereby highlights the potential gains from successful technology transfer and adaptation. The case however also underscores that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural resource management research; Impact assessment; Economic surplus; Zero tillage; Q11; Q12; Q16; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25694
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Assessing the Impact of the Bean/Cowpea Collaborative Research Support Program (B/C CRSP) Graduate Degree Training AgEcon
Jamora, Nelissa; Bernsten, Richard H.; Maredia, Mywish K..
The study evaluated the impacts of the graduate degree training (GDT) component of the B/C CRSP. In their enhanced capacity, trainees have been playing important roles in strengthening teaching and research capacity in bean and cowpea sectors, both in the U.S. and in host countries. The study recommends the continued commitment and increased financial support to GDT.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; B/C CRSP; Training; Graduate degree; Beans; Cowpeas; Crop Production/Industries; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q16; I23; O15; O19.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6918
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Assessing the Impact of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) in the Uganda Rural Livelihoods AgEcon
Benin, Samuel; Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Okecho, Geresom; Pender, John L.; Nahdy, Silim; Mugarura, Samuel; Kato, Edward; Kayobyo, Godfrey.
The National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) program of Uganda is an innovative public-private extension service delivery approach, with the goal of increasing market oriented agricultural production by empowering farmers to demand and control agricultural advisory services. Although initial evaluations of NAADS have been quite favourable, these evaluations have been primary qualitative in nature. This study quantifies the initial impacts of NAADS in the districts and sub-counties where the program was operating by 2005. It is based on descriptive analyses of results of a survey of 116 farmer groups and 894 farmers in sixteen districts where the program was operating at the time and four districts where NAADS had not yet begun operating to control...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; Agricultural extension; Uganda; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42375
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Assessment and Management of Invasive Alien Predators Ecology and Society
Park, Kirsty; University of Stirling; k.j.park@stir.ac.uk.
Although invasive alien species have been identified as the second greatest threat to biodiversity after habitat loss, characterizing and quantifying their impacts on native species and habitats remains a fundamental problem in conservation biology. Here, I review the techniques that are currently used to assess the impact of invasive alien species on biodiversity, highlighting both their uses in invasive species ecology and their limitations in establishing a causal relationship. Adopting a hypothesis-driven experimental approach to impact assessment, and to eradication efforts through adaptive management, would benefit our ecological understanding of invasive species without delaying critical management action that could reduce the spread of invasive...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Experimental; Impact assessment; Invasive alien species; Predation.
Ano: 2004
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Assessment of social and environmental impacts of canola on the biodiesel production chain in southern Brazil. Repositório Alice
RAMOS, N. P.; BUSCHINELLI, C. C. de A.; TOMM, G. O.; FERREIRA, P. E. P.; VIEIRA, H. B.; FONTES, L. P.; RODRIGUES, I. A.; RODRIGUES, G. S..
Abstract: This research aimed to assess the social and environmental impacts of canola on the biodiesel production chain, as well as to analyze sustainability indicators in a reference term were canola is produced in the Passo Fundo region, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methodology included extensive literature review and application of two impact assessment tools: a) an Eco·certification system for rural activities (Eco·certRural) with 24 criteria for evaluating production chain impacts, based on lhe input of 15 experts knowledgeable on the diverse segments of the biodiesel chain in the region of the study, and b) a System for weighted environmental impact assessment of rural activities (APOIA-NovoRural) with 62 indicators based on detailed...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biofuel; Impact assessment; Sustainability indicators; APOIA-NovoRural; Biocombustível; Colza; Impacto ambiental; Impacto social; Biodiesel; Canola; Environmental assessment.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/918041
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Assessment of tropical shrimp aquaculture impact on the environment in tropical countries, using hydrobiology, ecology and remote sensing as helping tools for diagnosis ArchiMer
Fuchs, Jacques; Martin, Jean-louis M.; Populus, Jacques.
After a period of rapid development of the sites (an increase in both reared surface area and production), tropical shrimp aquaculture is currently being faced with critical problems due to economical and ecological constraints. In many countries with favourable conditions for shrimp aquaculture such as indonesia or Vietnam, sites are often badly selected and/or over-exploited. This conducts to sorne extent to decreases or collapses in the production due to the difficulty in predicting the maximum production capacity of the sites. Furthermore, it appears that production sustainability depends on many factors among which socio-economy and ecolo gy are of prime importance. The STD3 project titled « Assessment of tropical shrimp aquaculture impact on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Interaction aquaculture - environnement; Aquaculture crevettes; Critères écologiques et socio-économiques; Sélection de sites; Suivi du développement; Télédétection; SIG; Impact assessment; Coastal environment; Shrimp culture; Biological and socio-economic criteria; Site selection; Remote sensing; GIS.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00132/24357/22357.pdf
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Climate change and poverty in Africa: Mapping hotspots of vulnerability AgEcon
Thornton, Philip K.; Jones, Peter G.; Owiyo, Tom; Kruska, Russell L.; Herrero, Mario; Orindi, Victor; Bhadwal, Suruchi; Kristjanson, Patricia; Notenbaert, An; Bekele, Nigat; Omolo, Abisalom.
Climate change and increasing climate variability threaten the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), and some of the worst effects on human health and agriculture will be in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in vulnerable regions. The relationships between climate change and the vulnerability of resource-poor croppers and livestock keepers and their resilience to current and future climate variability need to be better understood. This paper describes the generation of information that combines projected climate change in agricultural systems with vulnerability data. The results of the analysis, in terms of vulnerable people particularly at risk for deleterious effects of climate change, are being used for impact assessment, targeting and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural system; Vulnerability; Targeting; Impact assessment; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56966
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Climate change impacts and adaptation in Nepal. AgEcon
Bartlett, Ryan; Bharati, Luna; Pant, Dhruba; Hosterman, Heather; McCornick, Peter G..
The impact of climate change (CC) on water resources is likely to affect agricultural systems and food security. This is especially true for Nepal, a least developed country, where a high percentage of the population is dependent on agriculture for its livelihoods. It is thus crucial for Nepal’s leaders and resource managers to draft and begin implementing national adaptation plans. This working paper aims to create a more comprehensive understanding of how the impacts of CC will be realized at different scales in Nepal, from household livelihoods to national food security, and the many institutions governing the ultimate adaptation process.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate change; Impact assessment; Adaptation; National planning; Institutions; Water resource management; Social aspects; Political aspects; River basins; Runoff; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108670
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Domestic Grain Market Reform In China: The Contribution of Economic Policy Research Funded by ACIAR Revisited AgEcon
Mullen, John D..
Mullen (2004,2005) conducted an impact assessment of two ACIAR funded economics research projects enquiring into domestic grain market reform in China. The benefit cost ratio to ACIAR was estimated to be in the range 5:1 to 33:1. The impact assessment was conducted when grain policy was viewed as being in a period of retrenchment rather than reform and hence the assessment was ex ante in nature. Since then the methodology for estimating nominal rates of assistance in China has been modified and the late 90s is now seen as a period when reform continued despite the professed policy stance. It seems opportune to revisit Mullen’s original impact assessment to assess the extent of welfare gains actually achieved.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; China grain market reform; Welfare analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48031
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Economic gains of improving soil fertility and water holding capacity with clay application: the impact of soil remediation research in northeast Thailand AgEcon
Saleth, Rathinasamy Maria; Inocencio, Arlene; Noble, Andrew D.; Ruaysoongnern, Sawaeng.
Declining productivity of agricultural soils in Northeast Thailand is a challenge facing land managers and farmers. A program was initiated in 2002 to investigate the potential role of incorporating clay-based materials into degraded soils as a means of enhancing productivity. This research report attempts to provide an ex-post assessment of the field level impact and economic viability of this approach, using the empirically derived estimates of the average income impacts that the application of bentonite or clay technology has generated among farm communities in Northeast Thailand. From an exclusive IWMI perspective, the impact evaluation suggests that the program has a net present value (NPV) of US$0.41 million with a benefit-cost ratio (BCR) of 2.44...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Soil improvement; Impact assessment; Research projects; Soil fertility; Sandy soils; Water holding capacity; Clay soils; Soil water relations; Soil management; Farming systems; Crop yield; Vegetable crops; Rice; Sorghum; Models; Statistical methods; Cost benefit analysis; Economic analysis; Economic aspects; Thailand; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53064
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Economic impact analysis of marker-assisted breeding for resistance to pests and post harvest deterioration in cassava AgEcon
Rudi, Nderim; Norton, George W.; Alwang, Jeffrey Roger; Asumugha, Godwin N..
Marker-assisted breeding could have a major impact in relieving productivity constraints that cannot as easily or rapidly be relieved by conventional breeding alone. This paper estimates the benefits of using marker-assisted breeding, as compared to conventional breeding alone, in developing cassava varieties resistant to cassava mosaic disease, green mite, whitefly and post-harvest physiological deterioration in Nigeria, Ghana and Uganda. Marker-assisted breeding is estimated to save at least four years in the breeding cycle for varieties resistant to the pests and to result in incremental net benefits over 25 years in the range of $34 to $800 million depending on the country, the particular constraint and various assumptions. Benefits may reach as high...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marker-assisted breeding; Impact assessment; Cassava; Green mite; Whitefly; Cassava mosaic disease; Post-harvest physiological deterioration; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93862
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