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Registros recuperados: 19
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A Demand System Analysis of the U.S. Trout Market AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Hilbun, Brian M..
The objective of this study is to analyze how imported trout affects the domestic U.S. trout industry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trout; Demand System; Import; International Relations/Trade; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56414
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A General Equilibrium Analysis of the Impact of Inward FDI on Ghana: The Role of Complementary Policies AgEcon
Arbenser, Lawrence.
The need for external capital (FDI) inflow to finance the current account deficit of developing countries cannot be over-emphasized. Foreign direct investment takes predominance over other types of capital inflow into developing countries. How would an increase in FDI and a reduction in import tariff levels in isolation affect household welfare and other macroeconomic indicators? How would the concurrent application of the two enhance the expected impact? This paper explores the above questions by using a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model for Ghana, implemented in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) to carry out specific counterfactual simulations. This paper concludes that the primary benefit of an increase in FDI inflow for a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: FDI; Import tariff; CGE; Ghana; GAMS; Household welfare trade deficit; Exchange rate; Import; Export; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18829
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A magyar marhahús versenyesélyei az EU-ban AgEcon
Meszaros, Kornelia; Beres, Daniel.
A tanulmány a magyarországi vágásra szánt, élőszarvasmarha-külkereskedelem versenyképességét, komparatív előnyeit és hátrányait vizsgálja az 1999–2010 közötti időszakban. A marhahús jelentős része elsősorban exportra kerül. Vizsgálva ennek versenyképességét megállapítható, hogy jelenleg komparatív hátránya van az EU27-en belüli marhahúspiacon. A mutatók tendenciáját tekintve a hátrány mértéke évről évre csökkenő. Az RSCA-átlag mutatója a folyamatos emelkedést követően 2008-ban pozitív volt. A külkereskedelmi mérleg minden vizsgált évben aktív. A 2008-ban kibontakozott pénzügyi válság hatása ugyanakkor érződött, s jelentős visszaesést okozott, ami mindhárom mutató értékeiben megnyilvánult. A Gehlhar és Pick által kidolgozott kategóriák alapján pedig...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Komparatív előny és hátrány; Húsmarha; Export; Import; Relative advantages and disadvantages; Beef cattle; Export; Import; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119941
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Agrárgazdaság és az „erős” forint AgEcon
Gazdag, Laszlo.
A Jegybank feladata a pénzstabilitás megteremtése és fenntartása, míg a többi cél (növekedés, foglalkoztatottság, egyensúly stb.) megvalósítása a gazdaságpolitikai eszköztár és intézményrendszer egyéb területeire tartozik. A pénzstabilitás primátusa ma már elfogadott a nyugati közgazdasági gondolkodásban. A valutaleértékelés kétélű fegyver, csupán az elavult exportszerkezetet konzerválja, a hatékonysági korlátok puhítása révén. A magyar gazdaság importfüggősége technikai jellegű, ezért a leértékelés csupán inflációs nyomást eredményez. Az agrárszektor részére a forint gyengülése sokkal több negatívummal járhatna, mint pozitívummal. Emelkedne az import eszközök ára, a felpörgő infláció révén szűkülne a belső piac. --------------------- Establishment and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agrárgazdaság; Erős forint; Import; Export; Belső piac; Agricultural economy; Strong HUF; Imports; Exports; Domestic market; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58603
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An Analysis of the Banana Import market in the U.S. AgEcon
Su, Chia-Hsien; Ishdorj, Ariun; Leatham, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand; Banana; Import; Market power; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98847
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ANÁLISE DE FATORES PRODUTIVOS E COMERCIAIS DA CADEIA LÁCTEA NO BRASIL AgEcon
Pedra, Daniele Fernanda Bosisio Moura; Pigatto, Gessuir; Santini, Giuliana Aparecida.
Dentre as diversas cadeias produtivas que representam a base de produção do país, a cadeia produtiva do leite vem sendo considerada uma das mais complexas e representativas do agronegócio brasileiro. Na cadeia produtiva do leite participam algumas atividades principais, como a produção e o processamento lácteo. No âmbito da produção, o Brasil é considerado atualmente como o sexto maior produtor de leite do mundo, ficando atrás da União Européia - que se configura como o maior produtor mundial -, dos Estados Unidos, da Índia, da China e da Rússia. O segmento de processamento, formado por empresas nacionais, multinacionais e cooperativas de produtores, é responsável por importantes transformações na cadeia produtiva, como por exemplo, possibilitar a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Leite; Produção; Exportação; Importação; Milk; Production; Export; Import; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112630
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Análise de preços interno, externo e de importação de milho. Repositório Alice
DUARTE, J.O.; MONTEIRO, J.A..
1994
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Milho; Preco; Importacao; Exportacao; Analise; Economia; Zea mays; Maize; Price; Import; Export; Economical analysis.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/475747
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Analysis of Country of Origin Labeling for Food Products in Taiwan Using Auction Experiment with Tasting AgEcon
Chern, Wen S.; Lin, Huei-Ching.
This study attempts to evaluate the economic benefits of the country of origin labeling (COOL) in Taiwan. A Vickrey second-price sealed-bid auction was conducted to estimate the consumer’s willingness to pay for Taiwan products vs. those from China and Vietnam. Our experiment was designed to investigate the impacts of product tasting on bidding behavior. The regression results show that tasting raised bids for Taiwan and China teas, but lowered bids for Vietnam tea. The econometric results show very high premiums for Taiwan products. Taiwanese consumers and food producers stand to benefit greatly with COOL.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction Experiment; Country of Origin Labeling; Tobit; Willingness to Pay; Bid Premium; Taiwan; China; Vietnam; Tea; Plum; Import; Food; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q13; D12..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103219
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Chinese Market Access Barriers of U.S Oilseeds and Grains AgEcon
Yeboah, Osei-Agyeman; Appiah-Danquah, Gloria.
China was admitted into the WTO in December 2001 and this raised the hopes of the US that China will open up to agricultural trade with the US. However, this potential has not been realized. The goal of this study is to determine the impacts of trade impediments and barriers of the market access of US oilseeds and grains in China. A market access variable that was obtained by dividing the total value of U.S soybean and corn exports to China by U.S agricultural G.D.P was regressed on China’s per capita income, exchange rate of the yuan to the dollar, arable land to labor ratio in the U.S and a dummy variable representing China’s WTO accession. The result found per capita income to have a positive impact on market access of U.S oilseeds and grains in China....
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Market Access; Market Access Barriers; U.S Oil seeds and Grains; Import; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119794
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Fonctionnement des marais maritimes atlantiques: échanges d'énergie et effets des flux aquacoles diffus ArchiMer
Bel Hassen, Malika.
French estuaries, from the Atlantic coast to the English channel, have been characterized by a poor phytoplankton biomass. The turbidity has always been considered as the limiting factor for phytoplankton. Estuarine ecosystems are situated at the boundary between the land and the sea. Consequently, they are subject to an enrichment by nutrient loadings from upland ecosystems. Although it has been demonstrated that a part of the nutrient loadings support an important benthic production. The part, which escapes to the estuarine benthic and planktonic food web and is exported to adjacent estuarine ecosystems, still remains undetermined. Quantifying the nu trient and particulate matter exchange between a macrotidal Bay, the Fier d'Ars, and the adjacent ocean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Exportation; Matière dissoute; Fiers d'Ars; Systèmes d'Information Géographique; Importation; Usages; Lumière; Micorphytobenthos; Modélisation; Nutriments; Matière organique; Matière particulaire; Phytoplancton; Sédimentation; Aquaculture; Export; Dissolved matter; Fier d'Ars Bay; Geographic Information Systems; Import; Land use; Light; Microphytobenthos; Modelling; Nutrients; Organic matter; Particulate matter; Phytoplankton; Sedimentation.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00450/56185/57738.pdf
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Global Coffee Import Demand in a New Era: Implications for Developing Countries AgEcon
Feleke, Shiferaw T.; Walters, Lurleen M..
With coffee prices at their lowest in a century, producing countries, which are mostly developing countries, are facing the worst crisis in history. The International Coffee Organization (ICO) acknowledges that poverty and unemployment are growing so rapidly that the consequences would be dire if nothing is done to halt the decline. This study draws welfare implications for producing countries based on import demand analysis for coffee in the three largest importers – the United States, European Union, and Japan. A differential production approach is employed. Results imply that coffee-producing countries will continue to be worse off with the expansion of exports. Hence, we suggest that they attempt new marketing strategies that include consistent...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Coffee; Import; Marketing strategies; International Relations/Trade; F10; F11; Q10.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50274
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Import substitution and implicit taxation of agriculture in Brazil. Repositório Alice
ALVES, E. R. de A.; PASTORE, A. C..
The industrialization that Brazil experienced prior to World War II was not induced by the government It had its origin in the relative profitability of the agricultura1 and industrial sectors, which favored a shift in resources to the indup trial sector. During the period from the end of World War II until the early sixties, a deliberate import-substitution policy was pursued. The factors that gave rise to that policy were the diff iculty that the country encountered in foreign trade during. the Depression and the two world wars, the influente of the Prebish thesis, and the dominance of two sector models (Rannis & Fei 1961 and Jorgenson 1969) as the basis for development policies.
Tipo: Capítulo em livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agricultura; Agriculture; Brasil; Brazil; Implicit; Implicito; Import; Importacao; Impostos; Taxation.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/958555
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Mercado e comercialização na ovinocultura de corte no Brasil. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, J. D. F. de; SOUZA, O. R. G. de; CAMPEÃO, P..
Resumo: O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar os dados relativos ao mercado e à comercialização da carne ovina no Brasil. Especificamente destacam-se os principais estados produtores, a questão da importação, os preços praticados, a estrutura agrária brasileira como um fator significativo para análise deste setor produtivo e o mercado internacional da ovinocultura. Para tanto são utilizados dados do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, da Organização das Nações Unidas para Agricultura e Alimentação e outras fontes secundárias especializadas no setor. Os países com o maior rebanho ovino no mundo são China, Índia e Austrália, respectivamente, e a produção de carne ovina está concentrada majoritariamente no continente asiático (52%). Os dados...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Brasil; Carne ovina; Ovinocultura de corte; Cadeia produtiva; Comercialização; Aspecto econômico; Ovino; Mercado; Preço; Importação; Análise econômica; Lamb meat; Sheep; Economic aspects; Productive chain; Price; Import; Flock; Brazil.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/939147
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Producción de maíz (Zea mays L.) en el estado de Puebla: Un enfoque de equilibrio espacial para identificar las zonas productoras más competitivas. Colegio de Postgraduados
Flores Cruz, Luis Alberto.
La focalización de recursos por parte del Gobierno para apoyar la producción de maíz en aquellas zonas con alto potencial productivo requiere la identificación de las zonas más competitivas. Para determinar las zonas productoras de maíz (Zea Mays L.) más competitivas en el Estado de Puebla se formuló y se obtuvo la solución de un modelo de equilibrio espacial e inter-temporal que considera la demanda, la oferta, la distribución de la producción e importaciones, y el abasto del consumo en cada zona consumidora. El modelo usó datos del año promedio 2008-2010 y se obtuvieron cuatro soluciones que corresponden al año base, y a reducciones graduales en la disponibilidad de maíz para consumo proveniente de una disminución en las importaciones estatales. Los...
Palavras-chave: Zea mays; Programación lineal; Oferta; Consumo; Linear programming; Supply; Consumption; Import; Economía; Maestría; Importación.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1846
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SIGNIFICANCE OF WHEAT PRODUCTION IN WORLD ECONOMY AND POSITION OF HUNGARY IN IT AgEcon
Kiss, Istvan.
This article intends to introduce the significance of wheat production in world economy and role of Hungary in it on the basis of statistic database of FAO. Importance of wheat production in world economy is proven by its share of 15% from 1500 million hectares arable land in the world. This rate is equivalent to 225 million hectares of wheat area based on FAO figures for 2009. From its world economy significance viewpoint, on the basis of some significant features it sets order of ranks among wheat producing countries, accompanied by Hungary too. Setting of rank orders is based on the quantity of wheat produced by countries, cultivated area and exported, imported wheat quantity. As regards wheat export in 2008, Hungary was placed as 11. in the world while...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Plant production; Wheat; Quantity produced; Export; Import; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104650
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STUDY OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S WINE CONSUMPTION HABITS AT THE CORVINUS UNIVERSITY OF BUDAPEST AgEcon
Farkas, Agnes.
The Hungarian wine market has been undergoing continuous transformation, one of the principal reasons of which is Hungary’s European Union membership since 2004. The main disadvantage coming from the membership is that foreign wines are no longer rare curiosities but they are present to an extent that they disturb the market and constitute significant competition (in addition to the substituent products of the wine) for the domestic wines. The current economic crisis may also present various risks to the industry, such as a drop in consumption or the increase in the consumption of foreign wines with a good price/benefit ratio. Since I consider it important to preserve the market dominance of the Hungarian wines in the domestic market, I did not address the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Wine consumption; Import; Substitution product; Marketing mix; Attitude; Crisis; Borfogyasztás; Import; Helyettesítő termékek; Marketingmix; Attitűd; Válság; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99209
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Tariffs and quotas that lower prices and raise welfare AgEcon
Perloff, Jeffrey M..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumers; Economics; Equilibrium; Import; Quotas; International Relations/Trade; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47254
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The Impact of Euro-Mediterranean Partnerships on the Agricultural Sector of the Mediterranean Area AgEcon
Parisi, Palma; Di Gregorio, Donatella.
In 1995, the Barcelona Conference Inter-government Euro-Mediterranean, through the plan of the creation of the partnership Euro-Mediterranean, has marked the start of a phase of collaboration between the European Union and the Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs) that has origin in the importance that these last ones cover in order to assure conditions of stability and peace in the Mediterranean area. Draft of an ambitious plan turned to the creation of solid report and long-lasting relationships between the countries of the north banks and those of the south. Agricultural sector is one of the most important sectors in the economies of the MPCs.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPC); Free trade area; Import; Export; International Relations/Trade; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24682
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U.S. Import Demand for Tilapia from Selected FTAA Countries AgEcon
Ligeon, Carel; Bayard, Budry; Clark, Joy M.; Jolly, Curtis M..
Seafood consumption in the U.S. has increased over the period 1990 to 2003. A large percentage of the seafood consumed in the U.S. is imported. The most important seafood products imported to the U.S. are shrimp, Atlantic salmon, tilapia, catfish, crayfish, mussels and a mixture of mollusks. In 2003, the U.S. imported 199 million pounds of tilapia and tilapia products, at a value of $241.2 million, a 38% increase from the previous year. The seafood market has been considered an important foreign exchange earner for the Caribbean Common Market (CARICOM), and Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) member countries. Jamaica is the only CARICOM country that exports tilapia products from aquaculture sources to the U.S. In 2003, Jamaica exported 39,950...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tilapia; Sea-food; Almost-Ideal-Demand-System; Import; FTAA countries; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36805
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