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A caminho da Índia. Infoteca-e
DALL'AGNOL, A..
bitstream/item/166930/1/c-a-caminho-folha-rural-2.pdf
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Comercio bilateral; Soja; Comercio; Soybeans; Commercialization; India.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1065322
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A Diagnosis of Biophysical and Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Farmers’ Choice to Adopt Organic or Conventional Farming Systems for Cotton Production Organic Eprints
Riar, Amritbir; Mandloi, Lokendra S.; Poswal, Randhir S.; Messmer, Monika M.; Bhullar, Gurbir S..
Organic agriculture is one of the most widely known alternative production systems advocated for its benefits to soil, environment, health and economic well-being of farming communities. Rapid increase in the market demand for organic products presents a remarkable opportunity for expansion of organic agriculture. A thorough understanding of the context specific motivations of farmers for adoption of organic farming systems is important so that appropriate policy measures are put in place. With an aim of understanding the social and biophysical motivations of organic and conventional cotton farmers for following their respective farming practices, a detailed farm survey was conducted in Nimar valley of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The study area...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; India.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31989/1/riar-etal-2017-fpls-Vol08-p01289.pdf
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A Dynamic Approach to the FDI-Environment Nexus: The Case of China and India AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The cointegration analysis and a vector error-correction (VEC) model are applied to examine the short- and long-run relationships among foreign direct investment (FDI), economic growth, and the environment in China and India. The results show that FDI inflow plays a pivotal role in determining the short- and long-run movement of economic growth through capital accumulation and technical spillovers in the two countries. However, FDI inflow in both countries is found to have a detrimental effect on environmental quality in both the short- and long-run, supporting pollution haven hypothesis. Finally, it is found that, in the short-run, there exists a unidirectional causality from FDI inflow to economic growth and the environment in China and India - a change...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Cointegration analysis; Environment; FDI; India; Vector error-correction; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6508
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A framework for efficient wastewater treatment and recycling systems AgEcon
Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Davidson, Brian; Samad, Madar; Boland, Anne-Maree.
Use of un-treated/partially treated wastewater for irrigation in the dry countries of Asia and Africa and recycling of treated wastewater in the water scarce developed countries has become a common practice due to various reasons. While the lack of wastewater treatment to appropriate levels before use is a major problem in developing countries, the high cost of wastewater recycling is the major problem in developed countries. The current paper is part of a doctoral research and presents the conceptual framework for the research and the methodology that can be used to tackle the problems associated with wastewater recycling.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water reuse; Wastewater; Recycling; Pricing; Water allocation; Cost benefit analysis; Wastewater irrigation; Developing countries; Developed countries; Case studies; India; Australia; Hyderabad; Melbourne; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46387
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A method for transforming rice stinkbug counts in rice International Rice Research Institute
Mu Mu Thein.; Singh, V. S.; Chander, S.; Kalra, N..
p.28-30
Palavras-chave: Leptocorisa varicornis; Population density; India.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/983
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A modeling approach to optimize nitrogen dose for drum-seeded wet rice International Rice Research Institute
Subramanian, E.; Martin, G. J.; Kailasam, C..
p.41-42
Palavras-chave: Nitrogen fertilizers; Application rates; Crop yield; Yield components; Models; India.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1118
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A new leafminer on grapevine and Rhoicissus (Vitaceae) in South Africa within an expanded generic concept of Holocacista (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Heliozelidae) Naturalis
Nieukerken, E.J. van; Geertsema, H..
A grapevine leafminer found recently in table grape orchards and vineyards in the Paarl region (Western Cape, South Africa) is described as Holocacista capensis sp. n. It has also been found on native Rhoicissus digitata and bred on that species in the laboratory. It is closely related to Holocacista salutans (Meyrick, 1921), comb. n. (from Antispila), described from Durban in KwaZulu-Natal, but widespread in southern Africa and a native leafminer of various Vitaceae: Rhoicissus tomentosa, R. digitata, R. tridentata and Cissus cornifolia. Holocacista capensis has been found on Vitis vinifera both in Gauteng and Western Cape, the earliest record being from 1950 in Pretoria. The initial host shift from native Vitaceae to Vitis must have occurred much...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Host shift; Leafminers; Vitaceae; Viticulture; Table grapes; Rhoicissus; Cissus; DNA barcode; Genitalia; Holocacista; Antispilina; Antispila; Afrotropics; South Africa; Zimbabwe; India.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/648754
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A new species of Rubus (Rosaceae) from Arunachal Pradesh, India Naturalis
Gupta, C.; Dash, S.S..
A new species, Rubus ramachandrae, from Upper Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh, India is described and illustrated. It is closely similar to R. stipulosus and R. fuscifolius but differs by densely bristly or hirsute branches; narrowly ovate or oblong-lanceolate leaves with caudate-acuminate apex and adaxially hirsutulous vesture; abaxially grey tomentose intermixed with hirsutulous hairs; larger size of stipules and bracts with distinct margin and vesture; smaller size of floral structure. The distinct foliar as well as floral morphology of R. ramachandrae differs from all previously described species of Rubus. Differences in key morphological characters of R. ramachandrae, R. stipulosus and R. fuscifolius are also tabulated. In addition, pollen...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: India; New taxa; Pollen morphology; Rosaceae; Rubus; Subgenus Malachobatus.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/649791
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A Report on Socioeconomic Attributes and Gender Inequality in Kondh-Dominated Villages: A Comparative Analysis of Tribals and Non-Tribals in the Phulbani District, Orissa, India AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C.; Ghose, Ananda.
Reports on results of a survey, completed in 2000, of wives in three villages in the Phulbani district, Orissa, India. These villages are dominated by the Kondh scheduled tribe but some also contain members of the scheduled caste, called Dombs in Orissa. The article reports on the total responses and comparative responses of these groups to a structured questionnaire. The article provides background information for the villages surveyed, and reports information in relation to wives and their families about property rights, assets and incomes, economic conditions and survival strategies, aspects of credit, production and marketing, social dynamics and education. In addition, children’s affairs, including the treatment and entitlements of female and male...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender Inequality; Children; India; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100213
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A Revolution Long Turned Brown Organic Eprints
Das, Kasturi.
The article contains a critical assessment of the agriculture-centric proposals included in the first Budget (2004) of the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Government of India. The article explores the root cause of the on-going agricultural crisis in the country and argues that despite the declared pro-agricultural stance taken by the incumbent regime, the measures proposed in the budget fail miserably in addressing the real issues. Hence they are unlikely to be successful in lessening the plight of the thousands of distressed farmers of this agro-based country. The real solution, it is argued, lies in going Organic.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: India.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/3315/1/3315.PDF
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A Tale of Two Countries: Emissions Scenarios for China and India AgEcon
Massetti, Emanuele.
The aim of the paper is to present evidence that China and India are, and will remain, two very different actors in international negotiations to control global warming. We base our conclusions on historical data and on scenarios until 2050. The Business-as-Usual scenario (BaU) is compared to four Emissions Tax scenarios to draw insights on major transformations in energy use and in energy supply and to assess the possible contribution of China and India to a future international climate architecture. We study whether or not the Copenhagen intensity targets require more action than the BaU scenario and we assess whether the emissions reductions induced by the four tax scenarios are compatible with the G8 and MEF pledge to reduce global emissions by 50% in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate Change; China; India; Energy Efficiency; Energy and Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q32; Q43; Q54; Q43; O53; P52.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101378
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Adoption and Impact of Hybrid Wheat in India AgEcon
Matuschke, Ira; Qaim, Matin.
In the light of ongoing debates about the suitability of hybrid seeds for smallholder farmers, this paper analyzes the adoption and impact of hybrid wheat in India. Based on survey data we show that farmers can benefit significantly from the proprietary technology. Neither farm size nor the subsistence level influence the adoption decision, but access to information and credit matters. Moreover, willingness-to-pay analysis reveals that adoption levels would be higher if seed prices were reduced. Given decreasing public support to agricultural research, policies should be targeted at reducing institutional constraints, to ensure that resource-poor farmers are not bypassed by private sector innovations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hybrid wheat; India; Technology adoption; Contingent valuation; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25678
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Adoption and impacts of zero tillage as a resource conserving technology in the irrigated plains of South Asia AgEcon
Erenstein, Olaf; Farooq, Umar; Malik, R.K.; Sharif, Muhammad.
The recent stagnation of productivity growth in the irrigated areas of the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia has led to a quest for resource-conserving technologies that can save water, reduce production costs and improve production. The present synthesis of two detailed country studies confirmed widespread adoption of zero tillage (ZT) wheat in the rice-wheat systems of India’s Haryana State (34.5% of surveyed households) and Pakistan’s Punjab province (19%). The combination of a significant “yield effect” and “cost-saving effect” makes adoption worthwhile and is the main driver behind the rapid spread and widespread acceptance of ZT in Haryana, India. In Punjab, Pakistan, adoption is driven by the significant ZT-induced cost savings for wheat...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zero tillage; Rice; Wheat; Water conservation; India; Pakistan; Haryana; Punjab; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91816
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Adoption and Impacts of Zero-Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Irrigated Haryana, India AgEcon
Erenstein, Olaf; Malik, R.K.; Singh, Sher.
This study documents the adoption and impacts of zero-tillage (ZT) wheat in the rice-wheat systems of India’s Haryana State primarily drawing on a detailed empirical survey of 400 rice-wheat farmers. Our random stratified sample revealed 34.5% to be ZT wheat adopters and a quarter of the wheat area in the surveyed communities to be under ZT. The study suggests the potential for further diffusion but also flags the issue of disadoption (10%). ZT adopters, non-adopters, and disadopters differ significantly in terms of their resource bases, with adopters typically showing the most favorable values. ZT drastically reduces tractor operations in farmers’ ZT wheat fields from an average of 8 passes to a single pass, implying a saving of 6 tractor hours and 36...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wheat; Rice; Agricultural development; Innovation adoption; Drilling equipment; Farming systems; Zero tillage; Production costs; Credit; Income; India; Crop Production/Industries; E16; F08.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56092
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Adoption of Genetically Modified Eggplant in India: An Ex Ante Analysis AgEcon
Kolady, Deepthi; Lesser, William H..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/28/05.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Genetically Modified Crops; Bt Eggplant; Adoption; India; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O13; O14; O33.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19262
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Agricultural Growth and Industrial Performance in India AgEcon
Rangarajan, C..
In “The Role of Agriculture in Economic Development,” written nearly a quarter of a century ago, Bruce Johnston and I discussed the principal means by which agriculture could assist in transforming a traditional low-income economy in a modern high-income one. In the intervening years the literature and much of the practice of development has been dominated by either emphasis on industrialization, independent of agricultural development, or on agriculture as a provider of basic human needs, independent of commercialization and industrialization. Perhaps the time is ripe to pick up the old threads of a dynamic interaction between agriculture and industry. Those threads lead to a very specific strategy for development of agriculture itself in which...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; India; Industries; International Development.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42186
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Agricultural producer support estimates for developing countries : measurement issues and evidence from India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam AgEcon
Orden, David; Cheng, Fuzhi; Nguyen, Hoa; Grote, Ulrike; Thomas, Marcelle; Mullen, Kathleen; Sun, Dongsheng.
The levels of support that trade and domestic farm policies afford to agriculture, and the related processes of policy reform intended to improve the economic efficiency of agricultural production, processing, and marketing, are important issues for developing countries. The effects of policy on agriculture are well documented for wealthy countries, especially by the established and respected studies from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. However, systematic analysis is often lacking for poor countries because of the difficulty and cost of measuring policy effects consistently over time and across commodities. This study contributes to filling the existing research gap by examining the impacts of agricultural policies and policy...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture and state; India; Indonesia; China; Vietnam; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37879
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Agricultural research and productivity growth in India AgEcon
Evenson, Robert E.; Pray, Carl E.; Rosegrant, Mark W..
India’s investments in agricultural research, extension, and irrigation have made it one of the largest publicly funded systems in the world. But some policymakers who perceive that the benefits to research may be declining are advocating a cut back on public spending on research. This research report, which examines the effects of research and development on productivity in India, finds that India is still benefiting from these investments. The main sources of agricultural productivity growth in India during 1956–87 were public agricultural research and extension; expansion of irrigated area and rural infrastructure and improvement in human capital were also important contributors. The report also shows that the public benefits from private research can...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Research; India; Agricultural productivity; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37901
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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND URBAN POVERTY IN INDIA AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen.
Using a similar analytical approach to a study in China, this paper analyzes the impact of agricultural research on urban poverty reduction in India. State level data from 1970 to 1995 were used in the empirical analysis. It is found that in addition to its large impact on rural poverty reduction, agricultural research investments have also played a major role in the reduction of urban poverty. Agricultural research investments increase agricultural production, and increased production in turn lowers food prices. The urban poor often benefit proportionately more than the non-poor since they spend 50-80% of their income on food. Among all the rural investments considered in this study, agricultural research has the largest impact on urban poverty reduction...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Developing countries; India; Agricultural research; Urban; Poverty; Food price; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16079
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AM3- an induced rice mutant with improved grain size and yield International Rice Research Institute
Bhat, R. S.; Surendra, P.; Hanumaratti, N. G.; Nayak, G. V.; Dushyanthakumar, B. M.; Shadakshari, Y. G..
p.18-19
Palavras-chave: Varieties; Abhilash (variety); Mutants; Seed size; Yields; Flowering; Plant height; India.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.irri.org/publications/irrn/pdfs/vol32no1/Genetics.pdf
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