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A framework for selecting a suite of indicators for fisheries management ArchiMer
Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle.
We develop a framework for the objective selection of a suite of indicators for use in fisheries management. The framework encompasses eight steps, and provides guidance on pitfalls to be avoided at each step. Step I identifies user groups and their needs, featuring the setting of operational objectives, and Step 2 identifies a corresponding list of candidate indicators. Step 3 assigns weights to nine screening criteria for the candidate indicators: concreteness, theoretical basis, public awareness, cost, measurement, historic data, sensitivity, responsiveness, and specificity. Step 4 scores the indicators against the criteria, and Step 5 summarizes the results. Steps 3-5 offer technical aspects on which guidance is provided, including scoring standards...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scoring; Objectives; Indicators; Guidelines; Framework; Ecosystem; Criteria.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-484.pdf
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A gender performance indicator for irrigation: Concepts, tools and applications AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara.
Although gender issues are today a priority on the agendas of irrigation policy makers, interventionists, farm leaders and researchers, there is still a considerable gap between positive intentions and concrete action. An important but hitherto ignored reason for this is the lack of adequate generic concepts and tools that are policy-relevant and can accommodate the vast variation in irrigation contexts worldwide. The Gender Performance Indicator for Irrigation (GPII) aims to fill this gap. In any particular scheme, this tool diagnoses the gendered organization of farming and gender-based inclusion or exclusion in irrigation institutions. It informs irrigation agencies what they themselves can do for effective change-if necessary. The tool also identifies...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Gender; Women; Irrigation management; Water management; Policy; Decision making; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Irrigated farming; Farming systems; Case studies; Water users' associations; Leadership; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44562
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A Geostatistical Definition of Hotspots for Fish Spatial Distributions ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Woillez, Mathieu; Doray, Mathieu; Rivoirard, Jacques.
Research surveys at sea are undertaken yearly to monitor the distribution and abundance of fish stocks. In the survey data, a small number of high fish concentration values are often encountered, which denote hotspots of interest. But statistically, they are responsible for important uncertainty in the estimation. Thus understanding their spatial predictability given their surroundings is expected to reduce such uncertainty. Indicator variograms and cross-variograms allow to understand the spatial relationship between values above a cutoff and the rest of the distribution under that cutoff. Using these tools, a “top” cutoff can be evidenced above which values are spatially uncorrelated with their lower surroundings. Spatially, the geometric set...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hotspots; Indicators; Non-linear geostatistics; Multivariate geostatistics; Anchovy; Biscay.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38380/36734.pdf
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A Global Hunger Index: Measurement Concept, Ranking of Countries, and Trends AgEcon
Wiesmann, Doris M..
Progress in combating hunger and undernutrition has been lagging for decades. Best practices to fight hunger and undernutrition have been available for a long while, but lack of political will among leaders and a lack of political power among the poor have hampered their implementation. Since indices have proven to be powerful tools for advocacy and are able to capture multifaceted phenomena, the Global Hunger Index (GHI) was developed to increase attention to the hunger problem and mobilize the political will to speed up urgently needed progress in the fight against hunger. The GHI captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children, and child mortality, which is to a large extent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Undernutrition; Child malnutrition; Child mortality; Food availability; Indicators; HIV/AIDS; Conflict; War; Developing countries; Countries in transition; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55891
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A handbook for measuring the progress and outcomes of integrated Coastal and Ocean Management OceanDocs
The handbook aims to contribute to the sustainable development of coastal and marine areas by promoting a more out-come-oriented, accountable and adaptive approach to ICOM. It provides a step-by-step guide to help users in developing, selecting and applying a common set of governance, ecological and socioeconomic indicators to measure, evaluate and report on the progress and outcomes of ICOM interventions. Intended as a generic tool with no prescriptive character, the handbook proposes analytical framework and indicators that from the basis for the customized design of sets of indicators. The handbook also includes results, outcomes and lessons learned from eight pilot case studies conducted in several countries. A network of ICOM experts in these...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Oceanography; Coastal zone management; Coastal zone; Oceanography; Oceanographic data; Oceanographic institutions; Oceanographic equipment; Oceanographic surveys; Indicators; Ecological balance; Oceanography; Ecological balance; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_12889; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34928.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2682
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A method to assess farmers' room for maneuvering crop location at the landscape level for biodiversity conservation Inra
Joannon, A.; Baudry, J.; Boussard, H.; Castellazzi, M.S; Schermann, N.; Vasseur, C.; Joannon, A..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave:  BIODIVERSITE Biodiversity; Agricultural landscape; Crop mozaic; Simulation; Decision making; Indicators.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009942e5c05&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/03/
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A methodology for the sustainability assessment of agri-food systems: an application to the Slow Food Presidia project. Ecology and Society
Peano, Cristiana; Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari (DISAFA), University of Turin, Italy; cristiana.peano@unito.it; Migliorini, Paola; University of Gastronomic Sciences, Pollenzo, Italy; p.migliorini@unisg.it; Sottile, Francesco; Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Forestali, University of Palermo, Italy; francesco.sottile@unipa.it.
New and alternative models for agri-food production and consumption have brought up questions regarding the effects they have on local development processes in terms of the economic exploitation of rural areas as well as environmental, cultural, and social factors. The agri-food system proposed by the Slow Food (SF) Presidia Project, which focuses on farm-to-market systems for local, high-quality, sustainable products, can respond to the new and emerging needs of both rural and urban populaces via several approaches in addition to food production itself. However, evaluating these parameters is challenging. The aim of this study was to develop an indicator-based tool to monitor the sustainability in agri-food systems that considers quality as well as...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agricultural and food systems; Indicators; Slow Food; Sustainability evaluation.
Ano: 2014
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A Simple Measure for Agricultural Trade Distortion AgEcon
Roningen, Vernon O.; Dixit, Praveen M..
A simple measure is proposed that estimates the volume of trade distortion caused by the agricultural policies of trading countries. The index, called a TDS (Trade Distorted by support), would be useful for trade analysts to compare the trade impact of agricultural support policies across countries and commodities. The TDS index can be calculated largely from existing information on agricultural support. A TDS index might also be used to assess damages in trade dispute settlement cases.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Indicators; Producer subsidy equivalent; Trade distortion; Trade models; Trade negotiations; Trade policy; GATT; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51137
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Adaptive Management Fitness of Watersheds Ecology and Society
Porzecanski, Ignacio; School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Florida.; igna@ufl.edu; Saunders, Lynn V. ; H. T. Odum Center for Wetlands Phelps Lab, University of Florida, Gainesville.; saunderslv@gmail.com; Brown, Mark T.; H. T. Odum Center for Wetlands Phelps Lab, University of Florida; mtb@ufl.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive Management; Decision-making; Environmental condition; Indicators; Management prescriptions; Watersheds.
Ano: 2012
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Agricultural water productivity: issues, concepts and approaches. AgEcon
Cook, Simon; Gichuki, Francis; Turral, Hugh.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water scarcity; Irrigation water; Productivity; Indicators; Water conservation; River basins; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91963
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Aires marines protégées et récifs artificiels : méthodes d'évaluation, protocoles expérimentaux et indicateurs ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim.
Marine Protected Areas' (MPAs) and Artificial Reef's (ARs) management requires complex assessment and monitoring programmes, dealing with different sources of variability. We studied and developed experimental designs and analysis methods suited for the establishment of a monitoring of MPAs and ARs. This methodology is developed from existing data sets in the Northwestern Mediterranean. We build multi-criteria indicators allowing a statistically testable diagnosis of the impact of MPAs and ARs on reef fish assemblages. Using ecological performance indicators permits to monitor and to give an image of the assessed system to managers. It was possible to show the global response of the fish assemblages to the protection by a MPA. This response was evidenced...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Management; Northwestern Mediterranean; Statistical Power; Monitoring; Habitat; Multivariate; Indicators; Temperate Fish; Impact Assessment; Artificial Reefs; Marines Protected Areas; Gestion; Méditerranée Nord Occidentale; Puissance Statistique; Suivis; Habitat; Multivarié; Indicateurs; Poissons Tempérés; Evaluation d'Impact; Récifs Artificiels; Aires Marines Protégées.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/these-2132.pdf
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An ecosystem-based approach and management framework for the integrated evaluation of bivalve aquaculture impacts ArchiMer
Cranford, Peter J.; Kamermans, Pauline; Krause, Gesche; Mazurie, Joseph; Buck, Bela H.; Dolmer, Per; Fraser, David; Van Nieuwenhove, Kris; O'Beirn, Francis X.; Sanchez-mata, Adoracion; Thorarinsdottir, Gudrun G.; Strand, Oivind.
An ecosystem-based approach to bivalve aquaculture management is a strategy for the integration of aquaculture within the wider ecosystem, including human aspects, in such a way that it promotes sustainable development, equity, and resilience of ecosystems. Given the linkage between social and ecological systems, marine regulators require an ecosystem-based decision framework that structures and integrates the relationships between these systems and facilitates communication of aquaculture-environment interactions and policy-related developments and decisions. The Drivers-Pressures-State Change-Impact-Response (DPSIR) management framework incorporates the connectivity between human and ecological issues and would permit available performance indicators to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve aquaculture management; Ecosystem-based approach; DPSIR framework; Indicators; Thresholds; Benthic effects; Pelagic effects; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00099/20997/18624.pdf
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Assessing aquaculture sustainability: a comparative methodology ArchiMer
Lazard, Jerome; Rey-valette, Helene; Aubin, Joel; Mathe, Syndhia; Chia, Eduardo; Caruso, Domenico; Mikolasek, Olivier; Blancheton, Jean Paul; Legendre, Marc; Rene, Francois; Levang, Patrice; Slembrouck, Jacques; Morissens, Pierre; Clements, Olivier.
Little work dealing with the evaluation of aquaculture system sustainability has so far been undertaken on a global and comparative basis. Moreover, such work is mostly based on very unbalanced approaches in terms of the dimensions of sustainable development that are taken into account. The approach adopted in this article is designed to encompass all the dimensions of sustainability including the institutional one (governance). The taking into account of this latter, in particular, together with the role played by aquaculture in sustainability at the territorial level gives the approach its original and innovative nature. The process of establishing the checklist of sustainability indicators in aquaculture relies on a hierarchical nesting approach which...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Indicators; Co-construction; Sustainability.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00245/35598/34151.pdf
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ASSESSING ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF POLICY SCENARIOS ON FARM LEVEL AgEcon
Ehrmann, Markus.
B3_2
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Indicators; Policy assessment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93949
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Assessing irrigation performance with comparative indicators: The case of the Alto Rio Lerma Irrigation District, Mexico AgEcon
Kloezen, Wim H.; Garces-Restrepo, Carlos.
Describes and evaluates the application of IWMI's minimum set of performance indicators to the Alto Rio Lerma Irrigation District, and compares this with the application of a small set of process performance indicators.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Irrigation scheduling; Water allocation; Water distribution; Case studies; Institutional constraints; Operation; Monitoring; Indicators; Performance indexes; Water rights; Economic aspects; Data collection; Environmental effects; Performance evaluation; Water use efficiency; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44580
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Assessing the Impact of Biodiversity on Tourism Flows: A model for Tourist Behaviour and its Policy Implications AgEcon
Macagno, Giulia; Loureiro, Maria L.; Nunes, Paulo A.L.D.; Tol, Richard S.J..
This analysis provides an example of how biodiversity can be measured by means of different indicators, and how the latter can be used to assess the influence of the biodiversity profile of a region on the tourism flows towards it. Previous studies have considered environmental amenities as one of the determinants of tourism destination choice. The central hypothesis of this paper is that the destination’s biodiversity profile can be considered as a key component of environmental amenities. The main objective of this study is to propose a different perspective on this topic, considering the role of biodiversity on tourists’ choice of destination and duration of stay. Domestic Irish tourist flows have been chosen as a case study. The first step of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Species Diversity; Habitat Fragmentation; Landscape Diversity; Trip Demand; Indicators; Ecosystem Services; Human Well-Being; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q57.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50406
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Assessment of participatory management of irrigation schemes in Sri Lanka: Partial reforms, partial benefits AgEcon
Samad, Madar; Vermillion, Douglas Lynn.
Describes the application of a standard methodology developed by IWMI to assess the impact of irrigation management transfer on the performance of irrigation schemes. Includes detailed analysis of the effects of participatory management on the performance of irrigation schemes in Sri Lanka.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Privatization; Policy; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Operating costs; Irrigation management; Economic aspects; Returns; Participatory management; Farmer participation; Government managed irrigation systems; Small scale systems; Large-scale systems; Regression analysis; Models; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44577
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Assessment of the ecological status of coastal areas and estuaries in France, using multiple fish-based indicators: a comparative analysis on the Vilaine estuary ArchiMer
Brind'Amour, Anik; Lobry, Jeremy.
When reviewing the various fish-based community indicators aiming at assessing the ecological status of marine communities and/or ecosystems, a typology consisting of three major components emerges. The first component highlights the choice of relevant metrics associated with a level of organization (e. g. population or community). The second relies on the method used to combine the metrics (an aggregated indicator or a synoptic table). The third refers to the type of analysis (direct or indirect) that is used to establish the link between the metrics and a given pressure. In this paper we use the Vilaine coastal-estuarine fish communities as a case study to discuss and relate two different approaches to the suggested typology. The first approach...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coastal ecosystems; Fish communities; Indicators; Integrated approaches; Metric; Typology of fish indicators.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11174/7532.pdf
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Basin-level use and productivity of water: examples from South Asia AgEcon
Molden, David J.; Sakthivadivel, Ramasamy; Habib, Zaigham.
Discusses and illustrates concepts for identifying ways of improving productivity of water within basins. The results of applying a water accounting procedure to four sub-basins in South Asia (Bhakra in India; Chishtian in Pakistan; Huruluwewa in northern Sri Lanka; and Kirindi Oya in southern Sri Lanka) are presented. The methodology used identifies the quantities and productivity of various uses of water within a basin. This information is then used to identify the water-saving potential, and the means of improving the productivity of the managed supplies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Water conservation; River basins; Water use; Productivity; Case studies; Irrigated farming; Indicators; Water scarcity; South Asia; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Bhakra; Chishtian; Kirindi Oya; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61099
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Choosing survey time series for populations as part of an ecosystem approach to fishery management ArchiMer
Trenkel, Verena; Cotter, John.
Ecosystem assessments of fisheries based only on survey data will often have to use surveys that were designed historically for special purposes, e. g. for assessing abundances of two or three target species, or for tuning VPAs. An important question then is whether the previously collected data can provide informative time series of abundance indices and other state indicators for a wider range of target and non-target species. Some potential shortcomings of existing data series are treated in this paper leading to four questions which can guide the user to determine the suitability of an existing time series: did the survey cover the stock of each species adequately? Did survey catchability vary significantly between length or age classes? Did survey...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bias; Survey based methods; Indicators.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6900.pdf
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