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Registros recuperados: 148
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A meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of doripenem for treating bacterial infections BJID
Qu,Xiao-Yu; Hu,Ting-Ting; Zhou,Wei.
Objective: The aim of this article is to compare the efficacy and safety of doripenem for bacterial infections. Methods: We included six randomized clinical trials identified from PubMed and Embase up to July 31, 2014. The included trials compared efficacy and safety of doripenem for complicated intra-abdominal infections, complicated urinary tract infection, nosocomial pneumonia, and acute biliary tract infection. The meta-analysis was carried on by the statistical software of Review Manager, version 5.2. Results: Compared with empirical antimicrobial agents on overall treatment efficacy, doripenem was associated with similar clinical and microbiological treatment success rates (for the clinical evaluable population, odds ratio [OR] = 1.26, 95% confidence...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Doripenem Meta-analysis Efficacy; Safety; Infection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702015000200156
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A simple mathematical model to determine the ideal empirical antibiotic therapy for bacteremic patients BJID
Tuon,Felipe F.; Rocha,Jaime L.; Leite,Talita M.; Dias,Camila.
BACKGROUND: Local epidemiological data are always helpful when choosing the best antibiotic regimen, but it is more complex than it seems as it may require the analysis of multiple combinations. The aim of this study was to demonstrate a simplified mathematical calculation to determine the most appropriate antibiotic combination in a scenario where monotherapy is doomed to failure. METHODS: The susceptibility pattern of 11 antibiotics from 216 positive blood cultures from January 2012 to January 2013 was analyzed based on local policy. The length of hospitalization before bacteremia and the unit (ward or intensive care unit) were the analyzed variables. Bacteremia was classified as early, intermediate or late. The antibiotics were combined according to the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mathematical model; Infection; Antibiotic; Bacteremia.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702014000400360
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A single center 14 years study of infectious complications leading to hospitalization of patients with primary antibody deficiencies BJID
Mamishi,Setareh; Eghbali,Aiden Nasiri; Rezaei,Nima; Abolhassani,Hassan; Parvaneh,Nima; Aghamohammadi,Asghar.
Primary antibody deficiencies (PADs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders, characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and increased susceptibility to bacterial infections, leading to hospitalizations. This study was performed to determine the main infectious causes of hospital admissions in selective Iranian patients with PADs. Forty patients with PADs, who were admitted to the Infectious Ward of Children's Medical Center Hospital during a 14-year period, were reviewed in this study. There were 115 documented episodes of hospital admission during a 14-year period. The average length of hospital stay was 33.30 ± 25.72 days. Pneumonia was the most prominent infection leading to hospitalization among these patients (n = 48), followed by gastroenteritis (n =...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Infection; Hospitalization; Primary antibody deficiencies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000400007
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Abortion and its probable cause in gilts experimentally infected with Trypanosoma brucei OAK
Allam, L.; Ogwu, D.; Agbede, R.I.S; Sackey, A.K.B.
Palavras-chave: Trypanosoma brucei; Gilts; Infection; Abortion.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4094
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Adhesion of uredospores of Phakopsora pachyrhizi on soybean seeds and their viability during storage Rev. bras. sementes
Magnani,Elisandra Batista Zambenedetti; Mendonça,Elisabeth Aparecida Furtado de; Albuquerque,Maria Cristina de Figueiredo e.
To study adhesion and viability of uredospores of the fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi on soybean seeds during storage, suspension tests of those uredospores were carried out by washing seeds at each 30 days interval. Furthermore, germination and inoculation tests of uredospores on soybean plants were performed with uredospores collected from seeds of two soybean production areas, located in the municipalities "Chapada dos Guimarães" and "Tangará da Serra", State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. High levels of uredospores infestation were detected before storage [249.31 and 85.18 uredospores/100 seeds (U/100)] on seeds collected in both localities, respectively. After 30 days storage, these figures were 46.12 and 122.5 U/100; at 60 days were 14.62 and 26.62 U/100; and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Soybean rust; Spores; Germination; Infection.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-31222012000200006
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Albendazole, levamisole and ivermectin are effective against monogeneans of Colossoma macropomum (Pisces:Serrasalmidae). Repositório Alice
ALVES, C. M. G.; NOGUEIRA, J. N.; BARRIGA, I. B.; SANTOS, J. R. dos S.; SANTOS, G. G.; TAVARES-DIAS, M..
This study evaluated the efficacy of albendazole, ivermectin, levamisole, mebendazole and praziquantel on monogeneans of Colossoma macropomum, based on in vitro and in vivo assays. In vitro assays indicated that albendazole (500, 100, 1,500 and 2,000 mg/L), ivermectin (200, 250, 300 and 350 mg/L) and levamisole (50, 75, 100 and 125 mg/L) were 100% effective against Anacanthorus spatulatus, Notozothecium janauachensis, Mymarothecium boegeri and Linguadactyloides brinkmanni, while mebendazole (125, 150, 175 and 200 mg/L) and praziquantel (5, 10, 15 and 20 mg/L) were ineffective. Fish mortality in 24 hr therapeutic baths with 500 mg/L of albendazole was 6.6%, but the behaviour of the animals remained unchanged, while 200 mg/L of ivermectin caused lethargy,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Peixe de Água Doce; Tambaqui; Pacu; Infecção; Parasito; Tratamento; Freshwater fish; Infection; Parasites; Biological treatment.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1105909
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Altered peripheral lymphocyte subsets in untreated systemic lupus erythematosus patients with infections BJMBR
Lu,Zhimin; Li,Jing; Ji,Juan; Gu,Zhifeng; Da,Zhanyun.
The leading cause of death in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution of lymphocyte subsets in untreated SLE patients with infections. This was a cross-sectional study. Data from January 2017 to May 2018 were collected. Flow cytometry was used to measure the peripheral lymphocyte subsets including CD3+T cells, CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, CD19+B cells, CD3-CD16+CD56NK cells, and CD3+CD16+CD56NKT cells in 25 healthy controls and 52 treatment-naive SLE patients, among whom 13 were complicated with infections. Association between the lymphocyte subsets and infections was further analyzed. SLE patients with infections (n=13) showed a significantly higher incidence rate of fever (84.6...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Systemic lupus erythematosus; Lymphocyte subsets; Infection; C-reactive protein; Procalcitonin.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2019000400609
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Annual research report on corn disease in 1981 Thai Agricultural
Somkiat Titatarn; Diloke Unchalisangkas; Weera Chamkrachang; Niyom Chew-Chin.
Palavras-chave: Corn; Maize; Downy mildew; Infection; Variety trials; ข้าวโพด; โรคราน้ำค้าง.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4053
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Anti-Bacterial Activity of Phenolic Compounds against Streptococcus pyogenes ArchiMer
Macé, Sabrina; Truelstrup Hansen, Lisbeth; Rupasinghe, H. P. Vasantha.
Background: Worldwide, Streptococcus pyogenes is the leading cause of bacterial pharyngitis. To reduce the use of antibiotics, antimicrobial phytochemical-containing remedies, which have long been in use in traditional medicine, may provide new approaches for management of streptococcal pharyngitis. The objective of this study was to assess the inhibitory activities of 25 natural phenolic compounds against three strains of S. pyogenes. Methods: After an initial screening, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the nine most effective phenolic compounds were determined. The effect of four compounds with the lowest MIC and MBC on streptococcal growth and biofilm formation was also studied. Results:...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pharyngitis; Strep throat; Biofilm; Naphthoquinone; Infection; Disease; Polyphenols.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00603/71515/69934.pdf
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Antibiotics produced by Streptomyces BJID
Procópio,Rudi Emerson de Lima; Silva,Ingrid Reis da; Martins,Mayra Kassawara; Azevedo,João Lúcio de; Araújo,Janete Magali de.
Streptomyces is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria that grows in various environments, and its shape resembles filamentous fungi. The morphological differentiation of Streptomyces involves the formation of a layer of hyphae that can differentiate into a chain of spores. The most interesting property of Streptomyces is the ability to produce bioactive secondary metabolites, such as antifungals, antivirals, antitumorals, anti-hypertensives, immunosuppressants, and especially antibiotics. The production of most antibiotics is species specific, and these secondary metabolites are important for Streptomyces species in order to compete with other microorganisms that come in contact, even within the same genre. Despite the success of the discovery of antibiotics,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Streptomyces; Antibiotics; Resistance; Infection.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702012000500011
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Are similar the parasite communities structure of Trachelyopterus coriaceus and Trachelyopterus galeatus (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) in the Amazon basin? Repositório Alice
PANTOJA, W. M. de F.; SILVA, L. V. F.; TAVARES-DIAS, M..
The aim of this study was to compare the parasite communities in two sympatric host populations, Trachelyopterus coriaceus and Trachelyopterus galeatus, which were caught in tributary of the Amazon River in Brazil. All the specimens of T. galeatus and T. coriaceus were infected by one or more parasites, such as Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, Tripartiella tetramerii, Trichodina nobilis, Cosmetocleithrum striatuli, Contracaecum sp., Cystidicoloides sp., Dadaytremoides parauchenipteri and Gorytocephalus spectabilis. Seven species were common to both host fish, and there were 1-5 parasite species per host. In both hosts, trichodinids were dominant. Aggregate dispersion of ectoparasites and endoparasites was observed, with greater aggregation among...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Auchenipterid; Diversity; Infection; Animal parasite; Parasito de animal.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1043212
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Austrodiplostomum compactum (Lutz, 1928) (Digenea, Diplostomidae) in the eyes of fishes from Paraná river, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i2.9337 Biological Sciences
Santos, Rosemeire de Souza; Universidade do Oeste Paulista - UNOESTE; Marchiori, Natalia; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC; Santarem, Vamilton Alvares; Universidade do Oeste Paulista - UNOESTE; Takahashi, Haroldo Kazuyuki; Universidade do Oeste Paulista - UNOESTE; Mourino, José Luis Pedreira; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC; Martins, Maurício Laterça; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC.
Parasitological indexes of Austrodiplostomum compactum (Digenea, Diplostomidae) in fishes from the Paraná River, Presidente Epitácio region, state of São Paulo, Brazil, and their relationship with climate and water quality are evaluated. Fifty-one specimens of Plagioscion squamosissimus, 39 Geophagus surinamensis, 27 Hoplias malabaricus and 23 Cichla sp. were collected between June 2007 and June 2008. Water quality and rainfall indexes were measured monthly. P. squamosissimus had the highest parasite rate, with 98% total prevalence, intensity of infection varying between 1 and 255 and parasite mean abundance totaling 40.5 ± 9.9. H. malabaricus had the next parasite rate, with 66.6% total prevalence, parasite intensity between 2 and 184 and mean abundance...
Palavras-chave: Fish; Plagioscion squamosissimus; Geophagus surinamensis; Hoplias malabaricus; Cichla; Diplostomum; Infection.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/9337
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Avaliacao da eficiencia de metodos de controle termico de Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris em sementes de couve e sua influencia na germinacao. Repositório Alice
TAVARES, S. C. C. de H.; MARIANO, R. L. R..
bitstream/item/180501/1/Fitopatologia-Brasileirav.13-n.2-p.98-1988.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Cabbages; Diseases; Controle Térmico; Couve; Doença; Germinação; Infecção; Semente; Xanthomonas Campestris; Germination; Infection; Seeds; Thermoregulation.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/133554
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B-1 cell: the precursor of a novel mononuclear phagocyte with immuno-regulatory properties Anais da ABC (AABC)
Lopes,José Daniel; Mariano,Mario.
Characterization of the origin, properties, functions and fate of cells is a fundamental task for the understanding of physiological and pathological phenomena. Despite the bulk of knowledge concerning the diverse characteristics of mammalian cells, some of them, such as B-1 cells, are still poorly understood. Here we report the results obtained in our laboratory on these cells in the last 10 years. After showing that B-1 cells could be cultured and amplified in vitro, a series of experiments were performed with these cells. They showed that B1 cells reside mostly in the peritoneal and pleural cavities, migrate to distant inflammatory foci, coalesce to form giant cells and participate in granuloma formation, both in vitro and in vivo. They are also able to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: B-1 cells; IL-10; Inflammation; Infection; Neoplasia; BALB/Xid mice.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652009000300013
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Bacterial biofilms with emphasis on coagulase-negative staphylococci J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Oliveira,A; Cunha,MLRS.
In addition to their capacity to attach to surfaces, various groups of microorganisms also produce an extracellular polymeric substance known as "slime". This slime forms a thin layer around cells known as biofilm. Thus, biofilm structure comprises bacterial cells and an extracellular polymeric substance. It also presents a defined architecture, providing the microorganisms with an excellent protective environment and favoring the exchange of genetic material between cells as well as intercellular communication. The ability to produce biofilm is observed in a large group of bacteria, including coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) which are the predominant microorganisms of normal skin flora and have been implicated as the causative agents of hospital...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Coagulase-negative staphylococci; Biofilm; Slime; Infection; Microbiology.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992008000400003
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Bonamia ostreae, parasite of the European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, does not experimentally infect the Japanese oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Cochennec, Nathalie; Grizel, Henri.
The protozoan Bonamia ostreae (Ascetospora) is the etiological agent of bonamiosis, or hemocyte disease of the European fiat oyster, Ostrea edulis (Pichot et al., 1980). Since this infection was first reported from the coast of Brittany (Comps et al., 1980), the parasite has spread rapidly along the French Atlantic coasts (Grizel & Tigé, 1982), and in the European countries including the UK, Holland, lreland and Spain (Bannister & Key, 1982; Van Banning, 1982; Polanco et al., 1984). Under the EEC Council Directive 91/67, this parasitic protozoan is included in list II of Annex A. Serious pathogen agents for molluscs that should be obligatorily declared are placed in this list
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Infection; Protozoan; Oyster; Ostrea edulis; Bonamia ostreae.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1995/publication-2892.pdf
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Botryodiplodia theobromae Lat. em mangueira no Submedio Sao Francisco III. Infeccao - condicoes predisponentes - controle. Repositório Alice
TAVARES, S. C. C. de H..
bitstream/item/180818/1/45-R.-A.-da-S.-B.-para-o-Progresso-de-Ciencia-v.1-p.10-1993.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Controle; Submedio Sao Francisco; Control; Botryodiplodia Theobromae; Infecção; Manga; Fungo; Infection; Mangoes.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/133521
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Breeding and genetics for the improvement of yield and quality of corn in Thailand Thai Agricultural
Sujin Jinahyon; Sutat Sriwatanapongse; Bunpote Tasanasuwan; Weerasak Duangchantra; Tawatchai Prasatsrisupab; Suvit Panichying; Sansern Jampatong; Vichien Sakulsom.
14 ill., 18 tables
Palavras-chave: Corn; Maize; Plant breeding; Yield trials; Yields; Quality; Variety trials; Agronomic characters; Downy mildew; Infection; ข้าวโพด; การปรับปรุงพันธุ์; การทดสอบผลผลิต; ผลผลิต; คุณภาพ.
Ano: 1977 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/3950
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Campilobacteriose genital bovina na sub-região da Nhecolândia do Pantanal Sul-Mato-Grossense e proposição de novas técnicas de diagnóstico. Repositório Alice
PELLEGRIN, A. O..
A estimativa da prevalenca da Campilobacteriose Genital Bovina no rebanho do Pantanal foi realizada em 19 conglomerados pela imunofluorescencia direta em lavados prepuciais obtendo-se 52,3% (170) de prevalencia em touros (CI 95%:42,6%-62,0%) e 89,5% (17) de propriedades positivas. Foi padronizado um ensaio imunoenzimatico para deteccao de imunoglobulinas A anti-Campylobacter fetus (C. fetus) em muco cervico vaginal com um antigeno extraido com tampao glicina. A media das leituras de densidade otica (DO450) foi 0,143 -0,09. Pelo "immunoblotting as proteinas mais imunorreativas no antigeno de of C.fetus subsp. venerealis (C.fetus subsp. venerealis) e de Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (C.fetus subsp. fetus) migraram em 45kDa mas a proteina de 97kDa foi...
Tipo: Tese/dissertação (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Elisa IgA; Bovine campilobacteriosis; Disease; Diagnosis; Bovino; Campilobacteriose; Diagnostico; Doença; Infecção; Reprodução; Infection; Reproduction.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/809051
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Caracterização molecular de Cryptosporidium spp. em caprinos jovens de propriedades rurais de Quixadá, Ceará. Repositório Alice
BRITO, R. L. L. de; INÁCIO, S. V.; OLIVEIRA, D. A. dos S.; NAKAMURA, A. A.; SOUSA, M. M. de; NEVES, M. R. M. das; SANTOS, C. M. dos; MEIRELES, M. V.; VIEIRA, L. da S.; BRESCIANI, K. D. S..
2014
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Cryptosporidium xiaoi; Cryptosporidium ubiquitum; Cryptosporidium hominis; Cryptosporidium andersoni; Caprino; Cabrito; Parasito de animal; Coccidia; Infecção; Cryptosporidium; Coccidia; Goats; Infection.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1006415
Registros recuperados: 148
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