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Registros recuperados: 14
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A laboratory model system for analysing microbial interactions occurring in anoxic estuarine sediments. ArchiMer
Herbert, R; Keith, S.
Defined mixed populations of Clostridium butyricum, Desulfovibrio desulfuricans and Chromatium vinosum co-existed for long periods when grown in a single stage chemostat with glucose as sole carbon source. The nature and availability of the inorganic nitrogen source exerted a major effect on carbon flow in the experimental system. The data show that both the C. butyricum and D. desulfuricans isolates can utilise NO sub(3) as an e super(-)acceptor with an increase in cell yield. Under these growth conditions the free S super(2-) levels were lower resulting in more stable mixed populations. In addition the data show that the C. butyricum produces more oxidised fermentation end-products (acetate) when NO sub(3) super(-) was available and more reduced products...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chromatium vinosum; Desulfovibrio desulfuricans; Clostridium butyricum; Biogeochemistry; Models; Bacteria; Detritus; Mineralization; Anoxic sediments; Estuarine sedimentation; Analytical techniques; Carbon cycle; Interspecific relationships; Microbiology.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-947.pdf
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Aspectos biológicos y ecológicos de Mytilopsis sallei (Recluz, 1849) (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae) en bancos de ostra de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano OceanDocs
Puyana, Mónica.
Mytilopsis sallei es una especie que se encuentra ampliamente distribuida sobre sustratos duros en la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, siendo particularmente abundante sobre bancos de ostra de mangle (Crassostrea rhizophorae), donde alcanza densidades de hasta 5000 indiv/m2. Aunque posee una amplia tolerancia a variaciones en la salinidad y temperatura, prefiere aquellos lugares donde la afluencia de aguas dulces es constante. Puede además tolerar aguas turbias con un alto contenido de sedimentos, como en la desembocadura de los ríos. M. sallei no parece aparentemente, competir con la ostra, incluso en aquellos bancos sometidos a intensa explotación. Esto se debe a las preferencias ambientales de cada especie y a la alta productividad de las aguas de la...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Ecology; Population structure; Salinity effects; Temperature effects; Density; Condition factor; Turbidity; Interspecific relationships; Population dynamics; Coastal lagoons; Estuaries; Ecology; Population structure; Turbidity; Estuaries; Density; Population dynamics; Coastal lagoons; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2467; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6115; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15043; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2673; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2186; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6111; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1697.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3802
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Comparación experimental de las cepas colombianas de Artemia (Galerazamba, Manaure y Pozos Colorados) OceanDocs
Newmark-Umbreit, F..
Se examinaron en el laboratorio las influencias de la densidad de siembra y la salinidad en la producción de biomasa, el crecimiento y la madurez sexual de cepas Colombianas de Anemia. Los resultados indican (P<0.05) que cuando se combinan densidades de siembra bajas (10 na up I ios/1 ¡tro) y salinidades de 130°/oo, se incrementa el crecimiento, la madurez sexual, y la producción de biomasa de las tres cepas estudiadas. La cepa de Galerazamba se apartó un poco de dicho comportamiento al presentar producciones importantes de biomasa y de hembras maduras sexualmentea salinidades de 130°/ooy densidades de 50 nauplios/litro. Finalmente, con base en las diferencias biométricas y el comportamiento del cultivo experimental, se concluye que la cepa de...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Interspecific relationships; Marine crustaceans; Carcinology; Bioassays; Salinity effects; Biomass; Density; Bioassays; Biomass; Density; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15731; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_926; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2186.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3888
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Contribution d'un film bacterien a la culture intensive de Daphnia magna ArchiMer
Langis, R; Proulx, D; Lanoue De La, J; Couture, P.
Laboratory scale experiments show that can increase of the biofilm in cultivation tanks improves significantly the productivity of Daphnia
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Daphnia magna; Branchiopoda; Bacteria; Detoxification; Nutrition; Interspecific relationships.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1987/acte-1411.pdf
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Ecología del cangrejo violinista Uca uruguayensis: distribución, comportamiento reproductivo y su interacción con aves migratorias. OceanDocs
Ribeiro, P.D..
Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (Argentina)
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Ecology; Density; Distribution; Reproductive behaviour; Interspecific relationships; Abundance; Trophic relationships; Predation; Environmental conditions; Distribution; Reproductive behaviour; Ecology; Predation; Density; Environmental conditions; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35773; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37902; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2467; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6162; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2186; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_32980.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2960
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Ecophysiological studies on luminous bacteria associated with marine gastropods. ArchiMer
Ramesh, A; Venugopalan, V.
Information available on the association of luminous bacteria with marine invertebrates is limited. Hence qualitative and quantitative investigations were undertaken with a view to understand the distribution of luminous microflora in relation to the environmental factors and also in the gut of two marine gastropods, Aplysia benedicti Eliot and Bullia tranquebarica (Roding) from Porto Novo (11 degree 29'N, 79 degree 46'E) waters of the East coast of India. The gut of the gastropods harboured maximum number of luminous bacteria when compared to the water and sediment. Qualitative analysis revealed the presence of two luminous bacterial components, viz. Vibrio harveyi and V. fishceri. V. fischeri was not found in association with A. benedicti . The isolates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gastropoda; Vibrio fischeri; Vibrio harveyi; Bioluminescence; Bacteria; Physicochemical properties; Environmental factors; Microorganisms; Luminous organisms; Interspecific relationships; Ecophysiology.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-993.pdf
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Estudio de la interrelaciones tróficas de dos elasmobranquios del Mar Argentino, en relación con las variaciones espacio-temporales y ambientales. Squalus acanthias (Squalidae) y Raja flavirostris (=Dipturus chilensis) (Rajidae). OceanDocs
Garcia de la Rosa, S.B..
As a general rule, sharks and rays play an important role in the energy exchanges among higher trophic levels of the marine food chain and some of them, with an important impact as piscivorous predators. Squalus acanthias (Squalidae) and Raja flavirostris (=Dipturus chilensis )(Rajidae), are two elasmobranchs with high apparition frequencies in the SW Atlantic, in the coastal and demersal fishing trawls, co-existing and predating on the principal stocks of bony fish there located, especially the Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi). Both species could be transformed into alternative fishing resources, even though they are not currently commercially developed as such. The knowledge on their biology, given in great detail, will provide information for a...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Geographical distribution; Abundance; Size distribution; Feeding behaviour; Diets; Interspecific relationships; Predation; Food preferences; Shark fisheries; Geographical distribution; Feeding behaviour; Predation; Food preferences; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5083; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_10778; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6162; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3024.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1487
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Factors affecting bacterial biomass and growth in the Duplin River estuary and coastal Atlantic Ocean. ArchiMer
Fallon, R; Newell, S; Sherr, B; Sheer, E.
Bacterial numbers and growth rates were measured in coastal, planktonic systems of the Western Atlantic ocean. Seasonal responses in growth rates of the bacterial assemblage were present at some sites, but these may be related to seasonal changes in substrate supply rather than to changes in temperature. Bacterial growth rates tended to decline with increasing distance from shore. There was evidence for predator-prey population cycles in the bacteria and < 17 mu m protozoa in the Duplin River Estuary which may indicate that the bacterial assemblage serves as prey for protozoan populations. In summer, a significant negative correlation between mu (instantaneous growth rate) and cell numbers in the bacterial assemblage indicated that substrate limitation...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Protozoa; Plankton; Bacteria; Predators; Grazing; Temperature effects; Seasonal variations; Limiting factors; Interspecific relationships; Nutrients (mineral); Growth.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-955.pdf
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Interrelations entre des communautes mixtes de bacteries anaerobies isolees de sediments marins ArchiMer
Marty, D.
The mineralization of cellulose was examined in mono and cocultures of marine anaerobic bacteria (cellulolytic bacteria, fermentative non-cellulolytic bacteria and methane-producing bacteria). These studies displayed interactions between these groups of microorganisms: inhibition relationships (inhibition of methanogens during active growth of fermentative bacteria) and syntrophic relationships (growth of fermentative non-cellulolytic bacteria depended on metabolites produced by cellulolytic bacteria; increased in rate of cellulose hydrolysis in presence of fermentative non-cellulolytic bacteria; interspecies H sub(2) transfer reaction between fermentative bacteria and methane-producing bacteria).
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeochemistry; Sedimentation; Sediments; Fermentation; Mineralization; Cellulose; Methanogenesis; Interspecific relationships; Anaerobic bacteria.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-948.pdf
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Microbial control of the culture of <i>Artemia</i> juveniles through preemptive colonization by selected bacterial strains OMA
Verschuere, L.; Rombaut, G.; Huys, G.; Dhont, J.; Sorgeloos, P.; Verstraete, W..
The use of juvenile <i>Artemia</i> as feed in aquaculture and in the pet shop industry has been getting more attention during the last decade. In this study, the use of selected bacterial strains to improve the nutritional value of dry food for <i>Artemia</i> juveniles and to obtain control of the associated microbial community was examined. Nine bacterial strains were selected based on their positive effects on survival and/or growth of <i>Artemia</i> juveniles under monoxenic culture conditions, while other strains caused no significant effect, significantly lower rates of survival and/or growth, or even total mortality of the <i>Artemia</i> . The nine selected strains were used to preemptively colonize the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Biological control; Brine shrimp culture; Chemotaxonomy; Colonization; Feeds; Interspecific relationships; Nutrition; Polyculture; Survival; Artemia.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=4039
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Reef associated molluscan fauna of the Santa Marta Area, Caribbean Coast of Colombia OceanDocs
Díaz, J.M.; Escobar, L.A.; Velásquez, L.E..
Se registra un total de 263 especies de moluscos (201 encontradas vivas) colectadas entre 1982 y 1989 en siete localidades arrecifales de la región de Santa-Marta, Colombia. Los moluscos fueron ordenados de acuerdo a las zonas de arrecife en que fueron encontradas, a sus hábitos alimentarios y a su modo de vida. El dendrograma resultante del análisis de similaridad faunística entre las zonas muestra que existen tres tipos básicos de comunidades en el arrecife (asentadas respectivamente en zonas someras, zona de declive arrecifal y zona con coral muerto y arena), más una comunidad pobre en especies y restringida a la zona dominada por el coral Agaricia tenuifo/ia. Existen algunas diferencias entre las zonas arrecifales en cuanto a la distribución porcentual...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Malacology; Habitat; Geographical distribution; Interspecific relationships; Feeding behaviour; Population structure; Abundance; Malacology; Geographical distribution; Feeding behaviour; Population structure; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4528; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5083; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_10778; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6115.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3890
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Relations between bacterial extracellular enzyme activities and heterotrophic substrate uptake in a brackishwater environment. ArchiMer
Hoppe, H.
Extracellular enzymes mediate the decomposition of polymeric organic compounds in natural waters. In many cases these enzymes comprise a component linked to the bacterial fraction of the aquatic community and react in close association with these cells. An annual survey of microbial activities in a brackish water fjord exhibited an excellent correlation between V sub(m) of proteases (ability to split the substrate analogue methylumbelliferyl-leucine) and V sub(m) as well as T sub(R) for leucine uptake by microorganisms. Hydrolysis rates (H sub(R)) for the decomposition of naturally occurring competitive substrate analogues of the model substrates (methylumbelliferyl-(MUF)-leucine, MUF- alpha -D-glucose, MUF-N-acetyl-glucosamine, MUF-phosphate) drastically...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeochemistry; Fjords; Bacteria; Brackishwater environment; Seasonal variations; Dissolved organic matter; Interspecific relationships; Hydrolysis; Enzymes.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-952.pdf
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Relations science-média. Etude de cas : nature des relations entre les scientifiques du centre Ifremer de Brest et les journalistes et les journalistes régionaux et rôle du service de la communication de l'institut OceanDocs
Sakho, Cheikh Ibrahima.
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Interspecific relationships; Scientific research; Scientific research workers; Communication (information); Diffusion of research.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4769
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Role of bacteria in the gastral cavity of Anthozoa. ArchiMer
Herndl, G; Velimirov, B.
Bacterial density of the coelenteric fluid (CF) of some anthozoan species was determined in situ and under laboratory conditions. In all species examined bacterial density of the CF was higher in the gastral cavity than in ambient ranging from 10 super(5) up to 5 x 10 super(6) cells. ml super(-1). Incubation experiments with the CF indicate that a bacterial population within the coelenteron is efficiently controlled by the CF, favoring bacterial growth if bacterial densities are low in the CF and showing clearance activity at high bacterial densities. Feeding of pre-starved anthozoans caused a rapid response of coelenteric rod-shaped bacteria. Evidence is presented that coelenteric bacteria are digested periodically although they contribute 1% to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Anthozoa; Coelomic fluids; Bacteria; Microorganisms; Interspecific relationships; Metabolism; Nutrition.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-989.pdf
Registros recuperados: 14
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