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Registros recuperados: 35
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A Profile of the Eastern Cape Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia.
The Eastern Cape agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 1.7% of the Eastern Cape value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.9% of the population in the Eastern Cape is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size and Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58051
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A Profile of the Free State Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Phaladi, Sepitle Frans.
The Free State agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 4.2% of the Free State value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.3% of the population in the Free State is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58053
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A Profile of the Gauteng Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia.
The Gauteng agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 0.46% of the Gauteng value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 0.61% of the population in Gauteng is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being dominated by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58056
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A Profile of the KwaZulu-Natal Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Buthelezi, D.J..
The KwaZulu-Natal agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 3.9% of the KwaZulu-Natal value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.5% of the population in KwaZulu-Natal is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58054
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A Profile of the Limpopo Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Ramathoka, Mabu; Masekoameng, Abel.
The Limpopo agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 2.7% of the Limpopo value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 1.1% of the population in Limpopo is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being dominated by the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size and Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58059
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A Profile of the Mpumalanga Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Scheepers, Kabelo.
Mpumalanga’s agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 3.5% of Mpumalanga value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.3% of the population in Mpumalanga is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being dominated by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size and Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58058
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A Profile of the North West Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Bothloko, Constance.
The North West agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 2.6% of the North West value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 1.7% of the population in the North West is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities to ensure growth in agricultural industries. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58055
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A Profile of the Northern Cape Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Uchezuba, David Ifeanyi; Bashi, Molao.
The Northern Cape agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 7% of the Northern Cape value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 5.4% of the population in the Northern Cape is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58052
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A Profile of the Western Cape Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality, and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia.
The Western Cape agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 3.9% of the Western Cape value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 3% of the population in the Western Cape is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58050
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Analysis of the Socio-Economic Impact of the Tobacco CMO Reform on Italian Tobacco Sector AgEcon
Arfini, Filippo; Donati, Michele; Menozzi, Davide.
The Tobacco CMO (Common Market Organization) is involved in a intense debate between the European tobacco industry and those who are against to a crop whose transformed product is dangerous to the health. European institutions have shown a strong interest in this complex issue introducing two Reforms (1992 and 1998) and one revision in 2004. This paper aims to analyse and investigate the socio-economic impact of the tobacco CMO Reform of 2004 in Italy, across the scenarios proposed by the EC Commission (2004), both on the tobacco production and processing sector. The considered socio-economic indicators are harvested surfaces, farm income and overall employment, while the sample of farms used in this research belong to the FADN–Italy sample.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tobacco CMO; CAP reform; Decoupling; Positive Mathematical Programming; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q11; Q12; Q18; J21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24481
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Closing the Gender Gap in Bangladesh: Inequality in Education, Employment and Earnings AgEcon
Mohammad, Hossain; Tisdell, Clement A..
Assesses the status of women in Bangladesh by analysing the dynamics of female participation in labour force and education as well as gender earnings differentials at the macro level. The study finds evidence of growing commercialisation of women’s work in Bangladesh. Although the bulk of the female labour force is engaged in self-employment activities in the rural area or in low-skilled textile and readymade garment industries in the urban area, women’s participation in high-skill and entrepreneurial jobs as well as various decision-making bodies is also on the rise. While the gender wage differentials have been considerably reduced in many industries, in general women tend to be paid less than men. There have been remarkable improvements in women’s...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bangladesh; Women’s empowerment; Female labour force participation; Female education; Gender wage differentials; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; J16; J21; J82.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/106948
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Development of the infrastructure of rural labor market in Uzbekistan AgEcon
Khomitov, Komiljon.
The demand for labor force in villages of Uzbekistan is developing in a very slow rate. The paper raises problems of employment in rural areas of the country. Measures to increase employment are suggested.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Rural labour market; Infrastructure; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94598
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Does Common Agricultural Policy Reduce Farm Labour Migration? A Panel Data Analysis Across EU Regions AgEcon
Olper, Alessandro; Raimondi, Valentina; Cavicchioli, Daniele; Vigani, Mauro.
This paper deals with the determinants of labour out-migration from agriculture across 153 EU regions over the 1990-2008 period. The central aim is to shed light on the role played by CAP payments on this important adjustment process. Using static and dynamic panel data methods, we show that standard neo-classic drivers, like the relative income and the relative labour share, represented significant determinants of the inter-sectoral migration of the agricultural labour. Overall, CAP payments have contributed significantly to job creation in agriculture, although the magnitude of the economic effect is quite small. Moreover, Pillar I subsidies have exerted an effect from three to five times stronger than Pillar II payments.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Out-farm Migration; CAP Payments; Labour Markets; Panel Data Analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Q12; Q18; O13; J21; J43; J60.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114597
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Empirical research findings on telework: Management experiences and attitudes AgEcon
Forgacs, Tamas.
Based on the technological progress and the complex work processes of our increasingly globalised world, novel ways of organising work can be seen everywhere. The EU has defined atypical forms of employment as breakthrough points in improving employment indices. Telework is probably the most innovative atypical working form, offering huge amount of benefits for the employer, employee and the society. Gaining a deeper understanding of employment trends and employers’ decision-making mechanisms, we can understand the specifics of this spreading working form, and we can use this knowledge to stimulate the employment trends. This study summarises the finding of an empirical research among medium and large enterprises in Hungary using telework.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Telework; Employment; Regional development.; Marketing; E24; J21.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95916
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Empleo femenino y su efecto sobre la distribución de la renta familiar en el medio rural AgEcon
Vera-Toscano, Esperanza; Moyano-Estrada, Eduardo.
En este artículo se analiza, a partir de datos de una encuesta realizada en 2008 a una muestra de la población rural femenina de Andalucía, los efectos del empleo femenino sobre la distribución de la renta familiar. Los resultados muestran la significativa contribución del salario femenino al conjunto del hogar, contribución que se incrementa de forma especial en los hogares de menores ingresos, lo que confirma la importancia del empleo de la mujer para equilibrar las rentas de en las familias rurales. También se muestra en este trabajo que, a pesar de la aparentemente indiscutible contribución al bienestar de los ingresos de la economía familiar de estas mujeres, su empleo tiende a ser altamente vulnerable/precario, con alto grado de estacionalidad y sin...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Mujeres; Género; Empleo; Sociedad rural; Andalucía; Agricultural and Food Policy; J21; D31..
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94319
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Employment and the Rural Recession: Context and Spatial Variation of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Spending AgEcon
Marre, Alexander W.; Pender, John L.; Monchuk, Daniel C..
In December 2007 the U.S. economy entered a depression and unemployment surged to highs not seen in 30 years. The first part of this paper uses the most recently available data from BLS to examine the geography of the recession. We focus on the similarities and differences in the recession’s impact on nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties, and counties with different economic and demographic characteristics. The second part looks at the Federal response to the recession in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Using publicly available data, we explore how these funds are being allocated across rural and urban counties and county classifications, and the potential implications of these funds on local rural labor markets and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nonmetropolitan unemployment; Economic development policy; American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; R58; J21.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61132
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EMPLOYMENT IN BIOTECHNOLOGY IN GERMANY AgEcon
Menrad, Klaus.
Paper prepared for presentation at the 8th ICABR International Conference on Agricultural Biotechnology: International Trade and Domestic Production Ravello (Italy), July 8 to 11th, 2004
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Employment; Germany; Application industries; Simulation; Labor and Human Capital; E24; J21.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91012
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Employment, Income and Labour Supply Decision of Rural Households : An Economic Analysis of MGNREGS in Tamil Nadu AgEcon
Devi, T. Sivasakthi; Balasubramanian, R.; Kumar, B. Ganesh.
In India, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGMGNREGS) is one of the major rural development programmes. It provides guaranteed employment to the rural households for 100 days in a year. This paper has attempted to find out the employment status, income and labour supply decision of the participants and non-participants of MGNREGS in Tamil Nadu. It has also studied the household nutritional security of these households. The study has revealed that the number of migrants in the family, number of livestock units owned, and number of person-days employed in agriculture, nonagriculture and MGNREGS are significantly influenced by the household income of the participants and non-participants of MGNREGS. The analysis of household...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: MGNREGS; Employment; Income; Labour supply; Agricultural and Food Policy; J21; J22; H23; I31.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119400
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Estabilidad laboral e indemnizaciómn: efectos de los costos de despido sobre el funcionamiento del mercado laboral peruano AgEcon
Saavedra Chanduvi, Jaime; Maruyama Sasaki, Eduardo.
A inicios de la década de los noventa los costos de despido impuestos por la legislación laboral peruana eran aún bastante elevados. La estabilidad laboral absoluta y los altos pagos de indemnización por despido funcionaban en la práctica como impuestos a la contratación que convertían al empleo formal en un factor de producción cuasi-fijo. En 1991 se inició un proceso de cambios en la legislación laboral que ha llevado a que el Perú sea uno de los países que más ha flexibilizado su mercado de trabajo durante la década pasada. Las reformas permitieron una reducción importante en los costos de despido, principalmente debido a la abolición de la estabilidad laboral y la paulatina reducción del pago de indemnización por despido. En esta investigación se...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Empleo; Estabilidad laboral; Despido; Indemnización por censantía; Mercado de trabajo; Economía del trabajo; Perú; Employment; Employment stability; Severance pay; Dismissal; Labour market; Labour economics; Peru; Labor and Human Capital; J21; J4; J65.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37813
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Food Security and Efficacy of the Intervention Mechanism in India AgEcon
Prahadeeswaran, M.; Ramasamy, C.; Selvaraj, K.N..
Rice and wheat are the two major foodgrains in India and their level of production determines the country self-sufficient. Forecasts on cereals supply range from 250 to over 300 million tones in the country by the year 2020. Mere availability of foodgrains is not a sufficient condition to ensure food security but also necessary that the poor have sufficient means to purchase food. Poor economic access leads to food security and it has been checked by the government mechanism through the operation of Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) and foodgrains are distributed at subsidized prices to the people living Below Poverty Line (BPL). It is a safety net to more than 330 million poor and those nutritionally at risk and an important delivery channel with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security; Targeted Public Distribution System; Fair Price Shops; Minimum Support Price; Monte Carlo Technique; Food Security and Poverty; J21; H4; H5; O2; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25465
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