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Registros recuperados: 27
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A shortcut method for sexing juvenile European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. ArchiMer
Menu, Bruno; Peruzzi, Stefano; Vergnet, Alain; Vidal, Marie-odile; Chatain, Beatrice.
The objective of this study was to develop a rapid and effective method of sexing juvenile sea bass with minimum labour and material. To this end, the gonad squash mount technique was applied along with macroscopic techniques for sexing a large number of experimental fish at the age of 215-275 days post fertilization (p.f.). At this age, 90% of the 3894 fish could be unambiguously sexed by macroscopic examination of their gonads, whereas the remaining proportion was identified using squash mount preparations (10%). The accuracy of the observations was measured up to classical histology procedures. Undifferentiated fish accounted for 0.1% of the total population only. The application of the squash mount technique holds out the prospect of considerable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Histology; Squash; Juvenile; Gonads; Seabass; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-378.pdf
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Comment épargner les juvéniles de soles et de gadidés dans la pêcherie crevettière : expériences de chalut sélectif en baie de Vilaine, première partie ArchiMer
Dupouy, Herve; Vacherot, Jean-philippe; Meillat, Marc.
The French brown shrimp (Crangon crangon) fishery employs on a seasonal basis around 140 ships about 10 metres in length and with engines of about 100 kilowatts of power. It takes place mainly along the coastal bottoms of silted-up sand at a depth of 2 to 10 metres and occupies principally the coasts of the eastern English Channel and those of the Gulf of Gascony. The brown shrimp catch is performed by bottom trawl, with exempted meshing of 20 mm (stretched mesh), which causes numerous rejects of immature fish that live on the same bottoms. The main part of these juveniles is made up of flat fish (sole, in particular) and of gadidae (whiting and pout). To reduce these undesirable catches that are also detrimental to other fisheries, some ingenious...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selective trawl; Devisme trawl; Asselin trawl; Brittany; Bay of Vilaine; Gadides; Sole; Whiting; Pout; Juvenile; Chalut devisme; Chalut Asselin; Chalut sélectif; Baie de Vilaine; Gadidés; Soles; Merlan; Tacaud; Juvéniles.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1997/rapport-2669.pdf
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Comparison of Solea solea macroparasites between two nursery-continental shelf systems in the Bay of Biscay and the Portuguese coast ArchiMer
Durieux, Eric; Marques, J.f; Sasal, P; Begout, Marie-laure; Cabral, H.
Digenean metacercariae of 0 year group common sole Solea solea (n = 70) were more abundant in the embayed nursery of the Pertuis Charentais than in the Tagus estuary nursery. Macroparasite assemblages of adult sole (n = 119) displayed only one species in common between the Bay of Biscay and the Portuguese coast continental shelves. These data highlighted the potential use of macroparasites as biological tags in various aspects of common sole ecology. (C) 2007 The Authors.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sole; Parasites; Juvenile; Ecological stock; Biological tag; Adult.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2639.pdf
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Desenvolvimento juvenil de Cyrtograpsus angulatus Dana (Crustacea, Decapoda, Grapsidae), em laboratório Zoologia
Rieger,Paulo Juarez; Beltrão,Roberta.
This paper describes the first nine juvenile stages of Cyrtograpsus angulatus Dana, 1851 obtained in laboratory conditions from three ovigerous females collected at "Molhes da Barra", Rio Grande, Brazil (32ºS and 52ºW). The main morphological features, the secondary sexual characters and the gills ontogeny were observed. Twenty one individuals reached until the ninth juvenile stage. Sexual dimorphism can be verified from the fourth juvenile stage and the number of gills are complete at the second juvenile stage.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Crustacea; Brachyura; Grapsidae; Development; Juvenile.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752000000200012
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Duration of the pre-settlement period of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Decapoda: Ocypodidae) under laboratory conditions BABT
Ventura,Robson; Silva,Ubiratã de Assis Teixeira da; Perbiche-Neves,Gilmar; Ostrensky,Antonio; Boeger,Walter Antonio Pereira; Pie,Marcio Roberto.
The goal of the present study was to determine the most appropriate time to release the immatures of Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus) produced in the laboratory into the natural environments. Specifically, the time when the megalopae sought the mangrove sediment to excavate the burrows was determined, as well as the time necessary for their metamorphosis into the first juvenile stage. Results indicated that the megalopae of U. cordatus reared in the laboratory took three to ten days (median = 6) after their molt to excavated burrows in the sediment. The average time for the megalopae to molt into juveniles was 12.6 days (SD = 2.3).
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ucides cordatus; Restocking; Larval rearing; Settlement; Megalopae; Juvenile.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132008000500012
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Energy balance of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae fed on animal or vegetable protein based compounded feeds ArchiMer
Jimenez Yan, L; Brito, A; Cuzon, Gerard; Gaxiola, G; Garcia, T; Taboada, G; Soto, L; Brito, R.
L. vannamei postlarvae are normally raised with a protein dense diet (50% protein) rich in fishmeal. Part of the protein is utilized for energy purpose instead of protein synthesis. Based on a previous energy partitioning study, the effects of two isoenergetic compounded feed treatments - animal protein (AP) and vegetable protein and carbohydrates (VPC) - upon growth efficiency and energy budget of shrimp postlarvae and early juveniles were determined. Recovered energy (RE) or production (P) after 50 days trial was similar (2 J day(-1)) in both treatments, from PL14 to PL19. However, early juveniles discriminated between animal protein (116 J day(-1)) and vegetable protein and carbohydrates (88 J day(-1)). The difference in respiration indicated a higher...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shrimp; Physiology; Vegetable protein; Animal protein; Energy; Juvenile; Postlarvae.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1879.pdf
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Etude des bases génétiques de la mortalité estivale et des relations avec la croissance chez les juvéniles de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Degremont, Lionel.
In order to study genetic variability for survival during summer mortality events in the oyster Crassostrea gigas, a first generation (G1) was bred in 2001. 17 G1 half-sib families (HSF) were obtained ; each HSF was reared in three sites along the French coast during the summer period. Significant differences in survival were observed among HSF indicating a genetic basis for survival. In 2002, several HSF were selected on their survival performances to constitute a divergent selection (G2) (outbreed and inbred). Significant differences in survival were found among these offspring of the 'high' and 'low' selected groups in several laboratory experiments and in all sites. Growth performance was not influenced by selection on survival. This confirms the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Juvenile; Genetic; Growth; Summer mortality; Crassostrea gigas; Juvéniles; Héritabilité; Rendement; Croissance; Mortalités estivales; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/these-202.pdf
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Etude des nourriceries de la Baie de Seine orientale et de l'estuaire de la Seine ArchiMer
Morin, Jocelyne; Riou, Philippe; Bessineton, Christophe; Vedieu, Christophe; Lemoine, Michel; Simon, Serge; Le Pape, Olivier.
This study, carried out from 1995 to 1997, within the framework of "Le Havre" harbour extension project, concerned halieutic populations and the characterization of a coastal nursery in the oriental part of the Seine bay and the Seine estuary . The main objective was to describe the specific and demographic composition of marine populations and their spatio-temporal distribution, and so assess the biological and halieutic role of this area. This study also included a research about the dietary needs of fish juveniles living in the estuary. Autumn and winter surveys results show that the estuary and area under direct influence are the richest from a biological and halieutic point of view. The mouth estuary isthe richest area in terms of diversity of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Seine; Estuary; Food; Trophic; Juvenile; Nursery; Baie de Seine; Estuaire; Alimentation; Trophique; Juvénile; Nourricerie.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/rapport-1507.pdf
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Evaluation des ressources halieutiques par les campagnes scientifiques françaises - Façade "Manche est" et façade "Loire-Gironde" ArchiMer
Delpech, Jean-paul; Mahe, Kelig; Mehault, Sonia; Rostiaux, Emilie; Biais, Gerard; Coppin, Franck; Vaz, Sandrine.
This report is a result of a contract between Ifremer and the French Ministry of Industry. The aim was to map the distribution of the fisheries resources from french scientific surveys. Two areas have been selected: - the "Eastern Channel" area, including 7 administrative departments : Nord, Pas-de-Calais, Somme, Seine-Maritime, Eure, Calvados and Manche. - the "Loire-Gironde" area, including 4 administrative departments : Loire-Atlantique, Vendée, Charente-Maritime and Gironde.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Eastern Channel; Juvenile; Adult; Abundance index; Specific richness; Mapping; Fisheries; Scientific survey; Golfe de Gascogne; Manche est; Juvénile; Adulte; Indice d'abondance; Richesse spécifique; Cartographie; Campagne halieutique.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/rapport-6642.pdf
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First field record of mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Ucididae) recruits co-inhabiting burrows of conspecific crabs Rev. Bras. Zool.
Schmidt,Anders Jensen; Diele,Karen.
Recruits of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763), rarely encountered in the field were found co-inhabiting burrows of larger male and female conspecifics in the mangrove forest. They were located in the sediment of the inner walls and burrow plugs. Average carapace width (CW) of the hosting and co-inhabiting crabs was 3.8 ± 0.20 and 0.9 ± 0.03, respectively. As shown by the size-frequency distribution, while most recruits leave the conspecific burrows after reaching 1.0 cm CW, some stay until they reach a size of 2.5 cm CW. The results of this study contribute to a better understanding of recruitment patterns in this ecologically and economically important mangrove crab species. Follow-up studies are however needed to fully determine the role...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Caranguejo-uçá; Juvenile; Recruitment; Settlement; Size-frequency.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702009000400026
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Growth Performance Comparison of Pinctada margaritifera Juveniles Produced by Thermal Shock or Gonad Scarification Spawning Procedures ArchiMer
Ky, Chin-long; Lau, Christophe; Sham Koua, Manaarii; Lo, Cedrik.
The black-lipped pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera is of high economic importance in French Polynesia. Arecent decline in pearl value led to the initiation of several genetic breeding programs aiming to improve production traits, including oyster shell growth, which dictates the time of grafting, size of the implanted nuclei, and biomineralization capacities. We assessed shell diameters on hatchery-produced spat to analyze juvenile growth performance of four half-sib families derived from polyandry (one dam crossed with two sires) and polygyny (two dams crossed with one sire) using gametes obtained by thermal shock or gonad scarification. Spat growth was monitored over 3 mo, with shell diameter measured weekly. Results revealed that the spawning method...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pearl oysters; Pinctada margaritifera; Juvenile; Growth performance; Spawning procedure.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00310/42167/41470.pdf
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Identification of skipjack tuna juveniles based on DNA control region sequences and potential spawning area around reunion island ArchiMer
Nikolic, Natacha; Jerome, Marc; Fonteneau, Alain; Evano, Hugues; Verrez-bagnis, Veronique.
In this study, we confirmed that DNA control region can be used to identify potential spawning area from pelagic juveniles species. We used the mitochondrial DNA control region to identify tuna juveniles predated by common dolphinfish and sampled in surface waters around Reunion Island. These were skipjack juveniles at an early stage (small length and young age). The biological results confirmed the species identification based on DNA analysis. Catch data by longline reveal a higher number of skipjack from October to December around Reunion Island corresponding to the period of our skipjack juvenile sampling
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Skipjack tuna; Reunion island; DNA; Age; Juvenile.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00299/40993/42657.pdf
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Impact of intensive larval rearing practices in oyster hatcheries : selective processes and loss of genetic variability (Poster) ArchiMer
Taris, Nicolas; Sauvage, Christopher; Boudry, Pierre.
Early-life history of oysters, like in most marine bivalves, is characterized by high fecundity and low survival rate. In hatcheries, which are ecoming more and more important for the production of juveniles for aquaculture production, rearing conditions are optimised (density, feeding, temperature...), and contrast with those observed in the wild. Additionally, slow growing larvae are culled by sieving.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Juvenile; Genetic variability; Selection; Genetic; Hatcheries; Oyster.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3444.pdf
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Influence of OSHV-1 oyster mortality episode on dissolved inorganic fluxes: An ex situ experiment at the individual scale ArchiMer
Richard, Marion; Bourreau, Juliette; Montagnani, Caroline; Ouisse, Vincent; Le Gall, Patrik; Fortune, Martine; Munaron, Dominique; Messiaen, Gregory; Callier, Myriam; Roque D'Orbcastel, Emmanuelle.
Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 μvar) infection has caused significant mortalities in juvenile oysters (Crassostrea gigas). In contrast to the practices of other animal production industries, sick and dead oysters are not separated from live ones and are left to decay in the surrounding environment, with unknown consequences on fluxes of dissolved materials. A laboratory approach was used in this study to test the influence of oyster mortality episode on dissolved inorganic fluxes at the oyster interface, dissociating (i) the effect of viral infection on metabolism of juvenile oysters and (ii) the effect of flesh decomposition on oxygen consumption and nutrient releases at the individual scale. Nine batches of juvenile oysters (Individual Total wet weight...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Mortality; Ostreid herpesvirus 1; Juvenile; Spat; Mineralisation; Oxygen consumption; Nutrient fluxes.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00378/48973/49380.pdf
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Intraspecific interactions in the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Decapoda: Ocypodidae) during the metamorphosis and post-metamorphosis periods under laboratory conditions Rev. Bras. Zool.
Ventura,Robson; Silva,Ubiratã A. T. da; Ostrensky,Antonio; Cottens,Kelly.
Current efforts for restocking natural populations of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) in Brazil have focused on developing a methodology for stimulating the metamorphosis of U. cordatus larvae at a large scale. The aim of the present study was to compare the mortality rates both in individual and mass conditions, during the induction of metamorphosis of megalopa to juvenile in U. cordatus, without the use of mangrove sediment as substrate. Furthermore, the importance of intraspecific antagonistic behavior on survivorship rates during early post-metamorphosis period was investigated. Metamorphosis was induced by the use of water conditioned with conspecific adults (30 indiv. 100 L-1 for 24 hours). In the first assay, megalopae were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cannibalism; Juvenile; Megalopa; Nursery.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702011000100001
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Juvenile production of the reshwater prawn Cryphiops caementarius (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) under laboratory conditions in Coquimbo, Chile Gayana
Meruane,Jaime; Rivera,Miguel; Morales,Cristina; Galleguillos,César; Hosokawa,Hidetsuyo.
Two culture experiments from 1995 until 1997 were carried out with larvae obtained from gravid females of Cryphiops caementarius (Molina 1782), to define a methodology in order to produce juvenile using controlled conditions of water temperature, salinity and feeding. Time in culture of larval development and the survival rate were determined. Two distinct types of culture systems were studied. Both systems incorporated a standard alimentation using nauplius of Artemia sp. plus microalgae; however the second system included, in addition, a supplement of fish and chiken eggs. The decrease in survival rate in both cultures systems was related to morphological changes in each stage of development. Juveniles were obtained after 98 days of culture with the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Chile; Freshwater prawn; Larvae; Culture technology; Metamorphosis; Juvenile.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-65382006000200010
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Metamorphosis and estuarine colonisation in the common sole, Solea solea (L.): implications for recruitment regulation ArchiMer
Amara, Rachid; Lagardere, Francoise; Desaunay, Yves; Marchand, Jocelyne.
Processes involved in both metamorphosis and settlement of young sole were studied at the population, cohort and individual level in order to evaluate their role in survival and recruitment regulation. Metamorphosis can be defined as a phase of variable duration (10 days on average) at the end of which the larval period of pelagic dissemination is completed. Size at the onset of metamorphosis is considerably less variable than age and is less plastic to environmental change. Metamorphosis is triggered by the acquisition of a competent size and a sufficient store of energy supplies, and occurs without a nutritional crisis or growth arrest. In addition, changes in organogenesis and behaviour that occur during metamorphosis seem to contribute to horizontal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Estuarine colonisation; Critical phase; Juvenile; Larva; Solea solea; Colonisation estuarienne; Phase critique; Juvénile; Larve; Solea solea.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-536.pdf
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Otoliths imprinting of sole (Solea solea) from the Bay of Biscay: a tool to discriminate individuals from nursery origins? ArchiMer
De Pontual, Helene; Lagardere, Francoise; Troadec, Herve; Batel, Alain; Desaunay, Yves; Koutsikopoulos, Constantin.
Sole nurseries are located in the main bays and estuaries of the Bay of Biscay, where juveniles from the same stock. concentrate and constitute temporarily isolated groups. This context being favourable for elemental analyses of juvenile otoliths this study has been initiated with the aim of obtaining environmental imprints of the main nurseries of origin of juveniles recruiting to the adult stock, and of evaluating the relative contribution of these nurseries to the stock. The objectives were to compare (i) the otolith elemental imprints obtained by sampling juveniles in the Loire and the Gironde nurseries, and (ii) two multi-element analysis techniques: laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) and solution-based ICPMS...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recruitment; Juvenile; Estuarine nursery; ICPMS; Trace elements; Otolith; Recrutement; Juvénile; Nourricerie estuarienne; ICPMS; Eléments traces; Otolithe.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-537.pdf
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Production de juvéniles de bar (Dicentrarchus labrax) en marais. Etude de trois séquences alimentaires de sevrage ArchiMer
Buchet, Vincent; Palvadeau, Hubert; Boussard, O..
Trials on the seabass weaning in atlantic marshes (Roux, 1993), have shown that the use of frozen prey improved this step and reduced his resulting stress. During the present study, which must confirmed these preliminary results, three alimentary sequences were tested. 1) natural zooplankton, weaning pellets, as control, 2) natural zooplankton, inert artemia (intensively produced), weaning pellets, 3) natural zooplankton, natural frozen zooplankton (harvested), weaning pellets. The achieved results show that weaning with intermediary phases (sequences 2 or 3) yield best results. Furthermore the phase with artemia yields, systematically, better results than with harvested zooplankton ; then artemia seems a excellent substitute food representing a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bar; Dicentrarchus labrax; Juvéniles; Elevage extérieur; Sevrage; Artémias; Zooplancton; Seabass; Dicentrarchus labrax; Juvenile; Outdoor rearing; Weaning; Artemia; Zooplankton.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00425/53683/54527.pdf
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Redescription of Ochmacanthus batrachostoma (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1912) (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae): a possible case of incipient paedomorphism Neotropical Ichthyology
S. Neto,Caio; Pinna,Mário de.
ABSTRACT The lepidophagous stegophiline catfish Ochmacanthus batrachostoma (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1912) is endemic to the Paraná-Paraguai basin and is the only member of its genus in that drainage. It remains a poorly-known taxon mainly due to the historical scarcity of study specimens. The species is herein redescribed on the basis of type and non-type specimens from Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. Ochmacanthus batrachostoma can be distinguished from congeners by the presence of long maxillary and rictal barbels, reduction of the posterior end of the caudal peduncle, a tadpole-like caudal fin and peduncle, among other morphometric traits and features of internal anatomy. Comparisons show that a number of unique traits of adult O. batrachostoma resemble...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Juvenile; Paraná-Paraguai drainage; Paedomorphosis; Stegophilinae; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252016000100213
Registros recuperados: 27
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