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Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 6
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Anatomic Position of the Pterion among Kenyans for Lateral Skull Approaches International Journal of Morphology
Mwachaka,P; Hassanali,J; Odula,P.
The pterion is a point of sutural confluence seen in the norma lateralis of the skull where frontal, parietal, temporal and sphenoid bones meet. The position of the pterion exhibits population-based variations. Location of this point is important in surgical approaches to the anterior and middle cranial fossae. Specific measurements were taken on both sides of 90 (51 male, 39 female) Kenyan human skulls. The distances from the centerof pterion to the frontozygomatic suture were 38.88+3.49 mm on the right side and 38.24+3.47 mm on the left side. The pterion was 30.35+3.40 mm and 30.34+4.34 mm above the mid point of the zygomatic arch on the right and left sides, respectively. Males had statistically significant higher pteria compared to females being...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Pterion; Frontozygomatic suture; Zygoma; Kenyans.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000400023
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Morphology and Location of Surface Landmarks of Foramen Ovale in Kenyans International Journal of Morphology
Kanyata,Daniel; Odula,Paul; Nyamai,Lily A; Nduati,Paul K.
Foramen ovale is a surgically important aperture of the skull since it allows approach to and manipulation of the trigeminal ganglion as it lies in the Meckel's cave. This transfacial approach, Hartel's approach, requires two anatomical points for accurate cannulation; the zygomatic point and the pupil point. This study describes the morphology and location of foramen ovale and describes the pupil point in relation to the medial canthus in the Kenyan population. Department of Human Anatomy departmental review board approved the study. Two hundred dry skulls from the Department of Human Anatomy were studied using a digital calliper with help of a measuring frame. The results were analysed using SPSS version 20. The results showed the length and width of...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Foramen ovale; Hartel's procedure; Transfacial; Kenyans.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000200011
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Morphometry and Variations of Bony Ponticles of the Atlas Vertebrae (C1) in Kenyans International Journal of Morphology
Karau Bundi,P; Ogeng´o,J. A; Hassanali,J; Odula,P. O.
Atlas bridges, the bony outgrowths over the third segment of the vertebral artery are associated with compression of the artery and nerves. There are limited studies comparing morphometry of the complete atlas bridges and that of the ipsilateral transverse foramen. Bilateral and gender differences in the morphometry of the complete bridges remain relatively unexplored. One hundred and two atlas vertebrae (49 male and 53 female) obtained from the Osteology Department of the National Museums of Kenya were used for this study. The presence of complete posterior atlas bridge (retroarticular canal) and lateral bridge (supratransverse foramen) was noted. Measurements were taken for the diameters of foramina, and the ipsilateral transverse foramina and their...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Atlas bridges; Vertebral artery; Compression; Kenyans.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000400006
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Prevalence and Distribution of the Third Coronary Artery in Kenyans International Journal of Morphology
OLABU,B. O; SAIDI,H. S; HASSANALI,J; OGENG'O,J. A.
A third coronary artery (TCA) has been defined as a direct branch from the right aortic sinus (RAS) that contributes to the vascularization of the infundibulum of the right ventricle (RV). The distribution of this artery may be important in surgical procedures and in understanding the extent and progression of acute myocardial infarction. Its reported prevalence however shows ethnic disparity. The aim of the study was describe the prevalence and distribution of the third coronary artery in a Kenyan population. 148 cadaveric and postmortem human adult hearts obtained from the Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi, and the Chiromo and Nairobi city mortuaries were used after an ethical approval. The hearts were studied by gross dissection for the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Third coronary artery; Prevalence; Distribution; Kenyans.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000400027
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Variations in the Branching Pattern of the Celiac Trunk in a Kenyan Population International Journal of Morphology
Mburu,Kimani Stephen; Alexander,Ogeng'o Julius; Hassan,Saidi; Bernard,Ndung'u.
The celiac trunk is the major source of blood supply to the supracolic abdominal compartment. Usually, it branches into the splenic, common hepatic and left gastric arteries to supply this region. It has however been shown to display ethnic variations in its branching pattern. Knowledge of these variations may be important in surgical and radiological procedures around the head of the pancreas. The aim was to illustrate the commonest variations in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk in a Kenyan population. The study was conducted in the Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi. Were collected one hundred twenty three (123) bodies obtained from dissection cadavers and autopsy cases following ethical approval and consent from next of kin....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Celiac; Variations; Kenyans; Artery.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000100028
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Variations in the Pattern of Formation of the Abdominis Rectus Muscle Sheath among Kenyans International Journal of Morphology
Mwachaka,P; Odula,P; Awori,K; Kaisha,W.
The pattern of formation of the human rectus sheath exhibits variations, it is not clear if these variations are population specific. This study aimed at describing the pattern of formation of the rectus sheath in a select Kenyan population. Formation of the rectus sheath was analyzed in eighty subjects (47 male, 33 female) during autopsies and cadaveric dissection. The anterior wall of the rectus sheath in all cases was aponeurotic and firmly attached to rectus abdominis muscle. The posterior wall of the rectus sheath was aponeurotic in 71 (88.5%) cases, the rest were musculoaponeurotic and only seen in males. In all cases the aponeurosis of internal oblique abdominis split into two lamina; a deep lamina that fused with the aponeurosis of transverses...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Rectus sheath; Kenyans; Anterior abdominal wall.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022009000400011
Registros recuperados: 6
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