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Registros recuperados: 47
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1997 PRICING PERFORMANCE OF MARKET ADVISORY SERVICES FOR CORN AND SOYBEANS AgEcon
Jackson, Thomas E.; Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L..
The purpose of this research report is to present an evaluation of advisory service pricing performance in 1997 for corn and soybeans. Specifically, the average price received by a subscriber to an advisory service is calculated for corn and soybean crops harvested in 1997. The average net advisory price across all 23 corn programs is $2.32 per bushel. The net advisory prices for corn range from a minimum of $2.00 per bushel to a maximum of $2.74 per bushel. The average net advisory price across all 21 soybean programs is $6.40 per bushel. The net advisory prices for soybeans range from a minimum of $6.08 per bushel to a maximum of $6.99 per bushel.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Evaluation of advisory services; Pricing performance; Soybeans; C8; D4; D8; L1; M3; Q0; Z0; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14780
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Alternative Model Selection Using Forecast Error Variance Decompositions in Wholesale Chicken Markets AgEcon
McKenzie, Andrew M.; Goodwin, Harold L., Jr.; Carreira, Rita I..
Although Vector Autoregressive models are commonly used to forecast prices, specification of these models remains an issue. Questions that arise include choice of variables and lag length. This article examines the use of Forecast Error Variance Decompositions to guide the econometrician’s model specification. Forecasting performance of Variance Autoregressive models, generated from Forecast Error Variance Decompositions, is analyzed within wholesale chicken markets. Results show that the Forecast Error Variance Decomposition approach has the potential to provide superior model selections to traditional Granger Causality tests.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broiler markets; DAGs; Forecasting; Market structure; VAR; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty; C53; D4; L1; Q00.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48750
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China Pear Value Chain: Implication for Smallholders AgEcon
Huang, Zuhui; Zhang, Jing; Chen, Kevin Z..
The objective of this paper is to describe different types of value chain, to capture value added activities of each chain, to discuss the organizational and institutional link in each value chain and its implications for the role of small farmers. We focus on two counties in Hebei and Zhejiang of China. Taking pear for example, analysis of value chain is conducted using data of representative samples of pear value chain. For each chain, value added activities, cost composition, profit distribution, organizational and institutional linkages are illustrated, and corresponding conclusions are indicated. After a systematic analysis of organizational and institutional linkage and value adding activities of every chain as well as cost-benefit analysis of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Value Chain; Smallholder; Pear; Industrial Organization; L1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49946
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Chinese and U.S. Apple Trade in ASEAN AgEcon
Luckstead, Jeff; Devadoss, Stephen; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
We investigate oligopolistic competition between U.S. and Chinese apple exporters in the ASEAN market using strategic trade theory and the NEIO literature. We also analyze competition in the U.S. and Chinese domestic markets. U.S. supplies higher quality apples to ASEAN than China, resulting in product differentiation. The results show that U.S. exporters had a higher markup than Chinese exporters through the 1990s; however, as the share of Chinese apples expanded, the U.S. markup declined and the Chinese markup increased dramatically. Competitive pricing prevails both in the U.S. and Chinese domestic markets.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Apple Trade; Market Power; ASEAN; Conjectural Elasticity; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade; F13; L1.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124372
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Commodity Exchange and Institutional Changes: Case of Iranian Agricultural Commodity Exchange AgEcon
Soltanpour, Yazdan.
In this study, an attempt is to figure out the institutional changes that initiate the agricultural commodity exchange (ACE). To assess the affecting factors, new institutional economics approach has been chosen. The framework consisting of four levels of social analysis introduced by Oliver E. Williamson is used to analyze the social environment, institutional rules, institutional arrangements and finally the agency level economics (Neo-classical economics). Regarding this framework, the institutional changes that have initiated the Iranian ACE is analyzed and its constraints to further improvement are discussed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Commodity Exchange; Institutional economics; Iran; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; G1; O3; L1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90825
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Competition and Car Longevity AgEcon
Hamilton, Bruce W.; MacAuley, Molly K..
We examine determinants of the nearly 30 percent increase in the average age of domestically produced, registered automobiles since the mid-1960s. We find that very little of the increase in car longevity is attributable to improvements in the inherent durability of cars. Rather, we find that the temporal pattern of longevity improvement is highly correlated with the level of market concentration in the auto industry. In particular, we argue that the arrival of competition in the industry led to an increase in longevity largely by forcing a reduction in the price of auto maintenance and repair, which in turn induced consumers to maintain their cars into older age.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market concentration; Automobile industry; Scrappage models; Public Economics; L1; L9.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10581
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Competition Issues in the Seed Industry and the Role of Intellectual Property AgEcon
Moschini, GianCarlo.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; L1; L4; O3; Q1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94757
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Dairy Policy Modelling Under Imperfect Competition AgEcon
Soregaroli, Claudio; Moro, Daniele; Sckokai, Paolo.
Paper removed at request of author on 11/20/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Simulation Models; Imperfect Competition; CAP; Dairy; Livestock Production/Industries; D4; L1; Q11; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25360
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DEVELOPMENT OF A MARKET BENCHMARK PRICE FOR AGMAS PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS AgEcon
Good, Darrel L.; Irwin, Scott H.; Jackson, Thomas E..
The purpose of this research report is to identify the appropriate market benchmark price to use to evaluate the pricing performance of market advisory services that are included in the annual AgMAS pricing performance evaluations. Five desirable properties of market benchmark prices are identified. Three potential specifications of the market benchmark price are considered: the average price received by Illinois farmers, the harvest cash price, and the average cash price over a two-year crop marketing window. The average cash price meets all of the desired properties, except that it would not be easily implementable by producers. It can be shown, though, that the price realized via a more manageable strategy of "spreading" sales during the marketing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Advisory services; Evaluating the pricing performance; Market benchmark price; C8; C0; D4; D8; L1; M3; Q0; Z0; Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14783
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Do Farmers Benefit from Participating in Specialty Markets and Cooperatives? The Case of Coffee Marketing in Costa Rica AgEcon
Wollni, Meike; Zeller, Manfred.
Historically low prices in the conventional coffee market have caused financial and social hardship among coffee farmers. In the face of this crisis, specialty markets have attracted the attention of the international donor community. These market segments have shown consistent growth over the last decade and exhibit price premiums in international markets. Therefore, if higher prices are passed on to farmers, access to specialty markets could help to alleviate the crisis brought on by low prices in the conventional sector. The present study attempts to identify the factors that determine farmers' participation in specialized markets and whether participation in these markets leads to higher prices for farmers. A two-stage model is used to analyze farmers'...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Central America; Costa Rica; Coffee; Specialty markets; Cooperatives; Agribusiness; Marketing; Q13; L1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25670
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Dynamic Strategic Behaviour in the Deregulated England and Wales Liquid Milk Market AgEcon
Tiffin, J. Richard.
A model of dynamic oligopsony is estimated for the liquid milk market in the UK. The paper extends existing methods of estimating such models by allowing for the joint estimation of the market conduct equation and the input supply equation. This entails the estimation of a two equation model in which the parameters of one equation change between two regimes whilst those of the other do not. Our results provide little evidence of dynamic strategic behaviour and suggest that the farm-gate price of milk is determined competitively.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; D4; L1; Q13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25282
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Effects of the Conservation Reserve Program on Elevator Merchandising Margins in Oklahoma AgEcon
Adam, Brian D.; Hong, Seung Jee; Dicks, Michael R..
The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) takes cropland out of production for 10 years, reducing grain supplies available to elevators. Results suggest that the program has negatively impacted elevator merchandising margins, but that elevators adjusted rather quickly to CRP changes, making most of the adjustment within 1 year. The reduction in margins reflects an element of pressure on agribusiness that has not been measured in previous studies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Conservation Reserve Program; Country elevators; Land retirement programs; Merchandising margins; Q1; Q2; D4; L1.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42835
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Evaluating the Competitive Effects of the Commodity Groups Originated by Class I Railroads in the United States AgEcon
Allen, Albert J.; Myles, Albert E.; Shaik, Saleem; Yeboah, Osei-Agyeman.
Dynamic shift-share analysis reveals that national growth effects were positive while industrial mix, competitive, and allocation effects were negative. Results also show the time(technology) variable were significantly and positively related to the competitive effects for coal, chemical products, food products, nonmetallic products, petroleum products, metallic ores, and other products.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dynamic shift-share; Competitive effects; Commodity Groups; Class I railroads; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; L1; L9; L92.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56409
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Expected Utility Analysis of Stocker Cattle Ownership Versus Contract Grazing in the Southeast AgEcon
Anderson, John D.; Lacy, Curt; Forrest, Charlie S.; Little, Randall D..
Stocker cattle ownership is compared to contract grazing using stochastic simulation. Returns are evaluated for both cattle owners and caretakers in contract grazing agreements. For caretakers, contract grazing is significantly less risky than cattle ownership. Slightly to moderately risk-averse caretakers could be expected to prefer some type of contract grazing to direct ownership of cattle. For cattle owners, contracting reduces risk only slightly while significantly reducing expected returns.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contracts; Expected utility; Grazing; Stocker calves; Q0; L1.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43471
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Firm Size Distribution and Performance of Maize and Fertilizer Traders After Market Liberalisation: Evidence from Kenya AgEcon
Mose, Lawrence Obae; Burger, Kees.
Improvement in the performance of agricultural markets was the ultimate goal of market liberalisation. In this paper, firm (trader) size distribution as a factor influencing market performance is analyzed using maize and fertilizer traders from Kenya. Firm size distribution was assessed by analyzing the normality of the distribution on volume traded. Performance was assessed by the level of competition (using Hirschman-Herfindahl index), marketing margins and marketing costs. Results show that firm size distribution for both commodities is log-normally distributed but positively skewed indicating a tendency towards smaller than larger firms. A plausible explanation is that faced with inadequate financial resources and inadequate business experience, new...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Liberalisation; Firm size distribution; Costs; Margins; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; D4; L1; Q12; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25533
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Grain Distribution in Ghana under Imperfectly Competitive Market Conditions AgEcon
Langyintuo, Augustine S..
Interspatial and intertemporal grain distribution in Ghana is a private sector activity carried out mainly by traders. These traders sometimes collude to maximize their joint profits. By so doing they influence the conduct of the grains market. To examine the effect of their actions on the informal maize market in Ghana, a spatial equilibrium model was estimated under three scenarios: (1) Perfect competition, (2) Cournot-Narsh conjectures, and (3) Collusion. The results indicate that imperfect competition distorts grain flows, reduces consumer welfare and depresses traders’ sales revenue. Collusive behavior of traders, on the other hand, causes the greatest distortion of grain flows as well as trader and consumer welfare. These results draw attention to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Spatial equilibrium; Monopoly; Imperfect competition; Interspatial; Cournot- Narsh conjectures; Crop Production/Industries; D4; L1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96166
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Grocery Retailer Pricing Behavior for California Avocados with Implications for Industry Promotion Strategies AgEcon
Li, Lan; Carman, Hoy F.; Sexton, Richard J..
Rising concentration and consolidation of sales among large supermarket chains in the U.S. and other countries, due in part to a recent wave of mergers in food retailing, have made retailers' role in the food industry a topical issue. Using a unique micro dataset, this paper investigates retailer pricing issues for avocados, a key California specialty commodity, and analyzes the implications of retailer pricing behavior for the effectiveness of avocado industry advertising programs. The methodologies developed and the results achieved in this study should have broad applications across the produce sector, the food industry, and the grocery retail market. We find that retail prices for avocados are highly dispersed both spatially and temporarily. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: F13; L1; L81; Q1; Q13; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25494
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How Does Advertising Affect Market Performance? The Case of Generic Advertising AgEcon
Hamilton, Stephen F.; Richards, Timothy J.; Stiegert, Kyle W..
The effect of advertising on market performance has been a long-standing debate. Advertising that increases the dispersion of consumers’ valuations for advertised goods raises the market power of firms, while advertising that decreases the dispersion of consumers’ valuations leads to narrower price-cost margins and superior performance in markets for advertised goods. Numerous challenges confound the empirical identification of advertising effects on market performance. This paper proposes a simple method that relies on the revealed preferences of firms participating in generic advertising programs. Generic advertising programs provide a unique window through which to observe advertising effects on market performance, because changes in the dispersion of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Advertising; Oligopoly; Marketing; L1; M37.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49187
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How Rising Competition Among Microfinance Lenders Affects Incumbent Village Banks AgEcon
McIntosh, Craig; de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Elisabeth.
This paper uses data from Uganda's largest incumbent microfinance institution to analyze the impact of entry by competing lenders on client behavior. We first examine the geographic placement decisions of competitors, and find that placement decisions are strongly affected by district-level characteristics. We observe that increased competition induces a decline in repayment performance and in savings deposited with the incumbent Village Bank, suggesting multiple loan-taking by clients. Urban clients take multiple loans primarily from lenders with more individual methodologies, while rural clients borrow from several group lenders. Individuals who operate larger businesses are the ones most likely to leave the incumbent Village Bank when a Solidarity Group...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Microfinance; Competition; Credit markets; Financial Economics; O16; D14; L1.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25073
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Interlinked Transactions in Cash Cropping Economies: The Determinants of Farmer Participation and Performance in the Zambezi River Valley of Mozambique AgEcon
Benfica, Rui M.S.; Tschirley, David L.; Boughton, Duncan.
This paper investigates the determinants of participation and performance of tobacco contract farmers, and the effects of participation on overall crop and household incomes in the Zambezi Valley of Mozambique. We test the existence of threshold effects in land holdings and educational attainment to identify the types of farmers that benefit. Several results stand out. First, participation in the schemes is driven by factor endowments, asset ownership and alternative income opportunities, and very little by demographic factors. Second, we find no returns to education in tobacco; this result is consistent with previous research in Mozambique but surprising in an agronomically demanding crop like tobacco. Third, there appear to be economies of scale in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contract farming; Selection bias; Treatment effects; Threshold effects; Household income.; Crop Production/Industries; C21; D1; L1; J43; Q12.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25244
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